Dilbeek

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Dilbeek
De Viron Castle (DSC 2198).jpg
De Viron Castle, serving as town hall
Dilbeek Belgium.svg
Blason Dilbeek.svg
Belgium location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dilbeek
Location in Belgium
Location of Dilbeek in Flemish Brabant
DilbeekLocatie.png
Coordinates: 50°51′N04°16′E / 50.850°N 4.267°E / 50.850; 4.267 Coordinates: 50°51′N04°16′E / 50.850°N 4.267°E / 50.850; 4.267
CountryBelgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Flemish Brabant
Arrondissement Halle-Vilvoorde
Government
  MayorWilly Segers
(N-VA)
  Governing party/iesLvB-Open Vld,
CD&V/N-VA/DNA!
Area
  Total41.18 km2 (15.90 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total42,434
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Postal codes
1700–1703
Area codes 02
Website www.dilbeek.be

Dilbeek (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɪlbeːk] ) is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in the Flemish region of Belgium. The municipality comprises the villages of Dilbeek proper, Groot-Bijgaarden, Itterbeek (with Sint-Anna-Pede), Schepdaal (with Sint-Gertrudis-Pede), Sint-Martens-Bodegem, and Sint-Ulriks-Kapelle. Dilbeek is located just outside the Brussels-Capital Region, in the Pajottenland, hence the local name Poort van het Pajottenland (Gate to the Pajottenland). Even though Dilbeek is located in the Dutch language area of Belgium, there is a French-speaking minority represented by 3 members on the 35-seat local council. [2] It is a mostly residential community with some preserved rural areas and some industrial zones.

Contents

History

Medieval origins

The life of Saint Alena, the 7th-century martyr daughter of a lord of Dilbeek, was set in Dilbeek and Forest (Vorst). The historical facts of her life, however, are disputed. [3] In Carolingian times, Dilbeek and its neighbouring villages were part of the pagus Bracbatensis. This territory, ruled by the Lords of Aa in Anderlecht, was integrated into the Landgraviate of Brabant by the counts of Leuven around 1085. The first mention of the name Dedelbeccha dates from 1075, while the name Bigardis, later transformed into Groot-Bijgaarden (in French Grand Bigard), dates from 1110. Bigardis was originally a dependency of the Abbey of Saint Bavo in Ghent, but by 1125, nuns under the leadership of Saint Wivina had founded a religious community there. Around 1183, the landgraviate became the Duchy of Brabant, within which Dilbeek remained as an independent parish until the French Revolution.

16th century until now

The area's parishes belonged to the see of Cambrai until 1559, when they were placed under the administration of the Archbishop of Mechelen. Also in the 16th century, Dilbeek, Itterbeek and Sint-Martens-Bodegem were placed under the local rule of the Lords of Gaasbeek. The following decades were marked by the wars that opposed Catholics and Protestants, which resulted in the ruin of the Abbey of Groot-Bijgaarden. The final dismantlement and sale of the buildings took place during the French regime in the 1790s.

Events

Sights

Church of Sint-Anna-Pede, as painted by Peter Brueghel the Elder in The Parable of the Blind Pieter Bruegel d. A. 029.jpg
Church of Sint-Anna-Pede, as painted by Peter Brueghel the Elder in The Parable of the Blind

Famous inhabitants

Twin cities

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Groot-Bijgaarden Castle

Groot-Bijgaarden Castle is a 12th-century castle in Groot-Bijgaarden in the municipality of Dilbeek, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. The castle was built for Almaric Bigard, the first lord of Bigard. Groot-Bijgaarden Castle is situated at an elevation of 47 meters.

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Groot-Bijgaarden

Groot-Bijgaarden (officially) or Grand-Bigard is a village and deelgemeente in the municipality of Dilbeek, a suburb of Brussels, in Flanders, Belgium.

Itterbeek

Itterbeek is a historical village in the province of Flemish Brabant, Belgium, and since 1977 a submunicipality of Dilbeek.

Schepdaal

Schepdaal is a village and deelgemeente of Dilbeek.

Sint-Gertrudis-Pede

Sint-Gertrudis-Pede is a village in Dilbeek

Watermill Sint-Gertrudis-Pede Watermill in Dilbeek, Belgium

The watermill at Sint-Gertrudis-Pede (Pedemolen) in the municipality of Dilbeek is the only working watermill in the Pajottenland, and is protected as a monument since 1975

Sint-Anna-Pede is a village in Itterbeek, Belgium, which is a deelgemeente of Dilbeek. It gets its name from the Pedebeek, the stream that flows through the village.

Huisje Mostinckx

Huisje Mostinckx is a farm on the village square of Sint-Martens-Bodegem, a subdivision of Dilbeek in Flemish Brabant, Belgium. The date of building is unknown, however mentions on the Ferraris maps of Belgium date it prior to 1777. The house is a Flemish protected monument since 1981.

References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. Dilbeek - gemeenteraad (Municipal elections results, 2018)
  3. "The legend of Saint Alena" (in Dutch). Dilbeek.be. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008.