Domenico Bollani

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Domenico Bollani
Bishop of Brescia
Domenico Bollani.jpg
Church Catholic Church
See Brescia
Appointed 14 March 1559
Term ended 12 August 1579
Predecessor Durante Duranti
Successor Giovanni Dolfin
Orders
Consecration 1559 (Bishop)
Personal details
Born(1514-02-10)10 February 1514
Venice
Died 12 August 1579(1579-08-12) (aged 65)
Brescia
Buried Old Cathedral of Brescia

Domenico Bollani (1514–1579) was a diplomat and politician of the Republic of Venice, and as Bishop of Brescia from 1559 to 1579 he was a leading figure of the Catholic reform.

Republic of Venice former state in in Northeastern Italy (697–1797)

The Republic of Venice or Venetian Republic, traditionally known as La Serenissima was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for over a millennium between the 7th century and the 18th century from 697 AD until 1797 AD. It was based in the lagoon communities of the historically prosperous city of Venice, and was a leading European economic and trading power during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Brescia diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Diocese Catholic of Brescia is a Latin rite suffragan diocese in the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Milan, in Lombardy.

Contents

Political career

Domenico Bollani was born to a noble family in Venice on 10 February 1514, [1] or in 1513 according to other sources [2] . He earned a doctorate of Laws at the University of Padova and he took the political career in the Republic of Venice [1] He was elected in the Consiglio dei Pregadi (the Senate) and he held also the office as one of the Savi di Terraferma (an office comparable to a minister).

Venice Comune in Veneto, Italy

Venice is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the "prime minister", "premier", "chief minister", "Chancellor" or other title.

In 1547 he was appointed ambassador to England. Returned in Venice, in 1551 he served in the Council of Ten. In 1556 he was appointed lieutenant (governor) of Friuli where he successfully managed a crisis due to famine and plague: an arch in Udine (the Arco Bollani built in 1556 and attributed to Andrea Palladio) remembers his activity.

Kingdom of England historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles (927–1649; 1660–1707)

The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Council of Ten Venice

The Council of Ten, or simply the Ten, was, from 1310 to 1797, one of the major governing bodies of the Republic of Venice.

Friuli Historical region in Italy

Friuli is an area of Northeast Italy with its own particular cultural and historical identity containing 600,000 Friulians. It comprises the major part of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, i.e. the administrative provinces of Udine, Pordenone, and Gorizia, excluding Trieste.

In 1558 he was appointed as podestà (governor) of Brescia, where he was able to settle a dispute with the near Duchy of Milan for the use of the waters of Oglio river. [3]

Podestà high officials in many Italian cities beginning in the later Middle Ages

Podestà is the name given to certain high officials in many Italian cities beginning in the later Middle Ages. Mainly it meant the chief magistrate of a city state, the counterpart to similar positions in other cities that went by other names, e.g. rettori ("rectors"), but it could also mean the local administrator, who was the representative of the Holy Roman Emperor. Currently, Podestà is the title of mayors in Italian-speaking municipalities of Graubünden in Switzerland.

Brescia Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Brescia is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy. It is situated at the foot of the Alps, a few kilometres from the lakes Garda and Iseo. With a population of about 200,000, it is the second largest city in the region and the fourth of northwest Italy. The urban area of Brescia extends beyond the administrative city limits and has a population of 672,822, while over 1.5 million people live in its metropolitan area. The city is the administrative capital of the Province of Brescia, one of the largest in Italy, with over 1,200,000 inhabitants.

Duchy of Milan former duchy in Italy (1395–1447; 1450–1535)

The Duchy of Milan was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy. It was created in 1395, when it included twenty-six towns and the wide rural area of the middle Padan Plain east of the hills of Montferrat. During much of its existence, it was wedged between Savoy to the west, Venice to the east, the Swiss Confederacy to the north, and separated from the Mediterranean by Genoa to the south. The Duchy eventually fell to Habsburg Austria with the Treaty of Baden (1714), concluding the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duchy remained an Austrian possession until 1796, when a French army under Napoleon Bonaparte conquered it, and it ceased to exist a year later as a result of the Treaty of Campo Formio, when Austria ceded it to the new Cisalpine Republic.

Ecclesiastic career

Even if he was not an ecclesiastic, he was proposed as new bishop of Brescia by the citizen of the town, and this candidature was approved by both the Republic of Venice and by Pope Paul IV who formally appointed him on 14 March 1559. [3] He was ordained priest in Brescia in the spring of 1559, celebrated his first mass in the cathedral of Brescia on 15 August 1559, and he was consecrated bishop in the autumn of the same year in Venice. [4]

Pope Paul IV 16th-century Catholic pope

Pope Paul IV, C.R., born Gian Pietro Carafa, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he developed an anti-Spanish outlook that later coloured his papacy. A part of Papal States was invaded by Spain during his papacy and in response to this, he called for a French military intervention. To avoid a conflict at the same time of the Italian War of 1551–1559, the Papacy and Spain reached a compromise with the Treaty of Cave: French and Spanish forces left the Papal States and the Pope adopted a neutral stance between France and Spain.

Domenico Bollani participated in the final stages of the Council of Trent, and he was ready to implement the consequent reform in his diocese. Following the requests of the council, he founded the seminary in 1568, he gathered a diocesan synod in 1574 and was anxious to personally visit the parishes of the diocese of Brescia. When in 1577 the plague spread in the city, in a moment's hesitation he left the town, than he chose to return to take care of the sicks, following the example of Charles Borromeo. In 1567 he completed the construction of the new Bishop's Palace in Brescia, started almost a century before. [3]

Council of Trent Synod

The Council of Trent, held between 1545 and 1563 in Trent, was the 19th ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.

Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination to server as clergy, in academics, or in Christian ministry. The English word is taken from the Latin seminarium, translated as seed-bed, an image taken from the Council of Trent document Cum adolescentium aetas which called for the first modern seminaries. In the West, the term now refers to Catholic educational institutes and has widened to include other Christian denominations and American Jewish institutions.

Charles Borromeo cardinal archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584

Charles Borromeo was Roman Catholic archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and a cardinal. He was a leading figure of the Counter-Reformation combat against the Protestant Reformation together with St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Philip Neri. In that role he was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honored as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, with a feast day on November 4.

He died in Brescia on 12 August 1579 in the arms of Charles Borromeo. [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 Pillinini, Giovanni (1969). "Bollani, Domenico". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). 11. Treccani.
  2. 1 2 Cairns, Christopher (1976). Domenico Bollani, Bishop of Brescia : devotion to church and state in the republic of Venice in the sixteenth century. Nieuwkoop: De Graaf. ISBN   9789060043462.
  3. 1 2 3 Fappani, Antonio; Trovati, Francesco (1982). I vescovi di Brescia (in Italian). Brescia: Edizioni del Moretto. pp. 154–160.
  4. Fé, Luigi Francesco (1875). Il Vescovo Domenico Bollani (in Italian). Brescia: Pio Istituto Pavoni. p. 16.