Donny Hathaway

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Donny Hathaway
Donny-Hathaway.jpg
Background information
Birth nameDonny Edward Hathaway
Also known asDonny Pitts
Born(1945-10-01)October 1, 1945
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Origin St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
DiedJanuary 13, 1979(1979-01-13) (aged 33)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer
  • songwriter
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • keyboards
Years active1967–1979
Labels
Associated acts

Donny Edward Hathaway (October 1, 1945 – January 13, 1979) was an American soul singer, keyboardist, songwriter, and arranger. Hathaway has been described as a "soul legend" by Rolling Stone. [1] His most popular songs include "The Ghetto", "This Christmas", "Someday We'll All Be Free", and "Little Ghetto Boy". Hathaway is also renowned for his renditions of "A Song for You", "For All We Know", and "I Love You More Than You'll Ever Know", along with "Where Is the Love" and "The Closer I Get to You", two of many collaborations with Roberta Flack. He has been inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame and won one Grammy Award from four nominations. [2] [3] [4] [5] Hathaway was also posthumously bestowed with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. [6] Dutch director David Kleijwegt made a documentary called Mister Soul – A Story About Donny Hathaway, which premiered at the International Film Festival Rotterdam on January 28, 2020. [7]

Contents

Early life

Hathaway, the son of Drusella Huntley, was born in Chicago, Illinois, and was raised by his grandmother, Martha Pitts, also known as Martha Crumwell, in the Carr Square housing project of St. Louis, Missouri. Hathaway began singing in the church choir with his grandmother, a professional gospel singer, at the age of three, and studying piano. He graduated from Vashon High School in 1963. [8] Hathaway then studied music on a fine arts scholarship at Howard University in Washington, D.C., where he met Roberta Flack. At Howard, he was also a member of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Hathaway formed a jazz trio with drummer Ric Powell while there, but during 1967 left Howard just before completing a degree, after receiving job offers in the music business. [9]

Career

Hathaway worked as a songwriter, session musician, and producer for Curtis Mayfield's Curtom Records in Chicago. He did the arrangements for hits by the Unifics ("Court of Love" and "The Beginning of My End") and took part in projects by the Staple Singers, Jerry Butler, Aretha Franklin, the Impressions and Curtis Mayfield himself. After becoming a "house producer" at Curtom, he also started recording there. Hathaway recorded his first single under his own name in 1969, a duet with singer June Conquest called "I Thank You, Baby". They also recorded the duet "Just Another Reason", released as the B-side. Former Cleveland Browns president Bill Futterer, who as a college student promoted Curtom in the southeast in 1968 and 1969, was befriended by Hathaway and has cited Hathaway's influence on his later projects.

That year, Hathaway signed to Atco Records, then a division of Atlantic Records, after being spotted for the label by producer/musician King Curtis at a trade convention. He released his first single of note, "The Ghetto, Pt. 1", which he co-wrote with former Howard roommate Leroy Hutson, who became a performer, writer, and producer with Curtom. The track appeared the following year on his critically acclaimed debut LP, Everything Is Everything , which he co-produced with Ric Powell while also arranging all the cuts.

His second LP, Donny Hathaway , consisted mostly of covers of contemporary pop, soul, and gospel songs. His third album Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway was an album of duets with former Howard University associate and label mate Roberta Flack that established him, especially on the pop charts. The album was both a critical and commercial success, including the Ralph MacDonald-penned track "Where Is the Love", which proved to be not only an R&B success, but also scored Top Five on the pop Hot 100. [10] It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA on September 5, 1972. [11] The album also included a number of other covers, including versions of Carole King's "You've Got a Friend", "Baby I Love You", originally a hit for Aretha Franklin, and "You've Lost That Loving Feeling".

Perhaps Hathaway's most influential recording is his 1972 album, Live , which has been termed "one of the best live albums ever recorded" by Daryl Easlea of the BBC. [12] The album can also be found on the British online music and culture magazine The Quietus' list of "40 Favourite Live Albums". [13] It was recorded at two concerts: side one at the Troubadour in Hollywood, and side two at The Bitter End in Greenwich Village, Manhattan.

Donny Hathaway is also known as the co-composer and performer of the Christmas standard, "This Christmas". The song, released in 1970, has become a holiday staple and is often used in movies, television and advertising. "This Christmas" has been covered by numerous artists across diverse musical genres, including The Whispers, Diana Ross, Aretha Franklin, The Temptations, The Four Tops, Stevie Wonder, Alexander O'Neal, Christina Aguilera, Chicago, Harry Connick, Jr., Dru Hill, *NSYNC, Gloria Estefan, Boney James, The Cheetah Girls, Chris Brown, Anthony Arnett (First Baptist Bracktown Christmas Celebration), Patti LaBelle and Mary J. Blige (A Mary Christmas), Seal, Train and CeeLo Green, among other artists.

Hathaway followed this flurry of work with some contributions to soundtracks, along with his recording of the theme song to the TV series Maude . He also composed and conducted music for the 1972 soundtrack of the movie Come Back Charleston Blue . [14] In the mid-1970s, he also produced albums for other artists including Cold Blood, where he expanded the musical range of lead singer Lydia Pense.

His final studio album, Extension of a Man came out in 1973 with two tracks, "Love Love Love" and "I Love You More Than You'll Ever Know" reaching both the pop and R&B charts. However, it was probably best noted for his classic ballad, "Someday We'll All Be Free" and a six-minute symphonic-styled instrumental piece called "I Love The Lord, He Heard My Cry". He told UK music journalist David Nathan in 1973, "I always liked pretty music and I've always wanted to write it." Added the writer, "He declined to give one particular influence or inspiration but said that Ravel, Debussy and Stravinsky were amongst whom he studied." [15]

He returned to the charts in 1978 after again teaming up with Roberta Flack for a duet, "The Closer I Get to You" on her album, Blue Lights in the Basement . The song topped the R&B chart and just missed the number 1 spot on the Hot 100 (reaching #2). Atlantic then put out another solo single, "You Were Meant For Me" shortly before his sudden death.

Liner notes for later releases of his final solo album explain: "Donny is no longer here, but the song "Someday We'll All Be Free" gathers momentum as part of his legacy... Donny literally sat in the studio and cried when he heard the playback of his final mix. It's pretty special when an artist can create something that wipes them out." Edward Howard, lyricist of the song, adds, "It was a spiritual thing for me... What was going through my mind at the time was Donny, because Donny was a very troubled person. I hoped that at some point he would be released from all that he was going through. There was nothing I could do but write something that might be encouraging for him. He's a good leader for young black men".

Personal life

Family

In 1967, Hathaway married Eulaulah Vann. [16] The two met while attending Howard University where both were studying music. [16] They had two daughters, Eulaulah Donyll (Lalah) and Kenya Canc'Libra. Lalah has enjoyed a successful solo career, while Kenya is a session singer and one of the three backing vocalists on the hit TV program American Idol . Both daughters are graduates of the Berklee College of Music. [17] Hathaway had a third daughter, Donnita, with a woman named Charlotte with whom he had a relationship while separated from his wife. [18] [9]

Mental illness

During the peak of his career, Hathaway began to suffer from severe bouts of depression and exhibiting unusual behavior. In 1971, he was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia for which he was prescribed various medications. At one point, Hathaway was prescribed fourteen different medications that he was to take twice a day. After Hathaway was diagnosed and began taking medication, his mental state improved. However, Eulaulah Hathaway has said that her husband became less than diligent about following his prescription regimen when he began feeling better and often stopped taking his medications altogether. [9] From 1973 to 1977, Hathaway's mental instability wreaked havoc on his life and career and required several hospitalizations. The effects of his depression and severe mood swings also drove a wedge in his and Flack's friendship; they did not reconcile for several years, and did not release additional music until the successful release of "The Closer I Get To You" in 1978. Flack and Hathaway then resumed studio recording to compose a second album of duets.

Death

Essex House hotel Jumeirah Essex House May 2008.JPG
Essex House hotel

Sessions for another album of duets were underway in 1979. On January 13, Hathaway began a recording session with producers/musicians Eric Mercury and James Mtume. Each reported that although Hathaway was singing fine, he began behaving irrationally, seeming to be paranoid and delusional. According to Mtume, Hathaway said that white people were trying to kill him and had connected his brain to a machine, for the purpose of stealing his music and his sound. [9] Given Hathaway's behavior, Mercury said that he decided the recording session could not continue, so he aborted it and all of the musicians went home. [9]

Hours later, Hathaway was found dead on the sidewalk below the window of his 15th-floor room in New York City's Essex House hotel. It was reported that he had jumped from his balcony. [19] The glass had been neatly removed from the window and there were no signs of a struggle, leading investigators to rule that Hathaway's death was a suicide. Flack was devastated and, spurred by his death, included the few duet tracks they had finished on her next album, Roberta Flack Featuring Donny Hathaway . According to Mercury, Hathaway's final recording, included on that album, was "You Are My Heaven", a song Mercury co-wrote with Stevie Wonder.

Hathaway's funeral was conducted by Reverend Jesse Jackson. Later in 1979, the Whispers recorded the tribute song, "Song for Donny", for their self-titled album. The song reached #21 on the R&B chart. That same year, they used that tribute song's arrangement to do a cover of Hathaway's song "This Christmas", included on their Happy Holidays to You Christmas album.

Influence

According to Allison Keyes from NPR, Hathaway's solo recordings are "part of the foundation of American soul music" and have "influenced performers from R&B singers Alicia Keys & Aaliyah to rapper Common to singer-guitarist George Benson". [20] He was named the 49th-greatest singer of all time in a 2010 list published by Rolling Stone . [21] Justin Timberlake called him "the best singer of all time." [21] Raúl Midón said that Hathaway is "the strongest soul singer that ever existed" and compares his vocal technique to a classical vocalist. [20] "When Donny sings any song, he owns it," Stevie Wonder was quoted by David Ritz as saying. [2] Amy Winehouse called Hathaway her favorite artist of all time. [22]

Most rock critics during the 1970s found Hathaway's music largely inscrutable; Robert Christgau once called it "bourgeoisification at its genteel worst". The critic later regarded him as "a synthesizer of limitless cultural aspiration" who "conveyed a sense of roots" and was never content with "the classbound pop fantasies of Ashford & Simpson", but mused that "the idealistic credulousness of a project that incorporated pop, jazz, a little blues, lots of gospel, and the conservatory into an all-over black style is linked to the floridity that mars much of his work." [23]

Discography

Studio albums

YearAlbumChart positions [24] US
certifications
[25]
Record label
US US
R&B
AUS [26] UK [27]
1970 Everything Is Everything 7333 Atco
1971 Donny Hathaway 896
1972 Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway 322231Gold Atlantic
1973 Extension of a Man 6918Atco
1980 Roberta Flack Featuring Donny Hathaway 254GoldAtlantic
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Live albums

YearAlbumChart positions [24] US
certifications
[25]
Record label
US US
R&B
UK
1972 Live 184Gold Atco
1980In Performance20168 Atlantic
2004 These Songs for You, Live! 78
2014Live at the Bitter End, 1971
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Soundtrack albums

YearAlbumChart positions [24] US
certifications
Record label
US US
R&B
UK
1972 Come Back Charleston Blue 198 Atco
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Compilation albums

YearAlbumChart positions [24] US
certifications
Record label
US US
R&B
UK
1972The Most Beautiful Songs of Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway Atlantic
1978The Best of Donny Hathaway51 Atco
1990A Donny Hathaway Collection135
[28]
Atlantic
2000Free Soul: The Classic of Donny Hathaway WEA Int'l
2010Someday We'll All Be FreeAtlantic
Original Album Series
2011Flashback with Donny Hathaway
2013Never My Love: The AnthologyAtco
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Singles

YearSingleChart positions [29] US
certifications
US US
R&B
US
A/C
UK [27]
1969"I Thank You Baby" (with June Conquest)45
1970"The Ghetto – Part 1"8723
"This Christmas"39
[30]
1971"You've Got a Friend" (with Roberta Flack)29836
"You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" (with Roberta Flack)7130
1972"Little Ghetto Boy"10925
"Giving Up"8121
"I Thank You" (re-release) (with June Conquest)9441
"Where Is the Love" (with Roberta Flack)51129Gold
"Come Back Charleston Blue" (with Margie Joseph)102
"I Love You More Than You'll Ever Know"6020
1973"Love, Love, Love"4416
"Come Little Children"67
1978"The Closer I Get to You" (with Roberta Flack)21342Gold
"You Were Meant for Me"17
1980"You Are My Heaven" (with Roberta Flack)47846
"Back Together Again" (with Roberta Flack)5683
"—" denotes the single failed to chart or was not certified

With Phil Upchurch

Tributes

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