Division of Indi

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Indi
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Indi 2019.png
Division of Indi in Victoria, as of the 2019 federal election.
Created1901
MP Helen Haines
Party Independent
Namesake Murray River (Aboriginal name)
Electors 112,809 (2019)
Area29,187 km2 (11,269.2 sq mi)
DemographicRural

The Division of Indi (pronounced /ˈɪnd/ ) is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division is located in the north-east of the state, adjoining the border with New South Wales. The largest settlements in the division are the regional cities of Wodonga, Wangaratta, and Benalla. Other towns in the electorate include Rutherglen, Mansfield, Beechworth, Myrtleford, Bright, Alexandra, Tallangatta, Corryong and a number of other small villages (notably including the ski resort of Falls Creek). While Indi is one of the largest electorates in Victoria, much of it is located within the largely uninhabited Australian Alps. While Wodonga serves as a regional hub for much of the more heavily populated northern part of the electorate, the southern part is closer to Melbourne than Wodonga.

Contents

The current member for Indi, since the 2019 federal election, is independent Helen Haines.

History

The Murray River, the Aboriginal name of which is the division's namesake MurrayBridgeMurrayRiver.JPG
The Murray River, the Aboriginal name of which is the division's namesake

Indi has existed continuously since Federation. The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. The most nationally prominent person to represent Indi to date was the first, Sir Isaac Isaacs, who rose to become Attorney-General of Australia, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, and the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia. Another member for Indi, John "Black Jack" McEwen, was a long-serving Minister and was briefly Prime Minister of Australia after the death of Harold Holt in 1967, but he was member for Murray by then. Indi has been held by a member of a conservative party (either the Liberal Party and its predecessors or the National Party) or a conservative independent for all but four terms since Federation, and without interruption since 1931. Labor last won the seat in 1928 when the Country incumbent forgot to renominate, and retained it in 1929. [1] Since 2004, the Liberal primary vote has been in decline, falling from 63% in 2004, [2] to 54% in 2007, [3] 53% in 2010, [4] 44% in 2013 and 27% in 2016.

At the 2013 election, independent Cathy McGowan unseated Liberal Party incumbent Sophie Mirabella, the only incumbent Liberal MP to lose his or her seat at the 2013 election. This was considered a major upset; Mirabella had gone into the election sitting on a margin of 59 percent, on the stronger side of fairly safe. Indeed, in a "traditional" two-party matchup, Mirabella would have retained the seat with a small swing in her favour against Labor.

McGowan retained Indi against Mirabella at the 2016 election with an increased 54.8% (+4.6) two-candidate-preferred vote. The Liberal "traditional" two-party-preferred vote was reduced to 54.4% (–4.7) against Labor's 45.6% (+4.7), a marginal two-party result not seen since the 1929 election.

McGowan retired in 2019 and was succeeded by fellow independent Haines, who suffered a swing of four percent against the Liberals from McGowan's 2016 vote and was elected on Labor preferences. [5]

Members

ImageMemberPartyTermNotes
  IsaacIsaacs1900s.jpg Isaac Isaacs
(1855–1948)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
12 October 1906
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bogong. Served as minister under Deakin. Resigned in order to become a Justice of the High Court
  Joseph Tilley Brown.jpg Joseph Brown
(1844–1925)
Anti-Socialist 12 December 1906
26 May 1909
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Shepparton and Euroa. Lost seat
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
13 April 1910
  Parker Moloney.jpg Parker Moloney
(1879–1961)
Labor 13 April 1910
31 May 1913
Lost seat
  Cornelius Ahern.jpg Cornelius Ahern
(1871–1955)
Commonwealth Liberal 31 May 1913
5 September 1914
Lost seat
  Parker Moloney.jpg Parker Moloney
(1879–1961)
Labor 5 September 1914
5 May 1917
Lost seat. Later elected to the division of Hume in 1919
  John William Leckie.jpg John Leckie
(1872–1947)
Nationalist 5 May 1917
13 December 1919
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1934
  Robert Cook.png Robert Cook
(1867–1930)
Victorian Farmers' Union 13 December 1919
22 January 1920
Did not contest in 1928 after mistakenly failing to lodge renomination papers in time
  Country 22 January 1920 –
9 October 1928
  Paul Jones (Australia).jpg Paul Jones
(1878–1972)
Labor 17 November 1928
19 December 1931
Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1937
  William Hutchinson.png William Hutchinson
(1904–1967)
United Australia 19 December 1931
23 October 1937
Transferred to the Division of Deakin
  John McEwen 1950.jpg John McEwen
(1900–1980)
Country 23 October 1937
10 December 1949
Previously held the Division of Echuca. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Transferred to the Division of Murray
  William Bostock.png William Bostock
(1892–1968)
Liberal 10 December 1949
22 November 1958
Lost seat
  MacHolten1969.jpg Mac Holten
(1922–1996)
Country 22 November 1958
2 May 1975
Served as minister under Gorton and McMahon. Lost seat
  National Country 2 May 1975 –
10 December 1977
  No image.svg Ewen Cameron
(1930–)
Liberal 10 December 1977
8 February 1993
Retired
  No image.svg Lou Lieberman
(1938–)
Liberal 13 March 1993
8 October 2001
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Retired
  Sophie Mirabella Portrait 2013.jpg Sophie Mirabella
(1968–)
Liberal 10 November 2001
7 September 2013
Lost seat
  Cathy McGowan House.jpg Cathy McGowan
(1953–)
Independent 7 September 2013
11 April 2019
Retired
  No image.svg Helen Haines
(1961–)
Independent 18 May 2019
present
Incumbent

Election results

2019 Australian federal election: Indi [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Steve Martin35,42635.09+7.29
Independent Helen Haines 32,66432.35−1.06
Labor Eric Kerr12,20212.09+2.03
National Mark Byatt9,5389.45−8.30
Greens Helen Robinson4,2554.21+0.25
United Australia Shane Wheatland3,9803.94+3.94
Justice Jason Whalley2,8912.86+2.86
Total formal votes100,95695.64+2.21
Informal votes4,6014.36−2.21
Turnout 105,55793.60+0.13
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Steve Martin63,33262.73+7.72
Labor Eric Kerr37,62437.27−7.72
Two-candidate-preferred result
Independent Helen Haines 51,88651.39−4.13
Liberal Steve Martin49,07048.61+4.13
Independent hold Swing −4.13

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References

  1. "2010 Federal Election Results – Indi". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2010.
  2. "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2004. Australian Electoral Commission. 2005.
  3. "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2007: Virtual Tally Room. Australian Electoral Commission. 2007.
  4. "House of Representatives: Indi". Election 2010: Virtual Tally Room. Australian Electoral Commission. 2010.
  5. http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/australia/2019/2019repsvic.txt
  6. Indi, VIC, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

Coordinates: 36°38′24″S146°37′59″E / 36.640°S 146.633°E / -36.640; 146.633