Dilip Kumar

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Dilip Kumar
Dilip Kumar in 1946.jpg
Kumar in 1946
Born
Mohammed Yusuf Khan

11 December 1922 (1922-12-11)
Died7 July 2021(2021-07-07) (aged 98)
Resting placeJuhu Qabrastan, Mumbai [1]
NationalityIndian
Other namesAbhinay Samrat, [2] Shahenshah-e-Jazbaat [3]
Occupation
Years active1944–1999
Spouse(s)
  • (m. 1966)
  • Asma Rehman
    (m. 1981;div. 1983)
Relatives
Awards
Honours
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 April 2000 2 April 2006
Constituency Maharashtra
Signature
Dilip Kumar signature.svg

Mohammed Yusuf Khan (11 December 1922 – 7 July 2021), better known by his stage name Dilip Kumar, was an Indian actor and film producer who worked in Hindi cinema. Referred to as the "Tragedy King" for his portrayal of serious roles and retrospectively as "The First Khan" of Bollywood, he has been described as one of the most successful film stars in the industry and is credited with bringing a distinct form of method acting to cinema. Kumar holds the record for most wins for the Filmfare Award for Best Actor (eight, which was later equalled by Shah Rukh Khan), and was also the inaugural recipient of the award.

Contents

In a career spanning over five decades, Kumar worked in over 65 films in a variety of roles. He debuted as an actor in the film Jwar Bhata (1944), produced by Bombay Talkies. Following a series of unsuccessful ventures, he had his first box office hit in Jugnu (1947). Kumar found further success with the romantic Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling Aan (1952), the social drama Daag (1952), the dramatic Devdas (1955), the comical Azaad (1955), the romantic social Naya Daur (1957), the noir mystery Madhumati (1958), the comedy-drama Paigham (1959) the epic historical Mughal-e-Azam (1960), the social dacoit crime drama Gunga Jamuna (1961), and the comedy Ram Aur Shyam (1967). Both Andaz and Aan briefly became the highest-grossing Indian film up to that point, a feat later achieved by Mughal-e-Azam, which sustained the record for 15 years. As of 2021, the latter remains the highest-grossing film in India when adjusted for inflation.

The 1970s saw Kumar's career take a downturn, marked by three back to back commercial failures, namely Dastaan (1972), Sagina (1974) and Bairaag (1976). In 1976, he went on a five-year hiatus from film performances and returned with the revolutionary drama Kranti , which was the highest-grossing Indian film of the year. He continued to play leading roles in films such as Shakti (1982), Karma (1986), and Saudagar (1991). His last on-screen appearance was in the commercially unsuccessful Qila (1998), which saw him in a dual role. Kumar later served as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's parliament, from 2000 to 2006.

Kumar's personal life was the subject of much media attention. He was in a long-term relationship with actress and frequent co-star Madhubala that ended after the Naya Daur court case in 1957. He married actress Saira Banu in 1966 and resided in Bandra, a suburb of Mumbai, until his death in 2021. For his contributions to film, the Government of India awarded him with the Padma Bhushan in 1991 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2015, the country's third and second-highest civilian awards respectively. He was also awarded India's highest accolade in the field of cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1994. In 1998, the Government of Pakistan conferred Kumar with Nishan-e-Imtiaz, their highest civilian decoration, making him the only Indian to have received the honour. The house that Kumar grew up in, located in Peshawar, was declared a national heritage monument in 2014 by the Pakistani government.

Early life

Kumar was born as Mohammad Yusuf Khan [4] on 11 December 1922, into an Awan family at his family home in the Qissa Khawani Bazaar area of Peshawar, a city in North-West Frontier Province, British India (present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). [5] [6] He was one of the twelve children of Lala Ghulam Sarwar Khan and his wife Ayesha Begum. His father was a fruit merchant. [7]

Khan was schooled at Barnes School, Deolali, where his father owned orchards. [8] [5] He grew up in the same neighbourhood as Raj Kapoor, his childhood friend, and later his colleague in the film industry. [9] In 1940, he moved to Pune and set up a dry fruit supply shop and a canteen. [5] Despite hailing from Peshawar, Khan's family decided to remain in Bombay following the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. [10]

Khan never acted under his birth name, debuting in Jwar Bhata in 1944 under the stage name Dilip Kumar. In his autobiography, Dilip Kumar: The Substance and the Shadow, he wrote that the name was a suggestion from Devika Rani, who was one of the producers on Jwar Bhata. [11] In an interview in 1970, he said that he adopted this name out of fear of his father, who never approved of his acting career. [12] [13]

Career

1940s: First film roles and initial success

Kumar's first film was Jwar Bhata in 1944, which went unnoticed. After a few more unsuccessful films, it was Jugnu (1947), in which he starred alongside Noor Jehan, that became his first major hit at the box office. [5] [14] His next major hits were the 1948 films Shaheed and Mela . [15]

Kumar with actors Raj Kapoor and Nargis in a scene of the film Andaz (1949) Nargis, Raj Kapoor and Dilip Kumar in scene from Andaz.jpg
Kumar with actors Raj Kapoor and Nargis in a scene of the film Andaz (1949)

He got his breakthrough role in 1949 with Mehboob Khan's Andaz , in which he starred alongside Raj Kapoor and Nargis. At the time of its release, Andaz was the highest-grossing Indian film ever, until its record was broken by Kapoor's Barsaat that same year. [16] Shabnam was another box office hit that was also released in 1949. [14]

1950s: Breakthrough years

Kumar went on to have success in the 1950s playing leading roles in several box office hits such as Jogan (1950), Babul (1950), Deedar (1951), Tarana (1951), Daag (1952), Amar (1954), Uran Khatola (1955), Insaniyat (1955) in which he co-starred with Dev Anand, Devdas (1955), Naya Daur (1957), Yahudi (1958), Madhumati (1958) and Paigham (1959). [17] Several of these films established his screen image as the "Tragedy King". [18] Kumar briefly suffered from depression due to portraying many tragic roles and on the advice of his psychiatrist, he also took on light-hearted roles. [19] Mehboob Khan's big-budget 1952 swashbuckling musical Aan featured him in one of his first lighter roles [20] and marked his first film to be shot in technicolor. Aan was the first Indian film to have a wide release across Europe with a lavish premiere in London. [21] Aan was the highest-grossing Indian film ever at the time, domestically [22] and overseas. [23] He had further success with lighter roles as a thief in the comedy Azaad (1955), and as a royal prince in the musical Kohinoor (1960). [18]

He was the first actor to win the Filmfare Best Actor Award (for Daag) and went on to win it a further seven times. [24] [25] He formed popular on-screen pairings with many of the top actresses at the time including Vyjayanthimala, Madhubala, Nargis, Nimmi, Meena Kumari and Kamini Kaushal. [26] 9 of his films in the 1950s were ranked in the Top 30 highest-grossing films of the decade. [27]

In the 1950s, Kumar became the first Indian actor to charge 1 lakh (equivalent to 85 lakhorUS$120,000 in 2019) per film. [28]

Kumar with actress Meena Kumari in Yahudi (1958) Meena Kumari with Dilip Kumar in Yahudi.jpg
Kumar with actress Meena Kumari in Yahudi (1958)

1960s: Mughal-e-Azam and venture into production

In 1960, he portrayed Prince Salim in K. Asif's big-budget epic historical film Mughal-e-Azam , which was the highest-grossing film in Indian film history for 11 years until it was surpassed by the 1975 film Sholay . If adjusted for inflation, Mughal-e-Azam was the highest-grossing Indian film through to the early 2010s, equivalent to over 1000 crore in 2011. [29] [30]

The film was originally shot in black and white, with only two songs and the climax scenes shot in colour. 44 years after its original release, it was fully colourised and theatrically re-released in 2004 and was once again a box office success. [31] [32]

In 1961, Kumar wrote, produced, and starred in Ganga Jamuna opposite his brother Nasir Khan, playing the title roles. Kumar produced the film under his production company Citizens and it would be the only film he produced. He chose the shade of saree that his co-star Vyjayanthimala would wear in every scene. The film received the National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film in Hindi, the Paul Revere Silver Bowl at the Boston International Film Festival, the Special Honour Diploma from the Czechoslovak Academy of Arts in Prague, and the Special Prize at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. [33]

In 1962, British director David Lean offered him the role of "Sherif Ali" in his film Lawrence of Arabia (1962), but Kumar declined to perform in the movie. [34] The role eventually went to Omar Sharif, the Egyptian actor. Kumar commented in his much later released autobiography, "he thought Omar Sharif had played the role far better than he himself could have". [35] Kumar was also being considered for a leading role opposite Elizabeth Taylor in a film that Lean was working on called Taj Mahal, before the project was cancelled. [36]

His next film Leader (1964) was a below-average grosser at the box office. Kumar was also credited with writing the story of this film. [37] His next film Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966), opposite Waheeda Rehman was rumoured to have been ghost directed by him but the final credit was given to Abdul Rashid Kardar. In 1967, Kumar played a dual role of twins separated at birth in the hit film Ram Aur Shyam . [38] In 1968, he starred alongside Manoj Kumar and Waheeda Rehman in Aadmi which was an average grosser at the box office. [39] That same year, he starred in Sunghursh with Vyjayanthimala which was their last film together which created a total of seven hit films together. [40]

1970s: Career slump

Kumar's career slumped in the 1970s with the 1970 film Gopi being his only box office success. This film also marked his first pairing with his wife Saira Banu. That same year, they were paired again in his first and only Bengali film Sagina Mahato . In 1972, he once again played dual roles as twin brothers in Dastaan which was a box office failure.

A Hindi remake of Sagina Mahato , simply titled Sagina, was made in 1974 with the same cast reprising their roles. In 1976, he played triple roles as a father and twin sons in Bairaag (1976), which failed to do well at the box office. [41] [42] He personally regarded M. G. Ramachandran's performance in Enga Veettu Pillai better than his role in Ram Aur Shyam. He regards his performance in Bairaag much higher than that of Ram Aur Shyam. Although his performance in Bairaag and Gopi were critically acclaimed, he lost many film offers to act in leading roles to actors Rajesh Khanna and Sanjeev Kumar from 1970 to 1980. He took a five-year hiatus from films from 1976 to 1981. [43]

1980s: Return to success

In 1981, he returned to films as a character actor playing mature elderly roles. His comeback film was the star-studded historical epic Kranti which was the biggest hit of the year. [44] Appearing alongside an ensemble cast including Manoj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini and Shatrughan Sinha, he played the title role as a revolutionary fighting for India's independence from British rule. [45] In 1982, he collaborated with director Subhash Ghai for the first time with Vidhaata (1982), in which he starred alongside Sanjay Dutt, Sanjeev Kumar and Shammi Kapoor. Vidhatta was the highest grossing film of the year. Later that year he starred alongside Amitabh Bachchan in Ramesh Sippy's Shakti , which was an average grosser at the box office, but won him critical acclaim and his eighth and final Filmfare Award for Best Actor. [46] In 1984, he starred in Yash Chopra's social crime drama Mashaal opposite Anil Kapoor, which failed at the box office, but his performance was critically acclaimed. [47] He also appeared alongside Rishi Kapoor in Duniya (1984) and Jeetendra in Dharm Adhikari (1986). [48] [49]

His second collaboration with Subhash Ghai came with the 1986 ensemble action film Karma . Karma marked the first film which paired him opposite fellow veteran actress Nutan, although they were paired in an incomplete and unreleased film in the 1950s titled Shikwa. [45] [50] [51] He acted opposite Nutan again in the 1989 action film Kanoon Apna Apna which also reunited him with Sanjay Dutt. [52]

1990s: Directorial debut and final works

In 1990, he co-starred with Govinda in the action thriller Izzatdaar . In 1991, Kumar starred alongside fellow veteran actor Raaj Kumar in Saudagar , his third and last film with director Subhash Ghai. This was his second film with Raaj Kumar after 1959's Paigham . Saudagar was to be Kumar's penultimate film and last box office success. [53] In 1994, he won the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for his contributions to the industry. [54]

In 1991, producer Sudhakar Bokade who had previously worked with Kumar in Izzatdaar announced a film titled Kalinga which would officially mark Kumar's directorial debut after he had allegedly previously ghost directed Ganga Jamuna (1961) and Dil Diya Dard Liya (1967). [55] Kumar was also set to star in the title role with the cast including Raj Babbar, Raj Kiran, Amitoj Mann and Meenakshi Seshadri. After being delayed for several years Kalinga was eventually shelved in 1996 with 70% filming completed. [56] [57]

In 1998, Kumar made his last film appearance in the box office flop Qila , where he played dual roles as an evil landowner who is murdered and as his twin brother who tries to solve the mystery of his death. [58] [59] [60]

2000s–2021: Shelved projects and political career

In 2001, Kumar was set to appear in a film titled Asar – The Impact alongside Ajay Devgan and Priyanka Chopra, which was shelved due to Kumar's declining health. [61] He was also set to appear in Subhash Ghai's war film Mother Land, alongside Amitabh Bachchan and Shah Rukh Khan, but this film was shelved after Khan decided to leave the project. [62]

His classic films Mughal-e-Azam and Naya Daur were fully colourised and re-released in cinemas in 2004 and 2008 respectively. [63] An unreleased film he had shot and completed titled Aag Ka Dariya was set for a theatrical release in 2013 but has not been released to date. [64]

Kumar was a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's parliament, from 2000 to 2006. [65] He was nominated by the Indian National Congress to represent Maharashtra. [66] [67] Kumar utilised a significant portion of his MPLADS fund towards the construction and improvement of the Bandstand Promenade and the gardens at Bandra Fort at Lands End in Bandra. [68]

Personal life

Kumar with Madhubala on the sets of Mughal-e-Azam in 1954 Madhubala and Dilip Kumar.jpg
Kumar with Madhubala on the sets of Mughal-e-Azam in 1954

Kumar had fallen in love with Madhubala during the shooting of Tarana . They remained in a relationship for seven years until the Naya Daur court case, during which Kumar testified against Madhubala and her father, ending their relationship. [69] They never worked together again after Mughal-e-Azam (1960). [70] In the late 1950s, Vyjayanthimala was linked by gossip magazines to Kumar, who has acted with her the most compared to any other actress, which resulted in great on-screen chemistry between them. While working for his home production Gunga Jumna (1961), Kumar reportedly handpicked the shade of sari that Vyjayanthimala would wear in every scene. [71]

Kumar with his wife Saira Banu in 2007 Dilip Kumar Saira Banu still7.jpg
Kumar with his wife Saira Banu in 2007

In 1966, Kumar married actress Saira Banu, who was 22 years younger than him. He later married Hyderabad socialite Asma Sahiba, taking her as a second wife in 1981. [72] [73] That marriage ended in January 1983. [74] Banu and he lived in Bandra. They did not have any children. In his autobiography, Dilip Kumar: The Substance and the Shadow, he revealed that Banu had conceived in 1972, but developed complications in the pregnancy, leading to the child's death. Following this, they did not try to have children again, believing it to be God's will. [75] [76]

Kumar was fluent in Urdu, Hindi, Pashto, Punjabi, Marathi, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindko, Persian and the Awadhi and Bhojpuri dialects. [8] [77] He was also a great music enthusiast and also learnt how to play the sitar for a film. [78] He loved cricket and played it often. [79] He led a cricket team against Raj Kapoor in a friendly cricket match held for charity. [80] Both growing up in Peshawar and in Bombay, Dilip Kumar and his family had a close relationship with the Kapoor family. [81]

His younger brother Nasir Khan (1924–1974) was also a noted film actor. [82] Two of his younger brothers died after testing positive for COVID-19 in 2020. [83] [84]

Death

Kumar died at Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, on 7 July 2021 at 7:30 am, aged 98. [85] [86] He died after a prolonged illness. He had been suffering from several age-related issues, in addition to testicular cancer and pleural effusion. [87] [88] The Government of Maharashtra approved his burial with state honours at the Juhu Muslim Cemetery that same day. [89] [90]

Expressing their condolences, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated in a tweet that Kumar would be remembered as a cinematic legend, while the President, Ram Nath Kovind, stated that "he was loved across the subcontinent". [85] The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, also expressed condolences for his death and remembered his efforts in raising funds for the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital in a tweet. [91] The former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, and the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, also expressed condolences to Kumar and his family. [92] [93]

Artistry and legacy

Kumar with actor Shah Rukh Khan in 2009 SRK and Dilip Kumar.jpg
Kumar with actor Shah Rukh Khan in 2009

Kumar is widely considered one of the greatest and most influential actors in the history of Indian cinema, [94] [95] [96] and cinema in general. [97] [98] [99] [100] Kumar was a pioneer of method acting, predating Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando. He inspired many great Indian cinema actors, including Amitabh Bachchan, Shah Rukh Khan, Kamal Haasan, Aamir Khan, Balraj Sahni, Naseeruddin Shah, Nawazuddin Siddiqui and Irrfan Khan. [101] [102] [103] [104] Kumar, who pioneered his own form of method acting without any acting school experience, [105] was described as "the ultimate method actor" by noted filmmaker Satyajit Ray, despite not having worked with him. [106]

Kumar was also known as "Tragedy King" because of the depressing but award-winning roles he took early in his career. [107] He is also retrospectively known as "The First Khan" of Bollywood. [108] [9] He became one of the earliest and most revered stars in the history of Indian cinema who was loved across the subcontinent and among the Indian diaspora worldwide. [109] [110] [111] [112]

Accolades

Kumar with Prime Minister Nehru (second from left) and fellow actors Dev Anand and Raj Kapoor (extreme right) (c. 1950s). Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar and Dev Anand with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.jpg
Kumar with Prime Minister Nehru (second from left) and fellow actors Dev Anand and Raj Kapoor (extreme right) (c.1950s).
Kumar greets Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan at Meenambakkam Airport, Chennai (c. 1960). Kumar is the only Indian recipient of Pakistan's highest civilian award, Nishan-e-Imtiaz. Dilip Kumar greets Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan at Meenambakkam Airport, Chennai (c. 1960).jpg
Kumar greets Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan at Meenambakkam Airport, Chennai (c.1960). Kumar is the only Indian recipient of Pakistan's highest civilian award, Nishan-e-Imtiaz.
Kumar greets Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (c. 2005). The noted film actors Dilip Kumar and Saira Banu calling on the Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh in New Delhi on March 24, 2005.jpg
Kumar greets Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (c.2005).
Kumar being awarded Lifetime Achievement Award by President Patil (c. 2008). The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil presenting the Life Time Achievement Award to the famous film actor Shri Dilip Kumar, at the 54th National Film Awards function, in New Delhi on September 02, 2008.jpg
Kumar being awarded Lifetime Achievement Award by President Patil (c.2008).
Kumar being awarded Padma Vibhushan by Home Minister Rajnath Singh (right), Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis (extreme left) and governor C. Vidyasagar Rao (extreme right) (c. 2015). Rajnath Singh presented the Padma Vibhushan Award to Shri Dilip Kumar, at his residence, in Pali Hill, Mumbai. The Governor of Maharashtra, Shri C. Vidyasagar Rao and the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.jpg
Kumar being awarded Padma Vibhushan by Home Minister Rajnath Singh (right), Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis (extreme left) and governor C. Vidyasagar Rao (extreme right) (c.2015).

Over his career, Kumar received eight Filmfare Awards for Best Actor (with 19 total nominations), the most of any actor (and was also its inaugural recipient), [94] [113] [114] [115] and a Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award (1993). [116] He also received a Special Recognition Filmfare Award at the 50th Filmfare Awards for being one of the first recipients of Filmfare Awards along with Lata Mangeshkar and Naushad Ali. [54] [117]

Kumar was appointed Sheriff of Mumbai (an honorary position) for 1980. [118] The Government of India honoured Kumar with the Padma Bhushan in 1991, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1994 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2015. [119] The Government of Andhra Pradesh honoured Kumar with NTR National Award in 1997. He was honoured with CNN-IBN's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009. [120]

The Government of Pakistan conferred Kumar with the Nishan-e-Imtiaz, the highest civilian award in Pakistan, in 1998. [121] [122] [123] [124] The ruling political party of Shiv Sena in Maharashtra, India, had objected to this award and questioned Kumar's patriotism. However, in 1999, in consultation with the then-Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Kumar retained the award. [125]

The House of Dilip Kumar in Peshawar, Pakistan, was declared as a Pakistani national heritage monument in 2014 by the then Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. [126]

From the independence of India in 1947 to the late 2010s, Kumar held the record of performing in the highest number of highest-grossing box office grossing films (9 films) until his record was broken by Salman Khan, who performed in 10 such films. However, when adjusted for inflation, the record remains with Kumar, with his historical movie Mughal-e-Azam remaining the highest-grossing film in India. [127]

Kumar was voted the "Greatest Indian Actor of All Time" in a Rediff Readers poll in 2011. [128] He holds the Guinness World Record for having received the most awards by an Indian actor. [129] He was honoured by the World Book of Records on his 97th birthday for his "matchless contribution to Indian cinema and promoting social causes". [130]

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Rajkummar Rao is an Indian actor known for his work in Hindi films. He is the recipient of several awards, including a National Film Award, three Filmfare Awards, and an Asia Pacific Screen Award.

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Sidharth Malhotra is an Indian actor and former model who appears mainly in Hindi-language films. Dissatisfied with his modelling career, which he began at the age of 18, he went on to work as a trainee assistant director to Karan Johar for the 2010 film My Name Is Khan.

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Sudhakar Bokade was an Indian film producer predominantly working in Bollywood film industry. He produced popular films like Prahaar (1991), Saajan (1991), Dhanwaan (1993) and more. He was considered as a "big name" in mid-1990s in the Bollywood film industry.

Dilip Kumar filmography Wikipedia list article

Dilip Kumar (1922–2021) was an Indian actor. He made his acting debut in 1944 with Jwar Bhata. The 1947 drama Jugnu opposite Noor Jehan was his first major success. Nadiya Ke Paar (1948) was similarly that year's highest grossing Indian film. In 1949, he featured alongside Raj Kapoor in Mehboob Khan's Andaz opposite Nargis. This love triangle at the time of its release was the highest-grossing Indian film ever.

Shahid Kapoor filmography Filmography of Indian actor & sukkel Shahid Kapoor

Shahid Kapoor also known as Shahid Khattar is an Indian actor who appears in Hindi films. As a dancer in Shiamak Davar's institute, Kapoor made uncredited appearances as a background dancer in the films Dil To Pagal Hai (1997) and Taal (1999). He also appeared in several music videos, including one for the singer Kumar Sanu, before making his acting debut with a lead role in Ken Ghosh's romantic comedy Ishq Vishk (2003). The film was a sleeper hit, and Kapoor's portrayal of a teenage student earned him the Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut.

The term Khans of Bollywood refers to several actors of Bollywood, the Mumbai-based Hindi language Indian film industry, whose surnames are Khan. Most commonly, this involves the Three Khans: Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan and Salman Khan. The three are unrelated, but happen to share the same surname, were all born in 1965, and, due to their longevity and high popularity, are considered as the most successful movie stars in the history of Indian cinema.

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