Dongying

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Dongying

东营市
Dongying, Shandong, China - panoramio (106).jpg
ChinaShandongDongying.png
Location of Dongying City administration in Shandong
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dongying
Location in China
Coordinates(Dongying municipal government): 37°26′02″N118°40′29″E / 37.4340°N 118.6746°E / 37.4340; 118.6746 Coordinates: 37°26′02″N118°40′29″E / 37.4340°N 118.6746°E / 37.4340; 118.6746
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 5
Township-level divisions 43
Municipal seat Dongying District
Government
  CPC SecretaryShen Changyou (申长友)
   Mayor Zhao HaoZhi (赵豪志)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 7,923.26 km2 (3,059.19 sq mi)
  Urban
1,155.6 km2 (446.2 sq mi)
  Metro
3,359.7 km2 (1,297.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census) [1]
   Prefecture-level city 2,035,338
  Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
   Urban
756,676
  Urban density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
   Metro
998,968
  Metro density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 546
ISO 3166 code CN-SD-05
GDP (Nominal) 2018
 - TotalUS$ 61.89 billion
 - Per capitaUS$ 29,124
License Plate Prefix鲁E
Website www.dongying.gov.cn

Dongying (simplified Chinese :东营; traditional Chinese :東營; pinyin :Dōngyíng), a prefecture-level city, lies on the northern (Bohai Sea) coast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, 2,035,338 people resided within its administrative area of 7,923.26 km2 (3,059.19 sq mi) and 998,968 in the built-up area made up of Dongying district and Kenli County largely being urbanized. [1] [2] Dongying is home to the Shengli Oilfield which after the Daqing oilfield is the second largest oilfield in China.

Contents

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Dongying administers five county-level divisions, including three districts and two counties:

Map

These are further divided into 43 township-level divisions, including 23 towns, 13 townships and seven subdistricts.

History

The city was established in 1983, as a base for developing the Yellow River Delta and China's second largest oilfield, Shengli Field. The oilfield was discovered in 1964 near a small village called Dongying, which gave its name to the city.

Geography

Dongying is located on the banks of the Yellow River Delta of Northern Shandong Province. [3] Bordering prefectures are:

The city is located at 36° 55'–38° 10' N latitude and 118° 07′–119° 10' E longitude, and has a total area of 7,923 square kilometres (3,059 sq mi). [3] The city's 350 km (220 mi) coastline borders Laizhou Bay and Bohai Bay to the east and north respectively.

Climate

Dongying has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid continental climate Köppen Dwa), with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. The city is dry and nearly rainless in spring, hot and rainy in summer, crisp in autumn and dry and cold (with little snow) in winter. The average annual temperature is 13.1 °C (55.6 °F), and the annual precipitation is 559 millimetres (22.0 in), with a strong summer maximum, and high variability from year to year. January is the coldest and driest month, with a mean temperature of −2.6 °C (27.3 °F) and 5.5 mm (0.22 in) of equivalent rainfall. July is the hottest and wettest month; the corresponding numbers are 26.8 °C (80.2 °F), and 168.8 mm (6.65 in).

Climate data for Dongying (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.2
(59.4)
22.8
(73.0)
26.0
(78.8)
34.0
(93.2)
40.7
(105.3)
39.3
(102.7)
40.3
(104.5)
38.5
(101.3)
36.1
(97.0)
32.6
(90.7)
26.3
(79.3)
21.0
(69.8)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F)2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
11.5
(52.7)
20.1
(68.2)
25.9
(78.6)
29.9
(85.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.3
(86.5)
26.5
(79.7)
20.4
(68.7)
12.1
(53.8)
5.1
(41.2)
18.4
(65.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.6
(27.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.7
(42.3)
13.7
(56.7)
19.7
(67.5)
24.3
(75.7)
26.8
(80.2)
26.1
(79.0)
21.5
(70.7)
14.9
(58.8)
6.8
(44.2)
0.1
(32.2)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F)−6.3
(20.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
8.6
(47.5)
14.4
(57.9)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
22.6
(72.7)
17.2
(63.0)
10.6
(51.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
8.8
(47.9)
Record low °C (°F)−17.6
(0.3)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−8.9
(16.0)
−2
(28)
3.8
(38.8)
10.6
(51.1)
14.8
(58.6)
14.6
(58.3)
7.9
(46.2)
−1.5
(29.3)
−10.3
(13.5)
−16.4
(2.5)
−20.2
(−4.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.5
(0.22)
8.8
(0.35)
12.5
(0.49)
24.4
(0.96)
39.9
(1.57)
75.1
(2.96)
160.3
(6.31)
133.5
(5.26)
45.9
(1.81)
31.5
(1.24)
14.9
(0.59)
7.0
(0.28)
559.3
(22.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.73.54.04.95.78.011.89.85.95.54.43.369.5
Source: Weather China

Economy

A large part of the city's economy revolves around petroleum and the nearby Shengli Oil Field.

Industries include petroleum, petrochemistry, saline chemistry, papermaking, machinery, electronics, construction, building materials, foodstuff processing, pneumatic tires and rubber, textiles, and light industries.

Dongying is one of the world's leading producers of rubber tires. It has more tire factories than any other city in the world.[ citation needed ]

Recently, Dongying's economy has grown significantly, reflecting the high development of China's economy.[ citation needed ] The city's growing manufacturing sector and its proximity to oil reserves have led to increased company investments. An example is DuPont, which invested five billion yuan in 2005 to build a titanium dioxide factory in the area. After this project's completion, it became the largest investment outside of the US for DuPont.

Transportation

A new bus station (东营市汽车总站; Dōngyíng Shì qìchē Zǒng Zhàn) was built between the east and west sides of the city, on Huanghe Road (黄河路; Huánghé Lù). Connections to Beijing, Qingdao and Jinan, among many other cities are available on a daily basis.

Education

Dongying is home to one major university, the China University of Petroleum, as well as several colleges and technical schools. There are also many top high schools located in Dongying, one of those is Shengli Oilfield No.1 Middle School. Founded in 1965, rated as the most successful middle and high schools in China in a research hold by Beijing University in 2014, it is the first provincial standardized school in Shandong Province. There are 114 classes in the school with more than 5,300 students. [5]

Explosion

There was an explosion that occurred at a chemical factory starting on Monday, 31 August 2015. Thirteen people died and several were detained by authorities. [6]

Sister city

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References

  1. 1 2 东营市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Dongying Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 June 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  2. http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-shandong-admin.php
  3. 1 2 "Geographical Location". Dongying municipal government. Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  4. "Shandong expands railway network". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  5. http://www.sldyzx.cn/Item/4786.aspx
  6. Dongying factory blast kills one, six execs arrested, Asia Pacific News, 01-09-2014