Doris Hart

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Doris Hart
Hart in 1953
Country (sports)  United States
Born(1925-06-20)June 20, 1925
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Died May 29, 2015(2015-05-29) (aged 89)
Coral Gables, Florida, United States
Retired 1955 (but played at the 1969 US Open)
Int. Tennis HoF 1969 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1951)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1949)
French Open W (1950, 1952)
Wimbledon W (1951)
US Open W (1954, 1955)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1950)
French Open W (1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953)
Wimbledon W (1947, 1951, 1952, 1953)
US Open W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1949, 1950)
French Open W (1951, 1952, 1953)
Wimbledon W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955)
US Open W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955)

Doris Hart (June 20, 1925 – May 29, 2015) was a World No. 1 American tennis player who was active in the 1940s and first half of the 1950s and was ranked No. 1 in 1951. She became the fourth player to win a Career Grand Slam in singles, the second woman to do so, and is one of only three players (all women) to have completed the "Box Set" of Grand Slam titles—every possible title (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) from all four Grand Slam events, being the first to do so in history and only one of two to achieve this in the amateur era of the sport.

Contents

Tennis career

As a child, Hart suffered from osteomyelitis, which resulted in a permanently impaired right leg. She started playing tennis when she was 10 years old, greatly encouraged by her brother Bud. [1]

Hart's first Grand Slam title was in women's doubles at Wimbledon in 1947, when she was still a student at the University of Miami. [2] [3] Her first Grand Slam singles title came at the 1949 Australian Championships, where she was the only non-Australian player in the draw. She also won singles titles at the French Championships in 1950 and 1952, Wimbledon in 1951, and the U.S. Championships in 1954 and 1955. [2] [4] In 1951, she beat her long-time doubles partner, Shirley Fry Irvin, in the Wimbledon final. [2] Hart is the first person to complete the career boxed set. [5]

In 1951, Hart won the singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles championships at Wimbledon, playing the finals of all three events on the same day (Saturday 7 July 1951). [2] She also won the "triple crown" at the French Championships in 1952 and the U.S. Championships in 1954. [6]

During her Wightman Cup career from 1946 through 1955, Hart was a perfect 14–0 in singles matches and 8–1 in doubles matches. [1] Hart won 35 Grand Slam titles during her career, tying with Brough for fifth on the all-time list. [5] Six of her titles were in women's singles, 14 in women's doubles, and 15 in mixed doubles. [1] Hart is one of three players, all women, to have a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles—every possible title (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) from all four Grand Slam events. The others are Margaret Court and Martina Navratilova. [1] Hart won nine consecutive Grand Slam women's doubles titles from 1951 through 1953, with her streak of 43 consecutive match wins in Grand Slam women's doubles tournaments finally ending in the 1954 Wimbledon final. Hart was the champion of the last Grand Slam singles tournament she played, the 1955 U.S. Championships. [4] Hart published an autobiography in 1955, Tennis with Hart. [6]

According to John Olliff and Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail , Hart was ranked in the world top ten from 1946 through 1955 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 1 in those rankings in 1951. [7] Hart was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1942 through 1955. She was the top ranked U.S. player in 1954 and 1955. [8]

Hart retired from the tour in 1955 to become a tennis teaching professional. She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1969. She died on May 29, 2015 at her home in Coral Gables, Florida, aged 89. [9]

Grand Slam record

Grand Slam finals

Singles (6 titles, 12 runners-up)

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponentScore
Runner-up1946 U.S. Championships Grass United States Pauline Betz 9–11, 3–6
Runner-up1947 Wimbledon Grass United States Margaret Osborne duPont 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up1947 French Championships Clay United States Pat Canning Todd 3–6, 6–3, 4–6
Runner-up1948WimbledonGrass United States Louise Brough 3–6, 6–8
Winner1949 Australian Championships Grass Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up1949U.S. ChampionshipsGrass United States Margaret Osborne duPont 3–6, 1–6
Runner-up1950 Australian Championships Grass United States Louise Brough 4–6, 6–3, 4–6
Winner1950 French Championships Clay United States Pat Canning Todd 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
Runner-up1950U.S. ChampionshipsGrass United States Margaret Osborne duPont 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up1951French ChampionshipsClay United States Shirley Fry 3–6, 6–3, 3–6
Winner1951 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry 6–1, 6–0
Winner1952French Championships (2) Clay United States Shirley Fry 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up1952U.S. ChampionshipsGrass United States Maureen Connolly 3–6, 5–7
Runner-up1953French ChampionshipsClay United States Maureen Connolly 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up1953WimbledonGrass United States Maureen Connolly 6–8, 5–7
Runner-up1953U.S. ChampionshipsGrass United States Maureen Connolly 2–6, 4–6
Winner1954 U.S. Championships Grass United States Louise Brough 6–8, 6–1, 8–6
Winner1955U.S. Championships (2) Grass United Kingdom Patricia Ward 6–4, 6–2

Doubles (14 titles, 15 runner-ups)

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Runner-up1942 U.S. Championships Grass United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 5–7, 0–6
Runner-up1943 U.S. Championships Grass United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up1944 U.S. Championships Grass United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up1945 U.S. Championships Grass United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 3–6
Runner-up1946 Wimbledon Grass United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–2, 3–6
Runner-up1946 French Championships Clay United States Pauline Betz United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 6–0, 1–6
Runner-up1947 French Championships Clay United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
5–7, 2–6
Winner1947 Wimbledon Grass United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–4, 7–5
Runner-up1947 U.S. Championships Grass United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
7–5, 3–6, 5–7
Winner1948 French Championships Clay United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Mary Prentiss
United States Shirley Fry
6–4, 6–2
Runner-up1948 Wimbledon Grass United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
1–6, 1–6
Runner-up1948 U.S. Championships Grass United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 10–8, 1–6
Runner-up1949 Australian Championships Grass Australia Marie Toomey Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton
Australia Thelma Coyne Long
0–6, 1–6
Runner-up1949 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 8–10
Winner1950 Australian Championships Grass United States Louise Brough Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton
Australia Thelma Coyne Long
6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner1950 French Championships Clay United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
1–6, 7–5, 6–2
Runner-up1950 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 7–5, 1–6
Runner-up1950 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
2–6, 3–6
Winner1951 French Championships Clay United States Shirley Fry South Africa Beryl Bartlett
United States Barbara Scofield
10–8, 6–3
Winner1951 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 13–11
Winner1951 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Nancy Chaffee
United States Patricia Canning Todd
6–4, 6–2
Winner1952 French Championships Clay United States Shirley Fry South Africa Hazel Redick-Smith
South Africa Julia Wipplinger
7–5, 6–1
Winner1952 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Maureen Connolly
8–6, 6–3
Winner1952 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Maureen Connolly
10–8, 6–4
Winner1953 French Championships Clay United States Shirley Fry United States Maureen Connolly
United States Julia Sampson
6–4, 6–3
Winner1953 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Maureen Connolly
United States Julia Sampson
6–0, 6–0
Winner1953 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 7–9, 9–7
Runner-up1954 Wimbledon Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 7–9, 1–6
Winner1954 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 6–4
Runner-up1955 U.S. Championships Grass United States Shirley Fry United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–1, 3–6

Grand Slam tournament timelines

Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

Singles

Tournament194019411942194319441945194611947119481949195019511952195319541955Career SR
Australian Championships ANHNHNHNHNHAAA W F AAAAA1 / 2
French Championships NHRRRRA QF F SF A W F W F AA2 / 7
Wimbledon NHNHNHNHNHNH QF F F A SF W QF F SF SF 1 / 9
U.S. Championships 2R 1R QF SF QF SF F SF QF F F SF F F W W 2 / 16
SR0 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 30 / 30 / 31 / 21 / 41 / 31 / 30 / 31 / 21 / 26 / 34

Doubles

Tournament19421943194419451946119471194819491950195119521953195419551956– 196719681969Career SR
Australian Championships NHNHNHNHAAAFWAAAAAAAA1 / 2
French Championships RRRAFFWAWWWWAAAAA5 / 7
Wimbledon NHNHNHNHFWFAFWWWF2RA2RA4 / 10
U.S. Championships FFFFSFFFFFWWWWFAA1R4 / 15
SR0 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 31 / 31 / 30 / 22 / 43 / 33 / 33 / 31 / 20 / 20 / 00 / 10 / 114 / 34

Mixed doubles

Tournament1940194119421943194419451946119471194819491950195119521953195419551956–19681969Career SR
Australian Championships ANHNHNHNHNHAAAWWAAAAAAA2 / 2
French Championships NHRRRRA2R?FA?WWWAAAA3 / ?
Wimbledon NHNHNHNHNHNH4RSFFASFWWWWWAA5 / 9
U.S. Championships ???1RQFFQF1RSFQFFWWWWWAQF5 / ?
SR0 / ?0 / ?0 / ?0 / 10 / 10 / 10 / ?1 / ?0 / ?1 / 21 / ?3 / 33 / 33 / 32 / 22 / 20 / 00 / 115 / ?

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Litsky, Frank (May 31, 2015). "Doris Hart, Tennis Standout Despite Physical Limitations, Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Evans, Richard (May 31, 2015). "Doris Hart obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  3. Kleinberg, Howard (2013). Legendary Locals of Greater Miami. Arcadia Publishing. p. 56.
  4. 1 2 Associated Press (May 30, 2015). "Tennis Career Grand Slam Winner Doris Hart Dies at 89". ABC News. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  5. 1 2 Reuters (May 30, 2015). "Grand Slam tennis champ Doris Hart of U.S. dies at 89". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  6. 1 2 "Doris Hart, tennis champion – obituary". The Daily Telegraph. June 1, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  7. Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702–3. ISBN   0-942257-41-3.
  8. United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. pp. 260–1.
  9. "Tennis career Grand Slam winner Doris Hart dies at 89". Sports Illustrated. May 30, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2015.