|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Florida's 27th district
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Ileana Ros-Lehtinen|
|President of the Clinton Foundation|
March 6, 2015 –April 25, 2017
|Preceded by||Eric Braverman|
|Succeeded by||Kevin Thurm|
|5th President of the University of Miami|
June 1, 2001 –August 16, 2015
|Preceded by||Edward T. Foote II|
|Succeeded by||Julio Frenk|
|18th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services|
January 22, 1993 –January 20, 2001
|Preceded by||Louis Wade Sullivan|
|Succeeded by||Tommy Thompson|
|5th Chancellor of the |
University of Wisconsin–Madison
January 1, 1988 –January 22, 1993
|Preceded by||Bernard Cecil Cohen|
|Succeeded by||David Ward|
|10th President of Hunter College|
October 8, 1980 –January 1, 1988
|Preceded by||Jacqueline Grennan Wexler|
|Succeeded by||Paul LeClerc|
|United States Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for Policy Development and Research|
January 1977 –October 1980
|Succeeded by||Emanuel S. Savas|
Donna Edna Shalala
February 14, 1941
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Education|| Western College (BA)|
Syracuse University (MA, PhD)
Donna Edna Shalala ( // shə-LAY-lə; born February 14, 1941) is an American politician and academic serving as the U.S. Representative for Florida's 27th congressional district since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served as the 18th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services under President Bill Clinton from 1993 to 2001.
Shalala served as President of the University of Miami, a private university in Coral Gables, Florida, from 2001 through 2015. Previously she was the President of Hunter College from 1980 until 1988 and chancellor of the University of Wisconsin–Madison from 1988 to 1993. Shalala also served as Trustee Professor of Political Science and Health Policy at the University of Miami, and was President of the Clinton Foundation from 2015 to 2017.She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in the 2018 election, in a district which includes just over half of Miami as well as many of its eastern suburbs.
Shalala was born in Cleveland, Ohio of Maronite Catholic Lebanese descent.Her father sold real estate and her mother, one of the first Lebanese-Americans to graduate from Ohio State University, was a teacher who worked two jobs and attended law school at night to become a lawyer at 41; she practiced for fifty years, retiring at age 91. She has a twin sister, Diane Fritel.
Shalala attended West Technical High School where she was the editor of the school newspaper.She received a bachelor's degree in 1962 from Western College for Women. From 1962 to 1964, she was among the first volunteers to serve in the Peace Corps. Her placement took her to Iran where she worked with other volunteers to construct an agricultural college. In 1970, she earned a Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.
Shalala began her teaching career as a political science professor at Baruch College (part of the City University of New York), where she also was a member of the American Federation of Teachers union. In 1972, Shalala became a professor of politics and education at Teachers College, Columbia University, a post she held until 1979.In 1975, Shalala became the only woman on the Municipal Assistance Corporation, a group tasked with saving New York City from a financial crisis. Concurrently, from 1977 to 1980, she served as the assistant secretary for policy development and research at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development during the Carter Administration.
Shalala's first experience with academic administration came on October 8, 1980, when she became the tenth president of Hunter College, serving in this capacity until 1988.
Shalala next served as chancellor of the University of Wisconsin–Madison (1988–1993).At the time of her chancellorship, the university included 42,000 students, employed 16,500 people, and had an annual budget of $1 billion. She was the first woman to lead a Big Ten Conference school, and only the second woman in the country to head a major research university.
Under Shalala's chancellorship and with her support, the university adopted a broad speech code subjecting students to disciplinary action for communications that were perceived as hate speech. That speech code was later found unconstitutional by a federal judge.Also while chancellor, Shalala supported passage of a revised faculty speech code broadly restricting "harmful" speech in both "noninstructional" and "instructional" settings. The faculty speech code was abolished ten years later, after a number of professors were investigated for alleged or suspected violations. As Madison chancellor, Shalala, with then athletic director Pat Richter, interviewed and hired football coach Barry Alvarez who went on to become Wisconsin's all-time leader in football wins, with numerous appearances by Wisconsin at the Rose Bowl.
Following a year serving as chair of the Children's Defense Fund (1992–1993), Shalala was nominated in 1992 by President-elect Bill Clinton for the position of United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.The Washington Post labeled her "one of the most controversial Clinton Cabinet nominees". Her nomination went before the Senate Finance Committee in January 1993. At the start of her tenure, the Department of Health and Human Services employed 125,000 people and had a budget of $539 billion.
Shalala served in this role for all eight years of his administration, becoming the nation's longest-serving HHS secretary. In 1996, Shalala was the designated survivor during Clinton's State of the Union address.
She was also known for her fervent anti-drug stance.[ citation needed ] She was the first Lebanese-American to serve in a Cabinet position.
After the end of the Clinton administration in 2001, Shalala became president of the University of Miami (UM). million to $1 billion; the goal was later increased to $1.25 billion by the end of 2007. In February 2012, the University of Miami announced Momentum2: The Breakthrough Campaign for the University of Miami, with $906 million already raised at the time of the public launch. On October 26, 2012, UM announced that Momentum2 hit the $1 billion mark, on track to reach the fundraising goal of $1.6 billion in 2016.She created a UM fundraising campaign called "Momentum," designed to raise UM's endowment from approximately $750
Drawing on her experience after serving as Secretary of Health and Human Services, Shalala taught a course on the United States healthcare system every spring semester.
On January 20, 2012, the Chronicle of Higher Education reported that Shalala had been paid almost a half million dollars in 2010 to serve on the boards of three companies, two of which were run by UM trustees.
Shalala faced some criticism for her response to a nationally publicized custodial workers' strike at the University of Miami, which lasted from February 28, 2006, until May 1, 2006. Critics called UM's custodial workers among the lowest paid university-based custodians in the nation and alleged they were not earning a living wage. The strike prompted Shalala to raise wages. Shalala was also criticized for living in luxury while the custodians did not have health insurance.Shalala criticized union organizer's tactics, including a sit-in that she said prevented students from attending classes.
In the fall of 2007, Shalala was inducted into UM's Iron Arrow Honor Society.
On September 8, 2014, Shalala announced that she would be stepping down at the end of the 2014–2015 academic year.
In 2015, Shalala took a leave of absence from her tenured professorship at UM to volunteer for the Clinton Foundation.She followed her tenure as president of the University of Miami with being named chief executive officer of the Foundation. According to The New York Times , Chelsea Clinton helped persuade Shalala to leave the Miami position, move to New York and head the foundation. Shalala maintained a home in Miami and taught part-time at UM while heading the foundation in New York.
Shalala led the Clinton Foundation during the 2016 presidential election, in which Hillary Clinton was a leading candidate and the propriety of the foundation's activity came under scrutiny.In a September 14, 2016, interview on MSNBC, Shalala admitted that there was “no question” that donors to the Clinton Foundation had been given “courtesy appointments” in the State Department while Hillary Clinton ran that department. Shalala oversaw the termination of the Clinton Global Initiative during her tenure as CEO, as well as other reductions in operations intended to avoid conflicts of interest if Clinton won the election. She resisted calls by The Washington Post and USA Today to shut down the foundation entirely, arguing that "there are human beings around the world who would be affected by these decisions."
Shalala left the Clinton Foundation in April 2017 to return to her full-time teaching position at UM; she was replaced by her former HHS deputy Kevin Thurm.
Following a September 2015 Clinton Global Initiative event held at the Sheraton New York, Shalala fell ill. It was subsequently reported by a foundation statement that she had suffered a stroke.As of early 2018, she claimed to have "totally recovered."
In March 2018, Shalala declared her candidacy in the Democratic primary for Florida's 27th congressional district.The district voted overwhelmingly for Clinton in the 2016 presidential election, but its House seat was held by 30-year incumbent Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.
In an interview with WFOR-TV, Shalala stated that she supported universal healthcare coverage, but opposed a Medicare For All single-payer healthcare system because she believed that individuals who liked their current employment-based healthcare plans should be able to keep them.On August 28, 2018, Shalala won the Democratic five-candidate primary over state Representative David Richardson. The outcome of the race was substantially closer than polling predicted, which had her leading consistently by double digits. She won with 31.9 percent of the vote, vs. 27.5% for Richardson.
Shalala ran against Republican candidate Maria Elvira Salazar, a popular anchorwoman for Miami Telemundo outlet WSCV, in the general election. Shalala's campaign emphasized her experience and sought to tie Salazar to President Donald Trump, who was unpopular in the district.The race proved closer than expected, in part because Shalala does not speak Spanish; the 27th district is over 63 percent Latino. As late as a month before the election, polls showed Shalala either behind or practically tied with Salazar. However, Shalala won the election at the age of 77, making her the second-oldest freshman Representative in history after James B. Bowler who was elected at the age of 78 in 1953. Her victory returned the seat to the Democrats for the first time since the death of longtime congressman Claude Pepper in 1989.
Shalala was sworn in as a member of the 116th United States Congress on January 3, 2019. She is the oldest freshman member of the House.
On December 18 2019, Shalala voted to impeach President Donald J. Trump.
Shalala is currently serving on the Board of Directors of the United States Soccer Federation.Shalala served as a member of the board of directors of Lennar Corporation from 2001–2012. She served on the board of directors of Gannett Company from 2001 to 2011, retiring because of age limits. The Chronicle of Higher Education has reported on the conflict of interest of Shalala sitting on boards of property development companies.
On March 6, 2007, President George W. Bush named Shalala and Bob Dole to head a presidential commission called the President's Commission On Care for America's Returning Wounded Warriors. The commission was formed in response to a growing outcry over the care of wounded outpatient soldiers.
The commission included seven other members, ranging from injured war veterans to the wife of a wounded staff sergeant who suffered burns across 70 percent of his body. Demands for corrective action arose after The Washington Post exposed living conditions in a decrepit Army-owned building just outside Walter Reed Hospital and highlighted obstacles and delays in the treatment of soldiers who suffered serious injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan.The commission subsequently issued several recommendations for improvement of these facilities.
In 1985, Shalala became a founding member of EMILY's List, a political action committee that seeks to elect pro-choice Democratic women to office. relations with Iran. She served on the board of directors for Gannett Company.Shalala served from 2001–2007 on the board of the Albert Shanker Institute, a small, three-member staff organization named for the former head of the American Federation of Teachers. She is an honorary board member of the American Iranian Council, an organization that seeks to promote closer U.S.
Shalala serves as a co-leader of the Nutrition and Physical Activity Initiative at the Bipartisan Policy Center.She serves as a distinguished senior fellow in the Economic Studies Program and the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform at the Brookings Institution. She is also a member of Washington D.C based think tank, The Inter-American Dialogue.
Shalala also served as a panelist on the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense, a working group of former high-ranking government officials and academic experts that put together a set of recommendations regarding the United States' defense capabilities against biological threats.
On June 19, 2008, Shalala was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush.In 2010 she received the Nelson Mandela Award for Health and Human Rights. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York in 2011. In 2014, she was recognized by the Harry S Truman Library and Museum with the Harry S Truman Legacy of Leadership Award. In 2019, Shalala was announced as one of the members of the inaugural class of the Government Hall of Fame.
Shalala has been awarded more than 50 honorary degrees.
Shalala has been elected to the Council on Foreign Relations; National Academy of Education; the National Academy of Public Administration; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the American Philosophical Society; the National Academy of Social Insurance; the American Academy of Political and Social Science; and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.
Chelsea Victoria Clinton is an American author and global health advocate. She is the only child of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and former U.S. Secretary of State and 2016 presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. She was a special correspondent for NBC News from 2011 to 2014 and now works with the Clinton Foundation and Clinton Global Initiative, including taking a prominent role at the foundation with a seat on its board.
The Clinton health care plan was a 1993 healthcare reform package proposed by the administration of President Bill Clinton and closely associated with the chair of the task force devising the plan, First Lady of the United States Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Julio José Frenk Mora is a Mexican physician and former secretary of Health of Mexico. Frenk is currently the president of the University of Miami. He is the University of Miami's first Hispanic and native Spanish-speaking president. Frenk formerly served as dean of the faculty and T & G Angelopoulos professor of public health and international development at the Harvard School of Public Health, from 2009 to 2015, where he had been the university's first Hispanic and native Spanish-speaking dean.
Hillary Clinton, the nominee of the Democratic Party for president of the United States in 2016, has taken positions on political issues while serving as First Lady of Arkansas, First Lady of the United States (1993–2001); as U.S. Senator from New York (2001–2009); and serving as the United States Secretary of State (2009–2013).
Sylvia Mary Mathews Burwell is an American government and non-profit executive, who is the 15th president of American University since June 1, 2017. She is the first woman to serve as the university's president. She earlier served as the 22nd United States Secretary of Health and Human Services. President Barack Obama nominated Burwell on April 11, 2014. Burwell's nomination was confirmed by the Senate on June 5, 2014, by a vote of 78-17. She served as Secretary until the end of the Obama administration. Previously, she had been the Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget from 2013 to 2014.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer, writer, and public speaker. She served as First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, as a United States senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and as the 67th United States secretary of state from 2009 until 2013. Clinton became the first woman to be nominated for president of the United States by a major political party when she won the Democratic Party nomination in 2016. She was the first woman to win the popular vote in an American presidential election, which she lost to Donald Trump.
The Clinton Foundation is a non-profit organization under section 501(c)(3) of the U.S. tax code. It was established by former President of the United States Bill Clinton with the stated mission to "strengthen the capacity of people in the United States and throughout the world to meet the challenges of global interdependence." Its offices are located in New York City and Little Rock, Arkansas.
Frederica Smith Wilson is a politician who has been a member of the United States House of Representatives since 2011. Located in South Florida, Wilson's congressional district—numbered the 17th during her first two years in Congress, and the 24th since 2013—is a majority African-American district that includes the southern parts of Broward County and the eastern parts of Miami-Dade County. Included within the district are Opa-locka, Hollywood, Miramar, and North Miami. She gained national attention in early 2012 as a result of her high-profile comments on the death of Trayvon Martin.
Edward Thaddeus "Tad" Foote II served as the fourth president of the University of Miami from 1981 through 2001.
The 2016 United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana Governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U.S. Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine, despite losing the popular vote. Trump took office as the 45th president, and Pence as the 48th vice president, on January 20, 2017.
Margaret Ann Hamburg is an American physician and public health administrator, who is serving as the Chair of the Board of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). She served as the 21st Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration from May 2009 to April 2015.
The 1996 State of the Union address was given by President Bill Clinton to a joint session of the 104th United States Congress on Tuesday, January 23, 1996. The speech was the last State of the Union address of President Clinton's first term. This speech occurred shortly after the federal government shutdown of 1995 and 1996 which had resulted from disagreements on the 1996 United States federal budget.
The University of Miami Justice for Janitors campaign was a nine-week strike lasting from February 28 to May 3, 2006. It featured striking custodial workers at the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida challenging UNICCO. The work action focused on achieving a living wage, affordable health insurance, and better working conditions for Service Employees International Union (SEIU) member employees.
The 2016 presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton was announced in a YouTube video, on April 12, 2015. Hillary Clinton was the 67th United States Secretary of State and served during the first term of the Obama administration, 2009 to 2013. She was previously a United States Senator from New York, 2001 to 2009, and is the wife of former President Bill Clinton, serving as First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
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Ann M. O'Leary is an American political advisor, lawyer, and nonprofit leader, who currently serves as Chief of Staff to California Governor Gavin Newsom. Earlier in her career, she served as a senior policy advisor in the Bill Clinton Administration and as legislative director to Senator Hillary Clinton. Following her federal government service, she helped establish multiple non-profit organizations promoting progressive policy related to income inequality, healthcare, education, and workforce development. She served as a senior policy advisor to Hillary Clinton's 2016 Presidential Campaign and as co-executive director of the Clinton-Kaine Transition Project. After the 2016 Presidential election, O'Leary became a partner at the Palo Alto office of Boies, Schiller, & Flexner, where her practice focused on strategic consulting and crisis management.
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Louis Wade Sullivan
| United States Secretary of Health and Human Services |
January 22, 1993 – January 20, 2001
Jacqueline Grennan Wexler
| President of Hunter College |
October 8, 1980 – January 1, 1988
Bernard Cecil Cohen
| Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin–Madison |
January 1, 1988 – January 22, 1993
Edward T. Foote
| President of the University of Miami |
June 1, 2001 – August 16, 2015
|Non-profit organization positions|
| President of the Clinton Foundation |
March 6, 2015 – April 25, 2017
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Florida's 27th congressional district
January 3, 2019 – present
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority |