Djurdjura National Park

Last updated
Djurdjura National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Parc National Djurdjura, Bouira, Algerie " une vue sur l'horizon, wilaya de bouira".jpg
Algeria relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location Kabylie, Algeria
Nearest city Tizi Ouzou, Bouïra
Coordinates 36°28′N4°11′E / 36.467°N 4.183°E / 36.467; 4.183 Coordinates: 36°28′N4°11′E / 36.467°N 4.183°E / 36.467; 4.183
Area185 km2
EstablishedJuly 23, 1983
Visitors500 000

The national park of Djurdjura (Arabic : الحديقة الوطنية جرجرة) is one of the national parks of Algeria. It is located in Kabylie and is named after the Djurdjura Range of the Tell Atlas.

Contents

Description

Nearby cities include Tizi Ouzou to the north and Bouïra to the south. The park is home to a very broken tectonics, as well as many forests, grottoes, gorges, and important fauna, including the endangered Barbary macaque, [1] Macaca sylvanus , a primate whose prehistoric distribution in North Africa was much broader than today. [2]

Name

The name of the mountain chain comes from the Kabyle word Jjerjer which means "great cold" or "elevation", from the old compound word Jer n Jer "the mountain of the mountains". [3] The Roman Empire used to call it Iron mountain in Latin (Mons Ferratus), in reference to the soil of the region, as well as to the resistance of the Kabyles against the Roman annexation of Kabylie. The name Djurdjura is also used for the villages located in this mountain chain. Mmis n'Djerdjer means "children of the Djurdjura", which is a Kabyle word referring to mountain inhabitants, there is also a Kabyle female group called DjurDjura.

Thaletyel.JPG

Related Research Articles

Kabylie Place

Kabylie is a cultural region, natural region and historical region in northern Algeria. It is part of the Tell Atlas mountain range, and is located at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea.

Barbary macaque The only native nonhuman primate in Europe

The Barbary macaque, also known as Barbary ape or magot, is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia. Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species.

Bejaia Province City in Béjaïa Province, Algeria

Béjaïa, formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia. Béjaïa is the largest principally Kabyle-speaking city in the Kabylie region of Algeria. The history of Béjaïa explains the diversity of the local population.

Blida City in Blida Province, Algeria

Blida is a city in Algeria. It is the capital of Blida Province, and it is located about 45 km south-west of Algiers, the national capital. The name Blida, i.e. bulaydah, diminutive of the Arabic word belda, city.

Petite Kabylie Natural region in Algeria

Petite Kabylie or Petite Kabylia is a natural region in the mountainous area of northern Algeria. The Petite Kabylie is part of the greater Kabylie region.

Jijel City in Jijel Province, Algeria

Jijel, the classical Igilgili, is the capital of Jijel Province in north-eastern Algeria. It is flanked by the Mediterranean Sea in the region of Corniche Jijelienne and had a population of 131,513 in 2008.

Middle Atlas mountain range in Morocco

The Middle Atlas is a mountain range in Morocco. It is part of the Atlas mountain range, a vast mountainous region with more than 100,000 km2, 15 percent of its landmass, rising above 2,000 metres. The Middle Atlas is the northernmost and second highest of three main Atlas Mountains chains of Morocco. To south, separated by the Moulouya and Um Er-Rbiâ rivers, lies the High Atlas. The Middle Atlas form the westernmost end of a large plateaued basin extending eastward into Algeria, also bounded by the Tell Atlas to the north and the Saharan Atlas to the south, both lying largely in Algeria. North of the Middle Atlas and separated by the Sebou River, lie the Rif mountains which are an extension of the Baetic System, which includes the Sierra Nevada in the south of Spain. The basin of the Sebou is not only the primary transportation route between Atlantic Morocco and Mediterranean Morocco but is an area, watered by the Middle Atlas range, that constitutes the principal agricultural region of the country.

Barbary macaques in Gibraltar The only place where the Barbary macaque lives in Europe

Originally from the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains of Morocco, the Barbary macaque population in Gibraltar is the only wild monkey population on the European continent. Although most Barbary monkey populations in Africa are experiencing decline due to hunting and deforestation, the Gibraltar population is increasing. Currently, some 300 animals in five troops occupy the Upper Rock area of the Gibraltar Nature Reserve, though they make occasional forays into the town. As they are a tailless species, they are also known locally as Barbary apes or rock apes, despite being monkeys. The local people simply refer to them as monos when conversing in Spanish or Llanito . The Affenberg at Salem Germany has a colony of approximately 200 of the Barbary Affen.

Djurdjura mountain in Algeria

The Djurdjura or Jurjura Range is a mountain range of the Tell Atlas, part of the Atlas Mountain System. It is located in Kabylie, Algeria.

Chréa National Park

The Chréa National Park(Arabic:الحديقة الوطنية الشريعة) is one of the largest national parks of Algeria. It is located in Blida Province, named after Chréa, a town near this park. The park, located in a mountainous area known as the Blidean Atlas includes the ski station of Chréa, one of the few ski stations in Africa where skiing can be done on natural snow, and the grotto of Chiffa.

Gouraya National Park

The national park of Gouraya is one of the coastal national parks of Algeria. It is located in Béjaïa Province, near the shrine of Sidi Touati.

Akfadou Place in Béjaïa, Algeria

Akfadou is a town in northern Algeria in the Béjaïa Province. Alternatively the town and its local area are known as Agfadou. This locale is noted for its local population of Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus. Notable features in the area include Gouraya National Park.

Ifrane National Park national park in the Moyen Atlas mountain range, Morocco

Ifrane National Park is a national park located in the Middle Atlas mountain range, in Morocco. Its territory extends over the Western part of the Middle Atlas mountains and areas within the provinces of Ifrane and Boulmane. It was established in 2004,and covers an area of 125.000 ha. Much of the park is forested with Atlas cedar. Ifrane National Park is one of the few remaining habitats for the Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus; this primate prehistorically had a much broader range in North Africa, but currently survives as an endangered species in narrowly restricted and fragmented habitats.

Chréa Commune and town in Blida Province, Algeria

Chréa is a town in Algeria, located in Blida Province, Ouled Yaïch District, in a mountainous area named Tell Atlas, near Blida.

Chiffa Commune and town in Blida Province, Algeria

Chiffa is a town and gorge in the Tell Atlas Mountains of northern Algeria. This gorge is one of the few habitat areas in Algeria that supports a sub-population of the Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus.

The Djebel Babor Nature Reserve is a protected area in Algeria. The reserve is within the Babor Mountains. Much of this area is forested with Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests. This reserve offers one of the few remaining disjunctive habitats for the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate species which prehistorically held a much wider range. The reserve is also a significant birdwatching area.

Babor Mountains mountainous landform in Algeria

The Babor Range is a mountain range of the Tell Atlas in Algeria. The highest point of the range is 2,004 m high Mount Babor.

Guerrouch is a region of Algeria within the Petite Kabylie of the Tell Atlas Mountain Range. The Guerrouch is one of the few remaining habitats for the endangered primate Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus; prehistorically this primate had a much wider distribution, prior to deforestation activity by the expanding human population.

Pic des Singes

Pic des Singes is a peak in northern Algeria, northwest of the town of Béjaïa. It is located in the Cap Carbon area of the Tell Atlas range, on the Mediterranean coast.

Aïn El Hammam Commune and town in Tizi Ouzou Province, Algeria

Aïn El Hammam is a town and commune in Tizi Ouzou Province in northern Algeria.

References

  1. IUCN. 2008. Redlist: Macaca sylvanus
  2. C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg Archived August 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Énigmes et joutes oratoires de Kabylie by Youcef Allioui, L'Harmattan, 2005 ISBN   2-7475-8065-2