Domme, Dordogne

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Domme
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A general view of Domme
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Coat of arms
Location of Domme
Domme, Dordogne
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Domme
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Domme
Coordinates: 44°48′08″N1°12′52″E / 44.8022°N 1.2144°E / 44.8022; 1.2144 Coordinates: 44°48′08″N1°12′52″E / 44.8022°N 1.2144°E / 44.8022; 1.2144
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Sarlat-la-Canéda
Canton Vallée Dordogne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-Claude Cassagnole
Area
1
24.91 km2 (9.62 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
911
  Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24152 /24250
Elevation60–303 m (197–994 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Domme (French pronunciation:  [dɔm] ; Occitan : Doma) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is sometimes called the "Akropolis des Périgord".

Contents

Geography

Aerial view of Domme Domme sky view.jpg
Aerial view of Domme

Domme is 250 metres (820 ft) above sea level on a rocky outcrop overlooking the Dordogne river. With its trapezoid city plan, Domme is a bastide (a fortified medieval town) adapted to the surrounding terrain, and thus falling short of the rectangular city plan characteristic to bastides.

Today a member of the association Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The Most Beautiful Villages of France"), Domme has two public spaces of medieval origin: the commercial Place de la Halle ("Market Hall Square") and the Place de La Rode, where the breaking wheel entertained the public. There were two other notable locations in the village: the fair and the moneyer's house.

[2]

History

Templar graffiti on a prison wall F07.Domme.0041.JPG
Templar graffiti on a prison wall

Founded as a stronghold in 1281 by Philip the Bold following his campaign along the Dordogne river, Domme obtained the privilege of minting its own currency.

In 1307, the Knight Templars were imprisoned in Domme during the trial against them, of which hundreds of Templar graffiti still bear witness. They used a code system involving series of geometric figures: the octagon represented the Grail, the triangle surmounted by a cross represented Golgatha, the square represented the Temple, and the circle represented the imprisonment. Similar inscriptions (of disputed authenticity) have been found in other towns such as Loches, Gisors, and Chinon.

During the Hundred Years' War, the bastide was coveted by the English who first took the town in 1347 and repeatedly changed rulers throughout the war until 1437 when it finally fell under French rule again.

The Wars of Religion brought new turmoil. Protestants took the city in 1588 by climbing the cliffs at night to open the gates. A short success, as the Protestant captain had to hand the bastide in which he was entrenched back to the Catholics in 1592. The city then witnessed popular revolts ( Jacquerie des Croquants ) in 1594 and 1637.

Domme prospered during the seventeenth century only to decline thereafter, which greatly facilitated its preservation in modern time. [2]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962855    
1968876+2.5%
1975891+1.7%
1982910+2.1%
19901,030+13.2%
1999986−4.3%
20081,004+1.8%

Points of interest

Domme is famous for its fortifications, which were completed by 1310. The Porte des Tours with the main entrance loads to two drum-shaped towers of stone on the east and west part of the wall. The walls, first completed in 1310, contain two more gates. [3]

The halle, first erected in the 17th century and rebuilt in 1954, faces towards the marketplace, the Place de la Halle. [3] The Maison du Gouverneur, on the opposite side of the Place de la Halle, is a fortress-like building with tower and turrets, first built in the 15th century and expanded in the 17th. [3] [4]

In movies

The village, including the church and the ramparts, served as a shooting location for Le Tatoué by Denys de La Patellière with Jean Gabin and Louis de Funès in 1968.

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. 1 2 This section was a free translation of the French article as of June 5 2011
  3. 1 2 3 Domme, John Reps Bastide Collection, Cornell University Library
  4. Domme - a beautiful Dordogne town set high above the river, North of the dordogne