Dimebag Darrell

Last updated
Dimebag Darrell
Dimebag.jpg
Abbott in June 2004
Born
Darrell Lance Abbott

(1966-08-20)August 20, 1966
DiedDecember 8, 2004(2004-12-08) (aged 38)
Cause of death Gunshot wounds
Resting placeMoore Memorial Gardens, Arlington, Texas
Other names
  • Diamond Darrell (1981–93)
  • Dimebag Darrell (1994 on)
Occupation
  • Musician
  • songwriter
Years active1981–2004
Partner(s)Rita Haney (1984–2004)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Guitar
  • vocals
Labels
Associated acts
Website dimebagdarrell.com

Darrell Lance Abbott [Dur-uhl Lan-ss Ab-uht] (August 20, 1966 – December 8, 2004), best known by his stage name Dimebag Darrell [Dyme-bag Dur-uhl], was an American musician and songwriter. He was the guitarist of the heavy metal bands Pantera and Damageplan, both of which he co-founded alongside his brother Vinnie Paul. He was one of the driving forces behind the development of groove metal, and is considered one of the most influential guitarists in heavy metal history.

Guitarist person who plays the guitar

A guitarist is a person who plays the guitar. Guitarists may play a variety of guitar family instruments such as classical guitars, acoustic guitars, electric guitars, and bass guitars. Some guitarists accompany themselves on the guitar by singing or playing the harmonica.

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

Pantera American heavy metal band

Pantera was an American heavy metal band from Arlington, Texas. The group was formed in 1981 by the Abbott brothers – drummer Vinnie Paul and guitarist Dimebag Darrell – along with lead vocalist Terry Glaze. Bassist Rex Brown joined the band the following year, replacing Tommy D. Bradford, who was the unofficial original. Having started as a glam metal band, Pantera released four albums during the 1980s. Looking for a new and heavier sound, Pantera replaced Glaze with Phil Anselmo in late 1986 and released Power Metal in 1988. With its fifth album, 1990's Cowboys from Hell, Pantera introduced the groove metal genre, while its 1992 follow-up Vulgar Display of Power exhibited an even heavier sound. Far Beyond Driven (1994) debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. In addition to their contribution to the groove metal genre, Pantera is credited for being part of the second wave of thrash metal scene in the early-to-mid 1990s.

Contents

A son of country music producer Jerry Abbott, Abbott began playing guitar at age 12, and Pantera released its debut album, Metal Magic (1983), when he was 16. Originally a glam metal musician, Abbott went by the stage name Diamond Darrell at the time. Two further albums in the glam metal style followed in 1984 and 1985, before original vocalist Terry Glaze was replaced by Phil Anselmo in 1986 and Power Metal (1988) was released. The band's major-label debut, Cowboys from Hell (1990), introduced a groove metal sound to which Abbott's guitar playing was central. This sound was refined on Vulgar Display of Power (1992), and the group's third major-label record, Far Beyond Driven , debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 in 1994.

Country music, also known as country and western, and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as American folk music and blues.

Jerry Bob Abbott in Abilene, Texas, is a country music songwriter and record producer from Pantego, Texas. He is also the father of "Dimebag" Darrell Abbott, and Vinnie Paul Abbott, both of Pantera, Rebel Meets Rebel and Damageplan.

<i>Metal Magic</i> 1983 studio album by Pantera

Metal Magic is the debut studio album by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on June 10, 1983 by Metal Magic Records. Like the band's next three releases, this album is musically oriented toward a glam/heavy metal sound influenced by Kiss and Van Halen, rather than the groove metal style they became famous for playing in the 1990s, starting with the release of Cowboys from Hell. It was released on the band's own label and produced by Jerry Abbott, a noted country music songwriter and producer, and father of Dimebag Darrell and Vinnie Paul, who were sixteen and nineteen years old, respectively, at the time of release.

Tensions within Pantera reduced its output after the release of The Great Southern Trendkill in 1996, and Reinventing the Steel (2000) was the band's final studio album before its acrimonious separation in 2003. Abbott subsequently formed Damageplan with his brother Vinnie Paul and released New Found Power , the band's debut and only album, in 2004. Other works by Abbott included a collaboration with David Allan Coe titled Rebel Meets Rebel (2006) and numerous guest guitar solos for bands such as Anthrax. Abbott was shot and killed by a deranged fan on December 8, 2004, while on stage with Damageplan at the Alrosa Villa nightclub in Columbus, Ohio. Three others were murdered in the shooting before the perpetrator was killed by police.

<i>The Great Southern Trendkill</i> 1996 studio album by Pantera

The Great Southern Trendkill is the eighth studio album by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on May 7, 1996 by EastWest Records. It reached number 4 on the Billboard 200 chart, and managed to stay on the chart for 16 weeks. Due to tension and conflicts within the band, Phil Anselmo recorded the vocals alone at Trent Reznor's Nothing Studios in New Orleans while Dimebag Darrell, Rex Brown and Vinnie Paul recorded the music at Chasin Jason Studios in Dalworthington Gardens.

<i>Reinventing the Steel</i> 2000 studio album by Pantera

Reinventing the Steel is the ninth and final studio album by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on March 21, 2000 by EastWest Records.

<i>New Found Power</i> 2004 studio album by Damageplan

New Found Power is the only studio album released by heavy metal supergroup Damageplan, formed by brothers Darrell "Dimebag Darrell" Abbott (guitar) and Vincent "Vinnie Paul" Abbott (drums) after the breakup of their previous band Pantera.

Abbott was ranked at No. 92 on Rolling Stone 's list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2011, and No. 19 on Louder 's list of "The 50 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2018. He placed at No. 5 on Gibson's list of "The Top 10 Metal Guitarists of All Time" in 2015, and the same year was ranked as the most influential metal guitarist of the past 25 years by VH1.

<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

<i>Metal Hammer</i> periodical literature

Metal Hammer is a monthly heavy metal and rock music magazine, published in the United Kingdom by Future and in several other countries by different publishers. Metal Hammer articles feature both mainstream bands and more unusual acts from the whole spectrum of heavy metal music.

Gibson American manufacturer of guitars, other musical instruments, and consumer and professional electronics

Gibson Brands, Inc. is an American manufacturer of guitars, other musical instruments, and professional audio from Kalamazoo, Michigan, and now based in Nashville, Tennessee. The company was formerly known as Gibson Guitar Corporation and renamed Gibson Brands, Inc. on June 11, 2013.

Childhood

Darrell Lance Abbott was born in Ennis, Texas, [1] on August 20, 1966, the second son to Carolyn and Jerry Abbott, a country music producer. [2] His elder brother Vinnie Paul was born on March 11, 1964. Abbott's parents divorced in 1979, after seventeen years of marriage, [3] but his family life remained happy. [4] The brothers lived with their mother Carolyn, in a ranch-style house on Monterrey Street in Arlington. [5] Carolyn was supportive of her sons' musical endeavors. [6]

Ennis, Texas City in Texas, United States

Ennis is a city in eastern Ellis County, Texas, located 35 miles south of Dallas. The population was 18,513 at the 2010 census, up from 16,454 at the 2000 census. It is the third largest city in Ellis County, with the county seat of Waxahachie being the largest and the city of Midlothian being the second largest. The city is also home to the National Polka Festival and the Texas Motorplex.

Vinnie Paul American musician

Vincent Paul Abbott, also known as Vinnie Paul, was an American musician, songwriter and producer, best known for being the drummer and co-founder of the heavy metal band Pantera. He was a member of Hellyeah for 12 years from 2006 until his death in 2018. He also co-founded the heavy metal band Damageplan in 2003 with his younger brother, Dimebag Darrell.

Ranch-style house domestic architectural style originating in the United States

Ranch is a domestic architectural style originating in the United States. The ranch-style house is noted for its long, close-to-the-ground profile, and wide open layout. The house style fused modernist ideas and styles with notions of the American Western period of wide open spaces to create a very informal and casual living style. While the original style of the ranch was very informal and basic in design, starting around the early 1960s, many ranch-style houses constructed in the United States were increasingly built with more dramatic features like varying roof lines, cathedral ceilings, sunken living rooms, and extensive landscaping and grounds.

Abbott took up the guitar when he was twelve. His first guitar was a Les Paul-style Hondo, which he received along with a Pignose amplifier on his twelfth birthday. [7] Influenced by Black Sabbath, Judas Priest, Kiss and Van Halen, [8] he would initially spend time in his room standing in front of a mirror holding the guitar while wearing Ace Frehley-style makeup, though he was unable to play the instrument at the time. [5] [9] Jerry learned Kiss songs on guitar in order to teach Darrell how to play them. [8] Darrell also learned from country musicians who recorded at Jerry's studio, such as Bugs Henderson. [10]

Gibson Les Paul Solid body electric guitar

The Gibson Les Paul is a solid body electric guitar that was first sold by the Gibson Guitar Corporation in 1952. The Les Paul was designed by Gibson president Ted McCarty, factory manager John Huis and their team, with some input from, and endorsement by, guitarist Les Paul. Its typical design features a solid mahogany body with a carved maple top and a single cutaway, a mahogany set-in neck with a rosewood fretboard, two pickups with independent volume and tone controls, and a stoptail bridge, although variants exist.

Hondo was an American guitar company and brand owned by IMC, and later Musicorp, that produced a range of entry level to high end acoustic guitars, electric guitars and basses with designs primarily based on those of classic models such as the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul. From 1972 to 1989 the guitars were mainly produced in Korea by Samick, with the short-lived Professional Series being made in Japan. In 2005, the J.B. Player brand replaced the Hondo name.

Pignose-Gorilla, commonly known as Pignose, is a manufacturer of portable, battery-powered guitar amplifiers, as well as AC-powered practice amps and guitars.

Vinnie had begun playing the drums before Darrell received his first guitar. Darrell had previously tried to play the drums; Vinnie later said: "I just got better than him and wouldn't let him play them anymore." [9] The Abbott brothers' first jam session consisted of six hours of "Smoke on the Water". [9] [10] They took inspiration from Alex and Eddie Van Halen, [11] and Vinnie said in a 2016 interview that he and Darrell were "inseparable" after they began playing music together. [9]

At age 14, Abbott entered a guitar contest at the Agora Ballroom in Dallas, in which Dean Zelinsky, founder of Dean Guitars, was one of the judges. [12] Abbott's mother accompanied him to the club because he was not old enough to enter on his own. [13] He won the competition; Zelinsky recalled that "[Abbott] blew everyone away." [12] Abbott won many other guitar contests in the area, and was eventually asked not to compete and instead judge the competitions so others could win. [14] [15]

Music career

Pantera

Early glam metal years

Pantera was formed in 1981. Vinnie was asked to join a band alongside his high school classmates Terry Glaze (guitar), Tommy Bradford (bass) and Donny Hart (vocals). Vinnie accepted the invitation, but on the condition that Darrell would also join the band. [16] Glaze later recalled that they were unsure about this request, as Darrell "wasn't very good" and, two years their junior, "was a little skinny, scrawny dude", [16] but they ultimately agreed. In 1989, Darrell made the same request when Dave Mustaine asked him to join Megadeth. As Mustaine had already recruited drummer Nick Menza and would not hire Vinnie, Darrell decided to stay with Pantera. [17] [18] [19] [20]

By 1982, Hart left the band and was replaced by Glaze on vocals, while Rex Brown took Bradford's place as bassist. [21] Abbott originally shared lead guitar with Glaze, but soon took permanent status as lead guitarist. Glaze said: "[Abbott] just morphed over a six-month period. ... When he came out, he could play, like, "Eruption" and "Crazy Train"." [4] Abbott adopted the stage name "Diamond Darrell", [22] in reference to the Kiss song "Black Diamond". [23]

Inspired by Kiss, Van Halen and Judas Priest, Pantera originally had a glam metal style and was image conscious: the members wore spandex, makeup and hairspray when on stage. [22] The band signed to Metal Magic Records, which was created by "Jerry Eld'n", an alias of Abbott's father Jerry. Pantera released its first album, Metal Magic , in 1983, when Abbott was 16. [22] A review in the November 1983 issue of Texas-based music magazine Buddy said Abbott's solos "tend to be asymmetrical in that the old theory of musical thought consisting of statements alternating with appropriate responses is ignored and replaced by authoritative delivery of the player's own concept of what should happen". [24]

Pantera released Projects in the Jungle and I Am the Night in 1984 and 1985, respectively. Both albums followed on in the glam metal style, and were comparable to Shout at the Devil -era Mötley Crüe, [25] though I Am the Night had a slightly heavier sound than previous releases. [26] Around this time, the Abbott brothers began listening to bands such as Metallica and Slayer. [26] Darrell was particularly taken by Metallica's Ride the Lightning (1984). [27] Glaze was unhappy with the Abbott brothers' desire to move towards a heavier sound; he later said he "didn't want to go that heavy. I didn't like it as well if the guitar was the main thing, like the Metallica songs." [28] This conflict, along with a contractual dispute, led to his departure in 1986. [29]

Glaze was replaced by Phil Anselmo in late 1986. [30] This new lineup briefly signed with Gold Mountain Records, but released Power Metal (1988) on Metal Magic. Abbott said Gold Mountain "wanted to change our style and make us sound like Bon Jovi, which is not quite up our alley". [31] Anselmo did not write any of the lyrics for Power Metal, and the band was still in the process of distancing themselves from glam metal, [32] but the album evidenced a stylistic change. [33] A retrospective AllMusic album review by Bradley Torreano said Abbott's "speedy riffs" were one of the "more charming elements" of the band's sound. [34] Brown said in a 1988 interview that "Darrell has always been chunking those riffs out from the start. But now with Phil in the band we've got a chance to make those riffs fully happen instead of having some gay singer over the top of them!" [32]

Development of groove metal

After the release of Power Metal, Pantera formed a relationship with Walter O'Brien and Andy Gould of Concrete Management. [33] As Concrete managed other bands that were signed to Metal Blade Records, Gould contacted Brian Slagel of Metal Blade and asked him to sign Pantera. The $75,000 requested for the production of a new album was too much for Slagel, who rejected the offer. [35] The Metal Blade rejection was one of many major-label rejections for the band. [36] Pantera eventually attained a major-label deal with Atco Records, after Atco's talent scout Mark Ross was impressed by one of the band's live performances. [37]

Cowboys from Hell was released on July 24, 1990. The album was produced by Terry Date; Max Norman was the original choice for producer but he opted to produce Lynch Mob's Wicked Sensation instead. Date also served as producer for Pantera's next three albums. [38] Cowboys from Hell marked the development of what would become Pantera's familiar sound, [39] to which Abbott's guitar playing was central. [40] Self-described as "power groove", [39] [41] the album became a "blueprint-defining" work for groove metal, [42] a sub-genre with the heaviness and intensity of thrash metal but played at a slower tempo. [39] [43] Southern rock elements were incorporated into the sound; [39] Pantera's "groove" is commonly attributed to the Abbott brothers' fondness for ZZ Top. [44] Cowboys from Hell was certified gold in 1993, and platinum in 1997. [39]

Pantera played close to 200 shows supporting Cowboys from Hell, as it toured for nearly two years. [45] Aside from breaks to develop new material, the band spent most of the 1990s touring; [46] Abbott gained a reputation as a wild figure on tour and a heavy drinker. [47] Pantera recorded its second major-label album in the space of two months. Released on February 25, 1992, Vulgar Display of Power was a refinement of the groove metal sound. [44] [48] The band had sought to create a heavier album than Cowboys from Hell, as Anselmo fully embraced a hardcore-inspired shouted vocal delivery. Abbott composed most of the riffs and song structures, and further attempted to mesh his guitar with Brown's bass to create what Brown later described as "one giant tone". [49] Vulgar Display of Power debuted at No. 44 on the Billboard 200 , and it stayed on the chart for 79 weeks. [49] In 2017, it was ranked at No. 10 on Rolling Stone 's list of "The 100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time", with Abbott's "serrated rhythms and squealing solos" highlighted. [50]

Abbott on stage with Pantera, 1991 Dimebag Darrell with Pantera.jpg
Abbott on stage with Pantera, 1991

Abbott had transformed his appearance by the time of Vulgar Display of Power's release to that which he would maintain for the rest of his life. He sported a dyed goatee, a razorblade pendant (in homage to Judas Priest's British Steel ), cargo shorts and sleeveless shirts. [51] Feeling that "Diamond Darrell" no longer suited his image or sound, Abbott adopted the stage name "Dimebag Darrell" instead. [52] The name was originally coined by Anselmo. [53] It was in reference to Abbott's refusal to accept more than a dime bag (slang for $10 worth) [54] of cannabis [55] at one time—even if offered for free—as he did not want to be caught with the drug on-hand. [56]

All of Pantera's albums until 1994 were recorded at Pantego Sound, the studio owned by the Abbott brothers' father Jerry. [57] It was conveniently located a short distance from the Abbotts' home. [58] After Vulgar Display of Power was released, Jerry closed Pantego Sound and opened a new studio, Abtrax, in Nashville, Tennessee, as he hoped to fulfill his dream of becoming a country songwriter. [59] Pantera's third major-label album, Far Beyond Driven , was recorded at Abtrax. Abbott said in a 1994 Guitar Player interview: "We were fuckin' flying [to Nashville] for three weeks at a time, writing songs and cutting them." This led to the members spending most of their downtime in each other's hotel rooms consuming drugs, rather than following their normal routines as they did when recording at Pantego Sound. [58] They mixed the album at Dallas Sound Labs, which was close to their homes. [60] [61] Far Beyond Driven was released on March 15, 1994, on EastWest Records. [62] It sold 186,000 copies in its first week to debut at No. 1 on the Billboard 200, [63] and has since been described as the heaviest album ever to debut at No. 1. [60] [63] [64] Before the release, the band was expected to follow the lead of Metallica's eponymous album by taking a more commercially-friendly approach. [60] [65] Instead, Pantera wanted an even heavier work than Vulgar Display of Power. Abbott said in 1994: "We're into topping ourselves. Most bands come out with a heavy record, then it gets lighter and lighter. You're stuck listening to the first record, wishing and dreaming. That ain't what we're about." [66]

Band tensions and separation

The lead single from Far Beyond Driven, "I'm Broken", was inspired by Anselmo's chronic back pain. [67] To treat the pain during the tour supporting Far Beyond Driven, Anselmo began heavily consuming alcohol, painkillers and ultimately heroin. He would travel on his own tour bus and isolate himself from the other band members until twenty or thirty minutes before they were due to perform. Anselmo recalled in a 2014 interview that he would drink "an entire bottle of Wild Turkey every night before a show to numb the pain", and he often interrupted the performances by ranting on stage. [60] Due to the tensions within the band, recordings for Pantera's next album, The Great Southern Trendkill , were held separately: Darrell, Vinnie and Brown recorded at Chasin' Jason Studio (a studio Darrell had constructed in a barn in his backyard) while Anselmo recorded the vocals at Trent Reznor's Nothing Studios in New Orleans. [68] Abbott experimented with new guitars during the recording; he stated in 1996 that he wrote "Suicide Note Pt. 1" the first time he used a twelve-string guitar which Washburn Guitars had sent to him. [69] The recording also saw Abbott draw on riffs he had composed much earlier: [69] he wrote the outro-solo to "Floods" in the pre-Anselmo era, and he had previously recorded a 90-minute loop of it as a lullaby for his girlfriend. [70]

On May 7, 1996, The Great Southern Trendkill was released. It peaked at No. 4 on the Billboard 200, staying on the chart for 13 weeks. It is considered to be Pantera's most extreme work, [68] and features some of the band's lowest-tuned tracks. [71] On July 13, Anselmo overdosed on heroin following the band's performance at the Dallas Starplex Amphitheatre and was clinically dead for "four to five minutes". [72] [73] He recovered quickly and performed at the band's next show in San Antonio two days afterwards, but the incident created a lasting rift within the band. [74] Anselmo also had released NOLA , the debut album of one of his side projects Down, in 1995, and supported the album with a 13-show tour. [74] The other Pantera members were originally unperturbed by Anselmo's side projects; Abbott explained at the time: "Phil's a musical guy and he likes to stay busy." [74]

The touring for The Great Southern Trendkill widened the rift within the band, and the recording sessions for their next album, Reinventing the Steel , were troublesome. [75] Vinnie said in an interview after the album's release: "It was like pulling teeth to get [Anselmo] down to the studio. He didn't like any of the material, and it was always just like this head-butting contest." [76] Also during the recording, the Abbotts' mother, Carolyn, was diagnosed with lung cancer, and died six weeks later on September 12, 1999. This had a profound effect on the brothers, especially Darrell. [76] Reinventing the Steel was released on March 21, 2000. Abbott said of it: "We still play lead guitar ... Bands hardly ever play lead guitar anymore. Dude, back in the seventies, if you couldn't play the guitar or sing, you were nobody. Now music is so easy—all you've got to do is tune your guitar to an open chord and jump around." [77] Like The Great Southern Trendkill, Reinventing the Steel peaked at No. 4 on the Billboard 200. [77]

Pantera were in Ireland, set to begin a European tour, on September 11, 2001. Due to the September 11 attacks, the tour was canceled and the members returned to Texas, where they agreed to take a short hiatus. [78] In March 2002, Down released its second record, Down II: A Bustle in Your Hedgerow , which featured Brown on bass. Two months later, Superjoint Ritual—another of Anselmo's bands—released its debut album, Use Once and Destroy . [79] The Abbotts believed that Pantera would regroup in 2003, after the tours supporting Down II and Use Once and Destroy were concluded. Instead, Anselmo recorded a second album with Superjoint Ritual, A Lethal Dose of American Hatred (2003). [80] Also around this time, Darrell received a phone call from Brown, who indicated that he would not return to Pantera. [81] The separation of Pantera was marked by the release of a greatest hits album, The Best of Pantera: Far Beyond the Great Southern Cowboys' Vulgar Hits! , on September 23, 2003. [81]

Damageplan

Abbott was dejected by the separation of Pantera; [82] he felt that all he had worked for had been "ripped out from under [him]". [83] As continuing Pantera without Anselmo likely would have resulted in a lengthy and expensive legal battle regarding the ownership of the name, the Abbott brothers decided to form a new band. [84] They recorded demos at Darrell's backyard studio in February 2003. [85] Patrick Lachman of Halford joined as vocalist and Bob Kakaha was recruited on bass, and the band signed with Elektra Records later in 2003. The name of the band originally was New Found Power, but they later decided on Damageplan. New Found Power instead served as the title of group's debut album, which was released on February 10, 2004. [86] It did not near the commercial success of Pantera's major-label releases: [87] it sold 44,000 copies in its first week to debut at No. 38 on the Billboard 200 and had sold a modest 160,000 copies by December. [88]

Damageplan spent most of 2004 on its Devastation Across the Nation tour. To rebuild a fanbase, the band toured nightclubs across the country. [89] The members had planned to record a follow-up album. [89] This did not materialize due to Abbott's murder at a show in Columbus, Ohio, on December 8, 2004.

Other projects

The Abbott brothers listened to country singer David Allan Coe while growing up as their parents were fans of the performer, and often used Coe's "Jack Daniels If You Please" as introductory music for Pantera shows. [90] [91] Darrell first met Coe in 1999, at one of his performances at Billy Bob's Texas. After the performance, Darrell waited in an autograph line to introduce himself and give Coe his phone number. They subsequently formed a friendship and Coe began spending time at Darrell's house, where the Abbott brothers and Coe played music in Darrell's backyard studio. They recruited Brown to play bass and the group sporadically recorded from 1999 to 2003. [92] The resulting album, Rebel Meets Rebel , was released on May 2, 2006, on Vinnie's Big Vin Records. [93] Megan Frye of AllMusic stated Rebel Meets Rebel is "groundbreaking in that it will please fans of both country and metal because the music is simultaneously both styles – it's never a fusion, they simply exist together". [94]

In 1992, Abbott and the other Pantera members collaborated with Rob Halford on a track titled "Light Comes Out of Black", which was released on the Buffy the Vampire Slayer soundtrack. [95] [96] Abbott recorded the song "Caged in a Rage", on which he performed lead vocals and guitar, under his own name. It was included on the soundtrack to the 1996 film Supercop . Adam Greenberg of AllMusic said Abbott sounded "oddly similar to Rob Zombie" on "Caged in a Rage". [97]

Abbott provided guest guitar solos for Anthrax on several occasions: "King Size" and "Riding Shotgun" from Stomp 442 (1995), "Inside Out" and "Born Again Idiot" from Volume 8: The Threat Is Real (1998), and "Strap It On" and "Cadillac Rock Box" from We've Come for You All (2003). [98] Anthrax's Scott Ian referred to Abbott as the "sixth member" of the band due to his frequent appearances. [95] Abbott also performed a guest solo on the title track of King Diamond's Voodoo (1998) and on "Eyes of the South" (2004) by Premenishen, a band that featured Abbott's cousins Heather Manly and April Adkisson on bass and guitar, respectively. [98] After Darrell's death, Vinnie granted Nickelback permission to use outtakes of Darrell's solos from the Vulgar Display of Power and Far Beyond Driven recordings on its tribute track "Side of a Bullet". [98] Darrell was a friend of Nickelback's Chad Kroeger and had provided a solo for Nickelback's cover of "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" on the soundtrack to the 2003 film Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle . [99]

Darrell and Vinnie performed shows as Gasoline each New Years' Eve. Gasoline predominantly played covers of artists such as Ted Nugent and Pat Travers, but also composed original songs such as "Get Drunk Now" and "This Ain't a Beer Belly, It's a Gas Tank for My Love Machine". [100] Gasoline once served as a support act for Drowning Pool. [101] In 2006, "Country Western Transvestite Whore", a song that Abbott recorded with local Dallas musician Throbbin' Donnie Rodd, was released. It features Abbott on lead guitar and vocals. [102] Other works by Abbott that have been posthumously released include "Dime's Blackout Society" (2010) and The Hitz (2017), a five-track EP. [103]

Death

A fan mourns outside the Alrosa Villa nightclub in Columbus, Ohio, where Abbott was murdered. Dimebag 001.jpg
A fan mourns outside the Alrosa Villa nightclub in Columbus, Ohio, where Abbott was murdered.

On December 8, 2004, Damageplan was performing at the Alrosa Villa nightclub in Columbus, Ohio. As the band played the first song of its setlist, Nathan Gale, a deranged fan, rushed onto the stage and shot Abbott multiple times with a Beretta M9. The band's head of security, Jeffrey "Mayhem" Thompson, then tackled Gale, but was fatally shot in the ensuing struggle. A fan, Nathan Bray, was also shot and killed as he attempted to aid Abbott and Thompson, as was Erin Halk, an employee of the venue who tried to disarm Gale. Three others were wounded before Columbus police officer James Niggemeyer entered the club and shot Gale once in the head with a Remington Model 870, killing him.

Abbott was pronounced dead at the scene, aged 38. Thousands of fans attended his public memorial, and the guest list included artists such as Eddie Van Halen, Zakk Wylde, Corey Taylor, Jerry Cantrell and Dino Cazares. [104] Abbott was buried alongside his mother Carolyn at the Moore Memorial Gardens cemetery in Arlington, Texas. Gene Simmons donated a Kiss Kasket for the burial, and Eddie Van Halen donated his original black-and-yellow-striped 1979 Charvel "Bumblebee" guitar, which was featured on the back cover of Van Halen II , to be included in the casket. [98] A few weeks prior to his death, Abbott had met Van Halen and asked him for a replica of the Bumblebee. Van Halen said at the funeral: "Dime was an original and only an original deserves the original." [53] [105]

After Vinnie Paul's death in 2018, he was buried next to Carolyn and Darrell, also in a Kiss Kasket. [106] [107]

Musical style

Originally a glam metal musician, Abbott distanced himself from the subgenre by the late 1980s, and was a driving force behind the development of groove metal in the 1990s. [44]

Influences

Although his father was a country music producer and songwriter, Abbott's primary musical influences were heavy metal acts such as Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, Kiss and Van Halen. [108] Ace Frehley of Kiss inspired him to play guitar. [109] He was a member of the Kiss Army and had a portrait of Frehley tattooed on his chest in 1992. While at a photo shoot for the August 1993 issue of Guitar World along with Frehley, Abbott asked Frehley to sign an autograph near the tattoo. Abbott then had the signature tattooed. [59] [110]

No musician other than Frehley exerted more of an influence on Abbott than Eddie Van Halen. [11] Abbott stated that his background mirrored Van Halen's as both he and Van Halen were younger brothers who first played drums before moving on to the guitar due to competition from their elder brothers on drums. Another influence was Randy Rhoads. Abbott said in 1994: "To me, Eddie Van Halen was heavy rock and roll, but Randy was heavy metal." [109] He discovered double tracking leads through Rhoads. [109] In numerous interviews, Abbott credited Tony Iommi of Black Sabbath for inspiring his guitar riffs. [108] Abbott also said Def Leppard's original guitarist Pete Willis "was a great player. I was inspired by him because I was a small young dude and he was a small young dude, too—and he was out there kickin' ass. He made me want to get out there and play." [111]

Abbott was a fan of the Southern rock band ZZ Top, [44] and he was influenced by the band's guitarist and lead singer Billy Gibbons. [72] He said in 1993: "I'm not a super blues player, but I was exposed to the Texas blues sound while I was growing up, and that definitely rubbed off on me." [111] Abbott was also influenced by contemporary metal guitarists such as Kerry King of Slayer, James Hetfield of Metallica, and Zakk Wylde of Ozzy Osbourne and Black Label Society. [108]

Technique

Abbott did not receive formal guitar lessons. He stated in a 1994 Guitar World interview that he once received "a guitar lesson off this cat. He wrote down some weird scale and tried to explain how it worked. After we finished he said, 'Now go on home, practice that scale, and show me how well you can play it next week.' So I took it home, played around with it for a few minutes and said, 'Fuck this, I just want to jam.' I respect people that can read tablature and all that shit, but I just don't even have the patience to read the newspaper." [109]

Unlike many other heavy metal guitarists, Abbott made extensive use of the major third in his riffs and leads, which added dissonance to minor key tonalities. This was a Van Halen-inspired technique, as was his employment of symmetrical fingerings. Although Abbott had exceptional picking ability, he favored legato phrasing. His love of legato gave his playing a fluid quality, and his powerful left hand technique enabled the implementation of the symmetrical patterns in his lead licks. [112] Abbott avoided using scales and modes in traditional fashions, and often used passing tones between scalar tones to add tension. These chromatic licks made up much of his playing. [113] Regardless of the note or chord, Abbott played with a "Texas style", meaning a variety of techniques such as sliding, bending, palm muting, and use of the whammy bar and effects pedal to produce an idiosyncratic sound. [113]

One of the most distinctive features of Abbott's guitar playing was his use of harmonics to create a squealing sound, [112] which he picked up from Gibbons. [72] Unsatisfied with standard techniques, Abbott often used dyads in place of traditional power chords. This added texture to his riffs and, when played with distortion, created a tense sound. [112] Abbott experimented with alternate tunings throughout his career. Early on, his guitar was tuned down more than a quarter step, similar to Van Halen I and Van Halen II tuning. On Cowboys From Hell (1990), he utilized drop D tuning, and beginning with Vulgar Display of Power (1992) he tuned his guitar down a whole step, which became his main tuning by the release of Reinventing the Steel (2000). He also used drop D down one step, down 1 ½ steps and drop D down 1 ½ steps tunings. Down 1 ½ steps tuning was prevalent on The Great Southern Trendkill (1996) and was Abbott's main tuning on New Found Power (2004). [108] [113]

Three of Abbott's solos were ranked in Guitar World's "100 Greatest Guitar Solos of All Time": "Walk" at No. 57; [114] "Cemetery Gates" at No. 35; [115] and "Floods" at No. 19. [116] [117] Despite his virtuosity, Abbott said that while "jerking off all over the neck", as he described, was suited to competing in guitar contests, it often did not benefit a song's composition. "Slaughtered" from Far Beyond Driven originally had a slow, melodic solo, but Abbott removed it after noting that it disrupted the song's momentum. [72]

Equipment

One of Abbott's signature headstocks Dean Guitar.jpg
One of Abbott's signature headstocks

In 1982, Abbott won a maroon Dean ML at a guitar contest in Dallas. [14] [118] [119] Unbeknownst to Abbott, his father had bought him a sunburst ML shortly before the contest. Nearing driving age and seeking to purchase a Pontiac Firebird, Abbott attempted to sell the maroon ML to his friend Buddy Blaze, a luthier and musician. Blaze felt that a guitar won as a prize should stay with its owner and refused to buy it. [120] Abbott instead sold the guitar to one of Blaze's bandmates. Blaze negotiated with his bandmate, and took possession of the ML in exchange for a Kramer Pacer. Blaze then replaced the standard ML hardware: he installed a custom Floyd Rose vibrato bridge and Bill Lawrence L-500XL pickups, and moved the stock DiMarzio pickup to the neck. He also repainted the guitar, from its original maroon to blue-and-black with a lightning bolt finish. [14] [120] [121] Blaze returned the ML to Abbott in 1987, who was initially unaware that it was the same guitar he won as a prize. [122] [123] It subsequently became Abbott's signature guitar and was later dubbed the "Dean from Hell". [14]

After the release of Cowboys from Hell, Abbott signed an endorsement deal with Dean Guitars. [12] Dean went out of business in 1994 and Abbott then signed a ten-year contract with Washburn Guitars. [124] With Washburn, he played various signature guitars modeled after the ML, such as the Dime 333, Culprit and Stealth. [125] When his contract with Washburn expired in 2004, he became the main endorsee of the re-opened Dean. [126] Abbott's murder came shortly before the Dean contract was set to begin. [127] Abbott had designed the Dean Razorback and Razorback V in the months prior to his death. [12] [128] Dean also posthumously released replicas of the Dean from Hell. [129]

Abbott was praised for his instrumental tone and was included in Guitar Player's list of "The 50 Greatest Tones of All Time". [130] [131] Abbott used solid-state Randall amplifiers for most of his career; he remarked in the liner notes for Cowboys from Hell: "Gotta have that Randall Crunch!" [132] He had won his first Randall amplifier in a guitar contest; he said in a 1993 interview it "was a little nasty sounding, a little gritty, but I liked it. I knew that with time I could make it my own sound, and it came around." [133] Abbott released a signature amplifier, the Randall Warhead, in 1999. The goal was to replicate the sound of his own rig: a Randall RG-100 head, Furman PQ-3 parametric equalizer, MXR six-band graphic equalizer and MXR 126 flanger. [12] He set his Furman EQ to boost the highs and lows while scooping the mids, [113] and he used both the Furman EQ and MXR EQ to increase the gain to the Randall's front end. [12] Abbott also used a Digitech whammy pedal, a Korg DT-7 chromatic tuner and a Rocktron Hush IIC noise gate. [134] The noise gate allowed him to control the feedback associated with high levels of gain, and to create the distinctive holes of silence in his playing. [113]

When Abbott's endorsement deal with Washburn ended, his deal with Randall also ended, as Randall and Washburn both were subsidiaries of the U.S. Music Corporation. Abbott subsequently formed a partnership with Krank Amplifiers, a relatively small supplier. [132] He used the Krank Revolution, a tube amplifier. [12] Abbott also invested in the company and designed an amplifier named the Krankenstein; [135] he approved the final revision of the Krankenstein just days before his murder. [12] Abbott helped design many other products. With Dunlop Manufacturing, he designed the Dimebag Cry Baby from Hell, a wah-wah pedal, and the Dime Distortion, a distortion pedal. He also designed a signature pickup with Seymour Duncan titled the Dimebucker, which was based on the Bill Lawrence pickups that he used in most of his guitars. Dean Zelinsky of Dean said in 2010 that Abbott's death was a "bigger loss than we'll ever know. ... I'm very proud of the work I did with him, but who knows what he would have accomplished if he was still with us." [12]

Personal life

Abbott grew up in the same neighborhood as his long-time partner Rita Haney, whom he first met at the age of eight. [53] [136] They began dating in 1984. [137] The couple never married. Haney said in a 2006 interview: "We didn't believe in the marriage thing. ... Why have someone you don't know tell you it's OK to be with someone you do know? We didn't need the middleman! We had a one-on-one with the man upstairs ourselves." [138]

In 1995, Abbott bought a house with Haney in Dalworthington Gardens, Texas, a short distance from his hometown Arlington. [139] Abbott kept a pet goat on the residence, and dyed its goatee like his own. [138] He was remembered by his neighbors as approachable. One neighbor who often walked dogs with Abbott said he "was a hick with an attitude, and I say that respectfully. We'd talk conservative politics. He was a big, big supporter of George Bush." [140]

Darrell and Vinnie opened the Clubhouse, an all-nude strip club in north-west Dallas, in 1996. Vinnie's original idea was a rock-and-roll-themed golf course, with "a strip club at the nineteenth hole", but the construction of a golf course was prohibitively expensive. [141] [142] Under the Abbott brothers' ownership, the Clubhouse was patronized by many artists who toured in the area, such as Black Sabbath, Kiss and Metallica, as well as NASCAR drivers, professional golfers, [142] [143] and members of the Dallas Cowboys and the Dallas Stars (whose fight song, "Puck Off", was written and produced by Pantera). [142] [144] After the Dallas Stars won the 1999 Stanley Cup Finals, the Abbott brothers hosted a party for the team at Vinnie's house. Vinnie later stated that the Stanley Cup was dented during the party after Guy Carbonneau threw it out of a window into a swimming pool. [145] [146] The brothers also performed on a float during the celebration of the Stars' victory. [146]

Legacy

In 2015, Abbott was ranked as the most influential metal guitarist of the past 25 years by VH1. Doc Coyle of God Forbid stated: "[Abbott's] sparse, low-end, bluesy chug was the blueprint for post-thrash, nu-metal, and metalcore in the subsequent years." [147] Also in 2015, Abbott placed at No. 5 on Gibson's list of "The Top 10 Metal Guitarists of All Time". Anne Erickson said Abbott "proved metal guitar could shred wildly, but still groove. ... He'll always be remembered as one of the most significant engineers of modern metal." [148]

Rolling Stone ranked Abbott at No. 92 on its list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2011, and described him as "one of modern metal's key figures". Geezer Butler of Black Sabbath said Abbott was "one of the greatest musicians to grace our world". [149] In 2018, Abbott ranked at No. 19 on Louder 's list of "The 50 Greatest Guitarists Of All Time". Sebastian Bach of Skid Row commented that Abbott "reinvented heavy metal guitar". [150] Jamie Humphries of Premier Guitar remarked in 2014: "If there were ever a band and guitarist to credit for reinventing post-Metallica metal, it would have to be Pantera and the late Dimebag Darrell." [151]

Abbott also ranked at No. 9 in a 2012 Guitar World readers' poll of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time", [152] and was named the "Greatest Metal Guitarist" by Loudwire in 2013 after winning a reader-voted tournament bracket. [153] Jonathan Davis of Korn said in a 2014 interview with Loudwire that Abbott is "one of the greatest guitar players ever. I mean if there was no Dimebag Darrell, there would be no Korn." [154] Slash stated that Abbott "had a great tone and a great original style ... He was one of the best new guitar players that came out over a long period of time." [155] Max Cavalera described Abbott as "very talented, an amazing musician and a humble and cool guy – not a rock star asshole". [156]

On May 17, 2007, Abbott was posthumously inducted into Hollywood's RockWalk. [157] Ace Frehley was among the attendees at the induction ceremony. [158]

Discography

Pantera

Damageplan

Rebel Meets Rebel

Related Research Articles

<i>Cowboys from Hell</i> 1990 studio album by Pantera

Cowboys from Hell is the fifth studio album and major label debut by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on July 24, 1990 by Atco Records.

<i>Vulgar Display of Power</i> 1992 studio album by Pantera

Vulgar Display of Power is the sixth studio album by the American heavy metal band Pantera, released on February 25, 1992. Released on Atco Records, it is often considered one of the most influential heavy metal albums of the 1990s. Several of its tracks have become among the band's best known, such as "Mouth for War", "A New Level", "Walk", "Fucking Hostile", and "No Good ".

<i>Far Beyond Driven</i> 1994 studio album by Pantera

Far Beyond Driven is the seventh studio album by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on March 22, 1994 by EastWest Records. Pantera's fastest-selling album, it peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200 and was certified Platinum by the RIAA. The album was also certified Platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association. Far Beyond Driven is the first album by Pantera where the band's guitarist Darrell Abbott is credited as "Dimebag Darrell", having changed his nickname from "Diamond Darrell" soon after Vulgar Display of Power was released. The Japanese and the Driven Downunder Tour '94 Souvenir Collection editions contain a bonus thirteenth track, "The Badge", a Poison Idea cover. This cover was also featured on The Crow soundtrack.

Phil Anselmo American musician

Philip Hansen Anselmo is an American heavy metal musician who is best known as the lead vocalist for Pantera, Down, and Superjoint Ritual. He is also the owner of Housecore Records and has been involved with several other bands.

Damageplan 21st-century American band

Damageplan was an American heavy metal supergroup from Dallas, Texas, formed in 2003. Following the demise of their previous group Pantera, brothers Dimebag Darrell and Vinnie Paul Abbott wanted to start a new band. The pair recruited former Diesel Machine and Halford guitarist Patrick Lachman on vocals, and later Bob Zilla on bass. Damageplan released their only studio album New Found Power on February 10, 2004, which debuted at number 38 on the Billboard 200, selling 44,676 copies in its first week.

Rex Brown American musician

Rex Robert Brown is an American musician and author, who is best known as having been the longtime bassist for the band Pantera (1982–2003). He is a former member of Down (2001–2011), and is the former bassist for the band Kill Devil Hill. He released his debut solo album Smoke on This on July 28, 2017. For the first time in Brown's career, the work features him not only as a bassist but also as lead vocalist and guitarist.

<i>Power Metal</i> (album) 1988 studio album by Pantera

Power Metal is the fourth studio album by heavy metal band Pantera, released in May 1988 through Metal Magic Records. It is the first Pantera album to feature Phil Anselmo on vocals, as part of a line-up which would last until the band's official split in 2003.

<i>Rebel Meets Rebel</i> 2006 studio album by David Allan Coe and Cowboys from Hell

Rebel Meets Rebel is a country metal album by David Allan Coe and Pantera members Dimebag Darrell, Rex Brown, and Vinnie Paul. The music was written and recorded by the band when the musicians had time aside from their other projects, including Pantera's world tour supporting Reinventing the Steel.

Becoming (song) song by Pantera

"Becoming" is a song by American heavy metal band Pantera from their seventh album Far Beyond Driven. It was released as a 2-track promotional-only vinyl 12", with "5 Minutes Alone" as its B-side.

Im Broken Single of Pantera

"I'm Broken" is a song by American heavy metal band Pantera from their seventh album Far Beyond Driven. It was the first single issued from the album. Kerry King said on the Japanese TV show Rock Fujiyama that it's his favorite guitar riff.

5 Minutes Alone single

"5 Minutes Alone" is a song by American groove metal band Pantera from their 1994 album Far Beyond Driven. The song also appears on the band's live album. The song was released as downloadable content for Rock Revolution and Rock Band 3 and can be heard during a cut-scene in Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon: Future Soldier.

Mouth for War 1992 single by Pantera

"Mouth for War" is a song by American heavy metal band Pantera. It was first released on the band's sixth album Vulgar Display of Power and was the first single off that album. It was later released on the band's compilation album, The Best of Pantera: Far Beyond the Great Southern Cowboys' Vulgar Hits!

"Suicide Note" is a two-part song by the American heavy metal band Pantera from their eighth studio album, The Great Southern Trendkill. The first half of the song was released as the album's second single in 1996. It is Pantera's highest charting song on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart, peaking at #10. The combination total time is 9 minutes 3 seconds.

Columbus nightclub shooting Murder of Dimebag Darrell and three others in a mass shooting

On December 8, 2004, four people were murdered and three others were wounded in a mass shooting at the Alrosa Villa nightclub in Columbus, Ohio. Heavy metal musician Dimebag Darrell, the main target of the attack, was on stage with his band Damageplan when the shooting took place. The perpetrator, 25-year-old Nathan Gale, was shot and killed by police officer James Niggemeyer while holding a wounded victim hostage.

References

  1. Daniels 2013, p. 2.
  2. Crain 2009, p. 3.
  3. Crain 2009, p. 4.
  4. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 16.
  5. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 8.
  6. Crain 2009, p. 5.
  7. Crain 2009, p. 10.
  8. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 11.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Ewing, Jerry (December 8, 2016). "'He was the wild life of the party' - Vinnie Paul remembers Dimebag Darrell". Louder.
  10. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 12.
  11. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 217.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Gill, Chris (January 2010). "Dimebag Darrell: Reinventing the Squeal". Guitar World.
  13. Crain 2009, p. 26.
  14. 1 2 3 4 "The Dean from Hell". Australian Guitar. June 2014.
  15. Crain 2009, p. 111.
  16. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 13.
  17. Sharpe-Young, Garry (November 2005). New Wave of American Heavy Metal. New Zealand: Zonda Books. p. 232.
  18. Crain 2009, pp. 14, 71.
  19. Epstein, Dan (December 8, 2014). "Dave Mustaine on 'Dimebag' Darrell: 'He Would Want Us to Remember Him by Celebrating and Not Mourn'". Billboard.
  20. "Dave Mustaine: Kerry King Hates My Guts". Guitar World. October 2004. That's true. That was around 1989. I had just hired Nick [Menza, drums] and Pantera were still playing around Texas. I asked Darrell if he was interested and he says to me [assumes southern accent], 'Yeah, man, but my brother's gotta come, too.' And I said, 'What is he, a roadie?' I told him I already had a drummer, and he said, 'Ah, then fuck it. Good luck, brother!'
  21. Crain 2009, p. 14.
  22. 1 2 3 Crain 2009, p. 20.
  23. Daniels 2013, p. 32.
  24. Crain 2009, p. 21.
  25. Crain 2009, p. 43.
  26. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 44.
  27. Crain 2009, p. 48.
  28. Crain 2009, p. 49.
  29. Crain 2009, p. 50.
  30. Crain 2009, p. 52.
  31. Crain 2009, p. 53.
  32. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 54.
  33. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 69.
  34. Torreano, Bradley. "Power Metal - Pantera". AllMusic.
  35. Crain 2009, p. 70.
  36. Crain 2009, p. 71.
  37. Crain 2009, p. 75.
  38. Crain 2009, p. 77.
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 Wiederhorn, Jon (July 24, 2017). "28 Years Ago: Pantera Find Their Voice With 'Cowboys From Hell'". Loudwire.
  40. Crain 2009, p. 84.
  41. Harrison, Thomas (2011). Music of the 1990s. ABC-CLIO. p. 101. ISBN   9780313379437.
  42. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Projects in the Jungle - Pantera". AllMusic.
  43. Abjorensen, Norman (2017). Historical Dictionary of Popular Music. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 384. ISBN   9781538102152.
  44. 1 2 3 4 Lawson, Dom (December 21, 2018). "Pantera: how an ex-glam band from Texas redefined metal". Louder.
  45. Crain 2009, p. 97.
  46. Crain 2009, p. 78.
  47. Crain 2009, p. 88.
  48. Crain 2009, p. 98.
  49. 1 2 Wiederhorn, Jon (February 25, 2019). "26 Years Ago: Pantera Released The Groundbreaking 'Vulgar Display of Power'". Loudwire.
  50. Bienstock, Richard (June 21, 2017). "The 100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time: Pantera, 'Vulgar Display of Power' (1992)". Rolling Stone.
  51. Crain 2009, p. 103.
  52. Hartmann, Graham (June 6, 2012). "Dimebag - Stage Name Origins". Loudwire.
  53. 1 2 3 Epstein, Dan (December 8, 2014). "'Dimebag' Darrell's Longtime Partner Rita Haney: 'He'd Actually Be Surprised at How Many People He Touched'". Billboard.
  54. Webb, William. Sex, Drugs, and Murder: 15 Music Murder Scandals That Shocked the World. Absolute Crime. p. 17.
  55. Meyers, David; Meyers-Walker, Elise (2010). Historic Columbus Crimes: Mama's in the Furnace, the Thing & More. Arcadia Publishing. p. 131. ISBN   9781614231202.
  56. Crain 2009, p. 23.
  57. Crain 2009, p. 107.
  58. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 108.
  59. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 105.
  60. 1 2 3 4 Wiederhorn, Jon (April 1, 2014). "Pantera's 'Far Beyond Driven': The Story Behind the Heaviest Album to Debut at No. 1". Revolver.
  61. Gill, Chris (June 16, 2014). "Dimebag Darrell Talks 'Far Beyond Driven,' Amps and More: Previously Unreleased 1994 Interview". Guitar World.
  62. Crain 2009, p. 116.
  63. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 115.
  64. Bienstock, Richard (June 21, 2017). "The 100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time: Pantera, 'Far Beyond Driven' (1994)". Rolling Stone.
  65. Grow, Kory (March 27, 2014). "Pantera Look Back at 20 Years of 'Far Beyond Driven'". Rolling Stone.
  66. Crain 2009, p. 117.
  67. Hartmann, Graham (March 25, 2014). "Philip Anselmo Talks Vulnerability on Pantera's 'I'm Broken'". Loudwire.
  68. 1 2 Wiederhorn, Jon (May 7, 2017). "22 Years Ago: Pantera Release 'The Great Southern Trendkill'". Loudwire.
  69. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 146.
  70. Brown, Rex. Official Truth, 101 Proof: The Inside Story of Pantera. Hachette. p. 111. ISBN   9780306821387.
  71. Childers, Chad (August 12, 2016). "Pantera's 'The Great Southern Trendkill' Gets 20th Anniversary Edition". Loudwire.
  72. 1 2 3 4 Crain 2009, p. 147.
  73. Snow, Shauna (July 19, 1996). "Back From the Brink". Los Angeles Times.
  74. 1 2 3 Crain 2009, p. 148.
  75. Crain 2009, p. 171.
  76. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 172.
  77. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 176.
  78. Crain 2009, p. 185.
  79. Crain 2009, p. 186.
  80. Crain 2009, p. 187.
  81. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 188.
  82. Crain 2009, p. 195.
  83. Crain 2009, p. 197.
  84. Crain 2009, p. 200.
  85. Crain 2009, p. 203.
  86. Crain 2009, p. 204.
  87. Crain 2009, p. 220.
  88. Crain 2009, p. 233.
  89. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 210.
  90. Crain 2009, p. 164.
  91. Staff writer(s) (February 24, 2006). "Pantera/Coe Album Unearthed For May Release". Billboard.
  92. Crain 2009, p. 165.
  93. Crain 2009, p. 166.
  94. Frye, Megan. "Rebel Meets Rebel". AllMusic.
  95. 1 2 Wiederhorn, Jon (June 26, 2018). "Pantera's 'Vulgar Display of Power': The Epic Story Behind a Hostile Masterpiece". Revolver.
  96. Epstein, Dan (December 8, 2014). "Rob Halford on His Close Friendship With 'Dimebag' Darrell: 'I've Got Wonderful Memories'". Billboard.
  97. Greenberg, Adam. "Supercop - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic.
  98. 1 2 3 4 Gulla 2009, p. 7.
  99. Crain 2009, p. 263.
  100. Crain 2009, p. 162.
  101. Daniels 2013, p. 167.
  102. Staff writer(s) (December 6, 2006). "Zaginione Country Dimebaga". Wprost (in Polish).
  103. Staff writer(s) (July 23, 2018). "Heavy Metal Monday: Dimebag Darrell, THE HITZ". Rhino Entertainment.
  104. Crain, Zac (March 2005). "A Raucous Farewell to the Cowboy From Hell". Spin. Vol. 21 no. 3. SPIN Media LLC. pp. 20–21.
  105. Bergeron, Jennifer (December 7, 2014). "Dimebag Darrell Buried With One of Rock's Most Iconic Guitars". Guitar Player.
  106. Helman, Peter (June 28, 2018). "Pantera's Vinnie Paul Will Be Buried In A Free KISS Casket Like His Brother Dimebag Darrell". Stereogum.
  107. Sharp, Tyler (June 28, 2018). "Report: Vinnie Paul to Be Buried in KISS Casket". Loudwire.
  108. 1 2 3 4 Gulla 2009, p. 8.
  109. 1 2 3 4 Tolinski, Brad (November 1, 2011). "Dimebag Darrell Discusses His Roots, Gear and Pantera in 1994 Guitar World Interview". Guitar World.
  110. Kitts, Jeff (December 8, 2009). "Dimebag Darrell: Rock Soldiers". Guitar World.
  111. 1 2 Kitts, Jeff (August 20, 2015). "Pantera's Dimebag Darrell Chooses His 12 Favorite Songs in 1993 Guitar World Interview". Guitar World.
  112. 1 2 3 Marano, Scott (August 16, 2018). "10 Commandments of Playing Guitar in the Style of Pantera's Dimebag Darrell, Part 1". Guitar World.
  113. 1 2 3 4 5 Marano, Scott (August 16, 2018). "10 Commandments of Playing Guitar in the Style of Dimebag Darrell, Part 2". Guitar World.
  114. Staff writer(s) (October 30, 2008). "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: 51-100". Guitar World.
  115. Staff writer(s) (October 28, 2008). "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: No. 35 "Cemetery Gates" (Dimebag Darrell)". Guitar World.
  116. Staff writer(s) (December 8, 2013). "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: No. 19 "Floods" (Dimebag Darrell)". Guitar World.
  117. Staff writer(s) (January 29, 2009). "50 Greatest Guitar Solos". Guitar World.
  118. Kies, Chris (August 20, 2008). "Dimebag's Dean of Destiny, Part 1". Premier Guitar.
  119. Crain 2009, p. 57.
  120. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 58.
  121. Kies, Chris (August 20, 2008). "Dimebag's Dean of Destiny, Part 2". Premier Guitar.
  122. Kies, Chris (August 20, 2008). "Dimebag's Dean of Destiny, Part 3". Premier Guitar.
  123. Crain 2009, p. 59.
  124. Crain 2009, p. 152.
  125. Rubin, Dave (2017). 100 Great Guitarists and the Gear That Made Them Famous. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 86–87. ISBN   9781540019363.
  126. Crain 2009, p. 222.
  127. Cronan, Carl (December 10, 2004). "Despite shooting, Dean Guitars to proceed with 'Dimebag' model". Tampa Bay Business Journal.
  128. Williams, Stuart (December 4, 2014). "A complete guide to Dimebag Darrell signature gear". MusicRadar.
  129. Ham, Robert (December 4, 2018). "Dimebag Darrell estate and Dean Guitars win lawsuit over "Dean From Hell" guitar". Consequence of Sound.
  130. Blackett, Matt (October 2004). "The 50 Greatest Tones of All Time". Guitar Player. 38 (10): 44–66.
  131. Blackett, Matt (April 2, 2015). "50 Kings of Tone: The Secrets Behind Their Sounds". Guitar Player.
  132. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 225.
  133. Thrush, Glenn (December 8, 2009). "Dimebag Darrell: Home of Deranged". Guitar World.
  134. Sharken, Lisa (February 9, 2007). "Dimebag Darrell: Reinventing the Steel with the SH-13 Dimebucker". Seymour Duncan.
  135. Crain 2009, p. 226.
  136. Crain 2009, p. 41.
  137. Crain 2009, p. 42.
  138. 1 2 Crain 2009, p. 125.
  139. Crain 2009, p. 124.
  140. Korosec, Thomas (December 10, 2004). "Pantera fans pay their respects to slain rocker". Houston Chronicle.
  141. Crain 2009, p. 160.
  142. 1 2 3 Langer, Andy (May 2000). "Bare Assets". Texas Monthly.
  143. Crain 2009, p. 161.
  144. Crain 2009, p. 163.
  145. Carlton, Brendon (December 25, 2013). "The Dallas Stars and the Mystery Dent in the Stanley Cup". Hooked on Hockey.
  146. 1 2 Christopher, Michael (June 25, 2018). "That Time Vinnie Paul Dented the Stanley Cup". Loudwire.
  147. Coyle, Doc (April 10, 2015). "20 Most Influential Metal Guitarists Of The Modern Era". VH1.
  148. Erickson, Anne (September 30, 2015). "Top 10 Metal Guitarists of All Time". Gibson.
  149. Doyle, Patrick (2011). "100 Greatest Guitarists: Dimebag Darrell". Rolling Stone.
  150. Staff writer(s) (September 29, 2018). "The 50 Greatest Guitarists Of All Time". Louder.
  151. Humphries, Jamie (June 28, 2014). "Electric Etudes: "Dimebag" Darrell". Premier Guitar.
  152. Staff writer(s) (October 10, 2012). "Readers Poll Results: The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Guitar World.
  153. Kaufman, Spencer (August 13, 2013). "'Dimebag' Darrell Abbott Declared Greatest Metal Guitarist". Loudwire.
  154. Childers, Chad (December 3, 2014). "Remembering Dimebag Darrell: Korn's Jonathan Davis". Loudwire.
  155. Hartmann, Graham (November 24, 2014). "Remembering Dimebag Darrell: Slash Praises Dime's Abilities". Loudwire.
  156. Childers, Chad (December 7, 2014). "Remembering Dimebag Darrell: Soulfly's Max Cavalera". Loudwire.
  157. Staff writer(s) (April 23, 2007). "Dimebag Darrell Gets Rockwalk Induction". Guitar World.
  158. Staff writer(s) (May 18, 2007). "Ace Frehley Attends Dimebag Darrell's RockWalk induction". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles.

Sources