Dosso Region

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Dosso
Dosso in Niger.svg
Location within Niger
Coordinates: 13°03′N3°12′E / 13.050°N 3.200°E / 13.050; 3.200 Coordinates: 13°03′N3°12′E / 13.050°N 3.200°E / 13.050; 3.200
Country Flag of Niger.svg  Niger
Capital Dosso
Area
  Total31,002 km2 (11,970 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 [1] )
  Total2,078,339
  Density67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (West Africa Time)
HDI (2017)0.334 [2]
low

Dosso is one of the eight Regions of Niger. The region has an area of 31,002 square kilometres (11,970 sq mi), with a population of 2,078,339 as of 2011. [3]

Contents

History

The region of Dosso is the historic centre of the Dosso Kingdom, which had its capital at Dosso. [4] Today the palace of the Sultanate of Dosso remains as a symbol of the aristocratic ruling class of the kingdom. The region was traditionally populated by Zarma people who are believed to have migrated from the Lake Débo area of what is now Mali during the time of the Songhai Empire.

Geography

Dosso border Tahoua Region to the northeast, Nigeria to the southeast (specifically Sokoto State and Kebbi State), Benin (Alibori Department) to the southwest, and Tillabéri Region to the northwest. The region's border with Benin is formed by the river Niger. Part of the Dallol Bosso valley runs through the region; part of this area is protected as the Dosso Reserve, and contain some of the last remaining herds of West African giraffe. [5]

Settlements

Dosso is the regional capital; other major settlements include Birni N'Gaouré, Dioundiou, Dogondoutchi, Falmey, Gaya, Loga and Tibiri (Doutchi). [6]

Administrative subdivisions

Departments of Dosso Dosso Arrondissements.png
Departments of Dosso

Dosso was divided into 5 Departments (Boboye Department, Dogondoutchi Department, Dosso Department, Gaya Department and Loga Department), but the number of departments was increased to 8 with the new departments being Doutchi Department, Falmi Department, and Tibiri Department. The division into 5 urban administrative divisions (communes urbaines) and 38 rural administrative divisions (communes rurales), 1 province, 15 cantons and 3 nomadic grouping was left unchanged. [7] [8]

Demographics

Like most regions of Niger, the population of the region of Dosso has rapidly grown since independence. From 693,207 in 1977, its population increased to 1,018,895 by 1988, and to 1,479,095 by 2001. Dosso region has the third highest population density (61.4 inhabitants/km2), below that of Niamey and Maradi regions. [9] Most people live in rural areas, with only 10.4% of the population residing in urban areas. [9] Other demographic statistics are similar to the national averages. [9] The main ethnolinguistic groups are the Fulani, Hausa, Tuareg and Zarma (also referred to as 'Djerma'). [10] The region is also a major centre of the Maouri, a Hausa sub-group who have retained their traditional animist belief. [5]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1977693,207    
19851,018,895+47.0%
20011,505,864+47.8%
20122,037,713+35.3%
source: [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Departments of Niger

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Dogondoutchi Place in Dosso, Niger

The urban community of Dongondoutchi, also nicknamed Doutchi, is located in Niger, about 300 km east of the capital Niamey and 40 km from the Nigerian border. It lies on national route 1 which links the capital to the towns of Maradi and Zinder to the east and the RN25 heading to north to Tahoua, Agadez and Arlit. The limits of the Dogondoutchi district are roughly those of the ancient region of the Arewa. Since 2008, Dogondoutchi is the administrative centre of the surrounding Dogondoutchi department which carries the same name. It is part of the Dosso Region. The population is near 80 000 distributed over the urban centre with near 30 000, 17 villages lying 5 to 30 km from the centre and 5 Fula tribes.

Communes of Niger

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Say Department Department in Tillabéri Region, Niger

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References

  1. Annuaire statistique du Niger
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. Evolution of the population by regions. National Statistics Institute of Niger (retrieved in 7/22/2014).
  4. Stephen Paterson Belcher (1999). Epic Traditions of Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 164–173. ISBN   0-253-21281-2.
  5. 1 2 Geels, Jolijn, (2006) Bradt Travel Guide - Niger, pgs. 133-42
  6. "Niger: Dosso - Carte Administrative (au juin 2014)" (PDF). UNOCHA . Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  7. "Dosso en Chiffres Edition 2017" (PDF). INS. Institut National de la Statistique du Niger. July 2017. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  8. 1 2 3 Dosso in Numbers 2011. Statistics on Dosso Region (retrieved on 7/22/2014).
  9. "Languages of Niger". Ethnologue . Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  10. Niger: Administrative Division population statistics