Derviş Eroğlu

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Derviş Eroğlu
Dervis Eroglu (cropped).jpg
3rd President of Northern Cyprus
In office
23 April 2010 30 April 2015
Prime Minister Hüseyin Özgürgün (Acting)
İrsen Küçük
Sibel Siber
Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
Preceded by Mehmet Ali Talat
Succeeded by Mustafa Akıncı
Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus
In office
5 May 2009 23 April 2010
President Mehmet Ali Talat
Preceded by Ferdi Sabit Soyer
Succeeded by Hüseyin Özgürgün (Acting)
In office
16 August 1996 13 August 2004
President Rauf Denktaş
Preceded by Hakkı Atun
Succeeded by Mehmet Ali Talat
In office
19 July 1985 1 January 1994
President Rauf Denktaş
Preceded by Mustafa Çağatay
Succeeded by Hakkı Atun
Leader of the National Unity Party
In office
29 November 2008 23 April 2010
Preceded by Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu
Succeeded by İrsen Küçük
In office
18 December 1983 11 February 2006
Preceded by Mustafa Çağatay
Succeeded by Hüseyin Özgürgün
Member of the Assembly of Republic
In office
20 June 1976 22 April 2010
Constituency Gazimağusa (1976, 1981, 1985, 1990, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2009)
Personal details
Born (1938-03-07) 7 March 1938 (age 81)
Famagusta, British Cyprus
Political party National Unity Party
Spouse(s)Meral Eroğlu
Alma mater Istanbul University

Derviş Eroğlu (born March 7, 1938) is a Turkish Cypriot politician, who served as the third President of Northern Cyprus. [1] [2] Previously, he was Prime Minister (1985–94, 1996–2004 and again 2009–10) and twice-leader of the National Unity Party. He became President on 23 April 2010, [3] serving until 30 April 2015.

President of Northern Cyprus

The President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the head of state of the TRNC. Rauf Denktaş was the first and founding president of Northern Cyprus, and retired in 2005. His position was taken over by Mehmet Ali Talat, followed by Derviş Eroğlu and the current president, Mustafa Akıncı.

Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus head of government of Northern Cyprus

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Prime Minister must control a majority of parliament in order to govern.

National Unity Party (Northern Cyprus) political party in Northern Cyprus

The National Unity Party is a national-conservative political party in Northern Cyprus. It was founded by Rauf Denktaş on 11 October 1975. The party was in power from its creation until the 2003 elections with the exception of the period from 1994–1996.

Contents

Early life and education

Eroğlu was born in Famagusta in 1938. He studied medicine at Istanbul University, graduating in 1963. He later specialised in urology. [4]

Famagusta Place in Famagusta District, Cyprus

Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It is located east of Nicosia and possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the medieval period, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe. The old walled city and parts of the modern city presently fall within the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Gazimağusa District, of which it is the capital.

Istanbul University Turkish university located in Istanbul

Istanbul University is a prominent Turkish university located in Istanbul.

Urology Subspecialty of surgery

Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. Organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs.

Politics

Eroğlu entered the Assembly of the Republic of the then-Turkish Federated State of Northern Cyprus in 1976, serving as Minister of Education, Culture, Youth and Sports during 1976–77. He served as member of the de facto Northern Cyprus (TRNC) Constituent Assembly in November 1983. [5] As the leader of the National Unity Party (UBP), he was appointed Prime Minister in four successive governments between 1985 and 1993 (he was opposition leader between 1994 and 1996), and from 1996 until his party lost the general election to the Republican Turkish Party under Mehmet Ali Talat in 2004. Eroğlu's UBP won the majority of seats in the legislative election of 18 April 2009, and Eroğlu became Prime Minister again. [6]

Assembly of the Republic (Northern Cyprus) the parliament of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

The Assembly of the Republic is the parliament of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It has 50 members, elected for a five-year term by mitigated proportional representation. A party must cross the election threshold to be awarded any seats. The parliament is composed of 50 MPs, chosen from six electoral districts, which are coterminous with the districts of Northern Cyprus: Lefkoşa, Gazimağusa, Girne, Güzelyurt, Lefke and İskele.

The Republican Turkish Party is a social-democratic political party in Northern Cyprus. The party was founded in 1970 by Ahmet Mithat Berberoğlu, a lawyer, in opposition to the leadership of Fazıl Küçük and Rauf Denktaş.

Mehmet Ali Talat former President of TRNC

Mehmet Ali Talat is a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the President of Northern Cyprus from 2005 to 2010. Talat is the leader of the social democratic Republican Turkish Party, having previously held this position between 1996 and 2005. He became prime minister in 2004, and subsequently won the presidential election held on 17 April 2005. Talat was inaugurated on 25 April 2005, succeeding retiring leader Rauf Denktaş. He lost the presidential election of 2010 and was replaced by Derviş Eroğlu as President.

On 21 November 2005, Eroğlu resigned as leader of the UBP, stating that "it was time for younger blood to take control", but was re-elected to the chair in November 2008. [7] Eroğlu was elected to the office of President of Northern Cyprus on 18 April 2010. Because the UN does not recognize the TRNC, it regards Derviş Eroğlu as bona fide negotiator for the Turkish Cypriot community of the Republic of Cyprus.

In the 2015 general elections, he was defeated by Mustafa Akıncı. [8] [9]

Mustafa Akıncı politician and architect

Mustafa Akıncı is a Turkish Cypriot politician serving as the current President of Northern Cyprus. He took office in April 2015.

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2005 Northern Cyprus presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus on Sunday April 17, 2005. It followed parliamentary elections in the internationally unrecognised country on February 20, which had been won by the pro-unification Republican Turkish Party (CTP).

Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus is recognised only by Turkey, a country which facilitates many of its contacts with the international community. After declaring independence from the Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus' relations with the rest of the world were further complicated by a series of United Nations resolutions which declared its independence legally invalid. A 2004 UN Referendum on settling the Cyprus dispute was accepted by the Turkish Cypriots but rejected by the Greek Cypriots. After that, the European Union declared its intentions to assist in reducing the economic isolation of Northern Cyprus and began giving aid to the territory. However, due to pressure from Greece and the Republic of Cyprus, this aid coming from EU funds cannot be used on Greek Cypriot land and property nor on public bodies. As a result, these funds can be used only on around 20 percent of the territory under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Elections for the Assembly of the Republic were held in Northern Cyprus on 19 April 2009, a year earlier than necessary. The early election was decided upon by the ruling Republican Turkish Party. Winning the largest portion of the vote, the National Unity Party won the election, and the party chairman, Derviş Eroğlu, became Prime Minister.

LGBT rights in Northern Cyprus

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Northern Cyprus face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in Northern Cyprus since 7 February 2014. Previous laws allowed three years prison sentences, according to articles 171 and 173 of its criminal code. Female homosexuality was not criminalised. Arrests for homosexuality have occurred as recently as 2011.

Hakkı Atun is a former Prime Minister of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. He held this office between 1994 and 1996. He was born in Famagusta in 1935. In 1959, he graduated from Istanbul Technical University as an engineer architect. He studied urban planning at Manchester and Nottingham Universities. In 1961-1975, he held various public positions. In 1963, he became the Regional Director of Limassol-Paphos Planning, in 1967 became the Head of the Planning and Construction Department, and in 1975, the Undersecretary of Housing.

2010 Northern Cyprus presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus on 18 April 2010. The result was a victory for Derviş Eroğlu of the National Unity Party, who received 50.38% of the vote in the first round. If no candidate had crossed the 50% threshold, a run-off would have been held on 25 April.

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Sibel Siber is a Turkish Cypriot politician. She served as the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus between 13 June 2013, following the fall of the government of İrsen Küçük in a vote of no confidence, and 2 September 2013. She was the first woman to occupy this post. As of November 2015, Siber was the Speaker of Parliament, the Assembly of the Republic of Northern Cyprus. She was the second woman to occupy this post, after Fatma Ekenoğlu.

2015 Northern Cyprus presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Northern Cyprus in April 2015. In the first round, held on 19 April 2015, the incumbent president independent candidate Derviş Eroğlu and independent candidate Mustafa Akıncı progressed to the second round. The second round took place on 26 April 2015 and was won by Akıncı.

Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu Northern Cypriot politician

Tahsin Ertuğruloğlu is a Turkish Cypriot politician. He served as a member of the Assembly of the Republic representing the Lefkoşa District between 1998 and 2018. During this time, he was a member of the National Unity Party (UBP) between 1998 and 2010, serving as the leader of the party between 2006 and 2008. He returned to the UBP in 2012 and remained its representative until the end of his tenure as an MP. He served in different ministerial positions, including a five-year tenure as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Defense between 1998 and 2004.

Özdil Nami Northern Cyprus politician

Özdil Nami is a Turkish Cypriot politician. He has served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Northern Cyprus and the Turkish Cypriot Special Representative in the negotiations to solve the Cyprus dispute. He currently serves as the Minister of Economy and Energy of Northern Cyprus.

Hasan Taçoy is a Turkish Cypriot politician who served as the Minister of Public Works and Transport between 2009 and 2010 and between 2014 and 2015.

2018 Northern Cyprus parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Northern Cyprus on 7 January 2018 to elect the 50 members of the Assembly of the Republic for a five-year term. Going into the elections, the government was led by Prime Minister Hüseyin Özgürgün, who had served since 16 April 2016, leading a coalition consisting of the National Unity Party and the Democratic Party.

Ersin Tatar is a Turkish Cypriot politician currently serving as the Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus. He took up the position following the collapse of the coalition government of Tufan Erhürman in May 2019. He is also the leader of the National Unity Party (UBP) and served as Leader of the Opposition.

References

  1. Northern Cyprus's new president: Enter Eroglu (The Economist) Retrieved on 1 June 2011.
  2. "Derviş Eroğlu". Biyografi.info. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  3. "New TRNC President Eroglu to Take Oath on Friday". Ankara: Turkish Weekly. 20 April 2010. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  4. Aljazeera Profile: Dervis Eroglu
  5. "Dr. Derviş Eroğlu (1938 - .... )". Kimkimdir.gen.tr. 4 December 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  6. "Derviş*Eroğlu (kimdir - hakkında)". Cep-x.com. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  7. "Kuzey Kibris Tăœrk Cumhuriyeti Başbakanliği". Kktcbasbakanlik.org. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  8. "Turkish Cypriots elect new leader for breakaway enclave". Yahoo News. 26 April 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  9. "Leftist Akinci wins north Cyprus election, seeking peace deal". Reuters UK. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mustafa Çağatay
Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus
1985–1994
Succeeded by
Hakkı Atun
Preceded by
Hakkı Atun
Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus
1996–2004
Succeeded by
Mehmet Ali Talat
Preceded by
Ferdi Sabit Soyer
Prime Minister of Northern Cyprus
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Hüseyin Özgürgün
Acting
Preceded by
Mehmet Ali Talat
President of Northern Cyprus
2010–2015
Succeeded by
Mustafa Akıncı