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Zampa Gateway, Diu
|Union Territory||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu|
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Body||Diu Municipal Council|
|• Collector||Saloni Rai, IAS|
|• Total||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||(International) +91-2875-, (National) 02875-|
|Sex ratio||0.85 ♂/♀|
Diu // , also known as Diu Town, is a town in Diu district in the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India. Diu District is the tenth least populated district of India.
The town of Diu lies at the eastern end of Diu Island and is known for its fortress and old Portuguese cathedral. It is a fishing town.
The city is one of the hundred Indian cities competing in a national level competition to get the funds under Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Diu will be competing for the one of last 10 spots against 20 cities from across India. In April 2018, it was reported that the Diu Smart City has already become India's first city to run on 100 percent renewable energy during the daytime.
The town and district were historically part of the Saurashtra region of Gujarat and an important port on trade routes of Arabian sea of Indian Ocean.
Due to its strategic importance, there was a Battle of Diu in 1509 between Portugal and a combined force of Mamluks, Venetians, the Ragusians, the Zamorin of Calicut, and the Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada. In 1513, the Portuguese tried to establish an outpost, but negotiations were unsuccessful. There were failed attempts by Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in 1521 and Nuno da Cunha in 1523. In 1531 the conquest attempted by D. Nuno da Cunha was unsuccessful.
In 1535 Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat, concluded a defensive alliance with the Portuguese against the Mughal emperor Humayun and allowed the Portuguese to construct the Diu Fort and maintain a garrison on the island.
The alliance quickly unravelled, and attempts by the Sultans to oust the Portuguese from Diu between 1537 and 1546 failed. Regretting his generosity, Bahadur Shah sought to recover Diu but was defeated and killed by the Portuguese, followed by a period of war between them and the people of Gujarat. In 1538, Coja Sofar, Lord of Cambay, together with the Ottoman Suleiman Pasha, came to lay siege to Diu and were defeated by Portuguese resistance led by Anthony Silveira. A second siege was imposed by the same Coja Sofar in 1546. It was repelled by the Portuguese conquerors, led on land by D. João Mascarenhas and at sea by D. João de Castro. Coja Sofar and D. Fernando de Castro, son of the Portuguese viceroy, perished in the struggle. The fortress, completed by Dom João de Castro after the siege of 1545, still stands.
After this second siege, Diu was so fortified that it could withstand later attacks of the Arabs of Muscat and the Dutch in the late 17th century. From the 18th century, Diu declined in strategic importance (due to development of Bombay) and was reduced to a museum or historical landmark as a commercial and strategic bulwark in the struggle between the forces of the Islamic East and Christian West.
Diu remained a possession of the Portuguese from 1535 until 1961, when it fell to troops of the Indian Union, who invaded all of former Portuguese India under Operation Vijay. The island was occupied by the Indian military on 19 December 1961. The Battle of Diu involved overwhelming land, sea and air strikes on the enclave for 48 hours until the Portuguese garrison there surrendered. It was declared a union territory of India, Goa, Daman, and Diu. Goa separated as a state in 1987; the remainder became union territory of Daman and Diu. On 26 January 2020, the union territories of Daman and Diu were merged with Dadra and Nagar Haveli to form the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
The languages spoken in Diu include Gujarati, Portuguese, English and Hindi.
As of 2001 [update] India census, Diu had a population of 21,576. Males constituted 46% of the population and females 54%. Diu has an average literacy rate of 71%, falling below the 2011 national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 81% and female literacy is 69%. In Diu, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Diu is at.
The island is at sea level and covers an area of 38.8 km². Diu has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh), with an average annual rainfall of 560 mm, falling mostly from June and September.
|Climate data for Diu, India (1981–2010, extremes 1967–2012)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||12.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||5.0|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0.4|
|Average rainy days||0.1||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.2||4.7||9.4||8.3||3.6||1.2||0.2||0.0||27.9|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||54||55||58||66||73||76||80||80||75||66||60||55||66|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
With no tall buildings except the fort, Diu has a characteristically low skyline.
Diu is mainly known for its white sand beaches. Most famous of the beaches is Nagoa beach. Other beaches are Ghogla, Jallandhar, Chakratirth, and Gomtimata.
Old Diu is known for its Portuguese architecture.
Diu Fort was built in 1535 and maintained an active garrison until 1960.
The Diu fort is the most visited landmark in the district. The fort and the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa were chosen as the two wonders from India, among the seven from across the world, out of a list of 27 monuments built in 16 countries during the Portuguese rule. The fort is built on a hillock next to the sea. There are only remains now, but the fort must have been a very romantic place.
There are three Portuguese Baroque churches, with St. Paul’s Church, completed in 1610, being the only one still in use for its intended purpose. The Church of St. Francis of Assisi (the first church built in Diu, in 1593) is now used as a hospital and St. Thomas' Church is used as a museum.
An ancient Lord Shiva temple is on the Gangeswar coast.
Naida Caves are near Jalandhar Beach, at 1 km distance from the city centre via Hadmitya Road. Entry to Naida Caves is free. The origin of the caves remains a mystery but it is believed that they were formed either by geological forces or by quarrying done by the Portuguese. Naida Caves create a natural sunlight show which sparkles big orange rocks. A labyrinth-like structure gives it a mesmerising beauty which is a paradise for nature lovers and photographers. The caves are open 24 hours a day, though security personnel may sometimes deny entry at night after 5:30 pm as the insides of the caves become much darker.
INS Khukri or Khukri memorial is near Chakratirth Beach. It is known for its open amphitheater and sunset shots.
There is a dinosaur park with life-sized dinosaur structures and large play area for children right on the bay. Also there is a bird watching sanctuary, a sea shell Museum, a summerhouse and Lovers' Point.
There are several hotels and resorts and there is a growing hotel and leisure industry.
Unlike in Gujarat State, alcohol is legal in Diu. Lot of tourism in Diu from Gujarat is for this reason.
Another unique specialty of Diu are the Hoka trees (a type of palm tree not found in any other part of India).The trees bear edible fruit.
Diu is linked to the mainland by a bridge. Local transport is available by road from Una, Gujarat. Alliance Air, an Air India subsidiary, flies from Mumbai, landing at Diu Airport. Jet Airways, also used to have services here till it was bankrupted in 2019.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a district of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in western India. It is composed of two separate geographical entities: Nagar Haveli, wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat and 1 km to the northwest, the smaller enclave of Dadra, which is surrounded by Gujarat. Silvassa is the administrative headquarters of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Daman and Diu is a district of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu union territory in western India. It was a separate union territory until January 26, 2020, later it is merged with Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory to form a single UT due to its small landmass. With an area of 112 km2 (43 sq mi), it was the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprised two distinct regions—Daman and Diu—that are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and the Arabian Sea bordered the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were annexed by India in 1961. Daman and Diu were administered as part of the union territory of Goa, Daman and Diu between 1961 and 1987, when they became a separate union territory. In 2019, legislation was passed to merge the union territory of Daman and Diu with its neighbouring union territory, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, to form the new union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu with effect from 26 January 2020.
The State of India, also referred as the Portuguese State of India or simply Portuguese India, was a colonial state of the Portuguese Empire founded six years after the discovery of a sea route to the Indian Subcontinent by the Kingdom of Portugal. The capital of Portuguese India served as the governing centre of a string of Portuguese fortresses and settlements scattered along the Indian Ocean.
Diu may refer to:
Silvassa is a city and municipality in western India. It is the headquarters of the Dadra and Nagar Haveli district of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India. It is also the largest city in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Many Large companies have established their manufacturing units here.The city has large number of factories providing significant government revenue, which allows the city to maintain a low level of taxation. The city was chosen as one of the hundred Indian cities in Government of India's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Vapi, is a city and municipality in Valsad district in the state of Gujarat, India. It is situated near the banks of the Daman Ganga River, around 28 km south of the district headquarters in the city of Valsad, and it is surrounded by the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. It is believed that city got its name from the old small stepwell situated near the balitha area. The meaning of vapi (वापी) in sanskrit is a water reservoir or a water storage body.
The Daman Ganga also called Dawan River is a river in western India. The river's headwaters are on the western slope of the Western Ghats range, and it flows west into the Arabian Sea. The river flows through Maharashtra and Gujarat states, as well as the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The industrial towns of Vapi, Dadra and Silvassa lie on the north bank of the river, and the town of Daman occupies both banks of the river's estuary.
Goa, Daman, and Diu was a union territory of India from 19 December 1961 to 30 May 1987.
Daman is one of the three districts of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu on the western coast of India, surrounded by Valsad district of Gujarat state on the north, east and south and the Arabian Sea to the west. The district has an area of 72 square kilometres (28 sq mi), and a population of 191,173 at the 2011 census, an increase of 69.256% from the preceding 2001 Census. The district headquarters is Daman.
Diu is one of the three districts of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu of India. The district is made up of Diu Island and two small enclaves on the Indian mainland. The district headquarters are at Diu Town. It is the ninth least populous district in the country.
Diu Island is an island off the Southern coast of Gujarat's Kathiawar peninsula, separated from the mainland by a tidal creek. It has an area of 40 km², and a population of 44,110.
The Annexation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli was the conflict in which the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli passed from Portuguese rule to independent rule, with Indian allegiance, in 1954.
The Diu Fortress, is a Portuguese-built fortification located on the west coast of India in Diu. The fortress was built as part of Portuguese India's defensive fortifications at the eastern tip of the island of Diu during the 16th century. The fortress, which borders on the town of Diu, was built in 1535 subsequent to a defense alliance forged by Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat and the Portuguese when Humayun, the Mughal Emperor attempted to annex this territory. It was strengthened over the years, till 1546. The Portuguese ruled over this territory from 1537 until the Indian invasion of December 1961. Today it is a landmark of Diu and one of the Seven Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World.
The Tenth Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution Act, 1961, incorporated Dadra and Nagar Haveli as the seventh Union territory of India, by amending the First Schedule to the Constitution. It also amended clause (1) of article 240 of the Constitution to include therein the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in order to enable the President to "make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the territory". The 10th Amendment retroactively came into effect on 11 August 1961.
The Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Police is the law enforcement agency for the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in India.
Simbor is a territory of 0.91 square kilometers located in the estuary of the Sahil River in the cove of Simbor, about 25 km east of Diu. Since its establishment in the early 18th century, this exclave was subordinate to the District of Diu, Portuguese India, until in was occupied by India in December 1961, along with the rest of Portuguese India. Simbor is now part of the District of Diu, one of the three districts of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
Maghval, also known as Megwal, is a village in the Kaparada taluka of Valsad district in Gujarat State, India. It is a small enclave belonging to Gujarat, but located within Nagar Haveli, just south of Silvassa in the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
The 2020 National Games of India, also known as Goa 2020, were to be held between 20 October and 4 November 2020 in Goa, India. In May 2020, it was announced that games will postponed as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic and new dates have yet to be established. These games will be the 36th edition and will host 37 sporting disciplines.
National Highway 251, commonly called NH 251 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 51. NH-251 traverses the state of Gujarat and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in India.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is a union territory in western India. It was created through the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Plans for the proposed merger were announced by the Government of India in July 2019 and the necessary legislation was passed in the Parliament of India in December 2019 and came into effect on 26 January 2020. The territory is made up of four separate geographical entities Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and the island of Diu. All four areas were part of Portuguese India with the capital in Velha Goa, they came under Indian administration in the mid-20th century. The capital city is Daman while Silvassa is the largest city.
Media related to Diu at Wikimedia Commons