Dori Seda

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Dori Seda
Dori Seda 1982 San Diego Comic Con.jpg
Dori Seda on the Women In Comics panel at the 1982 San Diego Comic Con
BornDorothea Antoinette Seda
DiedFebruary 25, 1988(1988-02-25) (aged 37)
Nationality American
Area(s) Cartoonist
Pseudonym(s)Sylvia Silicosis
Notable works
Lonely Nights Comics
AwardsDori Seda Memorial Award for Women

Dorothea Antoinette [1] "Dori" Seda (1951 February 25, 1988) [2] was an artist best known for her underground comix work in the 1980s. She occasionally used the pen name "Sylvia Silicosis." [3] Her comics combined exaggerated fantasy and ribald humor with documentation of her life in the Mission District of San Francisco, California.

Underground comix Comics genre

Underground comix are small press or self-published comic books that are often socially relevant or satirical in nature. They differ from mainstream comics in depicting content forbidden to mainstream publications by the Comics Code Authority, including explicit drug use, sexuality, and violence. They were most popular in the United States between 1968 and 1975, and in the United Kingdom between 1973 and 1974.



Fine Arts

Seda was originally a painter and ceramics artist, graduating from in Illinois State University with a B.A. in art. [1] Seda emphasized that she was primarily invested in "pure" art forms, having business cards printed to read, "Dori Seda--ARTIST--San Francisco." [4] Seda was creating a lot of fine arts content in 1979 and 1980. Some of her notable art works include Punch Bowl (with cups and ladle), The Wreck in Heaven, Vibrator with 3 Attachments for ceramics and Jaded Fish and The Vampire Painting for acrylic on canvas. [4]

Painting Practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. The final work is also called a painting.

Illinois State University public university in Normal, Illinois

Illinois State University (ISU) is a public university in Normal, Illinois. Founded in 1857 as Illinois State Normal University, it is the oldest public university in Illinois. The university emphasizes teaching and is recognized as one of the top ten largest producers of teachers in the US according to the American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education. The university's athletic teams are members of the Missouri Valley Conference and the Missouri Valley Football Conference and are known as the "Redbirds," in reference to the state bird, the cardinal.


To pursue her interest in comics, Seda took a job as a janitor at the San Francisco publisher Last Gasp, and soon after becoming a bookkeeper. [5] [This work was primarily viewed as a financial necessity to Seda, her true passion being the "pure arts"] Seda worked exclusively night hours and was known as "The Vampire Bookkeeper." [4] Her first published comics work was a strip titled "Bloods in Space" which appeared in Robert Crumb's anthology magazine Weirdo, issue #2, in 1981. Seda's comic work was centered around taboo sexual subject matters, including swinging and bestiality. Her work intended to push boundaries that individuals upheld as communal prejudices. The reaction of Seda's audience is "less an affirmation of community standards than a kind of self-righteous consumerism." [6] She submitted her work under the pen name David Seda, but was published in the magazine under her true name. She was subsequently published in Wimmen's Comix , San Francisco Comic Book , Viper, Yellow Silk, Prime Cuts, Cannibal Romance, Weird Smut Comix, Tits & Clits , Twisted Sisters , and her solo book Lonely Nights Comics (which was banned in England upon its release). [7] Her work has been collected in the book Dori Stories, which also includes memorial tributes. This body of work almost was not published due to legal troubles regarding the reproduction of Seda's work. [8]

Last Gasp US-American publisher

Last Gasp is a San Francisco-based book publisher with a lowbrow art and counterculture focus. Owned and operated by Ron Turner, for most of its existence Last Gasp was a publisher, distributor, and wholesaler of underground comix and books of all types.

Robert Crumb American illustrator and cartoonist

Robert Dennis Crumb is an American cartoonist and musician who often signs his work R. Crumb. His work displays a nostalgia for American folk culture of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and satire of contemporary American culture.

<i>Wimmens Comix</i> US-American underground comics anthology series with all-female contributors

Wimmen's Comix, later titled Wimmin's Comix, is an influential all-female underground comics anthology published from 1972 to 1992. Though it covered a wide range of genre and subject matter, Wimmen's Comix focused more than other anthologies of the time on feminist concerns, homosexuality, sex and politics in general, and autobiographical comics. Wimmen's Comix #1 featured the first-ever comic strip featuring an "out" lesbian, Trina Robbins' "Sandy Comes Out." Wimmen's Comix was a launching pad for many cartoonists' careers, and it inspired other small-press and self-published titles like Dyke Shorts and Dynamite Damsels.

In 1988, Last Gasp established the Dori Seda Memorial Award for Women. The first recipient was Carol Tyler. [9]

Carol Tyler cartoonist

Carol Tyler is an American painter, educator, comedian, and eleven-time Eisner Award-nominated cartoonist known for her autobiographical stories. She has received multiple honors for her work including the Cartoonist Studio Prize, the Ohio Arts Council Excellence Award, and she was declared a Master Cartoonist at the 2016 Cartoon Crossroads Columbus Festival at the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum.


Seda was also featured in the short documentary Gap-Toothed Women by Les Blank, a tribute to women with the commonality of a gap between their two front teeth. Seda was originally cut from the film, as her interview answers were seen as bland, so Seda requested that she be given a second chance and preplanned a response that would gain greater reaction. [4] Seda explained how she was not inherently "valuable" because she was not beautiful because of her "funny teeth." She attributed her value to the work she had done in spite of her gap saying, she was "kind of glad that [her] teeth are like this, because if I had nice straight teeth, I might never have done anything.” [10] She created a poster for the film. [11]

Les Blank American documentary filmmaker

Les Blank was an American documentary filmmaker best known for his portraits of American traditional musicians.

Seda died at age 37 [2] from respiratory failure after catching the flu, during a huge outbreak in San Francisco in the spring of 1988. [4] She had contracted silicosis from firing metallic glazes, which release toxic fumes, without the use of a protective mask in her ceramics work. [5] She was also a heavy smoker who suffered from emphysema which contributed to the deterioration of her health.

Silicosis pneumoconiosis that is an inflammation and scarring of the upper lobes of the lungs causing nodular lesions resulting from inhalation of silica, quartz or slate particles

Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust. It is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. It is a type of pneumoconiosis. Silicosis is characterized by shortness of breath, cough, fever, and cyanosis. It may often be misdiagnosed as pulmonary edema, pneumonia, or tuberculosis.

After Seda's death, conflict arose over who owned the rights to reproduce her work. Friends of Seda's wanted to collect and publish her work (the collection that became Dori Stories), but at her death, Seda's estate passed to the next of kin, her mother. Due to the sexual nature of Seda's work, her mother did not wish to see Seda's writing in print again, and refused the right to publish it. However, a year prior to her death, Seda had written a will which gave partner Don Donahue full ownership of her work if she died. The will was written in a humorous tone, opening with the statement, "This is sort of a contract and sort of a will (although I don’t plan on dying soon.)” Regardless, this document held the legal power of a written contract and allowed for Seda's full body of work to be published. [4] The will was witnessed and signed by Seda, Krystine Kryttre, Dan O'Neill and Donohue. Seda's friends were able to successfully file the will in 1991, leaving Donohue full ownership of her work. [8]


  1. 1 2 Seda entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999 Archived February 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine .
  2. 1 2 "Lonely Nights Artist Dori Seda Dead At 37," The Comics Journal #121 (April 1988).
  3. "Who's Who bio". Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Seda, Dori; et al. (1999). Dori Stories. Last Gasp.
  5. 1 2 . Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  6. Pizzino, Christopher (2016). Arresting Development: Comics at the Boundaries of Literature. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. p. 65.
  7. "Dori Seda on Grand Comic Database". Grand Comic Database. various.
  8. 1 2 Leslie Sternbergh  [ ca ]. "...there's a way, or, My Dinner With Olga", The Comics Journal #154 (November 1992), reprinted in Dori Stories: The Complete Dori Seda (Last Gasp, 1999) ISBN   0-86719-375-1.
  9. "Dori Seda Award for Women," The Comics Journal #123 (July 1988), pp. 13–14.
  10. filmmaker., Blank, Les, Gap-Toothed Women., OCLC   945762329, retrieved 2018-12-03
  11. "Dori Seda". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-03-11.

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