Dino De Laurentiis

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Dino De Laurentiis
Dino de laurentiis crop.jpg
De Laurentiis in 2009
Born
Agostino De Laurentiis

(1919-08-08)8 August 1919
Died10 November 2010(2010-11-10) (aged 91)
Resting placeCimitero Comunale Torre Annunziata
Occupation film producer
Years active1938–2010
Spouse(s)
Silvana Mangano
(m. 1949;div. 1988)

Martha Schumacher (m. 1990)
Children6, including Veronica De Laurentiis and Raffaella De Laurentiis
Relatives Luigi De Laurentiis (brother)
Aurelio De Laurentiis (nephew)
Giada De Laurentiis (granddaughter)

Agostino "Dino" De Laurentiis (Italian:  [ˈdiːno de lauˈrɛnti.is] ; 8 August 1919 – 10 November 2010) was an Italian-American film producer. Along with Carlo Ponti, he was one of the producers who brought Italian cinema to the international scene at the end of World War II. He produced or co-produced more than 500 films, of which 38 were nominated for Academy Awards. He also had a brief acting career in the late 1930s and early 1940s.

A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working independently, producers plan and coordinate various aspects of film production, such as selecting the script; coordinating writing, directing, and editing; and arranging financing.

Carlo Ponti Italian film producer

Carlo Fortunato Pietro Ponti Sr. was an Italian film producer with more than 140 productions to his credit. He was the husband of international film star Sophia Loren.

Academy Awards American awards given annually for excellence in cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was originally sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.

Contents

Early life

De Laurentiis was born at Torre Annunziata in the province of Naples, and grew up selling spaghetti made by his father's pasta factory. He started his studies at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in Rome in the years 1937–1938 then interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. [1]

Torre Annunziata Comune in Campania, Italy

Torre Annunziata is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, region of Campania in Italy. It is located on the Gulf of Naples at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius.

Province of Naples Province in Campania, Italy

The Province of Naples was a province in the Campania region of southern Italy; since January 2015 has been replaced by the Metropolitan City of Naples.

Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia Italian school for teaching, research and experimentation in the field of cinematography

The Centro sperimentale di cinematografia was established in 1935 in Italy and aims to promote the art and technique of cinematography and film.

Career

Film production

Following his first movie, L'ultimo Combattimento (1940), Laurentiis produced nearly 150 films during the next seven decades. In 1946 his company, the Dino de Laurentiis Cinematografica, moved into production. In the early years, De Laurentiis produced Italian neorealist films such as Bitter Rice (1949) and the Fellini classics La Strada (1954) and Nights of Cabiria (1956), often in collaboration with producer Carlo Ponti. In the 1960s, Laurentiis built his own studio facilities, although these financially collapsed during the 1970s. During this period, though, De Laurentiis produced such films as Barabbas (1961), a Christian religious epic; The Bible: In the Beginning (1966), Kiss the Girls and Make Them Die , an imitation James Bond film; Navajo Joe (1966), a spaghetti western; Anzio (1968), a World War II film; Barbarella (1968) and Danger: Diabolik (1968), both successful comic book adaptations; and The Valachi Papers (1972), made to coincide with the popularity of The Godfather .[ citation needed ]

Dino de Laurentiis Cinematografica, or the Dino de Laurentiis Entertainment Group, is an Italian film-production company.

Italian neorealism National film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class

Italian neorealism, also known as the Golden Age, is a national film movement characterized by stories set amongst the poor and the working class, filmed on location, frequently using non-professional actors. Italian neorealism films mostly contend with the difficult economic and moral conditions of post-World War II Italy, representing changes in the Italian psyche and conditions of everyday life, including poverty, oppression, injustice, and desperation.

<i>Bitter Rice</i> 1949 film by Giuseppe De Santis

Bitter Rice is a 1949 Italian film made by Lux Film, written and directed by Giuseppe De Santis. Produced by Dino De Laurentiis, starring Silvana Mangano, Raf Vallone, Doris Dowling and Vittorio Gassman, Bitter Rice was a commercial success in Europe and the United States. It was a product of the Italian neorealism style. The Italian title of the film is based on a pun; since the Italian word riso can mean either "rice" or "laughter", riso amaro can be taken to mean either "bitter laughter" or "bitter rice".

De Laurentiis relocated to the US in 1976, [2] and became an American citizen in 1986. [3] In the 1980s he had his own studio, De Laurentiis Entertainment Group (DEG), based in Wilmington, North Carolina. The building of the studio made Wilmington a center of film and television production. [4]

De Laurentiis Entertainment Group (DEG) was an entertainment production company and distribution unit founded by Italian producer Dino De Laurentiis. The company is notable for producing Manhunter, Blue Velvet, the horror films Near Dark and Evil Dead II, King Kong Lives, and Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, as well as distributing The Transformers: The Movie.

Wilmington, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.

De Laurentiis made a number of successful and acclaimed films, including The Scientific Cardplayer (1972), Serpico (1973), Death Wish (1974), Mandingo (1975), Three Days of the Condor (1975), The Shootist (1976), Drum (1976), Ingmar Bergman's The Serpent's Egg (1977), Ragtime (1981), Conan the Barbarian (1982), Blue Velvet (1986) and Breakdown (1997). De Laurentiis' name became well known through the 1976 King Kong remake, which was a commercial hit; Lipstick (1976), a rape and revenge drama; Orca (1977), a killer whale film; The White Buffalo (1977), a western; the disaster movie Hurricane (1979); the remake of Flash Gordon (1980); David Lynch's Dune (1984); and King Kong Lives (1986). De Laurentiis also made several adaptations of Stephen King's works, including The Dead Zone (1983), Cat's Eye (1985), Silver Bullet (1985), and Maximum Overdrive (1986). De Laurentiis's company was involved with the horror sequels Halloween II (1981), Evil Dead II (1987) and Army of Darkness (1992).

<i>The Scientific Cardplayer</i> 1972 film by Luigi Comencini

The Scientific Cardplayer is the English language title of a 1972 Italian comedy-drama film directed by Luigi Comencini. The screenplay was written by Rodolfo Sonego.

<i>Serpico</i> 1973 American crime drama film directed by Sidney Lumet

Serpico is a 1973 American neo-noir biographical crime film directed by Sidney Lumet, and starring Al Pacino. Waldo Salt and Norman Wexler wrote the screenplay, adapting Peter Maas's biography of NYPD officer Frank Serpico, who went undercover to expose corruption in the police force. Both Maas's book and the film cover 12 years, 1960 to 1972.

<i>Death Wish</i> (1974 film) 1974 film by Michael Winner

Death Wish is a 1974 American vigilante action film, loosely based on the 1972 novel of the same title by Brian Garfield. The film was directed by Michael Winner and stars Charles Bronson as Paul Kersey, an architect who becomes a vigilante after his wife is murdered and his daughter sexually assaulted during a home invasion. It was the first of the Death Wish film franchise.

De Laurentiis also produced the first Hannibal Lecter film, Manhunter (1986), an adaptation of the Thomas Harris novel Red Dragon . He passed on adapting the novels' sequel, The Silence of the Lambs (1991),[ citation needed ] but produced the two follow-ups, Hannibal (2001) and Red Dragon (2002), a re-adaptation of the novel. He also produced the prequel Hannibal Rising (2007), which tells the story of how Hannibal becomes a serial killer.

Hannibal Lecter fictional character

Dr. Hannibal Lecter is the main character in a series of suspense novels by Thomas Harris. A respected Baltimore socialite and renowned forensic psychiatrist, who moonlights as a cunning, highly-intelligent, cannibalistic and psychopathic serial killer, Lecter, also known as the "Chesapeake Ripper", is a central character in the novels featuring him. He is incarcerated by the authorities and consulted by the FBI to assist them in finding other similar serial killers within the United States.

<i>Manhunter</i> (film) 1986 film by Michael Mann

Manhunter is a 1986 American psychological crime horror thriller film based on the novel Red Dragon by Thomas Harris. Written and directed by Michael Mann, it stars William Petersen as FBI profiler Will Graham. Also featured are Tom Noonan as serial killer Francis Dollarhyde, Dennis Farina as Graham's FBI superior Jack Crawford, and Brian Cox as incarcerated killer Hannibal Lecktor. The film focuses on Graham coming out of retirement to lend his talents to an investigation on Dollarhyde, a killer known as the "Tooth Fairy". In doing so, he must confront the demons of his past and meet with Lecktor, who nearly counted Graham amongst his victims.

William Thomas Harris III is an American writer, best known for a series of suspense novels about his most famous character, Hannibal Lecter. The majority of his works have been made into films, the most notable being The Silence of the Lambs, which became only the third film in Academy Awards history to sweep the Oscars in major categories.

DDL Foodshow

In the 1980s, de Laurentiis owned and operated DDL Foodshow, a specialty retailer with two gourmet Italian markets in New York City and Los Angeles. [5]

Family

His brief first marriage in Italy was annulled. [6] In 1949, De Laurentiis married actress Silvana Mangano, with whom he had four children: Veronica; Raffaella, who is also a film producer; Federico, another producer who died in a plane crash in 1981 (Dino's movie Dune is dedicated to him); and Francesca. De Laurentiis and Mangano divorced in 1988; [7] she died in 1989. In 1990, he married Martha Schumacher, who produced many of his films since 1985, and with whom he had two daughters, Carolyna and Dina. One of his grandchildren is Giada De Laurentiis, host of Everyday Italian , Behind the Bash , Giada at Home, and Giada's Weekend Getaways on Food Network. He was the younger brother of Luigi De Laurentiis, who became a film producer after Dino did, and uncle of Aurelio De Laurentiis, also a producer and the chairman of S.S.C. Napoli football club.

Awards and recognitions

In 1958, he won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film for producing La Strada , back when producers and directors would win the award instead of the country it was made in.

In 2001, he received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[ citation needed ]

In 2012, he received the America Award of the Italy-USA Foundation (in memory).[ citation needed ]

Death

De Laurentiis died on 10 November 2010 at his residence in Beverly Hills at the age of 91. [8] [9] [10] [11]

Selected filmography

Films produced

YearTitleDirector
1946 Black Eagle Riccardo Freda
The Bandit Alberto Lattuada
1947 The Captain's Daughter Mario Camerini
Bullet for Stefano Duilio Coletti
1948 Bitter Rice Giuseppe De Santis
The Street Has Many Dreams Mario Camerini
1949 The Wolf of the Sila Duilio Coletti
1951 Anna Alberto Lattuada
1952 Europe '51 Roberto Rossellini
Toto in Color Steno
1953 Funniest Show on Earth Mario Mattoli
The Unfaithfuls Mario Monicelli
Man, Beast and Virtue Steno
1954 La Strada Federico Fellini
Attila Pietro Francisci
Woman of Rome Luigi Zampa
The Gold of Naples Vittorio De Sica
Poverty and Nobility Mario Mattoli
Where Is Freedom? Roberto Rossellini
A Slice of Life Alessandro Blasetti, Paul Paviot
An American in Rome Steno
1955 Ulysses Mario Camerini
The River Girl Mario Soldati
Mambo Robert Rossen
The Miller's Beautiful Wife Mario Camerini
1956 War and Peace King Vidor
Nights of Cabiria Federico Fellini
1958 This Angry Age René Clément
Tempest Alberto Lattuada
1959 The Great War Mario Monicelli
1960 Everybody Go Home Luigi Comencini
Five Branded Women Martin Ritt
Under Ten Flags Duilio Coletti
Crimen Mario Camerini
The Hunchback of Rome Carlo Lizzani
1961 The Last Judgment Vittorio De Sica
A Difficult Life Dino Risi
The Fascist Luciano Salce
The Best of Enemies Guy Hamilton
Black City Duilio Coletti
1962 Mafioso Alberto Lattuada
The Italian Brigands Mario Camerini
1963 Il Boom Vittorio De Sica
The Verona Trial Carlo Lizzani
1965 Battle of the Bulge Ken Annakin
1966 The Bible: In the Beginning John Huston
Kiss the Girls and Make Them Die Henry Levin
1967 The Stranger Luchino Visconti
Matchless Alberto Lattuada
1968 Danger: Diabolik Mario Bava
Barbarella Roger Vadim
Anzio Edward Dmytryk, Duilio Coletti
Bandits in Milan Carlo Lizzani
1969 Fräulein Doktor Alberto Lattuada
Brief Season Renato Castellani
The Bandit Carlo Lizzani
1970 A Man Called Sledge Vic Morrow
Waterloo Sergei Bondarchuk
The Deserter Burt Kennedy
1972 The Valachi Papers Terence Young
The Assassin of Rome Damiano Damiani
The Most Wonderful Evening of My Life Ettore Scola
1973 Serpico Sidney Lumet
Chino John Sturges
Mean Frank and Crazy Tony Michele Lupo
1974 Death Wish Michael Winner
Two Missionaries Franco Rossi
Crazy Joe Carlo Lizzani
Three Tough Guys Duccio Tessari
1975 Mandingo Richard Fleischer
1976 King Kong John Guillermin
Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson Robert Altman
Drum Steve Carver
The Serpent's Egg Ingmar Bergman
The Shootist Don Siegel
1977 Orca Michael Anderson
1978 The Brink's Job William Friedkin
King of the Gypsies Frank Pierson
1979 Hurricane Jan Troell
1980 Flash Gordon Mike Hodges
1981 Halloween II Rick Rosenthal
Ragtime Miloš Forman
1982 Fighting Back Lewis Teague
Conan the Barbarian John Milius
Amityville II: The Possession Damiano Damiani
1983 Amityville 3-D Richard Fleischer
Halloween III: Season of the Witch Tommy Lee Wallace
Dead Zone David Cronenberg
1984 The Bounty Roger Donaldson
Firestarter Mark L. Lester
Conan the Destroyer Richard Fleischer
Dune David Lynch
1985 Maximum Overdrive Stephen King
Marie Roger Donaldson
Silver Bullet Daniel Attias
Cat's Eye Lewis Teague
Year of the Dragon Michael Cimino
Red Sonja Richard Fleischer
1986 Crimes of the Heart Bruce Beresford
Raw Deal John Irvin
Blue Velvet David Lynch
Trick or Treat Charles Martin Smith
Tai-Pan Daryl Duke
Manhunter Michael Mann
King Kong Lives John Guillermin
1987 Million Dollar Mystery Richard Fleischer
Hiding Out Bob Giraldi
Evil Dead II Sam Raimi
The Bedroom Window Curtis Hanson
1989 Collision Course Lewis Teague
From the Hip Bob Clark
1990 Sometimes They Come Back Tom McLoughlin
Desperate Hours Michael Cimino
1992 Once Upon a Crime Eugene Levy
Kuffs Bruce A. Evans
Army of Darkness Sam Raimi
1993 Body of Evidence Uli Edel
1995 Solomon & Sheba Robert Young
Slave of Dreams Robert Young
Rumpelstiltskin Mark Jones (I)
Assassins Richard Donner
1996 Unforgettable John Dahl
Bound The Wachowskis
1997 Breakdown Jonathan Mostow
2000 U-571 Jonathan Mostow
2001 Hannibal Ridley Scott
2002 Red Dragon Brett Ratner
2006 The Last Legion Doug Lefler
2007 Hannibal Rising Peter Webber
Virgin Territory David Leland

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References

  1. "Dino De Laurentiis". Telegraph.co.uk . 11 November 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  2. Lane, John Francis (11 November 2010). "Obituary: Dino De Laurentiis". The Guardian . Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  3. Delugach, Al (20 February 1988). "De Laurentiis Resigns From Film Group". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  4. "Laurentiis has others looking our way". Wilmington Morning Star . 9 July 1984. p. 1C. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  5. Kalogerakis, George (February 2002). "Let's Do Lunch". Foodandwine.com. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  6. Arnold, Laurence (11 November 2010). "Dino De Laurentiis, Producer of Film Spectacles, Dies at 91". Business Week . Archived from the original on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  7. Reuters (11 November 2010). "Italian film producer Dino De Laurentiis dies". The Globe and Mail . Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  8. "Filmmaker Dino De Laurentiis Dies at Age 91". USA Today . 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  9. "Movie Producer Dino de Laurentiis dies". CNN. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  10. Mondello, Bob (11 November 2010). "Dino De Laurentiis: For Decades, A Big-Picture Guy". NPR . Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  11. "Funeral services for De Laurentiis will be held Monday". Los Angeles Times . Los Angeles: Tribune Co. 13 November 2010. ISSN   0458-3035 . Retrieved 9 January 2015.