Depressariinae

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Depressariinae
Psorosticha zizyphi (ento-csiro-au).jpg
Adult Psorosticha zizyphi
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Depressariidae
Subfamily: Depressariinae
Meyrick, 1883
Genera

Numerous, see text

Synonyms
  • Cryptolechiinae
  • Cryptolechiini
  • Depressariini
  • Depressiinae ( lapsus )
  • Epigraphiini
(but see text)

The Depressariinae sometimes spelled "Depressiinae" in error are a subfamily of moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. Like their relatives therein, their exact relationships are not yet very well resolved. It has been considered part of family Elachistidae sensu lato or included in an expanded Oecophoridae. [1] In modern classifications they are treated as the distinct gelechioid family Depressariidae.

Contents

As regards subdivisions, the Amphisbatinae are often held to be as close to the Depressariinae as to be included there, in particular if the latter are raised to full family rank, but also otherwise (as a tribe Amphisbatini in the Depressariinae). If Depressariinae are treated as oecophorid subfamily, it is more common to include the group around Cryptolechia , which is sometimes (especially in older arrangements) separated as tribe Cryptolechiini in subfamily Cryptolechiinae. The lineage of Cacochroa and its closest relatives typically included in the "Cryptolechiinae" if these are treated as independent oecophorid subfamily actually seems to be closer to Orophia , and would be part of tribe Orophiini if these are placed in the Oecophorinae. But they have also been included in the present group (as tribe(s) Orophiini and sometimes also Cacochroini), particularly if this is considered a full-fledged family. The same holds true for the Xyloryctidae, a group treated here as family but previously thought to be a subfamily of the Oecophoridae. Finally, the Semioscopis lineage is occasionally separated from the rest of the Depressariinae as tribe Epigraphiini (after its junior synonym Epigraphia). In all such treatments, the core group of Depressariinae becomes a tribe Depressariini. [1]

Distribution and ecology

Some 600 species were placed here as of 1999 (but see the caveats about the group's circumscription above). New taxa of Depressariinae are still being discovered and described on a regular basis. The group is found worldwide except on some oceanic islands and frozen wasteland, but the diversity is highest in temperate regions and the group is presumably Holarctic in origin possibly Palaearctic, as gelechoid diversity in the Neotropics is poor but e.g. in Australia almost 20 species are found. From Europe alone, more than 160 species and subspecies (mostly of genus Agonopterix ) were known in 2009, with over 80 recorded from Central Europe. [2]

The caterpillars usually develop in leaves spun together with silk, as stem borers or as seed or flower feeders of dicotyledons [ verification needed ]. Recorded Depressariinae host plants are mainly eurosids I (e.g. Betulaceae, Fabaceae, Fagaceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, Urticaceae) but also from some other families (e.g. Malvaceae and Rutaceae eurosids II , or euasterids II like Apiaceae and Asteraceae). [3] [4]

Genera

Mating Agonopterix heracliana A heracliana in copula.JPG
Mating Agonopterix heracliana
Agonopterix senicionella caterpillar Agonopterix senicionella caterpillar.jpg
Agonopterix senicionella caterpillar

Genera of Depressariinae with some notable species also listed include: [5]

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 Scoble (1995), ABRS (2008), FE (2009), Wikispecies (24 March 2010), and see references in Savela (2009)
  2. Scoble (1995), Hodges (1999), ABRS (2008), FE (2009), Lepiforum (2010)
  3. Scoble (1995), Hodges (1999)
  4. "Order LEPIDOPTERA (Moths & Butterflies): Key and Description of Families". The University of British Columbia.
  5. ABRS (2008), Wikispecies (24 March 2010), and see references in Savela (2009)

Related Research Articles

Oecophoridae Family of moths

Oecophoridae is a family of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. The phylogeny and systematics of gelechoid moths are still not fully resolved, and the circumscription of the Oecophoridae is strongly affected by this.

Elachistidae family of insects

The Elachistidae are a family of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. Some authors lump about 3,300 species in eight subfamilies here, but this arrangement almost certainly results in a massively paraphyletic and completely unnatural assemblage, united merely by symplesiomorphies retained from the first gelechioid moths.

Gelechioidea Superfamily of moths

Gelechioidea is the superfamily of moths that contains the case-bearers, twirler moths, and relatives, also simply called curved-horn moths or gelechioid moths. It is a large and poorly understood '"micromoth" superfamily, constituting one of the basal lineages of the Ditrysia.

Ethmiinae subfamily of insects

The Ethmiinae are a subfamily of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea sometimes included in the Elachistidae or the Oecophoridae, but mostly in the Depressariidae as a subfamily Ethmiinae.

Scythrididae subfamily of insects

Scythrididae is a family of small moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. The family is sometimes included in the Xyloryctidae as a subfamily Scythridinae, but the Xyloryctidae themselves have sometimes been included in the Oecophoridae as subfamily. Scythrididae adults are smallish to mid-sized moths, which when at rest appear teardrop-shaped.

<i>Ethmia</i> genus of insects

Ethmia is a large genus of small moths. It is the type genus of the gelechioid family Ethmiidae, which is sometimes included in Elachistidae or Oecophoridae as subfamily.

Oecophorinae Subfamily of the "concealer moths" family Oecophoridae

The Oecophorinae are the nominate subfamily of moths in the concealer moth family (Oecophoridae). They are part of the insufficiently studied superfamily Gelechioidea, and like their relatives, the circumscription of this taxon is disputed.

Amphisbatinae subfamily of insects

The Amphisbatinae was a small subfamily of moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. Like their relatives therein, their exact relationships are not yet very well resolved. The present lineage is often included in the Depressariinae as a tribe Amphisbatini, though more often within the context of a "splitting" approach to Gelechioidea systematics and taxonomy, wherein the Depressariinae are elevated to full family rank and the Amphisbatinae are treated as a subfamily therein. An even more extremely split-up layout even treats the Amphisbatinae as full family Amphisbatidae. In the scheme used here, the Amphisbatinae are included in the Oecophoridae as a subfamily alongside the Depressariinae.

<i>Pseudatemelia</i> genus of insects

Pseudatemelia is a genus of gelechioid moths.

<i>Agonopterix</i> genus of insects

Agonopterix is a moth genus of the superfamily Gelechioidea. It is placed in the family Depressariidae, which was often – particularly in older treatments – considered a subfamily of the Oecophoridae or included in the Elachistidae.

<i>Autosticha</i> genus of insects

Autosticha is a genus of gelechioid moths. It belongs to the subfamily Autostichinae, which is either placed in the concealer moth family (Oecophoridae), or in an expanded Autostichidae. It is the type genus of its subfamily. Originally, this genus was named Automola, but this name properly refers to a fly genus in family Richardiidae.

Telechrysis is a genus of gelechioid moths and only genus in the Telechrysidini tribe. The genus itself contains only one species, Telechrysis tripuncta, which is found in most of Europe, except the Iberian Peninsula, the Benelux, Ireland, Lithuania, Croatia, Austria and Greece.

Semioscopis is a moth genus of the superfamily Gelechioidea. It is placed in the subfamily Depressariinae, which is often – particularly in older treatments – considered a subfamily of the Oecophoridae or included in the Elachistidae.

Exaeretia is a moth genus of the superfamily Gelechioidea. It is placed in the family Depressariidae, which is often – particularly in older treatments – considered a subfamily of Oecophoridae or included in the Elachistidae.

Anchinia is a genus of gelechioid moths.

<i>Hypercallia</i> genus of insects

Hypercallia is a genus of gelechioid moths.

<i>Orophia</i> genus of insects

Orophia is a moth genus of the superfamily Gelechioidea.

Gelechiinae subfamily of insects

Gelechiinae is a subfamily of moths in the family Gelechiidae. It was described by Henry Tibbats Stainton in 1854.

Anacampsinae is a subfamily of moths in the family Gelechiidae.

Stenomatinae Subfamily of small moths

The Stenomatinae are a subfamily of small moths in the family Depressariidae.

References

Wikispecies-logo.svg Data related to Depressariinae at Wikispecies See also Gelechioidea Talk page for comparison of some approaches to gelechioid systematics and taxonomy.