Departments of Haiti

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In the administrative divisions of Haiti, the department (French : département d'Haïti, pronounced  [depaʁtəmɑ̃ d‿aiti] ; Haitian Creole : depatman Ayiti) is the first of four levels of government. Haiti is divided administratively into ten departments, which are further subdivided into 42 arrondissements, 145 communes, and 571 communal sections. [1] [2] [3]

Contents

In 2014, there was a proposal by the Chamber of Deputies to increase the number of departments from 10 to 14 —perhaps as high as 16. [4]

Departments of Haiti Haiti departments numbered.png
Departments of Haiti

Administration

Each departement has a departmental council (conseil départemental) compound of three members elected by the departmental assembly for a 4-year term. The departmental council is led by a president (président). The council is the executive organ of the department.

Each department has a departmental assembly who assists the council in its work. The departmental assembly is the deliberative organ of the department. The members of the departmental assembly are also elected for 4 years. The departmental assembly is led by a president.

History

Three Departments have roots in the former French colony of Saint-Domingue, namely: the Nord, Sud, and Ouest. In 1801, under Governor-General Toussaint Louverture, the "provinces," became known as departments. [5] [6] In 1821, Artibonite was created and in 1844, Nord-Ouest, both derived out of the Nord and Ouest departments. [7] [8] In 1962 during the reign of Duvalier, four new departments were created out of a territorial redistribution. These departments were: Centre, Grand'Anse, Nord-Ouest and Sud-Est. In 2003, a tenth department was created out of Grand'Anse, called Nippes. [8]

In the 1990s, before the creation of Nippes, the "10th Department" was a phrase commonly used in regards to the Haitian diaspora. As of the 21st century, it became known as the "11th". [8]

Demographics

Data based on 2015 estimates from the Haitian government. [9]

MapDepartmentCapitalArea (km²)PopulationDensity
(Pop./km²)
MapPlanning
Region
1 Artibonite Gonaïves 4,9871,727,5243501Central
2 Centre Hinche 3,487746,2362102Central
3 Grand'Anse Jérémie 1,912468,3012403South
4 Nippes Miragoâne 1,268342,5252704South
5 Nord Cap-Haïtien 2,1151,067,1775005North
6 Nord-Est Fort-Liberté 1,623393,9672406North
7 Nord-Ouest Port-de-Paix 2,103728,8073507Central
8 Ouest Port-au-Prince 4,9834,029,7058108West
9 Sud Les Cayes 2,654774,9762909South
10 Sud-Est Jacmel 2,034632,60131010West

See also

Related Research Articles

Government of Haiti

The government of Haiti is a semi-presidential republic, a multiparty system wherein the President of Haiti is head of state elected directly by popular elections. The Prime Minister acts as head of government and is appointed by the President, chosen from the majority party in the National Assembly. Executive power is exercised by the President and Prime Minister who together constitute the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the National Assembly of Haiti. The government is organized unitarily, thus the central government delegates powers to the departments without a constitutional need for consent. The current structure of Haiti's political system was set forth in the Constitution of March 29, 1987.

Nord-Ouest (department) Department of Haiti

Nord-Ouest is one of the ten departments of Haiti as well as the northernmost one. It has an area of 2,102.88 km² and a population of 728,807. Its capital is Port-de-Paix.

GrandAnse (department) Department of Haiti

Grand'Anse is one of the ten departments of Haiti. Its capital is Jérémie.

Arrondissement of Créteil Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Créteil is an arrondissement of France in the Val-de-Marne department in the Île-de-France region. It has 16 communes. Its population is 310,758 (2016), and its area is 99.8 km2 (38.5 sq mi).

Nippes Department of Haiti

Nippes is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It is the most recently created department, having been split from Grand'Anse in 2003. The capital of the department is Miragoâne.

Arrondissements of Haiti

An arrondissement of Haiti is a level of administrative division in Haiti.

The administrative divisions of Haiti are concerned with the institutional and territorial organization of Haitian territory. There are many administrative divisions which may have political, electoral (districts), or administrative objectives.

Anse-à-Veau Commune in Nippes, Haiti

Anse-à-Veau is a commune in the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement, in the Nippes department of Haiti. The postal code is HT 7510.

Petit-Trou-de-Nippes Commune in Nippes, Haiti

Petit-Trou-de-Nippes is a commune in the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement, in the Nippes department of Haiti. It has 36,143 inhabitants.

Plaisance-du-Sud Commune in Nippes, Haiti

Plaisance-du-Sud is a commune in the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement, in the Nippes department of Haiti.

Anse-à-Foleur Commune in Nord-Ouest, Haiti

Anse-à-Foleur is a commune in the Saint-Louis-du-Nord Arrondissement, in the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti.

Jean-Rabel Commune in Nord-Ouest, Haiti

Jean-Rabel is a commune located west of the city of Port-de-Paix and east of the city of the Môle-Saint-Nicolas Arrondissement, in the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti. As of 2015, the estimated adult population was 148,416.

Anse-à-Veau is an arrondissement in the Nippes Department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 153,639 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement start with the number 75.

Port-de-Paix is an arrondissement in the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 336,650 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Port-de-Paix Arrondissement start with the number 31.

Liancourt, Artibonite Commune in Artibonite, Haiti

Liancourt is a commune in the Saint-Marc Arrondissement, in the Artibonite department of Haiti. Once a communal section, a presidential decree on 22 July 2015 made it a commune.

Lapointe, Nord-Ouest Commune in Nord-Ouest, Haiti

Lapointe is a commune in the Port-de-Paix Arrondissement, in the Nord-Ouest department of Haiti. Once a communal section, a presidential decree on 22 July 2015 made it a commune.

Vehicle registration plates of Haiti Haiti vehicle license plates

Little is known about the early history of Haitian license plates. Keith Marvin thought that the earliest plates were from the early 1930s, but older plates have since been found and at least one plate from 1923 exists. Early plates were marked with Rd'H,, HA., RH, or Haïti at various times. The Haitian coat of arms appeared on the plates from 1998 to 2002, the country flag was shown on the 2002 - 2005 plates, and since 2006 the background has shown a map of the country.

References

  1. Olivier, Louis-Joseph, ed. (14 August 2015). "Création de cinq nouvelles communes par décret présidentiel" (in French). Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  2. Press, ed. (16 August 2015). "Haïti - Politique : 5 nouvelles communes en Haïti". Haiti Libre. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  3. "7300.- Divisions territoriales" (in French). Haiti-Référence. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  4. Duval, Frantz (29 September 2014). "Le nouvel ordre géographique et administratif d'Haïti" (in French). Le Nouvelliste . Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. Press, ed. (1950). "Estadística, Volume 8, Issues 26-29". p. 207. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  6. Kersuze, Simeon-Jones, ed. (2010). Literary and Sociopolitical Writings of the Black Diaspora in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. p. 16. ISBN   9780739147641 . Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  7. Press, ed. (March 2002). "Organisation Territoriale des Collectivités" (PDF) (in French). Commission nationale a la reforme administrative (CNRA). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  8. 1 2 3 Hall, Michael R., ed. (2012). Historical Dictionary of Haiti. p. 78. ISBN   9780810878105 . Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  9. "Population totale de 18 ans et plus" (PDF) (in French). Institut Haitien de statistque et d'informatique (IHSI). March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-06. Retrieved 12 January 2016.