Discus throw

Last updated
Athletics
Discus throw
Robert Harting (2008).jpg
German 2012 Olympic champion Robert Harting.
World records
MenFlag of East Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GDR) 74.08 m (243 ft 12 in) (1986)
WomenFlag of East Germany.svg  Gabriele Reinsch  (GDR) 76.80 m (251 ft 11 in) (1988)
Olympic records
MenFlag of Lithuania.svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU) 69.89 m (229 ft 3 in) (2004)
WomenFlag of East Germany.svg  Martina Hellmann  (GDR) 72.30 m (237 ft 2 in) (1988)

The discus throw ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation ), also known as disc throw, is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than their competitors. It is an ancient sport, as demonstrated by the fifth-century-BC Myron statue Discobolus . Although not part of the modern pentathlon, it was one of the events of the ancient Greek pentathlon, which can be dated back to at least to 708 BC, [1] and it is part of the modern decathlon.

Contents

History

Modern copy of the Diskophoros, attributed to Alkamenes Diskuskastare Gbg - Alkamenes.jpg
Modern copy of the Diskophoros, attributed to Alkamenes

The sport of throwing the discus traces back to it being an event in the original Olympic Games of Ancient Greece. [2] The discus as a sport was resurrected in Magdeburg, Germany, by Christian Georg Kohlrausch and his students in the 1870s. [3] Organized Men's competition was resumed in the late 19th century, and has been a part of the modern Summer Olympic Games since the first modern competition, the 1896 Summer Olympics. Images of discus throwers figured prominently in advertising for early modern Games, such as fundraising stamps for the 1896 games, the main posters for the 1920 and 1948 Summer Olympics. Today the sport of discus is a routine part of modern track-and-field meets at all levels, and retains a particularly iconic place in the Olympic Games.

The main poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics 1920 olympics poster.jpg
The main poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics

The first modern athlete to throw the discus while rotating the whole body was František Janda-Suk from Bohemia (the present Czech Republic). [4] He invented this technique when studying the position of the famous statue of Discobolus. After only one year of developing the technique he earned a silver medal in the 1900 Olympics.

Women's competition began in the first decades of the 20th century. Following competition at national and regional levels it was added to the Olympic program for the 1928 games.

Regulations

The event consists of throwing a disc of a certain weight or size depending on the competitor. Men and women throw different sized discus with varying sizes of weights depending on age. The weight of the discus is either governed by the World Athletics for international or USA Track & Field for the United States.

US Weights [5]
AgeMenWomen
High School1.6 kg1 kg
Collegiate2 kg1 kg
Professional2 kg1 kg
Master's (35-59)1.5 kg1 kg
Master's (60-74)1 kg1 kg
Master's (75+)1 kg0.75 kg
International Weights [6]
AgeMenWomen
≤171.5 kg1 kg
18-191.75 kg1 kg
20-492 kg1 kg
50-591.5 kg1 kg
60-741 kg1 kg
75+1 kg0.75 kg
Discus (2 kg), IAAF certified for competitions Sport discus for men (2 kg) IAAF approved.jpg
Discus (2 kg), IAAF certified for competitions
Side view Sport discus for men (2 kg) IAAF approved, side view.jpg
Side view

The typical discus has sides made of plastic, wood, fiberglass, carbon fiber or metal with a metal rim and a metal core to attain the weight. The rim must be smooth, with no roughness or finger holds. A discus with more weight in the rim produces greater angular momentum for any given spin rate, and thus more stability, although it is more difficult to throw. However, a higher rim weight, if thrown correctly, can lead to a farther throw. In some competitions, a solid rubber discus is used (see in the United States).

To make a throw, the competitor starts in a circle of 2.5 m (8 ft 2+14 in) diameter, which is recessed in a concrete pad by 20 millimetres (0.79 in). The thrower typically takes an initial stance facing away from the direction of the throw. He then spins anticlockwise (for right-handers) around one and a half times through the circle to build momentum, then releases his throw. The discus must land within a 34.92-degree sector. [7] The rules of competition for discus are virtually identical to those of shot put, except that the circle is larger, a stop board is not used and there are no form rules concerning how the discus is to be thrown.

The basic motion is a fore-handed sidearm movement. The discus is spun off the index finger or the middle finger of the throwing hand. In flight the disc spins clockwise when viewed from above for a right-handed thrower, and anticlockwise for a left-handed thrower. As well as achieving maximum momentum in the discus on throwing, the discus' distance is also determined by the trajectory the thrower imparts, as well as the aerodynamic behavior of the discus. Generally, throws into a moderate headwind achieve the maximum distance. Also, a faster-spinning discus imparts greater gyroscopic stability. The technique of discus throwing is quite difficult to master and needs much experience to perfect, thus most top throwers are 30 years old or more.

Discus-thrower, tondo of a kylix by the Kleomelos Painter, Louvre Museum Discobolus Kleomelos Louvre G111.jpg
Discus-thrower, tondo of a kylix by the Kleomelos Painter, Louvre Museum
Modern copy of Myron's Discobolus in University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden, Denmark Discus Thrower Copenhagen.jpg
Modern copy of Myron's Discobolus in University of Copenhagen Botanical Garden, Denmark

Phases

The discus technique can be broken down into phases. The purpose is to transfer from the back to the front of the throwing circle while turning through one and a half circles. The speed of delivery is high, and speed is built up during the throw (slow to fast). Correct technique involves the buildup of torque so that maximum force can be applied to the discus on delivery. [8]

World and European champion Rutger Smith in phases of the discus throw DiscusRutgerSmith6551.jpg
World and European champion Rutger Smith in phases of the discus throw

Initially, the thrower takes up their position in the throwing circle, distributing their body weight evenly over both feet, which are roughly shoulder width apart. They crouch in order to adopt a more efficient posture to start from whilst also isometrically preloading their muscles; this will allow them to start faster and achieve a more powerful throw. They then begin the wind-up, which sets the tone for the entire throw; the rhythm of the wind-up and throw is very important.

Focusing on rhythm can bring about the consistency to get in the right positions that many throwers lack. Executing a sound discus throw with solid technique requires perfect balance. This is due to the throw being a linear movement combined with a one and a half rotation and an implement at the end of one arm. Thus, a good discus thrower needs to maintain balance within the circle. [9]

For a right handed thrower, the next stage is to move the weight over the left foot. From this position the right foot is raised, and the athlete 'runs' across the circle. There are various techniques for this stage where the leg swings out to a small or great extent, some athletes turn on their left heel (e.g. Ilke Wylluda [10] ) but turning on the ball of the foot is far more common.

The aim is to land in the 'power position', the right foot should be in the center and the heel should not touch the ground at any point. The left foot should land very quickly after the right. Weight should be mostly over the back foot with as much torque as possible in the body—so the right arm is high and far back. This is very hard to achieve. [11]

The critical stage is the delivery of the discus, from this 'power position' the hips drive through hard, and will be facing the direction of the throw on delivery. Athletes employ various techniques to control the end-point and recover from the throw, such as fixing feet (to pretty much stop dead [10] ), or an active reverse spinning onto the left foot (e.g. Virgilijus Alekna [12] ).

Sports scientist Richard Ganslen researched the Aerodynamics of the Discus, reporting the discus will stall at an angle of 29°. [13]

Culture

Discus commemorative coin 2003 Greece 10 Euro OS Discus front.jpg
Discus commemorative coin

The discus throw has been the subject of a number of well-known ancient Greek statues and Roman copies such as the Discobolus and Discophoros . The discus throw also appears repeatedly in ancient Greek mythology, featured as a means of manslaughter in the cases of Hyacinth, Crocus, Phocus, and Acrisius, and as a named event in the funeral games of Patroclus.

Discus throwers have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Discus commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. On the obverse of the coin a modern athlete is seen in the foreground in a half-turned position, while in the background an ancient discus thrower has been captured in a lively bending motion, with the discus high above his head, creating a vivid representation of the sport.

United States

Under US high school rules, if a discus hits the surrounding safety cage and is deflected into the sector, it is ruled a foul. In contrast, under International, WMA, NCAA and USATF rules, it is ruled a legal throw. Additionally, under US high school rules, distances thrown are rounded down to the nearest whole inch, rather than the nearest centimeter. [14]

US high school rules allow the use of a solid rubber discus; it is cheaper and easier to learn to throw (due to its more equal distribution of weight, as opposed to the heavy rim weight of the metal rim/core discus), but less durable. However, there are a vast variety of metal discuses to choose from. The weight is not always distributed into the rim of metal discuses as there are four categories that the discs are sold in; center weighted, low spin, high spin, and very high spin. Center weighted discs carry 50-60% of their weight in the rims and are intended for beginner throwers just as rubber discs are. [15]

All-time top 25

Men

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
174.08 m (243 ft 12 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GDR)6 June 1986 Neubrandenburg
273.88 m (242 ft 4+12 in)Flag of Lithuania.svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU)3 August 2000 Kaunas
373.38 m (240 ft 8+34 in)Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)4 September 2006 Helsingborg
471.86 m (235 ft 9 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yuriy Dumchev  (URS)29 May 1983 Moscow
Flag of Sweden.svg  Daniel Ståhl  (SWE)29 June 2019 Bottnaryd [18]
671.84 m (235 ft 8+14 in)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Małachowski  (POL)8 June 2013 Hengelo
771.70 m (235 ft 2+34 in)Flag of Hungary.svg  Róbert Fazekas  (HUN)14 July 2002 Szombathely
871.50 m (234 ft 6+34 in)Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)3 May 1997 Wiesbaden
971.32 m (233 ft 11+34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Ben Plucknett  (USA)4 June 1983 Eugene
1071.26 m (233 ft 9+12 in)Flag of the United States.svg  John Powell  (USA)9 June 1984 San Jose
71.26 m (233 ft 9+12 in)Flag of Sweden.svg  Rickard Bruch  (SWE)15 November 1984 Malmö
71.26 m (233 ft 9+12 in)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Imrich Bugár  (TCH)25 May 1985 San Jose
1371.18 m (233 ft 6+14 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Art Burns  (USA)19 July 1983 San Jose
1471.16 m (233 ft 5+12 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Wolfgang Schmidt  (GDR)9 August 1978 Berlin
1571.14 m (233 ft 4+34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Anthony Washington  (USA)22 May 1996 Salinas
1671.06 m (233 ft 1+12 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Luis Delís  (CUB)21 May 1983 Havana
1770.98 m (232 ft 10+14 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Mac Wilkins  (USA)9 July 1980 Helsinki
1870.82 m (232 ft 4 in)Flag of Estonia.svg  Aleksander Tammert  (EST)15 April 2006 Denton
1970.78 m (232 ft 2+12 in)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Fedrick Dacres  (JAM)16 June 2019 Rabat [19]
2070.66 m (231 ft 9+34 in)Flag of Germany.svg  Robert Harting  (GER)22 May 2012 Turnov
2170.54 m (231 ft 5 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Dmitriy Shevchenko  (RUS)7 May 2002 Krasnodar
2270.38 m (230 ft 10+34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Jay Silvester  (USA)16 May 1971 Lancaster
2370.32 m (230 ft 8+12 in)Flag of South Africa.svg  Frantz Kruger  (RSA)26 May 2002 Salon-de-Provence
2470.29 m (230 ft 7+14 in)Flag of Colombia.svg  Mauricio Ortega  (COL)22 July 2020Lovelhe [20]
2570.06 m (229 ft 10+14 in)Flag of Lithuania.svg  Romas Ubartas  (LTU)8 May 1988 Smalininkai

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 71.00 m:

Notable series

At the 2019 Diamond League Meeting in Doha, Qatar, Daniel Ståhl became the first man to produce six throws beyond 69.50 in a single competition. [21]

  • Ben Plucknett also threw a world record of 72.34 on 7 July 1981 in Stockholm, but this performance was annulled due to doping offense.
  • Rickard Bruch also threw 72.18 on 23 July 1974 at an exhibition meeting in Piteå.
  • John Powell also threw 72.08 on 11 September 1987 in Klagshamn, but the throw was made onto a sloping/downhill sector.
  • Kamy Keshmiri threw 70.84 on 27 May 1992 in Salinas, but this performance was annulled due to doping offense.

Images

Women

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
176.80 m (251 ft 11+12 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Gabriele Reinsch  (GDR)9 July 1988 Neubrandenburg
274.56 m (244 ft 7+14 in)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zdeňka Šilhavá  (TCH)26 August 1984 Nitra
74.56 m (244 ft 7+14 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Ilke Wyludda  (GDR)23 July 1989 Neubrandenburg
474.08 m (243 ft 12 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Diana Sachse  (GDR)20 June 1987 Karl-Marx-Stadt
573.84 m (242 ft 3 in)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Daniela Costian  (ROU)30 April 1988 Bucharest
673.36 m (240 ft 8 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Irina Meszynski  (GDR)17 August 1984 Prague
773.28 m (240 ft 5 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Galina Savinkova  (URS)8 September 1984 Donetsk
873.22 m (240 ft 2+12 in)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Tsvetanka Khristova  (BUL)19 April 1987 Kazanlak
973.10 m (239 ft 9+34 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Gisela Beyer  (GDR)20 July 1984 Berlin
1072.92 m (239 ft 2+34 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Martina Hellmann  (GDR)20 August 1987 Potsdam
1172.14 m (236 ft 8 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Galina Murashova  (URS)17 August 1984 Prague
1271.80 m (235 ft 6+34 in)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Mariya Vergova  (BUL)13 July 1980 Sofia
1371.68 m (235 ft 2 in)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Xiao Yanling  (CHN)14 March 1992 Beijing
1471.58 m (234 ft 10 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Ellina Zvereva  (URS)12 June 1988 Leningrad
1571.50 m (234 ft 6+34 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Evelin Jahl  (GDR)10 May 1980 Potsdam
1671.41 m (234 ft 3+14 in)Flag of Croatia.svg  Sandra Perković  (CRO)18 July 2017 Bellinzona [24]
1771.30 m (233 ft 11 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Larisa Korotkevich  (RUS)29 May 1992 Sochi
1871.22 m (233 ft 7+34 in)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Ria Stalman  (NED)15 July 1984 Walnut
1970.88 m (232 ft 6+12 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Hilda Ramos  (CUB)8 May 1992 Havana
2070.80 m (232 ft 3+14 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larisa Mikhalchenko  (URS)18 June 1988 Kharkiv
2170.68 m (231 ft 10+12 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Maritza Martén  (CUB)18 July 1992 Sevilla
2270.65 m (231 ft 9+14 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Denia Caballero  (CUB)20 June 2015 Bilbao [25]
2370.50 m (231 ft 3+12 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Faina Melnik  (URS)24 April 1976 Sochi
2470.34 m (230 ft 9+14 in)Flag of East Germany.svg  Silvia Madetzky  (GDR)16 May 1988 Athens
2570.22 m (230 ft 4+12 in)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Jorinde van Klinken  (NLD)22 May 2021 Tucson [26]

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 72.95 m:

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Robert Garrett
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
Sotirios Versis
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Rudolf Bauer
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
František Janda-Suk
Flag of Bohemia.svg  Bohemia
Richard Sheldon
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Martin Sheridan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Rose
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nikolaos Georgantas
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1908 London
details
Martin Sheridan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Merritt Giffin
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Bill Horr
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Armas Taipale
Flag of Russia.svg  Finland
Richard Byrd
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Duncan
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Elmer Niklander
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Armas Taipale
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Gus Pope
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1924 Paris
details
Bud Houser
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Vilho Niittymaa
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Thomas Lieb
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
Bud Houser
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Antero Kivi
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
James Corson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
John Anderson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Henri LaBorde
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Paul Winter
Flag of France.svg  France
1936 Berlin
details
Ken Carpenter
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Gordon Dunn
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Giorgio Oberweger
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy
1948 London
details
Adolfo Consolini
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Giuseppe Tosi
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Fortune Gordien
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Sim Iness
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Adolfo Consolini
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
James Dillion
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Al Oerter
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Fortune Gordien
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Des Koch
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1960 Rome
details
Al Oerter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Rink Babka
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dick Cochran
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Al Oerter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ludvík Daněk
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Dave Weill
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1968 Mexico City
details
Al Oerter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Lothar Milde
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  East Germany
Ludvík Daněk
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
1972 Munich
details
Ludvík Daněk
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Jay Silvester
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ricky Bruch
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1976 Montreal
details
Mac Wilkins
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Wolfgang Schmidt
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
John Powell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Viktor Rashchupkin
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Imrich Bugár
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Luis Delís
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1984 Los Angeles
details
Rolf Danneberg
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Mac Wilkins
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
John Powell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Jürgen Schult
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Romas Ubartas
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Rolf Danneberg
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Romas Ubartas
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg  Lithuania
Jürgen Schult
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Roberto Moya
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1996 Atlanta
details
Lars Riedel
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Vladimir Dubrovshchik
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
Vasiliy Kaptyukh
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
2000 Sydney
details
Virgilijus Alekna
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg  Lithuania
Lars Riedel
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Frantz Kruger
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
2004 Athens
details
Virgilijus Alekna
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania
Zoltán Kővágó
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Aleksander Tammert
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
2008 Beijing
details
Gerd Kanter
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
Piotr Małachowski
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Virgilijus Alekna
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania
2012 London
details
Robert Harting
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Ehsan Haddadi
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Gerd Kanter
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Christoph Harting
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Piotr Małachowski
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Daniel Jasinski
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Halina Konopacka
Flag of Poland (1919-1928).svg  Poland
Lillian Copeland
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ruth Svedberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1932 Los Angeles
details
Lillian Copeland
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ruth Osburn
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Jadwiga Wajs
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1936 Berlin
details
Gisela Mauermayer
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Jadwiga Wajs
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Paula Mollenhauer
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
1948 London
details
Micheline Ostermeyer
Flag of France.svg  France
Edera Gentile
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Jacqueline Mazéas
Flag of France.svg  France
1952 Helsinki
details
Nina Romashkova
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Yelisaveta Bagriantseva
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Nina Dumbadze
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Olga Fikotová
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Irina Beglyakova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Nina Romashkova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Nina Romashkova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Tamara Press
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Lia Manoliu
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
1964 Tokyo
details
Tamara Press
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Ingrid Lotz
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Lia Manoliu
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
1968 Mexico City
details
Lia Manoliu
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Liesel Westermann
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  West Germany
Jolán Kleiber-Kontsek
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1972 Munich
details
Faina Melnik
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Argentina Menis
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Vasilka Stoeva
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
1976 Montreal
details
Evelin Schlaak
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Mariya Vergova
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Gabriele Hinzmann
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Evelin Jahl
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Mariya Petkova
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Tatyana Lesovaya
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Ria Stalman
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Leslie Deniz
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Florența Crăciunescu
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
1988 Seoul
details
Martina Hellmann
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Diana Gansky
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Tsvetanka Khristova
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
1992 Barcelona
details
Maritza Martén
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Tsvetanka Khristova
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Daniela Costian
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1996 Atlanta
details
Ilke Wyludda
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Natalya Sadova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Ellina Zvereva
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
2000 Sydney
details
Ellina Zvereva
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
Anastasia Kelesidou
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Iryna Yatchenko
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
2004 Athens
details
Natalya Sadova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Anastasia Kelesidou
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [27]
2008 Beijing
details
Stephanie Brown Trafton
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Yarelys Barrios
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Olena Antonova
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2012 London
details
Sandra Perković
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Li Yanfeng
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Yarelys Barrios
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Sandra Perković
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Mélina Robert-Michon
Flag of France.svg  France
Denia Caballero
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Imrich Bugár  (TCH)Flag of Cuba.svg  Luis Delís  (CUB)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Géjza Valent  (TCH)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  John Powell  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Luis Delís  (CUB)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Erik de Bruin  (NED)Flag of Hungary.svg  Attila Horváth  (HUN)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Dmitry Shevchenko  (RUS)Flag of Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GER)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)Flag of Belarus.svg  Vladimir Dubrovshchik  (BLR)Flag of Belarus.svg  Vasiliy Kaptyukh  (BLR)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU)Flag of Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GER)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Anthony Washington  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Jürgen Schult  (GER)Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Lars Riedel  (GER)Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU)Flag of Germany.svg  Michael Möllenbeck  (GER)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU)Flag of Hungary.svg  Róbert Fazekas  (HUN)Flag of Belarus.svg  Vasiliy Kaptyukh  (BLR)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Virgilijus Alekna  (LTU)Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)Flag of Germany.svg  Michael Möllenbeck  (GER)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)Flag of Germany.svg  Robert Harting  (GER)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Rutger Smith  (NED)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Robert Harting  (GER)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Małachowski  (POL)Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Robert Harting  (GER)Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)Flag of Iran.svg  Ehsan Haddadi  (IRI)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Robert Harting  (GER)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Małachowski  (POL)Flag of Estonia.svg  Gerd Kanter  (EST)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Małachowski  (POL)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philip Milanov  (BEL)Flag of Poland.svg  Robert Urbanek  (POL)
2017 London
details
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Andrius Gudžius  (LTU)Flag of Sweden.svg  Daniel Ståhl  (SWE)Flag of the United States.svg  Mason Finley  (USA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Daniel Ståhl  (SWE)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Fedrick Dacres  (JAM)Flag of Austria.svg  Lukas Weißhaidinger  (AUT)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Martina Opitz  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Galina Murašova  (URS)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Mariya Petkova  (BUL)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Martina Hellmann  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Diana Gansky  (GDR)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Tsvetanka Khristova  (BUL)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Tsvetanka Khristova  (BUL)Flag of Germany.svg  Ilke Wyludda  (GER)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larisa Mikhalchenko  (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Chernyavskaya  (RUS)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Daniela Costian  (AUS)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Min Chunfeng  (CHN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Ellina Zvereva  (BLR)Flag of Germany.svg  Ilke Wyludda  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Chernyavskaya  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of New Zealand.svg  Beatrice Faumuina  (NZL)Flag of Belarus.svg  Ellina Zvereva  (BLR)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Sadova  (RUS)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Franka Dietzsch  (GER)Flag of Greece.svg  Anastasia Kelesidou  (GRE)Flag of Romania.svg  Nicoleta Grasu  (ROU)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Ellina Zvereva  (BLR)Flag of Romania.svg  Nicoleta Grasu  (ROU)Flag of Greece.svg  Anastasia Kelesidou  (GRE)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Iryna Yatchenko  (BLR)Flag of Greece.svg  Anastasia Kelesidou  (GRE)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Voggoli  (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Franka Dietzsch  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Sadova  (RUS)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová  (CZE)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Franka Dietzsch  (GER)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarelis Barrios  (CUB)Flag of Romania.svg  Nicoleta Grasu  (ROU)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Dani Samuels  (AUS)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarelis Barrios  (CUB)Flag of Romania.svg  Nicoleta Grasu  (ROU)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Li Yanfeng  (CHN)Flag of Germany.svg  Nadine Müller  (GER)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarelis Barrios  (CUB)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Sandra Perković  (CRO)Flag of France.svg  Mélina Robert-Michon  (FRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarelis Barrios  (CUB)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Denia Caballero  (CUB)Flag of Croatia.svg  Sandra Perković  (CRO)Flag of Germany.svg  Nadine Müller  (GER)
2017 London
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Sandra Perković  (CRO)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Dani Stevens  (AUS)Flag of France.svg  Mélina Robert-Michon  (FRA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yaime Pérez  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Denia Caballero  (CUB)Flag of Croatia.svg  Sandra Perković  (CRO)

Season's bests

See also

Notes and references

  1. "Sports - List of Summer and Winter Olympic Sports". olympic.org. 14 January 2018.
  2. "Discus Throwing | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  3. "History of Discus". www.discusnada.org. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  4. "Discus Throw". site.dev.aws.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  5. "Track and Field Throwing Implement Weight Requirements Rules". www.everythingtrackandfield.com. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  6. "Book of Rules | Official Documents". www.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  7. "The Rules and Regulations Every Discus Thrower Should Be Aware Of". Sports Aspire. 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  8. Rosenbaum, Mike (2018-12-11). "How to Throw a Discus Step-By-Step". LiveAbout. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  9. Cappos, Scott. "Shot Put and Discus Technique and Training". Digital Track and Field.
  10. 1 2 throwhammer (13 September 2010). "wyludda discus throw 1996 olympics" via YouTube.
  11. Power position, about.com
  12. ntujavelin (26 December 2008). "2005 World Championship Men's Discus - 1st Virgilijus Alekna" via YouTube.
  13. http://archive.auvac.org/research/publications/files/2003/niewiadomska.pdf
  14. "NATIONAL FEDERATION HIGH SCHOOL DISCUS RULES" (PDF). GV Track and Field. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  15. https://www.elitethrowscoaching.com/single-post/2018/02/27/How-To-Choose-The-Correct-Discus-Rim-Weight
  16. Discus Throw - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-20.
  17. "All-time men's best Discus Throw". alltime-athletics.com. 21 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  18. "Stahl goes to equal fourth on the world all-time discus list with 71.86m". European Athletics. 29 June 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  19. "Discus Throw Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 16 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  20. Bob Ramsak (24 July 2020). "Dadic impresses in one-hour heptathlon, Ortega smashes South American discus record". World Athletics. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  21. Bob Ramsak (3 May 2019). "Stahl sends discus beyond 70 metres in Doha – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  22. Discus Throw - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-20.
  23. "All-time women's best Discus Throw". alltime-athletics.com. 23 June 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  24. Diego Sampaolo (19 July 2017). "Perkovic throws 71.41m in Bellinzona, world's best discus mark since 1992". IAAF. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  25. "Denia Caballero sets Discus world lead of 70.65, Pichardo debuts in long jump". watchathletics.com. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  26. "Van Klinken astonishes with world discus lead of 70.22m in Tucson". European Athletics. 23 May 2021. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  27. Day 2 of IOC Executive Board meeting in St. Petersburg . Olympic (2013-05-30). Retrieved on 2014-04-19.

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