Dickens and Little Nell (Elwell)

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Dickens and Little Nell
Dickens Statue.png
Artist Francis Edwin Elwell
Year1890
Type Bronze
Location Philadelphia, United States
Coordinates 39°56′55″N75°12′34″W / 39.94860°N 75.20944°W / 39.94860; -75.20944 Coordinates: 39°56′55″N75°12′34″W / 39.94860°N 75.20944°W / 39.94860; -75.20944
Owner City of Philadelphia

Dickens and Little Nell is a bronze sculpture by Francis Edwin Elwell that stands in Clark Park in the Spruce Hill neighborhood of Philadelphia. [1] The sculpture depicts the 19th-century British author Charles Dickens and Nell Trent, a character from his 1840–41 novel The Old Curiosity Shop . The grouping was one of the most celebrated American sculptural works of the late 19th century.

Contents

It is one of just two known statues of Dickens, who said he wanted no such representations. [2]

History

The sculpture was commissioned in 1890 by The Washington Post founder Stilson Hutchins, who wanted it placed in London [3] but subsequently backed out of the deal. Elwell, a sculptor based in New York City, completed the work anyway and had it cast by the Bureau Brothers Foundry in Philadelphia, [4] where it won a gold medal from the Art Club of Philadelphia in 1891. [3] The next year, he shipped it to London and put it on display in hopes of finding a buyer, but was unsuccessful, largely because Dickens's will forbade any "monument, memorial or testimonial, whatever. I rest my claims to remembrance on my published works and to the remembrance of my friends upon their experiences of me."

So Elwell shipped the work back across the Atlantic, and on to Chicago, where it won two gold medals at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. [5] The New York Times wrote, "Among the art exhibits of this country at the World's Fair, probably no particular example has attracted more popular interest than the sculptural memorial to Charles Dickens, the work of Mr. F. Edwin Elwell, a young artist". [6] But the work failed to find a buyer immediately, and Elwell had it sent back halfway across the country to a Philadelphia warehouse.

In 1896, the Fairmount Park Art Association (now the Association for Public Art) opened negotiations to buy the work and keep it in Philadelphia, perhaps because "Dickens was twice a visitor here, in 1842 and again 1867, and garnered a following of almost rock star proportions." [7] In 1900, FPAA bought the sculpture for $7,500 ($233,310 today [8] ). The following year, it was placed in Clark Park, near the intersection of South 43rd Street and Baltimore Avenue. This move may have been influenced by the park's namesake, financier Clarence H. Clark, a member of the FPAA artworks committee. [9]

The sculpture was initially placed on a temporary pedestal, [10] and funds were soon raised to purchase a permanent one. Made of Woodstock granite by W.R. Martin of Philadelphia and installed in 1902, the pedestal included three steps and a die of 4'8" by 3'4" by 4'2". [11]

By 1908, the association was receiving, and rebuffing, requests to move it to a more prominent place in the city. [12]

In 1911, the sculpture was mentioned in the Encyclopædia Britannica as one of the city's notable artworks. [13]

Lorado Taft wrote in his influential 1903 book The History of American Sculpture:

In his "Dickens and Little Nell" the sculptor has given us that rare thing,a portrait statue which makes an emotional appeal. To be sure, its dramatic power is due to a secondary figure, as is the case in Mr. French's "Gallaudet," but the use of such a figure is legitimate when it detracts nothing from the effect of the principal, but rather enhances it, and when it is in itself as charming in conception as is Mr. Elwell's "Little Nell." [14] :415

The sculpture was vandalized in November 1989, but restored. [15]

See also

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References

  1. "Philadelphia Public Art: Dickens and Little Nell". Philart.net. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  2. Malkin, Bonnie (14 March 2011). "Rare Charles Dickens statue restored to Sydney park after 40 years missing". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-03-14.
  3. 1 2 "Dickens and Little Nell, (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  4. Annual report, Issue 42, Fairmount Park Art Association, 1908. The foundry appears to have been located at 21st Street and Allegheny Avenue, according to an 1892 advertisement.
  5. "Dickens and Little Nell - Association for Public Art". Association for Public Art. Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  6. "Dickens and Little Nell" (PDF). The New York Times. September 17, 1893. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  7. Carreño, Richard (February 18, 2009). "Dickens Disses Philly". Open Salon. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  8. 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–" . Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  9. Peniston, Bradley. "What's In A Name: Clark Park | Hidden City Philadelphia". hiddencityphila.org. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  10. Annual Report, Issue 35. Philadelphia: Fairmount Park Art Association. 1901. p.  14. clark park dickens.
  11. "Two Philadelphia Memorials". The Monumental News. 14: 117. 1902.
  12. Byers, Fran; Cynthia Roberts (Spring 2005). "Clark Park: Then and Now" (PDF). The Quest. Philadelphia: University City District (Spring 2005): 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  13. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  14. Taft, Lorado (1969) [1903]. The History of American Sculpture. New York: Macmillan (reprinted by Ayer Company Publishing). p.  411. ISBN   0-405-02228-X. elwell.
  15. "Dickens and Little Nell, (sculpture)". Save Outdoor Sculpture, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia survey. 1993. Retrieved August 14, 2011.