Dolinsk, Sakhalin Oblast

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Dolinsk

Долинск
Sakhalin Railway Dolinsk 3.jpg
Sakhalin Railway in Dolinsk
Flag of Dolinsky rayon (Sakhalin oblast).png
Flag
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Coat of arms
Location of Dolinsk
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Dolinsk
Location of Dolinsk
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Dolinsk
Dolinsk (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 47°19′N142°48′E / 47.317°N 142.800°E / 47.317; 142.800 Coordinates: 47°19′N142°48′E / 47.317°N 142.800°E / 47.317; 142.800
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Dolinsky District [1]
Founded1884
Government
  HeadAlexander Tugarev
Area
  Total11 km2 (4 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
  Total12,200
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
11,765 (-3.6%)
  Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
   Capital ofDolinsky District [1]
  Urban okrugDolinsky Urban Okrug [4]
   Capital ofDolinsky Urban Okrug [4]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
694051–694052
Dialing code(s) +7 42442 [7]
OKTMO ID64712000001

Dolinsk (Russian : Долинск; Japanese : 落合) is a town and the administrative center of Dolinsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located in the southeast of the Sakhalin Island in the valley of the Naiba River and its tributaries, about 45 kilometers (28 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) from the coast of the Terpeniye Bay of the Sea of Okhotsk. Population: 12,200(2010 Census); [2] 12,555(2002 Census); [8] 15,653(1989 Census). [9]

Contents

History

The present site of the town was the location of the Ainu settlement Ziancha until 1884, when the Russian village of Galkino-Vraskoye (named after Mikhail Galkin-Vraskoy) was founded.[ citation needed ] The Treaty of Portsmouth saw it transferred to Japanese control in 1905, along with the rest of southern Sakhalin. It was given machi (town) status by the Japanese, under the name Ochiai.

The Red Army retook control of the whole of Sakhalin in 1945, during the closing stages of World War II. In 1946, the town received its present name, roughly translating as town in the valley.

Since the 1940s, the town's population has decreased by more than half, from a high of 25,135 in 1941 down to 12,200 inhabitants recorded in the 2010 Census.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dolinsk serves as the administrative center of Dolinsky District and is subordinated to it. [1] As a municipal division, the town of Dolinsk and twelve rural localities of Dolinsky District are incorporated as Dolinsky Urban Okrug. [4]

Economy

Paper and machinery are produced in the town, with fishing and coal mining conducted in the surrounding area.

Transportation

The main north-south Sakhalin railway connecting Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk with Nogliki passes through the town.

Military

The Dolinsk-Sokol air force base is located to the south of the town.

Climate

Like the rest of southern Sakhalin, Dolinsk has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold and snowy winters and mild, rainy summers. Lying exposed to moist southeasterly flows from the Pacific Ocean, it is substantially wetter than either Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk or Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, and receives very heavy snow in winter.

Climate data for Dolinsk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)8.9
(48.0)
7.2
(45.0)
13.9
(57.0)
21.1
(70.0)
30.0
(86.0)
31.1
(88.0)
35.0
(95.0)
33.9
(93.0)
31.1
(88.0)
26.1
(79.0)
17.8
(64.0)
7.2
(45.0)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F)−8.5
(16.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
5.7
(42.3)
12.7
(54.9)
16.8
(62.2)
20.4
(68.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.3
(64.9)
11.5
(52.7)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
7.2
(45.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−13.2
(8.2)
−12.3
(9.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
1.4
(34.5)
7.1
(44.8)
11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
16.8
(62.2)
12.9
(55.2)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
2.2
(36.0)
Average low °C (°F)−17.7
(0.1)
−17.4
(0.7)
−11.3
(11.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.7
(36.9)
7.0
(44.6)
11.5
(52.7)
13.0
(55.4)
8.4
(47.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−6.2
(20.8)
−13.7
(7.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
Record low °C (°F)−38.9
(−38.0)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
1.1
(34.0)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−38.9
(−38.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)72.5
(2.85)
76.6
(3.02)
77.4
(3.05)
59.5
(2.34)
82.4
(3.24)
88.7
(3.49)
105.7
(4.16)
113.6
(4.47)
135.0
(5.31)
107.0
(4.21)
86.0
(3.39)
102.0
(4.02)
1,106.4
(43.55)
Average precipitation days131012999111111111115132
Average relative humidity (%)77767872758286878278757879
Source: Weatherbase [10]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 Law #524
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin Archived December 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Dolinsk, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 12, 2012.

Sources