Division of Kooyong

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Kooyong
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Kooyong 2019.png
Division of Kooyong in Victoria, as of the 2019 federal election.
Created1901
MP Josh Frydenberg
Party Liberal
Namesake Kooyong, Victoria
Electors 108,424 (2019)
Area55 km2 (21.2 sq mi)
DemographicInner Metropolitan

The Division of Kooyong is an Australian Electoral Division for the Australian House of Representatives in the state of Victoria, which covers an area of approximately 55 km2 (21 sq mi) in the inner-east suburbs of Melbourne. It is currently based on Kew, and also includes Balwyn, Canterbury, Deepdene, Hawthorn, Mont Albert and Mont Albert North; and parts of Camberwell, Glen Iris, Hawthorn East and Surrey Hills.

Contents

Since the 2010 election, Josh Frydenberg, Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party since 2018, has been the member for the Division, following the retirement of Petro Georgiou.

History

Kooyong Stadium. The division (containing the suburb and stadium of Kooyong) takes its name from an Aboriginal word for camp or resting place. Exterior of Kooyong Stadium.jpg
Kooyong Stadium. The division (containing the suburb and stadium of Kooyong) takes its name from an Aboriginal word for camp or resting place.

The Division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first Federal election.

Kooyong has been held by the Liberal Party of Australia and its predecessors for its entire existence. It is one of two original electorates in Victoria to have never been won by the Australian Labor Party, the other being Gippsland. For decades, it has been one of the safest Coalition seats in metropolitan Australia. For example, even during Labor's landslide victory in 1943, Menzies still won comfortably with 62.5 percent of the two-party vote.

The seat's best-known member was Sir Robert Menzies, the longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia. From 1922 to 1994, it was held by only three members, all of whom went on to lead the non-Labor forces in Parliament — former Opposition Leader and future Chief Justice John Latham, Menzies, and former Opposition Leader Andrew Peacock.

Peacock's successor, high-profile Liberal backbencher Petro Georgiou, saw off a challenge from Josh Frydenberg for Liberal Party preselection in April 2006. On 22 November 2008, Georgiou announced his retirement at the next federal election. [2] Frydenberg won preselection as the Liberal Party's candidate for the seat for the 2010 election, and won despite a small swing against him.

In 2019, high-profile Greens candidate Julian Burnside received the highest two-party preferred vote against the Liberals or their predecessors in 90 years, at 44.3%. The Liberals had anticipated a strong contest and doubled their campaign funding to Kooyong earlier in the year, raising their initial cost of $500,000 to $1 million in campaigning. [3] Frydenberg retained the seat, despite suffering a significant negative swing of 8.81% and the Liberal Party receiving its lowest first preference vote in the electorate in 76 years. It was also only the second time in 76 years that the major non-Labor party didn't win the seat outright on the first count. The swing was actually large enough to drop the Liberal margin in a "traditional" two-party contest with Labor to 6.8 percent, the closest margin between the parties in decades.

Name

The Division is named after the suburb of Kooyong, on which it was originally based. However, the suburb of Kooyong has not been in its namesake electorate for some time, being instead in neighbouring Higgins. Nonetheless, the seat has retained the name of Kooyong, primarily because the Australian Electoral Commission's guidelines on electoral redistributions require it to preserve the names of original electorates where possible. [4]

Members

ImageMemberPartyTermNotes
  William Knox.jpg William Knox
(1850–1913)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
1906
Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Resigned due to ill health
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
26 July 1910
  Robert Best - Swiss Studios 01 (cropped).jpg Sir Robert Best
(1856–1946)
Commonwealth Liberal 24 August 1910
17 February 1917
Previously a member of the Senate. Lost seat
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
16 December 1922
  Johnlatham.jpg John Latham
(1877–1964)
Liberal Union 16 December 1922
1925
Served as minister under Bruce and Lyons. Served as Opposition Leader from 1929 to 1931. Retired. Later appointed Chief Justice of Australia
  Nationalist 1925 –
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
7 August 1934
  Portrait Menzies 1950s.jpg (Sir) Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
United Australia 15 September 1934
21 February 1945
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Nunawading. Served as minister under Lyons, Page and Fadden. Served as Opposition Leader from 1943 to 1949. Served as Prime Minister from 1939 to 1941, and 1949 to 1966. Resigned in order to retire from politics
  Liberal 21 February 1945 –
17 February 1966
  Andrew Peacock 1960s.png Andrew Peacock
(1939–)
Liberal 2 April 1966
16 August 1994
Served as minister under Gorton, McMahon and Fraser. Served as Opposition Leader from 1983 to 1985, and from 1989 to 1990. Resigned in order to retire from politics
  No image.svg Petro Georgiou
(1947–)
Liberal 19 November 1994
19 July 2010
Retired
  sabon -46872819934 82c431fff4 o.jpg Josh Frydenberg
(1971–)
Liberal 21 August 2010
present
Served as minister under Turnbull. Incumbent. Currently a minister and deputy leader of the Liberal party under Morrison

Election results

2019 Australian federal election: Kooyong [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 48,92849.41−8.24
Greens Julian Burnside 21,03521.24+2.65
Labor Jana Stewart16,66616.83−3.70
Independent Oliver Yates8,8908.98+8.98
United Australia Steven D'Elia1,1851.20+1.20
Animal Justice Davina Hinkley1,1171.13+1.00
Independent Bill Chandler6690.68+0.68
Independent Angelina Zubac5390.54−2.32
Total formal votes99,02997.03−0.97
Informal votes3,0332.97+0.97
Turnout 102,06294.14+0.48
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 56,12756.68−6.14
Labor Jana Stewart42,90243.32+6.14
Two-candidate-preferred result
Liberal Josh Frydenberg 55,15955.70−7.64
Greens Julian Burnside 43,87044.30+44.30
Liberal hold Swing N/A

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References

  1. Profile of the electoral division of Kooyong (Vic) Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  2. The Age Online (2008). Georgiou, the party conscience, to quit. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
  3. "Libs to burn $1m on Frydenberg". www.theaustralian.com.au. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  4. "Guidelines for naming divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  5. Kooyong, VIC, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

Coordinates: 37°48′43″S145°03′40″E / 37.812°S 145.061°E / -37.812; 145.061