Double Island, Hong Kong

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Location of Double Island in Hong Kong Doubleisland.png
Location of Double Island in Hong Kong
View of Wong Wai Sai Teng (
Wang Wan Xi Ding ), a 136m high hill on Wong Wan Chau, from across Wong Wan (
Wang Wan ) bay. Wong Wan Chau.jpg
View of Wong Wai Sai Teng (往灣西頂), a 136m high hill on Wong Wan Chau, from across Wong Wan (往灣) bay.
Beach at Tung Wan (
Dong Wan ; "East Bay") of Double Island. Tung Wan, Double Island 12 Tung Wan, Double Island.jpg
Beach at Tung Wan (東灣; "East Bay") of Double Island.

Double Island (Chinese :往灣洲) or Wong Wan Chau is an island located in the north-eastern part of Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of North District.

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, and in the Kangxi Dictionary. The modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, and have been more or less stable since the 5th century.

Island Any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, and a small island off the coast may be called a holm. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands is called an archipelago, such as the Philippines.

Hong Kong East Asian city

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and commonly abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region.

Contents

Geography

Double Island has an area of 2.13 km². [1] It is the second largest island in North District, the largest being Crooked Island. Its highest point is at 139 m. [2] Its western coast is facing Double Haven.

Double Haven

Double Haven or Yan Chau Tong is a harbour enclosed by Double Island, Crescent Island and Crooked Island with north-eastern New Territories, Hong Kong. Parts of the haven fall within Yan Chau Tong Marine Park to protect the wildlife of the marine creatures. It is known for its scenery and natural environment, and for the calm seas from which its English name derives. Double Haven contains many deep red coloured rocks because of iron oxide.

Conservation

Double Island became part of the Plover Cove (Extension) Country Park in 1979. [3]

Typhoon of 1858

It is wrongly suggested that it was the Double Island in Hong Kong's Double Haven (Yan Chau Tong, 印洲塘) where the September Typhoon of 1858 destroyed several well-known opium clippers, including the Anonyma, Gazelle, Pantaloon, and Mazeppa. Basil Lubbock's The Opium Clippers, cited in the original entry, is quite clear (p.347) that the Double Island in question was that at what was then called Swatow (today Shantou). The island is one of two that lie in the entrance to the river at Shantou and is the inner one, then called Masu. Today it is called Mayu (媽嶼島). For corroboration see Mayers & Dennys, [4] for the identity of Double Island. For the typhoon and the damage to the vessels, The Courier (Hobart, Tasmania), 22 December 1858, p.3 for a report of Mr Midwood, of the Commissariat service, resident on Double Island during the typhoon.

Alfred Basil Lubbock MC was a British historian, sailor and soldier. He was a prolific writer of naval and sailing histories, and a member of the Society for Nautical Research.

Shantou Prefecture-level city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Shantou, formerly romanized as Swatow and sometimes known as Santow, is a prefecture-level city on the eastern coast of Guangdong, China, with a total population of 5,391,028 as of 2010 and an administrative area of 2,064 square kilometres (797 sq mi).

See also

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References

Coordinates: 22°30′45″N114°18′37″E / 22.51250°N 114.31028°E / 22.51250; 114.31028

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.