Descartes, Indre-et-Loire

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Descartes
Hotel de Ville LA HAYE-DESCARTES - Jean-Charles GUILLO.jpg
Town hall
Blason ville fr Descartes.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Descartes
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Descartes
Centre-Val de Loire region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Descartes
Coordinates: 46°58′28″N0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986 Coordinates: 46°58′28″N0°41′55″E / 46.9744°N 0.6986°E / 46.9744; 0.6986
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Loches
Canton Descartes
Intercommunality CC Loches Sud Touraine
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Jacques Barbier
Area
1
38.08 km2 (14.70 sq mi)
Population
(2016-01-01)2 [1]
3,642
  Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37115 /37160
Elevation37–121 m (121–397 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Descartes is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It is approximately 13 miles east of Richelieu and about 24 miles east of Loudun, on the banks of the Creuse River.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

History

Liberation of Descartes (then La Haye-Descartes) in 1944 Descartes 1944 LOC fsa 8e02720.jpg
Liberation of Descartes (then La Haye-Descartes) in 1944

Initially called La Haye en Touraine, the town was the birthplace of the philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650), although his family home was in nearby Châtellerault. Descartes left La Haye in approximately 1606 to attend the College Henri IV at La Flèche. [2] The town was renamed La Haye-Descartes in 1802 in his honour, and then renamed again to Descartes in 1967.

Philosopher person with an extensive knowledge of philosophy

A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term “philosopher” comes from the Ancient Greek, φιλόσοφος (philosophos), meaning “lover of wisdom”. The coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras.

René Descartes 17th-century French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist

René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. A native of the Kingdom of France, he spent about 20 years (1629–1649) of his life in the Dutch Republic after serving for a while in the Dutch States Army of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces. One of the most notable intellectual figures of the Dutch Golden Age, Descartes is also widely regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy.

Châtellerault Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Châtellerault is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in France. It is located in the northeast of the former province Poitou, and the residents are called Châtelleraudais.

Population

See table at left.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793997    
1800850−14.7%
1806943+10.9%
18211,123+19.1%
18311,293+15.1%
18361,393+7.7%
18411,459+4.7%
18461,592+9.1%
18511,633+2.6%
18561,532−6.2%
18611,620+5.7%
18661,609−0.7%
18721,722+7.0%
18761,735+0.8%
18811,608−7.3%
18861,694+5.3%
18911,806+6.6%
18961,786−1.1%
19011,622−9.2%
19061,638+1.0%
19111,697+3.6%
19211,702+0.3%
19261,670−1.9%
19311,570−6.0%
19361,537−2.1%
19461,477−3.9%
19541,466−0.7%
19621,679+14.5%
19684,267+154.1%
19754,446+4.2%
19824,357−2.0%
19904,120−5.4%
19994,015−2.5%
20063,855−4.0%
20093,817−1.0%

Personalities

The town is notable in Acadian genealogy as the birthplace of the Heberts.

See also

Communes of the Indre-et-Loire department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 272 communes of the Indre-et-Loire department of France.

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. "Editor's Preface" in Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett: 1998)