Devonport, Tasmania

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Devonport
Tasmania
Devonport, TAS.JPG
Devonport and the Mersey River from the air
Australia Tasmania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Devonport
Coordinates 41°10′50″S146°20′47″E / 41.18056°S 146.34639°E / -41.18056; 146.34639 Coordinates: 41°10′50″S146°20′47″E / 41.18056°S 146.34639°E / -41.18056; 146.34639
Population23,046 (2016) [1]
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) City of Devonport
State electorate(s) Braddon
Federal Division(s) Braddon
Mean max temp [2] Mean min temp [2] Annual rainfall [2]
17.0 °C
63 °F
8.3 °C
47 °F
773.0 mm
30.4 in

Devonport is a city in northern Tasmania, Australia. It is situated at the mouth of the Mersey River. Devonport had an urban population of 23,046 [1] at the 2016 Australian census

Tasmania island state of Australia

Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 526,700 as of March 2018. Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart.

The 2016 Australian census was the seventeenth national population census held in Australia. The census was officially conducted with effect on Tuesday, 9 August 2016. The total population of the Commonwealth of Australia was counted as 23,401,892 – an increase of 8.8 per cent or 1,894,175 people since the 2011 census. Norfolk Island joined the census for the first time in 2016, adding 1,748 to the population.

Contents

History

During the 1850s the twin settlements of Formby and Torquay were established on opposite banks at the mouth of the Mersey River. Torquay on the eastern shore was the larger community with police, post, magistrate, at least three hotels, shipyards and stores. A river ferry service connected the two communities. Between 1870 and 1880 the shipping industry grew and work was undertaken to deepen the mouth of the river. When the mouth of the river could support a shipping industry the first regular steamer services commenced, operating directly between the Mersey and Melbourne.

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2 (3,858.1 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of approximately 4.9 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

In 1882 the Marine Board building was built and remains the oldest standing building in Devonport.

In 1889 the Bluff lighthouse was completed and the turn of the century saw the railway make a significant difference to the Formby community. It combined a railhead and port facilities in the one place. A wharf was created on the west bank, close to the railway and warehouses. The railway brought a building boom to Formby. In 1890 a public vote united Torquay and Formby, and the settlements became the town of Devonport.

The Victoria bridge was opened in 1902 which enabled a land transport link between Devonport and East Devonport.

Victoria Bridge, Devonport

The original Victoria Bridge on the Mersey River Devonport, Tasmania, Australia was opened in 1901 thus reducing the reliance on boat and ferry traffic.

Devonport was proclaimed a city by Prince Charles of Wales on 21 April 1981 in a ceremony conducted on the Devonport Oval.

Charles, Prince of Wales Son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

Charles, Prince of Wales is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. He has been Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay since 1952, and is the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history. He is also the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958.

Devonport Oval

Devonport Oval is an Australian rules football, cricket and athletics stadium in Devonport, Tasmania. It is the home stadium for the Devonport Football Club in the Tasmanian State League (TSL) and for the Devonport Cricket Club in the NWTCA competition. The oval also hosts the Devonport Athletics & Cycling Carnival each year and regularly attracts interstate competitors. The stadium has a capacity of 13,000 people and has recently undergone upgrades for increased lighting to be used for night football matches in the TSL in 2009. There has been recent talk of selling the Devonport Oval, along with the East Devonport Oval and two other local recreation facilities, to fund a new sporting precinct in Devonport.

The cross river ferry service was discontinued in 2014 after 160 years of continuous service when the vessel the "Torquay" was taken out of service. [3] It has since resumed operating. [4]

Suburbs

Areas within Devonport as a suburb include Highfield
Areas within East Devonport as a suburb includes Pardoe Downs, Rannoch, Pannorama Heights

The full list of Suburbs of the City of Devonport are: List of suburbs

City of Devonport Local government area in Tasmania, Australia

Devonport City Council is a local government body located in the city and surrounds of Devonport in northern Tasmania. The Devonport local government area is classified as urban and has a population of 24,696, which also encompasses Lillico, Tugrah and part of Spreyton.

Facilities and the arts

The Rooke Street Mall in the CBD of Devonport Rooke Street Mall - Devonport Tasmania.jpg
The Rooke Street Mall in the CBD of Devonport

The main CBD is on the west side of the Mersey River and includes a pedestrian mall, cinema, speciality stores, chain stores such as IGA and hotels. There are several local restaurants and cafes.

Local theatre and Conventions are held at the Devonport Entertainment and Convention Centre in the city's CBD.

The Devonport Regional Gallery evolved from the inception of The Little Gallery, which was founded by Jean Thomas as a private enterprise in 1966. The Gallery presents an annual program of exhibitions, education and public programs including events and workshops. Another smaller gallery is the Blue Apple Gift Store & Gallery. A selected range of local artisan works are also displayed at the North West Regional Craft Centre in the CBD.

Tiagarra Aboriginal Culture Centre and Museum displays petroglyphs, designs in rock and exhibits that depict the traditional lifestyle of Tasmanian Aboriginal people. [5]

The Bass Strait Maritime Centre housed in the former Harbour Master's House has objects, models and photographs that tells the stories of Bass Strait and Devonport.

A Railway Museum is situated at Don a suburb of Devonport called the Don River Railway.

The former Devonport Maternity Hospital was recently demolished and the land sold to a developer for building affordable housing. [6]

The Mersey Community Hospital at Latrobe serves the Devonport community for their health needs.

Devonport's night club was known as "City Limits" in the 1980s, "The Warehouse" from 1991, and then re-branded as "House" in 2014.

Kokoda Barracks is an army barracks in Devonport.

Government

Annette Rockliff was elected mayor of the City of Devonport in 2018. [7] There are 9 aldermen that govern the Devonport City Council [8]

Transport

Devonport Airport

Devonport Airport is located at Pardoe Downs approximately 7 km to the east of the city of Devonport, about a 15 min drive by car. The airport is serviced by Bombardier Dash 8 turboprop aircraft, operated by QantasLink, with four daily services to Melbourne, Victoria.

There are several bus companies serving Devonport including Mersey Link, Redline Coaches and Phoenix Coaches. Metropolitan Devonport bus services are limited on Saturdays and there are no services on Sundays or Public holidays.

Freight (Shipping)

Searoad Road Shipping operate two roll on roll off vessel of general freight between Devonport, Melbourne and King Island. These vessels include MV Searoad Mersey, MV Searoad Mersey II (2016- ) and MV Searoad Tamar. [9]

Cement Australia has exported cement products produced from Railton to Melbourne since 1926. Other exports via ships include tallow.

In early days coal was an export product.

Imports include petroleum, bunker fuel, fertiliser and caustic soda.

Rail

A rail line still services the ports area of Devonport. Devonport once had a roundhouse and railway maintenance yards on the foreshore of the Mersey River. A park exists there today.

Passenger Ferry Terminal

Devonport is the southern terminus for the Spirit of Tasmania ferries – Spirit I and II travel the 11 hours to Melbourne. [10]

Melbourne – Devonport Passenger Ferry History

VesselYearsShipping Company
SS Oonah1921–1935 Tasmanian Steamers
SS Loongana1921–1935 Tasmanian Steamers
SS Nairana 1921–1948 Tasmanian Steamers
SS Taroona 1935–1959 Tasmanian Steamers
MS Princess of Tasmania 1959–1972 Australian National Line
MS Empress of Australia 1972–1986 Australian National Line
MS Abel Tasman 1986–1993 TT-Line Company
Spirit of Tasmania 1993–2002 TT-Line Company
MS Spirit of Tasmania I 2002– TT-Line Company
MS Spirit of Tasmania II 2002– TT-Line Company

Agriculture

The Devonport area has rich red soils that are ideal for producing vegetable crops (beans, onions, peas, potatoes etc.) and very significant values of cereals, oil poppies, pyrethrum and other crops.

Education

Primary schools

Secondary schools

Senior secondary education (Years 11–12)

A TasTAFE campus, an adult training institution, is situated in Valley Road.

Geography

Climate

Devonport has an oceanic climate with mild to warm summers, cool and moist winters and high humidity (about 70%) all year round. Most days from January to March are pleasantly warm, averaging 19 to 24 °C (66 to 75 °F) with frequent sunshine. The warmest and driest days can occasionally reach up to 28 °C (82 °F). Unlike the south and east coasts of Tasmania, humid northerly winds prevent heatwaves and temperatures rarely if ever reach above 30 °C (86 °F). Winters are cool and cloudy with frequent light rain; July and August are the wettest months of the year. Due to almost constant cloud cover and coastal influence, winter temperatures rarely drop below 0 °C (32 °F) or rise above 15 °C (59 °F). September to December usually features mild and windy weather with frequent showers, and occasional warm, sunny breaks. With the pattern of a drier summer and wetter winter, the weather has some characteristics of a Mediterranean climate.

Climate data for Devonport Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)33.2
(91.8)
30.6
(87.1)
29.0
(84.2)
24.9
(76.8)
20.7
(69.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.7
(62.1)
18.1
(64.6)
20.0
(68.0)
24.8
(76.6)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
33.2
(91.8)
Average high °C (°F)21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
20.3
(68.5)
17.6
(63.7)
15.3
(59.5)
13.3
(55.9)
12.7
(54.9)
13.1
(55.6)
14.1
(57.4)
15.8
(60.4)
17.7
(63.9)
19.5
(67.1)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)16.7
(62.1)
17.1
(62.8)
15.6
(60.1)
13.1
(55.6)
11.1
(52.0)
9.2
(48.6)
8.7
(47.7)
9.1
(48.4)
10.1
(50.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.4
(56.1)
15.0
(59.0)
12.6
(54.7)
Average low °C (°F)12.2
(54.0)
12.6
(54.7)
10.8
(51.4)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
5.1
(41.2)
4.6
(40.3)
5.0
(41.0)
6.0
(42.8)
7.3
(45.1)
9.0
(48.2)
10.5
(50.9)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F)4.0
(39.2)
4.3
(39.7)
1.3
(34.3)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.2
(28.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches)41.4
(1.63)
29.2
(1.15)
38.1
(1.50)
62.2
(2.45)
67.5
(2.66)
78.9
(3.11)
88.1
(3.47)
84.3
(3.32)
74.4
(2.93)
61.6
(2.43)
55.4
(2.18)
53.4
(2.10)
734.5
(28.92)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)7.56.07.39.411.312.415.014.614.211.89.98.2127.6
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)61615962666869686663656164
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5240.1210.8171.0142.6132.0136.4151.9186.0232.5246.0257.32,370.1
Source #1: Bureau of Meteorology [2]
Source #2: Bureau of Meteorology (1981–1996 sunshine hours) [11]

Sport

Australian rules football

The Devonport Football Club, Magpies, is an Australian rules footbal team competing in the Tasmanian Statewide League with their home base being the Devonport Oval.

The East Devonport Football Club an Australian Rules Football Club, the Swans play in the North West Football League alongside teams like Ulverstone and Penguin, to name but two.

Rugby union

The Devonport Rugby Club [12] is a Rugby Union team competing in the Tasmanian Rugby Union Statewide League.

Soccer

Devonport City Football Club an Association Football club that competes in the statewide National Premier Leagues Tasmania, as well as fielding a reserve team in the Northern Championship.

Touch football

The Devonport Touch Football Association is located at Meercroft Park and play touch football

Athletics, cycling and woodchopping

The Devonport Athletic Club, [13] a professional athletic club, hosts a leg of the Tasmanian Cycling Christmas Carnival Series [14] each year in December attended by local and international cyclists, other sports at the carnivals include athletics and woodchopping. Woodchopping events are also held at the Devonport Agricultural & Pastoral Society Spring Show [15] in November.

The Devon Amateur Athletics Club compete at the Dial Ranges Sports Centre at Penguin, Tasmania.

The Mersey Valley Devonport Cycling Club host track cycling, the Mersey Valley Tour, Devon 80 Road Race and the Ulverstone Criterium.

Cricket

Devonport Cricket Club is a cricket team which represents Devonport in the North Western Tasmanian Cricket Association grade cricket competition.

Hockey

Devonport Hockey teams compete in the North and North West Hockey roster of Hockey Tasmania.

Basketball

Devonport Warriors are a Devonport-based basketball team that compete in the North West Basketball Union.

Golf

The Devonport Golf Club is located at Woodrising Avenue, Tasmania and has been home to the Tasmanian Open and Tasmanian Seniors Open.

Harness racing and horse racing

The Devonport Harness Racing Club conduct harness racing events at the Devonport Showgrounds.

The Devonport Cup a horse race is held annually in January at the Spreyton racecourse. There is a gazetted local holiday for the event.

Power boats

Power Boat racing has been a feature at the Devonport Annual Regatta held each March long weekend. The Regatta commenced in 1958.

Swimming and aquatic sports

The Splash Devonport Aquatic and Leisure Centre has a world class gym and indoor swimming pool and is based within the Don Reserve.

Tennis

The Devonport Tennis Club and East Devonport Tennis Club compete in the Tennis North West Association rosters.

Triathlon

The Devonport triathlon held annually in February is the continental championship for Oceania.

Notable sportspeople

VFL/AFL players

Notable players that went on the play in the VFL/AFL:

Notable people

Sister cities

The city of Devonport has a formal sister city agreement with Minamata City in Japan. This was ratified in 1996. Both cities share a similar setting and area.

See also

Related Research Articles

Launceston, Tasmania City in Tasmania, Australia

Launceston is a city in the north of Tasmania, Australia at the junction of the North Esk and South Esk rivers where they become the Tamar River (Kanamaluka). Launceston is the second largest city in Tasmania after Hobart and the Thirteenth-largest non-capital city in Australia.

Burnie, Tasmania City in Tasmania, Australia

Burnie is a port city on the north-west coast of Tasmania. When founded in 1827, Burnie was named Emu Bay but it was renamed for William Burnie, a director of the Van Diemen's Land Company, in the early 1840s. Burnie was proclaimed a city by Queen Elizabeth II on April 26, 1988.

Ulverstone, Tasmania Town in Tasmania, Australia

Ulverstone is a town on the northern coast of Tasmania, Australia on the mouth of the River Leven, on Bass Strait. It is on the Bass Highway, 21 kilometres (13 mi) west of Devonport and 12 kilometres (7 mi) east of Penguin.

Mersey River (Tasmania) river in Australia

The Mersey River is a river on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. The city of Devonport is situated at the river's mouth on Bass Strait.

Electoral division of Mersey electoral division of the Tasmanian Legislative Council

The Electoral division of Mersey is one of the fifteen constituencies in the Tasmanian Legislative Council. The division covers only a small area of 237 km².

Australian rules football in Tasmania

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Rail transport in Tasmania

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Spreyton, Tasmania Suburb of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia

Spreyton is a small town just south of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia, but a suburb of the city. At the 2016 census, Spreyton had a population of 1669. Spreyton is home to the fourth-generation family run business Spreyton Fresh. Spreyton Fresh have had apple orchards in Spreyton since 1908 and in 1997 due to the downturn in juice apple prices have been producing a premium fresh apple juice.

The Australian National Line (ANL) was an Australian Government owned overseas and coastal shipping line that operated between 1956 and 1998, when the container shipping operations and naming rights were bought by CMA CGM.

Devonport City FC

Devonport City Football Club, or the "Strikers" is a soccer club which is based in Devonport, Tasmania. It currently competes in the National Premier Leagues Tasmania.

North Western Football Association

The North Western Football Association is an Australian rules football competition based on the North West Coast of Tasmania, Australia.

Don, Tasmania Suburb of City of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia

Don is a small village, located just outside Devonport Tasmania, situated on the Don River. It is home to the Don River Railway and the Don Village Market. Don also has a Presbyterian church.

Bass Strait ferries

Bass Strait Ferries have been the ships that have been used for regular transport across Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria, as well as the various attempts to link Tasmania with Sydney. Historically, some regular shipping services in the twentieth century linked Sydney, Melbourne and Hobart with the Bass Strait ports: Launceston's various port locations, Devonport and Burnie. The distinction between coastal shipping and Bass Strait ferry has been blurred at times.

Devonport Golf Club

Devonport Golf Club is an 18 hole championship golf course located at the Woodrising Golf Course, Woodrising Avenue, Spreyton, Tasmania.It is 5 minutes drive from the city of Devonport.

Miandetta, Tasmania Suburb of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia

Miandetta is primarily a residential suburb of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia.

Quoiba, Tasmania Suburb of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia

Quoiba is a residential and industrial suburb of Devonport, Tasmania, Australia located on the south western side of the Mersey River.

References

  1. 1 2 "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2017-10-23. Retrieved 2019-01-14.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Climate statistics for Devonport Airport". bom.gov.au. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  3. Devonport to lose its Torquay Ferry service
  4. Devonport's Torquay ferry to return
  5. Ian Elsner (15 April 2019). "62. David Gough Reclaims Stewardship of Tiaggarra for Aboriginal Tasmanians" (Podcast). Museum Archipelago. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  6. Declan Gooch (2018-07-18). "Devonport maternity hospital site bought by developer; Government hopes units built there will be affordable". ABC NEWS. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  7. "Tasmanian council elections: Reynolds new mayor of Hobart, as Christie brings up the rear". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 31 October 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  8. "Mayor and Aldermen". devonport.tas.gov.au. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  9. "Tasmanian Shipping" . Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  10. "Devonport to Melbourne Ferry Journey Length" . Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  11. "Climate statistics for Forthside Climate Research Station (1981–2010)". bom.gov.au. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  12. "Devonport Rugby Club". devonportbulls.rugbynet.com.au. Archived from the original on 13 September 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  13. "Devonport Athletic Club". tas.cycling.org.au. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  14. "Sports Carnival Association of Tasmania". tascarnivals.com. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  15. "Agricultural Show Council of Tasmania". ascti.com.au. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  16. , Sister Cities