|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
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|Category||Third-level administrative division|
|Location||Administrative units of Pakistan|
|Number||154 (as of 2017)|
|Populations||Greatest: Karachi, Sindh— 18,891,354(2017 census)|
Least: Awaran, Pakistan—121,660 (2017 census)
|Areas||Largest: Chagai, Balochistan—44,748 km2 (17,277 sq mi)|
Smallest: Torghar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa—497 km2 (192 sq mi)
|Subdivisions|| Tehsil, Taluka |
The Districts of Pakistan (Urdu : اِضلاعِ پاكِستان; Sindhi: پاڪستان جا ضلعا), are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but forming the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory and the districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas .
In 1947, when Pakistan gained independence there were 124 districts. In 1969, 2 new districts (Tangail and Patuakhali) in East Pakistan were formed totalling to 126. After the Independence of Bangladesh, Pakistan lost 20 of its districts and so there were 106 districts. In 2001, the number was reduced to 102 by the merger of the 5 districts of Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West and Malir to form Karachi District. The number of districts rose to 106 again in December 2004, when four new districts were created in the province of Sindh of which one (Umerkot) had existed until 2000 and three districts (Kashmore, Qambar and Jamshoro) were newly created.The new districts were carved out of Mirpur Khas, Jacobabad, Larkana and Dadu Districts respectively. In May 2005, the Punjab provincial government created a new district by raising the status of Nankana Sahib from a tehsil of Sheikhupura District to a district in its own right. On 11 July 2011, the Sindh Government restored again the districts of Karachi South, Karachi East, Malir, Karachi West and Karachi Central, then later in 2013, the district of Korangi was carved out of Karachi East District. In Azad Jammu and Kashmir, a second-tier of government was formed from three administrative divisions into ten districts. In Gilgit–Baltistan, there are ten districts divided between the two regions of Gilgit and Baltistan. In 2018, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) was merged with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and FATA agencies were converted into districts.
Chagai is the largest district of Pakistan by area while Lahore District is the largest by population with a total population of 11,126,285 at the 2017 census. Quetta is the largest district of Balochistan by population with a total population of 2,275,699 at the 2017 census. Bahawalpur is the largest district of Punjab by area. Chitral is the largest by area and Peshawar is the largest by population from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the population of 4,269,079 at the Census 2017. Sindh's largest district by area is Tharparkarand by population its Karachi West with a population of 3,914,757 at the 2017 Census. The combined population of the six districts of Karachi division is over 16 million at the 2017 census, giving an average population for these six districts of Karachi division of over 2.675 million each. Neelum and Kotli are the largest districts of Azad Kashmir by area and population respectively. Gilgit is the largest by area and population both for Gilgit-Baltistan.
|Sr. No.||States / Provinces||Districts||Area|
|Country of Comparable Size|
|1||Azad Jammu and Kashmir||10||13,297||4,045,366||304.23|
|4||Islamabad Capital Territory||1||906||2,006,572||2,214.76|
|2||Hattian Bala||Hattian Bala||854||166,064||230,529||270||Muzaffarabad|
|4||Dera Bugti||Dera Bugti||10,160||312,603||31||Sibi|
|8||Jhal Magsi||Jhal Magsi||3,615||149,225||41||Nasirabad|
|15||Killa Saifullah||Killa Saifullah||6,831||342,814||50||Zhob|
|21||Musakhel||Musa Khel Bazar||5,728||167,017||29||Zhob|
|22||Nasirabad||Dera Murad Jamali||3,387||490,538||145||Nasirabad|
|8||Dera Ismail Khan||Dera Ismail Khan||7,326||1,627,132||222||Dera Ismail Khan|
|15||Lakki Marwat||Lakki Marwat||3,164||876,182||277||Bannu|
|27||South Waziristan||Wana||6,620||679,185||103||Dera Ismail Khan|
|30||Tank||Tank||1,679||391,885||233||Dera Ismail Khan|
Note: Recently merged 7 agencies and Frontier Regions of FATA in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa included in the list. Population and area of Frontier Regions is merged in respective districts.
|7||Dera Ghazi Khan||Dera Ghazi Khan||11,922||2,872,201||241||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|18||Layyah||Layyah||6,291||1,824,230||290||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|20||Mandi Bahauddin||Mandi Bahauddin||2,673||1,593,292||596||Gujranwala|
|23||Muzaffargarh||Muzaffargarh||8,249||4,322,009||524||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|25||Nankana Sahib||Nankana Sahib||2,960||1,356,374||458||Lahore|
|28||Rahim Yar Khan||Rahim Yar Khan||11,880||4,814,006||405||Bahawalpur|
|29||Rajanpur||Rajanpur||12,319||1,995,958||162||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|35||Toba Tek Singh||Toba Tek Singh||3,252||2,190,015||673||Faisalabad|
|17||Mirpur Khas||Mirpur Khas||2,925||1,505,876||515||Mirpur Khas|
|18||Naushahro Feroze||Naushahro Feroze||2,945||1,612,373||548||Shaheed Benazir Abad|
|21||Shaheed Benazir Abad||Nawabshah||4,502||1,612,847||358||Shaheed Benazir Abad|
|25||Tando Allahyar||Tando Allahyar||5,165||836,887||162||Hyderabad|
|26||Tando Muhammad Khan||Tando Muhammad Khan||2,310||677,228||293||Hyderabad|
All the figures require being re-checked. Data entry error has occurred in Sindh Province.
Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.
Pakistan's latest estimated population is 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country.
The administrative units of Pakistan consist of four provinces, two autonomous territories and one federal territory. Each province and territory is subdivided into divisions, which are further subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into tehsils, or taluka, which are further subdivided into union councils.
The former administrative units of Pakistan are states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were established. The former units have no administrative function today but some remain as historical and cultural legacies. In some cases, the current provinces and territories correspond to the former units – for example the province of Punjab includes almost all the territory of the former province of West Punjab.
The paramilitary forces of Pakistan consist of various uniformed organisations largely equipped with light infantry weapons and charged with a range of internal and external duties.
Tourism in Pakistan is a growing industry. In 2010, Lonely Planet termed Pakistan as being "...tourism's ‘next big thing’ for more years than we care to remember. [But] world media headlines [always] send things off the rails". The country is geographically and ethnically diverse, and has a number of historical and cultural heritage sites. The upsurge in tourism in the past few years has been aided by the Government of Pakistan's recent decision to end mandatory No Objection Certificates for foreign tourists seeking to visit certain parts of the country.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Pakistan:
A Member of the Provincial Assembly , or MPA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. In Pakistan, the members are elected by the voters in provinces for a term of five years.
The provincial languages of Pakistan are a set of languages that are spoken and used in the four Provinces of Pakistan. However, provincial languages have no official status in Pakistan, except Sindhi in Sindh, given the fact that Urdu and English are the official languages of the country. Shown below are the main languages of each the provinces:
Sindh is a province in Pakistan. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization which was centred mostly in the Sindh.
The major ethnic groups of Pakistan include Jatts, Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Saraikis, Muhajirs, Baloch, Paharis, Hindkowans, Chitralis and other smaller groups. Smaller ethnic groups found throughout the nation include Kashmiris, Kalash, Siddi, Burusho, Wakhis, Khowar, Hazara, Shina, Kalyu and Baltis.
Pakistan's cultural heritage includes archaeological sites, stupas, forts, shrines, tombs, buildings, residences, monuments, and places of worship. Until the passing of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, some sites were under the federal government while others were in the provincial domain.
Azad Kashmir is Administrative region of Pakistan situated in Northern part of the country. The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower part of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak. However, Sarwali peak in the Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the state. Fertile, green, mountainous valleys are characteristic of Azad Kashmir's geography, making it one of the most beautiful regions on the subcontinent.
Gilgit-Baltistan is admisitrative unit of Pakistan situated in the Northern Part of the country. It is one of the best tourist spots in Pakistan.
In Pakistan, the position of Chief Secretary is occupied by the highest-ranking civil servant in each of the four provinces and Administrative units. The chief secretaries are the administrative heads of their respective provinces.
Roads in Pakistan can be classified as federal, provincial and municipal roads.