Derde Divisie

Last updated
Derde Divisie
Founded2010 as Topklasse
CountryNetherlands
Confederation UEFA
Divisions2
Number of teams31
Level on pyramid4
Promotion to Tweede Divisie
Relegation to Hoofdklasse
Domestic cup(s) KNVB Cup
Current championsSaturday: None
Sunday: None
(2020–21)
Most championshipsSV Spakenburg (3 Saturday titles)
Current: 2020–21 Derde Divisie

The Derde Divisie (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɛrdə diˈvizi] ; English: Third Division), formerly known as Topklasse (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtɔpklɑsə] ; English: Top Class), is the fourth tier of football in the Netherlands, which had its inaugural season as a third tier in 2010–11 and as a fourth tier in 2016–17. The league is placed between the Tweede Divisie and the Hoofdklasse, the third and fifth tiers of Dutch football, respectively. [1] The introduction of the then Topklasse resulted from discussions between the Royal Dutch Football Association, the Coöperatie Eerste Divisie (the clubs in the Eerste Divisie) and the Centraal Overleg Hoofdklassers (the clubs in the Hoofdklasse).

Contents

Background

A national football competition in the Netherlands was established in 1956. Prior to that, the districts of the Dutch football association held their own competitions, and the champions of these competitions faced each other for the national title. The highest national division in the new league structure became the Eredivisie, followed by the Eerste Divisie and the Tweede Divisie. The Tweede Divisie was disbanded in 1971; six clubs were promoted to the Eerste Divisie (champions De Volewijckers along with FC Eindhoven, VVV, Fortuna Vlaardingen, PEC and Roda JC), while the remaining ten clubs became amateur clubs. The Eerste Divisie subsequently became the lowest league in professional football in the Netherlands.

The amateur football clubs had a separate league system, the highest league of which was the Eerste Klasse (later: Hoofdklasse). There was no promotion and relegation between professional football and amateur football; a professional football club could only drop to the amateur leagues if its licence for professional football was revoked, while an amateur football club could only be promoted after application and meeting a number of criteria.

The calls for a Topklasse largely stemmed from the professionalization of amateur football clubs in the Netherlands in recent years, in the sense that many Hoofdklasse club players now receive a salary. [2] This has closed the gap between the top of the Hoofdklasse and the bottom of the Eerste Divisie. Chairman of the Dutch football association Henk Kesler had therefore repeatedly called for the creation of the Topklasse to establish promotion and relegation between professional and amateur football, creating a league pyramid akin to the English football league system.

The first plans for a Topklasse were rejected by the Eerste Divisie clubs in 1999. [3]

Confirmed structure

Former Topklasse logo. Topklasse logo.jpg
Former Topklasse logo.

The new league structure was approved at an amateur clubs meeting on 6 June 2009. [4] The KNVB introduced the new level for the 2010–11 season, comprising 32 clubs. After the 2009–10 season, the bottom 2 teams in the Eerste Divisie, whose size was reduced from 20 to 18 clubs, and the top four clubs from each of the six Hoofdklasse divisions – a total of 26 clubs – automatically joined the new level. These clubs were joined by six playoff winners from a pool of 12 clubs that finished in 5th or 6th place in their group within the Hoofdklasse.

The 32 clubs within the Topklasse were divided into two leagues comprising 16 clubs. One league is a "Saturday" league and the other a "Sunday" league, a setup that is still in place. At the end of the season, both clubs that finished at the top of their division play each other. The winner of that tie was promoted to the Eerste Divisie, replacing the team that finished 18th. If the winner refused promotion or was ineligible for promotion, the runners-up were promoted. If both teams refused promotion, no promotion and relegation took place between the Eerste Divisie and Topklasse.

In January 2010, the exclusion of bankrupt HFC Haarlem from the Eerste Divisie reduced the number of scheduled relegations to one only, and led the KNVB to announce that this vacancy would be filled by an additional Hoofdklasse club. On 12 May 2010, it was announced that BV Veendam had declared bankruptcy, possibly giving (otherwise relegated) FC Oss a chance to stay in the Eerste Divisie, with the extra slot filled by another Hoofdklasse club. Veendam's bankruptcy was then reversed on appeal, thus confirming FC Oss' relegation into the Topklasse.

After the 2015–16 season promotion to the reintroduced Tweede Divisie, placed between the Eerste Divisie and the Topklasse, renamed Derde Divisie, was implemented. Thus, the Derde Divisie and lower leagues were decremented by one step in the pyramid, with the latter expanding to 36 clubs, 18 in each division. [1] [5] The division winners are promoted and no longer compete for the amateur championship which was made redundant. [6]

Reforms from the 2016–17 season

There were several reforms from the 2016–17 season. The league was reformed as follows:

Situation until the 2015–16 seasonSituation from the 2016–17 season
The name of the league was Topklasse.The name of the league is Derde Divisie (English: Third Division)
Promotion to the Eerste Divisie was optional.Promotion to the Tweede Divisie is mandatory.
There were no reserve teams in the league.Two reserve teams of professional clubs, determined by a ranking, gained entry.
Situation until the 2019–20 seasonSituation from the 2020–21 season
There were two reserve teams.No more reserve teams in this division; they play in an under-21 or 23 league. [7]

A proposal to split the two divisions determined by region and not by playing date has been rejected. [8]

Perception among amateur clubs

IJsselmeervogels, one of the most successful amateur football clubs in the Netherlands, was a strong opponent of the plans; chief Arian van de Vuurst has stated that "professional football does not fit in with our culture." [2] Because of these objections, promotion to the Eerste Divisie was not mandatory for the champion of the former Topklasse. After 2016, however, promotion to the Tweede Divisie is required.

Current teams (2021–22)

Saturday League

ClubLocationVenueCapacity
Ajax (amateurs) Amsterdam Sportpark De Toekomst 2,250
Barendrecht Barendrecht Sportpark De Bongerd1,800
DOVO Veenendaal Sportpark Panhuis3,200
DVS '33 Ermelo Sportlaan5,500
Excelsior '31 Rijssen Sportpark De Koerbelt3,150
GOES Goes Sportpark Het Schenge1,500
Harkemase Boys Harkema Sportpark De Bosk5,000
Hoek Hoek Sportpark Denoek2,500
Lisse Lisse Sportpark Ter Specke7,000
ODIN '59 Heemskerk Sportpark Assumburg1,700
ONS Sneek Sneek Zuidersportpark3,150
Sparta Nijkerk Nijkerk Sportpark De Ebbenhorst5,000
SteDoCo Hoornaar Sportpark SteDoCo1,700
Ter Leede Sassenheim Sportpark De Roodemolen3,000
VVOG Harderwijk Sportpark De Strokel10,000
VVSB Noordwijkerhout Sportpark De Boekhorst2,500

Sunday League

ClubLocationStadiumCapacity
ADO '20 Heemskerk Sportpark De Vlotter4,500
Blauw Geel '38 Veghel PWA Sportpark2,500
DEM Beverwijk Sportpark Adrichem1,500
VV Dongen Dongen Sportpark De Biezen1,800
EVV Echt Sportpark In de Bandert2,000
Gemert Gemert Sportpark Molenbroek4,000
Groene Ster Heerlerheide Sportpark Pronsebroek2,500
USV Hercules Utrecht Sportpark Voordorp1,800
Hoogland Hoogland Sportpark Langenoord1,800
HSC '21 Haaksbergen Groot Scholtenhagen4,500
OFC Oostzaan Sportpark OFC1,500
OSS '20 Oss Sportpark De Rusheuvel1,800
Quick (H) Den Haag Sportpark Nieuw Hanenburg1,500
VV UNA Veldhoven Sportpark Zeelst2,000
RKVV Westlandia Naaldwijk Sportpark De Hoge Bomen2,000

Champions

Topklasse
SeasonSaturday championsSunday championsOverall championsPromotion
2010–11 IJsselmeervogels FC Oss IJsselmeervogels FC Oss
2011–12 Spakenburg Achilles '29 Achilles '29 None
2012–13 Katwijk Achilles '29 Katwijk Achilles '29
2013–14 Spakenburg AFC Spakenburg None
2014–15 Kozakken Boys FC Lienden FC Lienden None
2015–16 Excelsior Maassluis FC Lienden Excelsior Maassluis 14 clubs
Derde Divisie
SeasonSaturday championsSunday champions
2016–17 IJsselmeervogels ASV De Dijk
2017–18 Spakenburg Jong Vitesse
2018–19 VV Noordwijk Jong Volendam
2019–20 No champions [9] [10]
2020–21

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The 2020–21 Tweede Divisie season was the fifth edition of the Dutch third tier since on hiatus from 1970-71 season and the 20th edition using Tweede Divisie name.

The 2020–21 Derde Divisie season was the fifth edition of the Dutch fourth tier, formerly called Topklasse, since the restructuring of the league system in the summer of 2016.

References

  1. 1 2 "Plannen tweede divisie gaan door". NOS.nl (in Dutch). 2 December 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  2. 1 2 Robert Missèt (18 June 2007). "'Kesler heeft geen idee wat amateurvoetbal inhoudt'" (in Dutch). de Volkskrant. p. 17. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  3. Erik Oudshoorn (1 June 1999). "Clubs eerste divisie dwarsbomen Topklasse" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. p. 11. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
  4. "Topklasse in amateurvoetbal krijgt groen licht". Voetbalzone. 6 June 2009.
  5. "Vanaf seizoen 2016/17: promotie/degradatie tussen amateurvoetbal en betaald voetbal". KNVB.nl (in Dutch). 2 December 2014. Archived from the original on 17 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  6. "Last amateur championship". knvb.nl (in Dutch). 19 May 2016.
  7. "Bondsvergadering kiest voor nieuwe competitiestructuur in jeugdvoetbal" [Association assembly opts for a new league structure in youth football] (in Dutch). KNVB. 16 December 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  8. "Topklasse gaat volgend seizoen verder als Derde Divisie". KNVB.nl (in Dutch). 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  9. "Competities amateurvoetbal niet hervat" [Amateur competitions not resumed] (in Dutch). KNVB. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  10. "Competities senioren categorie A niet hervat" [Seniors category A competitions not resumed] (in Dutch). KNVB. 24 February 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.