District-level town (Vietnam)

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Administrative Units
of Vietnam
First-level
Second-level
Third-level
Fourth-level (unofficial)
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Municipalities, Cities, & Towns in Vietnam
Municipalities: red (special class), pink (class 1)
Provincial cities: dark blue (class 1), cyan (class 2), light blue (class 3)
Provincial towns: orange (class 3), yellow (class 4)

District-level town (Vietnamese : Thị xã; Chữ nôm: 市社), commonly known as town, a type of second tier subdivision of Vietnam is divided into 713 units along with urban district, district, and city have equal status. [1] Also by virtue of Decree No. 42/2009/ND-CP, town are officially classified into Class-3 or Class-4. [2]

Contents

The towns may only be a capital of a province, but not of a municipality as the Second Tier unit. At the Third Tier, Town is divided into wards and communes.

District level

In Vietnam, there are other kinds of district-level urban subdivisiona: urban districts (Vietnamese : quận), districts and provincial cities. The urban districts is within urban and only consists of wards, but provincial cities and towns can consist of the wards (within urban) and communes (within suburban). Towns are similar with provincial cities, but towns are smaller than provincial cities in population density. Moreover, municipality can include town (Sơn Tây (Hanoi)), even provincial cities.

The type town is categorized as urban and its residents is classified as urban population, although there may still be a part of residents living in agriculture. Main economical activities in town included industry, services and business.

Upgrade and downgrade

Regularly, a commune-level town or township (Vietnamese : thị trấn) can be upgraded to a district-level town or town (Vietnamese : thị xã), and district-level towns can develop into provincial cities.

But the district-level town can also be downgraded to a district capitals, especially when there is a merger of the provinces. That are the cases of the An Lộc (provincial capital of former Bình Long Province), Sông Cầu (formerly the provincial capital of Phú Yên Province) ...

Some district-level towns were downgraded into commune-level towns for some time and then be re-established, as Nghĩa Lộ, Bắc Cạn, Đồ Sơn (from 2007, became urban district of Đồ Sơn), Phúc Yên, Hà Tiên, Vị Thanh, Gia Nghĩa.

When a district-level town is downgraded, the urban become a commune-level town, and the suburban is merged into other districts or established rural communes. Some district-level towns have become commune-level towns and not re-established, so far as: Đô Lương, Tiên Yên, Ninh Giang [ disambiguation needed ], Cát Bà [ disambiguation needed ], Vĩnh An of Đồng Nai Province.

There is a rare case: Phan Rang as district-level town is divided into two commune-level towns, Phan Rang and Tháp Chàm in 1977. Each commune-level town belonged to a county (Ninh Hải and An Sơn), and in 1981 the two commune-level towns was merged and re-established as county-level town named Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm (now as provincial city).

Kiến An, a former district-level town, located in a municipality in Hải Phòng from 1962 to 1980, later downgraded into a commune-level town and was recovered between from 1988 to 1994 and is now an urban district of Hải Phòng.

Đồ Sơn ever (after 1994) was the only district-level town within a municipality (Hải Phòng), until September 12, 2007 it became the new urban district of Hải Phòng.

Sơn Tây is a district-level town governed under Hanoi in the period 1978 to 1991, then merged into Hà Tây Province. August 2007 this district-level town was upgraded into provincial city. In 2008 Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi, Sơn Tây was moved back into district-level town.

List of district-level towns

NameProvince/MunicipalityPopulation (person)Area (km²)Year became townClass
An Khê Gia Lai 63,118199.1220034
An Nhơn Bình Định 178,817242.6420114
Ayun Pa Gia Lai 35,05828720074
Ba Đồn Quảng Bình 115,196163.1820134
Bến Cát Bình Dương 221,230234.4020133
Bỉm Sơn Thanh Hóa 56,89366.8819813
Bình Long Bình Phước 60,233126.2920094
Bình Minh Vĩnh Long 95,28593.6220124
Buôn Hồ Đắk Lắk 101,554282.0620084
Cai Lậy Tiền Giang 123,775140.2020084
Cửa Lò Nghệ An 55,0002819943
Duyên Hải Trà Vinh 56,241177.1020154
Duy Tiên Hà Nam 154,016120.9220194
Điện Bàn Quảng Nam 235,013214.3020154
Đông Triều Quảng Ninh 179,902397.2020154
Đức Phổ Quảng Ngãi 150,927372.7620204
Giá Rai Bạc Liêu 140,516354.7020154
Gò Công Tiền Giang 97,70910219873
Hòa Thành Tây Ninh 147,66682.9220204
Hoàng Mai Nghệ An 105,105169.7520134
Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh 36,80558.5519924
Hồng Ngự Đồng Tháp 74,569122.1620093
Hương Thủy Thừa Thiên–Huế 96,525458.1720104
Hương Trà Thừa Thiên–Huế 118,354518.5320114
Kiến Tường Long An 64,589204.2820134
Kinh Môn Hải Dương 203,638165.3320194
Kỳ Anh Hà Tĩnh 85,500280.3020154
La Gi Bình Thuận 112,558182.8220053
Long Mỹ Hậu Giang 74,694144.0020153
Mường Lay Điện Biên 14,379114.0319714
Mỹ Hào Hưng Yên 110,26879120194
Ngã Năm Sóc Trăng 84,022242.2020134
Nghĩa Lộ Yên Bái 26,00029.6619954
Ninh Hòa Khánh Hòa 233,5581197.7720104
Phổ Yên Thái Nguyên 158,619258.9020153
Phú Mỹ Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu 213,658333.8420184
Phú Thọ Phú Thọ 62,00064.519033
Phước Long Bình Phước 50,019118.8320094
Quảng Trị Quảng Trị 22,76044.0319894
Quảng Yên Quảng Ninh 139,596314.220114
Sa Pa Lào Cai 61,498681.3720194
Sông Cầu Phú Yên 101,521489.2820093
Sơn Tây Hà Nội 181,831113.519033
Tân Châu An Giang 184,129175.720094
Tân Uyên Bình Dương 190,564192.5020133
Thái Hòa Nghệ An 66,00013520074
Trảng Bàng Tây Ninh 161,831340.1420204
Từ Sơn Bắc Ninh 143,84361.3320083
Vĩnh Châu [3] Sóc Trăng 163,918473.420114

See also

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An Lac or An Lạc in Vietnamese may refer to:

References

  1. http://www.gso.gov.vn/dmhc2015/TongHop.aspx
  2. http://vietnamlawmagazine.vn/decree-no-42-2009-nd-cp-more-specific-definitions-for-urban-centers-2395.html
  3. NGHỊ QUYẾT 90/NQ-CP Archived June 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine