|Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden|
since 18 October 2022
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||Gunnar Sträng|
|Formation||1 January 1975|
|Website||Government of Sweden|
The deputy prime minister of Sweden (Swedish : Ställföreträdande statsminister) is the deputy head of government of Sweden. The incumbent deputy prime minister is Ebba Busch.
The Swedish constitution allows the prime minister to appoint one of the ministers in the cabinet as deputy prime minister (Swedish : ställföreträdande statsminister, sometimes unofficially known as vice statsminister), in case the prime minister for some reason is prevented from performing his or her duties. If a deputy prime minister has not been appointed, the minister in the cabinet who has served the longest time (and if there are several with equal experience the one who is oldest) takes over as head of government (these are marked in italic in the table below).
A deputy prime minister can only serve as prime minister in a temporary function, as the resignation of a prime minister automatically includes the entire Cabinet, and the Instrument of Government requires the Speaker of the Riksdag to dismiss the Cabinet in the case of the death of the prime minister.
Historically, under the 1809 Instrument of Government, the Minister for Foreign Affairs (the "second excellency" and to date the only formal "minister" save for the Prime Minister, the other cabinet members' formal title being Councillor of State for... etc) was to function as acting Prime Minister should the Prime Minister not be able not to perform his duties. With the enactment of the 1974 Instrument of Government and the inauguration of Thorbjörn Fälldin's three-party cabinet in 1976, Per Ahlmark was formally sworn in as the first to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister.
In 1986 Deputy Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson became acting Prime Minister for the transitional cabinet from March 1 to March 12, upon the assassination of Olof Palme, the only time the death of the Prime Minister has caused the Deputy Prime Minister to temporarily assume the office. Carlsson subsequently received the task of forming a new cabinet from the Speaker of the Riksdag. The cabinet was approved by the Riksdag on March 12, 1986, effectively reappointing most cabinet members in their previous offices.
The role and position of a Deputy Prime Minister may vary. In the five last coalition cabinets, Fälldin III, Bildt and Reinfeldt I and II, and Löfven, the Deputy Prime Minister was the head of the second-largest coalition partner (Liberals in Fälldin III, Bildt and Reinfeldt II, Centre in Reinfeldt I, Green in Löfven). In the governments Fälldin I and II, however, the Deputy Prime Ministership belonged to the Liberal Party despite the fact that it was the smallest of the three members. The reason for this might be ascribed to an unwillingness on behalf of the Centre and Liberals to give this position to the Moderates, due to ideological differences. In all of these governments, however, the Deputy Prime Minister also had a regular Cabinet portfolio.
In July 2015, the office of the Deputy Prime Minister was the subject of some political debate. Following a brief illness of the social democratic Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, the Prime Minister's office revealed that the Deputy Prime Minister Åsa Romson of the Green Party, although named Vice statsminister ("Vice Prime Minister") when the cabinet took office in October 2014, was in fact not expected to temporarily assume the duties of the Prime Minister as Statsministerns ställföreträdare ("Deputy of the Prime Minister") as stated in the Instrument of Government, instead yielding to the most senior minister of the cabinet. Effectively this made the social democratic then-Foreign Minister Margot Wallström the actual deputy of the Prime Minister, due to seniority rather than appointment. It also rendered the title of Vice statsminister an honorary title, for the most senior member of the party functioning as junior partner in the governing coalition, rather than an actual function. 
The situation is different in the one-party governments that have existed since the position of Deputy Prime Minister was introduced in 1976, namely the Liberal Ullsten government and the Social Democratic governments Palme II, Carlsson I-III and Persson. While Mona Sahlin might well have been described as something of a "successor-in-waiting" (even if she ultimately did not succeed Ingvar Carlsson to the Premiership), the other Deputy Prime Ministers have tended to be older and experienced politicians who have often been in charge of coordinating the work of the Government and may also have been in charge of some policy areas of their own which were not substantial enough to warrant a full-time Cabinet position, such as Bo Ringholm, who was Minister of Sport concurrently with being Deputy Prime Minister.
According to 10 § Chapter 6 of the Instrument of Government, the Prime Minister may appoint a deputy who assumes the duties of the Prime Minister in case the latter is for some reason prevented from performing their duties. If such a deputy has not been appointed or if the appointed deputy is prevented from performing their duties, the minister who has served for the longest period of time assumes the office. If two or more ministers have served for an equal amount of time, seniority decides. 
Independent Social Democrats Moderate Centre Left Liberals Christian Democrats Green Sweden Democrats
|№||Deputy Prime Minister||Position||Took office||Left office||Duration||Party||Prime Minister|
|–|| Gunnar Sträng |
|Minister for Finance||1 January 1975||8 October 1976||1 year, 281 days||Social Democrats||Olof Palme (S/SAP)|
|1|| Per Ahlmark |
|Minister for Employment||8 October 1976||7 March 1978||1 year, 150 days||Liberals||Thorbjörn Fälldin (C)|
|2|| Ola Ullsten |
| Minister for Employment, |
Minister for International
|7 March 1978||18 October 1978||225 days||Liberals||Thorbjörn Fälldin (C)|
|–|| Sven Romanus |
|Minister for Justice||18 October 1978||12 October 1979||359 days||Independent||Ola Ullsten (L)|
|–|| Ingemar Mundebo |
|Minister for Justice||12 October 1979||1 August 1980||294 days||Liberals||Thorbjörn Fälldin (C)|
|(2)|| Ola Ullsten |
|Minister for Foreign Affairs||1 August 1980||8 October 1982||2 years, 68 days||Liberals||Thorbjörn Fälldin (C)|
|3|| Ingvar Carlsson |
|Minister for the Environment||8 October 1982||28 February 1986||3 years, 143 days||Social Democrats||Olof Palme (S/SAP)|
|–|| Svante Lundkvist |
|Minister for Agriculture||28 February 1986||9 October 1986||223 days||Social Democrats||Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
|–|| Kjell-Olof Feldt |
|Minister for Finance||9 October 1986||16 February 1990||3 years, 130 days||Social Democrats||Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
|–|| Lena Hjelm-Wallén |
| Minister for International|
|16 February 1990||27 February 1990||11 days||Social Democrats||Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
|4|| Odd Engström |
|–||27 February 1990||4 October 1991||1 year, 219 days||Social Democrats||Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
|5|| Bengt Westerberg |
|Minister for Health and Social Affairs||4 October 1991||7 October 1994||3 years, 3 days||Liberals||Carl Bildt (M)|
|6|| Mona Sahlin |
|Minister for Gender Equality||7 October 1994||16 November 1995||1 year, 40 days||Social Democrats||Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
|7|| Lena Hjelm-Wallén |
| Minister for Foreign Affairs |
|16 November 1995||21 October 2002||6 years, 339 days||Social Democrats|| Ingvar Carlsson (S/SAP)|
(1995 – 1996)
Göran Persson (S/SAP)
(1996 – 2002)
|8|| Margareta Winberg |
|Minister for Gender Equality||21 October 2002||31 October 2003||1 year, 10 days||Social Democrats||Göran Persson (S/SAP)|
|–|| Marita Ulvskog |
|Minister for Culture and Sports||31 October 2003||1 June 2004||214 days||Social Democrats||Göran Persson (S/SAP)|
|9|| Lars Engqvist |
|Minister for Health and Social Affairs||1 June 2004||1 October 2004||122 days||Social Democrats||Göran Persson (S/SAP)|
|–|| Laila Freivalds |
|Minister for Foreign Affairs||1 October 2004||1 November 2004||31 days||Social Democrats||Göran Persson (S/SAP)|
|10|| Bo Ringholm |
|Minister for European Union Affairs||1 November 2004||6 October 2006||1 year, 339 days||Social Democrats||Göran Persson (S/SAP)|
|11|| Maud Olofsson |
|Minister for Enterprise and Energy||6 October 2006||5 October 2010||3 years, 364 days||Centre||Fredrik Reinfeldt (M)|
|12|| Jan Björklund |
|Minister for Education||5 October 2010||3 October 2014||3 years, 363 days||Liberals||Fredrik Reinfeldt (M)|
|–|| Margot Wallström |
|Minister for Foreign Affairs||3 October 2014||10 September 2019||4 years, 342 days||Social Democrats||Stefan Löfven (S/SAP)|
|–|| Morgan Johansson |
| Minister for Justice (2014–2022)|
Minister for Migration (2019–2021)
Minister of the Interior (2021–2022)
|10 September 2019||18 October 2022||3 years, 38 days||Social Democrats|| Stefan Löfven (S/SAP)|
(2019 – 2021)
Magdalena Andersson (S/SAP)
(2021 – 2022)
|13|| Ebba Busch |
|Minister for Energy, Business, Industry and Innovation||18 October 2022||Incumbent||87 days||Christian Democrats||Ulf Kristersson (M)|
When Stefan Löfven became Prime Minister of Sweden he appointed a cabinet minister with the honorary title of "deputy prime minister", despite not being the designated stand-in should he not be able to carry out his duties as Prime Minister. The honorary title was awarded to one of the two spokespersons of the Green Party, the junior coalition partner of his cabinet. With Magdalena Anderssons appointment as Prime Minister and the withdrawal of the Green Party from the government, this system ceased.
|№||Deputy Prime Minister||Position||Took office||Left office||Duration||Party||Prime Minister|
| Åsa Romson |
|Minister for the Environment||3 October 2014||25 May 2016||1 year, 235 days||Green||Stefan Löfven (S/SAP)|
| Isabella Lövin |
| Minister for International Development Cooperation (2016–2019)|
Minister for the Climate (2016–2021)
Minister for the Environment (2019–2021)
|25 May 2016||5 February 2021||4 years, 256 days||Green||Stefan Löfven (S/SAP)|
| Per Bolund |
| Minister for the Environment |
Minister for the Climate
|5 February 2021||30 November 2021||298 days||Green||Stefan Löfven (S/SAP)|
Gösta Ingvar Carlsson is a Swedish politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Sweden, first from 1986 to 1991 and again from 1994 to 1996. He was leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1986 to 1996. He is best known for leading Sweden into the European Union.
The Riksdag is the legislature and the supreme decision-making body of Sweden. Since 1971, the Riksdag has been a unicameral legislature with 349 members, elected proportionally and serving, since 1994, fixed four-year terms. The 2022 Swedish general election is the most recent general election.
The prime minister is the head of government of Sweden. The prime minister and their cabinet exercise executive authority in the Kingdom of Sweden and are subject to the Parliament of Sweden. The prime minister is nominated by the Speaker of the Riksdag and elected by the chamber by simple majority, using negative parliamentarianism. The Riksdag holds elections every four years, in the even year between leap years.
The Moderate Party, commonly referred to as the Moderates, is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. The party generally supports tax cuts, the free market, civil liberties and economic liberalism. Internationally, it is a full member of the International Democrat Union and the European People's Party.
The speaker of the Riksdag is the presiding officer of the national unicameral legislature in Sweden.
Ulf Hjalmar Ed Kristersson is a Swedish politician who has been serving as Prime Minister of Sweden since October 2022. He has been the leader of the Moderate Party (M) since October 2017 and a member of the Riksdag (MP) for Södermanland County since 2014 and for Stockholm County from 1991 to 2000. He previously served as Minister for Social Security from 2010 to 2014 and as Chairman of the Moderate Youth League from 1988 to 1992.
After a period of rapid growth and unprecedented prosperity during the late 1980s, by 1990 the Swedish economy overheated, and after a controversial bill freezing salaries and banning strikes failed in the Riksdag, the social democratic government led by Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson resigned in February 1990. At this time the respected Finance Minister Kjell-Olof Feldt left the government in protest over what he saw as irresponsible economic policies. Carlsson soon formed a new government, but by the time of the general election in September 1991 the economy was in free fall, and with rapidly rising unemployment, the social democrats received the smallest share of votes in sixty years (37.7%), resulting in the loss of office to the opposition, a centre-right coalition led by Carl Bildt.
The Swedish constitution of 1974 allows the Prime Minister of Sweden to appoint one of the Ministers in the cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister, in case the Prime Minister for some reason is prevented from performing his or her duties. However, if a Deputy Prime Minister has not been appointed, the Minister in the cabinet who has served the longest time takes over as head of government. Note that the person acting as Prime Minister does not do so on a permanent basis: if a Prime Minister dies, resigns or loses a vote of confidence in the Riksdag, the Speaker of the Riksdag will then confer with the parties of the Riksdag and propose a new Prime Minister, who must be tolerated by a majority of the Riksdag. A Prime Minister who has resigned or lost a vote of confidence will remain the head of a government ad interim until the new Prime Minister assumes office. The only case where the governmental line of succession becomes relevant is when the Prime Minister dies or when the Prime Minister is on leave or for any other reason incapable of serving, but still remains in office. This might be compared to the presidential line of succession in the United States, where the person next in line assumes the Presidency throughout the remainder of the term if the President dies, resigns or is impeached.
General elections were held in Sweden on 9 September 2018 to elect the 349 members of the Riksdag. Regional and municipal elections were also held on the same day. The incumbent minority government, consisting of the Social Democrats and the Greens and supported by the Left Party, won 144 seats, one seat more than the four-party Alliance coalition, with the Sweden Democrats winning the remaining 62 seats. The Social Democrats' vote share fell to 28.3 percent, its lowest level of support since 1911.
General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect all 349 seats in the Riksdag, alongside elections for the 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.
Kjell Stefan Löfven is a Swedish politician who serves as the President of European Socialists since October 2022. He previously served as Prime Minister of Sweden from October 2014 to November 2021 and leader of the Social Democratic Party from 2012 to 2021.
The second cabinet of Ingvar Carlsson was the cabinet and Government of Sweden from 27 February 1990 to 4 October 1991.
The cabinet of Ola Ullsten was the cabinet and Government of Sweden from 18 October 1978 to 12 October 1979.
The first cabinet of Stefan Löfven was the cabinet of Sweden between 2014 and 2018. It was a coalition government, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 3 October 2014, following the 2014 general election. It lost a vote of no confidence following the 2018 election, but remained in office as a caretaker government. Löfven was reelected as Prime Minister in January 2019, thus forming the second cabinet of Stefan Löfven.
In the 2018 Swedish general election, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament. On 9 September, the Red-Greens, led by Stefan Löfven's Social Democrats (S), emerged as the main political force in the Riksdag, while the centre-right Alliance led by Ulf Kristersson's Moderate Party only got one seat less. The right-wing populist party Sweden Democrats, led by Jimmie Åkesson, came third. As a result, protracted negotiations were required before a new government formation. On 18 January 2019, Löfven was re-elected as prime minister.
The second cabinet of Stefan Löfven was the Government of Sweden from 21 January 2019 to 9 July 2021. It was a coalition, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 21 January 2019, following the 2018 general election.
A government crisis started on 21 June 2021 in Sweden after the Riksdag ousted Prime Minister Stefan Löfven with a no-confidence vote. This was the first time in Swedish history a Prime Minister was ousted by a no-confidence vote. After winning the 2014 Swedish general election, the Löfven II Cabinet's government budget was rejected by the Riksdag, causing a government crisis that lasted for nearly an entire month. The 2021 government crisis is the second government crisis with a Löfven cabinet. The vote was called on 17 June 2021 by the Sweden Democrats after the Swedish Left Party withdrew support for Löfven over the rent control reforms which is an important issue for many voters.
The third cabinet of Stefan Löfven was the Government of Sweden during 9 July 2021 to 30 November 2021. It was a coalition, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 9 July 2021, during a formal government meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf. The government was the result of the aftermath of the 2021 government crisis, which saw Löfven's government removed from power in a vote of no-confidence over proposed reforms to liberalize the rent control system.
Prime Minister Stefan Löfven tendered his resignation on 10 November 2021, leaving his government in place as a caretaker cabinet until a new Prime Minister is elected by the Riksdag. Government formation talks commenced the following day with Magdalena Andersson, the newly-elected head of the Social Democratic party offering to lead a government. She was formally nominated to form a government by the Speaker of the Riksdag, Andreas Norlén later the same day. It was the third government formation process since the 2018 general election, the first taking a record 144 days before the formation of Löfven's second cabinet. The process took place just ten months ahead of the 2022 general election.
The Andersson Cabinet was the Government of Sweden following the resignation of Prime Minister Stefan Löfven and the hasty election of Magdalena Andersson as his successor. It was expected to be a coalition government consisting of two parties: the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Green Party. In a late turn of events after the confirmation vote, the Green Party left the government cooperation due to the government's budget proposal failing in the Riksdag. The cabinet were originally planned to be installed on 26 November 2021 during a formal government meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf, but Andersson decided to resign due to a precedent regarding changes in a government's composition; this happened just seven hours after the vote in the Riksdag. The Speaker then set Andersson up for a new confirmation vote to make sure she still had the Riksdag's approval.