Dobri Voynikov

Last updated
Dobri Voynikov (1833-1878) Voynikov.gif
Dobri Voynikov (1833–1878)
Monument to Voynikov in Shumen Dobri Voinikov.JPG
Monument to Voynikov in Shumen

Dobri Popov Voynikov (Bulgarian : Добри Попов Войников; 10 November 1833 27 March 1878) was a Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist of the Bulgarian National Revival. He is regarded as the father of modern Bulgarian theatre and the first Bulgarian producer. Voynikov was among the founders of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

Voynikov was born in the city of Şumnu, Ottoman Empire (now Shumen, Bulgaria) in 1833 and studied at Sava Filaterov, Ivan Bogorov and Sava Dobropolodni's schools. He graduated from the Galatasaray High School in Istanbul in 1858 and became a teacher in Shumen, where he remained until 1864. In Shumen, he was an active public figure and took an active part in the Bulgarian Church struggle and the establishment of secular Bulgarian education.

In 1864, he was forced to emigrate to the autonomous Romanian Principalities, settling first in Brăila and then moving to Giurgiu in 1873. In 1866, he was for a while part of the Secret Central Bulgarian Committee. He authored brochures in French, revealing the atrocities committed by the Ottoman authorities in the Bulgarian lands and enlightened the goals of the Bulgarian revolutionary movement. As an émigré in Romania Voynikov came to be involved in theatre: he founded a Bulgarian amateur theatrical company in Brăila in 1865 and headed it until 1870. For the first time in the history of Bulgarian theatre, women took part as actresses. He continued his involvement in theatre in Giurgiu, Bucharest and Shumen.

Voynikov authored several plays, both dramas and comedies: Princess Rayna (1866), Baptism of the Preslav Court (1868), Velislava, Bulgarian Princess (1870), The Enthronement of Krum the Fearsome (1871), the famous The Misunderstood Civilization (1873), The Chorbadzhia (1881), A Physician in Spite of Himself (1884) and the unpublished Dimanka or True First Love. His plays constitute the main repertoire of Bulgarian National Revival theatre and set some trends that were continued by the next generations of playwrights, such as Vasil Drumev and Ivan Vazov.

In the early 1870s Voynikov was close to the right-wing Band of Virtues group who assisted him in obtaining Russian citizenship; thus, Voynikov could return to Bulgaria in 1874. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, he was the director of an orphanage in Tarnovo, where he died of typhus.

Related Research Articles

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1871.

Culture of Bulgaria culture of an area

A number of ancient civilizations, including the Thracians, Ancient Greeks, Scythians, Celts, Ancient Romans, Goths, Slavs, Varangians and the Bulgars have left their mark on the culture, history and heritage of Bulgaria. Due to this great variety of influences, Bulgaria has adopted many unusual traditions, including nodding to mean "no" and shaking head for when you mean "yes". Thracian artifacts include numerous temples, tombs, golden treasures and ancient rites and rituals, while ancient Bulgars have left traces of their heritage in statehood, early architecture, music and dances. Thracian rituals such as the Tryphon Zarezan which is dedicated to Saint Tryphon of Campsada, Kukeri and Martenitza are to this day kept alive in the modern Bulgarian culture. The oldest treasure of worked gold in the world, dating back to the 5th millennium BC, comes from the site of the Varna Necropolis.

Ivan Vazov Bulgarian writer and poet

Ivan Minchov Vazov was a Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright, often referred to as "the Patriarch of Bulgarian literature". He was born in Sopot, a town in the Rose Valley of Bulgaria. The works of Ivan Vazov reveal two historical epochs - the Bulgarian Renaissance and the Post-Liberation epoch. Ivan Vazov holds the highest honorary title of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Academician. He acted as Education and People Enlightenment Minister from September 7, 1897 until January 30, 1899, representing the People's Party.

Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee

The Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee or BRCC was a Bulgarian revolutionary organisation founded in 1869 among the Bulgarian emigrant circles in Romania. The decisive influence for the establishment of the committee was exerted by the Svoboda newspaper which Lyuben Karavelov began to publish in the autumn of 1869. Some of the other revolutionaries who took active part in the formation and work of the BRCK were Panayot Hitov, Vasil Levski and Dimitar Tsenovich.

Shumen City in Bulgaria

Shumen is the tenth largest city in Bulgaria and the administrative and economic capital of Shumen Province.

Danube Vilayet Ottoman province

The Vilayet of the Danube or Danubian Vilayet was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire from 1864 to 1878. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 34,120 square miles (88,400 km2).

Long Turkish War border conflict between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire over Balkan territories

The Long Turkish War or Thirteen Years' War was an indecisive land war between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire, primarily over the Principalities of Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldavia. It was waged from 1593 to 1606 but in Europe it is sometimes called the Fifteen Years War, reckoning from the 1591–92 Turkish campaign that captured Bihać.

Kliment of Tarnovo Bulgarian Prime Minister

Kliment of Tarnovo, was a leading Bulgarian clergyman and politician. He was also a writer and one of the founders of the Bulgarian Literature Society in 1869.

Panayot Volov Bulgarian revolutionary

Panayot Volov, was the organizer and leader of the Gyurgevo Revolutionary Committee of the Bulgarian April Uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1876.

Nikola Obretenov Bulgarian revolutionary

Nikola Tihov Obretenov was a Bulgarian revolutionary, one of the combatants for the liberation of Bulgaria, and a participant in the Stara Zagora Uprising and the April Uprising. His book "Memories About Bulgarian Uprisings" was published posthumously and is a primary source of historical information about those events.

Hitar Petar

Hitar Petar or Itar Pejo is a character of Bulgarian and Macedonian folklore.

Dobri Chintulov Bulgarian composer and poet

Dobri Petrov Chintulov was a Bulgarian poet, teacher and composer of the Bulgarian National Revival period.

Ilarion Dragostinov Bulgarian revolutionary

Ilarion Ivanov Dragostinov, nicknamed Arbanascheto was a Bulgarian revolutionary and an important figure in the organization and direction of the anti-Ottoman April Uprising of 1876.

Stancho Stanchev Bulgarian theatre director

Stancho Georgiev Stanchev is a Bulgarian theatre director.

Vasile Boerescu Romanian politician

Vasile Boerescu was a journalist, lawyer and Romanian politician who served as the Minister of Justice, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Religion and Public Instruction and held other various governmental offices during the existence of United Principalities.

Raphael Popov Bulgarian priest

Raphael Popov was a Bulgarian Byzantine-Catholic bishop and one of the leaders of Bulgarian national revival. Originally he was an Eastern Orthodox deacon, but converted in 1860 to Catholic Church. In 1865, he became Administrator of the Bulgarian Byzantine Catholic Church in the Ottoman Empire and was ordained as bishop.

<i>The Phoney Civilization</i> play written by Dobri Voynikov

The Phoney Civilization is a five-acts satirical play written by the Bulgarian playwright Dobri Voynikov published in 1871.

A Newspaperman? is a comedy play written by the Bulgarian writer, poet and playwright Ivan Vazov first published in 1900.

Dimitrie C. Ollănescu-Ascanio Wallachian-born Romanian poet, prose writer and playwright

Dimitrie C. Ollănescu-Ascanio was a Wallachian, later Romanian poet, prose writer and playwright.

Dobri is a Bulgarian masculine given name that may refer to

References