Districts of Turkmenistan

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Districts of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan districts.png
Districts of Turkmenistan

The districts of Turkmenistan (Turkmen : etraplar, sing. etrap) are territorial entities below the provinces of Turkmenistan (Turkmen : welaýatlar, sing. welaýat ). They may be counties, cities, or boroughs of cities. The heads of the districts (Turkmen : häkim, translated as "governor" for districts of a welaýat and "mayor" for cities or boroughs of a city) are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80-81).

Contents

Regarding cities "with district status" (Turkmen : etrap hukukly), by Turkmen law, "...such cities must have population over 30,000 and be the administrative center of a province (welaýat); headed by a presidentially appointed häkim." Though this officially limits the possible number of such cities to five (the number of provinces), in reality other cities are periodically accorded the status of a district. As of 5 January 2018, 11 cities in Turkmenistan enjoyed the status of districts, including four of the five provincial (welaýat) centers. One city, the capital city of Ashgabat, enjoys the status of a province. [1]

Two cities in Turkmenistan feature subordinate districts headed by mayors. Such districts are best rendered into English as "boroughs" to distinguish them from municipal districts without their own governments, which are also called etraplar in Turkmen (but are called микрорайоны in Russian). Ashgabat has four boroughs and Turkmenbashy has two.

List of districts by first-level entity

Aşgabat City

See also Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar): [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

  1. Bagtyýarlyk etraby (formerly President Niyazov, Lenin District, expanded to include former Ruhabat District plus new territory)
  2. Berkararlyk etraby (formerly Azatlyk, Sovetskiy District)
  3. Büzmeýin etraby (formerly Abadan District, expanded to include former Arçabil and Çandybil Districts)
  4. Köpetdag etraby (formerly Proletarskiy District)

This number is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.

Ahal Province

  1. Ak bugdaý (formerly Gäwers)
  2. Babadaýhan
  3. Bäherden (formerly Baharly)
  4. Gökdepe
  5. Kaka
  6. Sarahs
  7. Tejen [8] [9]

Balkan Province

  1. Bereket (previously Gazanjik)
  2. Esenguly
  3. Etrek (previously Gyzyletrek)
  4. Magtymguly (previously Garry Gala)
  5. Serdar (previously Gyzylarvat)
  6. Türkmenbaşy
  1. Awaza etraby
  2. Kenar etraby [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

Daşoguz Province

See also Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province

  1. Akdepe
  2. Boldumsaz
  3. Görogly (formerly Tagta)
  4. Gubadag
  5. Gurbansoltan Eje (formerly Ýylanly)
  6. Köneurgenç
  7. Ruhubelent
  8. S.A. Nyýazow (formerly Dashoguz/Dashowuz)
  9. Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy [9] [15] [16]

Lebap Province

  1. Çärjew (formerly Türkmenabat/Serdarabat)
  2. Dänew (formerly Galkynyş)
  3. Darganata (formerly Birata)
  4. Döwletli (territory of former Beýik Türkmenbaşy adyndaky etrap was included in November 2017)
  5. Farap
  6. Halaç
  7. Hojambaz
  8. Kerki (formerly Atamyrat)
  9. Köýtendag (formerly Çarşaňňy)
  10. Saýat [9] [17]

Mary Province

  1. Baýramaly
  2. Garagum
  3. Mary
  4. Murgap
  5. Oguzhan (formerly Nyýazow)
  6. Sakarçäge
  7. Serhetabat (formerly Gushgy)
  8. Tagtabazar
  9. Türkmengala
  10. Wekilbazar
  11. Ýolöten [9] [18]

Cities with "district status"

Under Turkmen law, some cities are granted "district status" (Turkmen : etrap hukukly), meaning they are headed by a presidentially appointed mayor (Turkmen : häkim) and control their own budgets. Cities without this status (cities "in a district", Turkmen : etrapdaky) are headed by a town council (Turkmen : geňeş) chaired by an arçyn rather than a mayor. Cities in Turkmenistan with district status are: [1]

Ahal Province
Tejen şäheri
Balkan Province
Balkanabat şäheri
Gumdag şäheri
Hazar şäheri
Serdar şäheri
Türkmenbaşy şäheri
Daşoguz Province
Daşoguz şäheri
Köneürgenç şäheri
Lebap Province
Türkmenabat şäheri
Mary Province
Baýramaly şäheri
Mary şäheri

Abolished districts

These districts no longer exist.

See also

Related Research Articles

Ashgabat Capital of Turkmenistan

Ashgabat, formerly named Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan. It is situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range in Central Asia. It is also near the Iran-Turkmenistan border.

Ahal Region Region of Turkmenistan

Ahal Region is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the south-center of the country, bordering Iran and Afghanistan along the Kopet Dag Range. Its area is 97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi) and population 939,700.

Balkan Region Region of Turkmenistan

Balkan Region is one of the five approximately equal regions of Turkmenistan. It is that in the far west of the country. Clockwise from north it borders Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan (north); two regions of Turkmenistan (east), Iran (south) and the Caspian Sea (west). Its capital is Balkanabat, formerly known as Nebit Dag. The territory of the region is identical to the territory of the former region of Krasnovodsk Oblast, a Soviet-era Oblast of the Turkmen S.S.R.. This oblast was liquidated and restored many times in the mid to late 19 hundreds and in 1988 it was abolished for good. However, the administrative boundaries of the region were restored in 1991 when Balkan Region was established.

Daşoguz Region Region of Turkmenistan

Daşoguz Region is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the north of the country, bordering Uzbekistan. The area of the province is 73,430 square kilometers, and the total population is 1,370,400. The capital is Daşoguz (Дашогуз).

Lebap Region Region of Turkmenistan

Lebap Region is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the northeast of the country, bordering Afghanistan, Uzbekistan along the Amu Darya. Its capital is Türkmenabat. It has an area of 93,727 square kilometers, and a population of 1,334,500 people.

Türkmenbaşy, Turkmenistan Place in Turkmenistan

Türkmenbaşy, formerly known as Krasnovodsk, Kyzyl-Su, and Shagadam is a city in Balkan Province in Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf of the Caspian Sea. It sits at an elevation of 27 metres. The population was 86,800, mostly ethnic Russians, Armenians and Azeris. As the terminus of the Trans-Caspian Railway and site of a major seaport on the Caspian, it is an important transportation center. The city is also the site of Turkmenistan's largest oil refining complex.

Regions of Turkmenistan Regions of the country of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is divided into five regions or welaýatlar and one capital city (şäher). They are Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap and Mary, plus the capital city of Ashgabat. Each province is divided into districts. As of January 1, 2020, there were 43 districts, 51 cities, including 11 cities with district status, 62 towns, 504 rural councils and 1717 villages in Turkmenistan.

Büzmeýin, Turkmenistan Place in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan

See also Ashgabat / Districts

Bäherden Place in Turkmenistan

Bäherden is a city and the seat of Baherden District in south-western Turkmenistan in Ahal Province. It lies on the northern rim of the Kopet Dag mountain range, south-west of the resort village of Archman.

Beýik Türkmenbaşy District was a district of Lebap Province in Turkmenistan. It was abolished in November 2017 and its territory transferred to Döwletli District.

Garabekewül District is a former district of Lebap Province in Turkmenistan. The administrative center of the district is the town of Garabekewül.

Saýat District is a district of Lebap Province in Turkmenistan. The administrative center of the district is the town of Saýat.

Garabekewül Place in Lebap Province, Turkmenistan

Garabekewül is a city in Halaç District in Lebap Province, Turkmenistan.

Berkararlyk District is a borough of Aşgabat in Turkmenistan. As a borough, it is headed by a presidentially appointed mayor.

Bagtyyarlyk District is a borough of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. As a borough, it is headed by a presidentially appointed mayor.

Kopetdag District is a borough of Aşgabat in Turkmenistan. As a borough, it is headed by a presidentially appointed mayor.

Avaza District is a city borough of Türkmenbaşy in Balkan Region in Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf of the Caspian Sea.

Atamyrat Niyazov

Atamyrat Niyazov was a soldier in the Red Army during World War II from the Soviet Republic of Turkmenistan who was the father of the first post-Soviet President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov. He was also a school teacher and a financial officer.

Altyn Asyr, Turkmenistan Place in Ahal Region, Turkmenistan

Altyn Asyr is a city in Tejen District, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan. Its main economic activity is cotton farming.

References

  1. 1 2 Türkmenistanyň Mejlisi (2010–2018). "Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy". Türkmenistanyş Mejlisiniň Karary. Ashgabat. This document is reproduced online at https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Districts_in_Turkmenistan.
  2. "Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  3. "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  4. "Меджлис Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  5. "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ашхабада". 6 January 2018.
  6. "В Туркменистане изменились административные границы Ашхабада и Ахалского региона". 6 January 2018.
  7. "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 8 January 2018.
  8. "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ахалского велаята". 5 January 2018.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 "Административно-территориальное деление Туркменистана по регионам по состоянию на 1 января 2017 года". Archived from the original on 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  10. "Балканский велаят: административно-территориальные изменения". 27 May 2016.
  11. "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ МЕДЖЛИСА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА Об административно-территориальных вопросах Балканского велаята". 27 May 2016.
  12. According to Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy Turkmenbashy is divided into the city of Turkmenbashy proper and the Awaza borough, which consists of the Awaza National Resort Zone plus an administrative center and bedroom community a short distance away as well as the city airport. However, parliamentary and presidential decrees established Kenar borough (Kenar etraby) and that name is attested in these statutes, though it is omitted from the official list of administrative subdivisions. The portion of the city of Turkmenbashy not in Awaza borough is thus referred to as the Kenar borough (Kenar etraby), after the former village of Kenar that was annexed by Turkmenbashy city.
  13. "Расширенное совещание по дальнейшему развитию Национальной туристической зоны «Аваза»" (in Russian). «Туркменистан: золотой век». 31 July 2013.
  14. "Türkmenistanyň Prezidenti "Awaza" milli syýahatçylyk zolagyny mundan beýläk-de ösdürmek boýunça giňişleýin maslahat geçirdi" (in Turkmen). "Türkmenistan: Altyn asyr". 31 July 2013.
  15. "Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province]".
  16. "Изменения в административно-территориальном делении Дашогузского велаята (Changes in the Administrative-Territorial Division of Dashoguz Province)". 17 June 2016.
  17. "Внесены изменения в административно-территориальное деление Лебапского велаята". 27 November 2017.
  18. "Административно-территориальные изменения Марыйского велаята". 24 July 2016.