Dinan

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Dinan
Chateau Dinan2.jpg
Blason ville fr Dinan (Cotes-d'Armor).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Dinan
Dinan
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Dinan
Bretagne region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dinan
Coordinates: 48°27′23″N2°02′56″W / 48.4564°N 2.0489°W / 48.4564; -2.0489 Coordinates: 48°27′23″N2°02′56″W / 48.4564°N 2.0489°W / 48.4564; -2.0489
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Côtes-d'Armor
Arrondissement Dinan
Canton Dinan
Intercommunality Dinan
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Didier Lechien
Area
1
8.71 km2 (3.36 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
14,281
  Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22050 /22100
Elevation7–92 m (23–302 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
View of the Port of Dinan and the Rance river from the Promenade of Duchesse Anne at the Jardin Anglais (English Garden) Dinan desde las murallas.jpg
View of the Port of Dinan and the Rance river from the Promenade of Duchesse Anne at the Jardin Anglais (English Garden)

Dinan (French pronunciation:  [dinɑ̃] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Breton:  [ˈdinãn] ) is a walled Breton town and a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in northwestern France. On 1 January 2018, the former commune of Léhon was merged into Dinan. [2]

Contents

Geography

On the banks of the Rance River Dinan on the banks of the Rance.jpg
On the banks of the Rance River

Its geographical setting is exceptional. Instead of nestling on the valley floor like Morlaix, most urban development has been on the hillside, overlooking the river Rance. The area alongside the River Rance is known as the port of Dinan and is connected to the town by the steep streets Rue Jerzual and its continuation outside the walls the Rue de Petit Fort. This river has moderate turbidity and its brownish water is somewhat low in velocity due to the slight gradient of the watercourse; pH levels have been measured at 8.13 [3] within the city of Dinan and electrical conductivity of the waters have tested at 33 micro-siemens per centimetre. In the centre of Dinan the Rance summer flows are typically in the range of 500 cubic feet per second (14 m3/s).

For many years, the bridge over the River Rance at Dinan was the most northerly crossing point on the river, but the tidal power station at the mouth of the estuary, constructed in the 1960s downstream from Dinan, incorporates a 750-metre long tidal barrage which doubles as a crossing point nearer to the sea.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17936,393    
18006,406+0.2%
18067,188+12.2%
18217,175−0.2%
18318,044+12.1%
18367,356−8.6%
18417,533+2.4%
18468,159+8.3%
18517,732−5.2%
18568,238+6.5%
18618,089−1.8%
18668,510+5.2%
18727,698−9.5%
18768,180+6.3%
18819,964+21.8%
188610,105+1.4%
189110,444+3.4%
189610,620+1.7%
190110,534−0.8%
190611,078+5.2%
191111,410+3.0%
192110,161−10.9%
192610,002−1.6%
193110,633+6.3%
193611,822+11.2%
194612,737+7.7%
195413,844+8.7%
196212,847−7.2%
196813,137+2.3%
197513,429+2.2%
198212,267−8.7%
199011,591−5.5%
199910,907−5.9%
200810,342−5.2%

Inhabitants of Dinan are called dinannais and dinannaises.

Attractions

Basilica of St Saviour Dinan Saint-Sauveur vue des remparts.jpg
Basilica of St Saviour
HIC MILITES WILLELMI DUCIS PUGNANT CONTRA DINANTES ("Here the knights of Duke William fight against the men of Dinan"). Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry, c.1066, showing the early castle of Dinan BayeuxTapestryScene19.jpg
HIC MILITES WILLELMI DUCIS PUGNANT CONTRA DINANTES ("Here the knights of Duke William fight against the men of Dinan"). Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry, c.1066, showing the early castle of Dinan
ET CUNAN CLAVES PORREXIT ("and Conan passed out the keys"). Successive scene BayeuxTapestryScene20.jpg
ET CUNAN CLAVES PORREXIT ("and Conan passed out the keys"). Successive scene

The medieval town on the hilltop has many fine old buildings, some of which date from the 13th century. The town retains a large section of the city walls, part of which can be walked round.

Major historical attractions include the Jacobins Theatre dating from 1224, the flamboyant Gothic St Malo's Church, the Romanesque St Saviour's Basilica, Duchess Anne's Tower and the Château de Dinan.

A major highlight in the calendar is Dinan's Fête des Remparts. The town is transformed with decoration and many locals dress up in medieval garb for this two-day festival. The festival takes place over the third weekend in July every even-numbered year.

Breton language

In 2008, 4.97% of primary school children attended bilingual schools. [4]

Personalities

Prominent people born in Dinan include:

Other people associated with Dinan include:


Dinan Port on the Rance River Dinan Port on Rance River.jpg
Dinan Port on the Rance River
Panorama from the belvedere of the Jardin Anglais (English garden) Bretagne Armor Dinan2 tango7174.jpg
Panorama from the belvedere of the Jardin Anglais (English garden)

International relations

Dinan is twinned with:

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Arrêté préfectoral 30 September 2017 (in French)
  3. Hogan, C. Michael, Water quality of freshwater bodies in France, Lumina Press, Aberdeen, Scotland(2006)
  4. (in French)Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue