Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality

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Dr Beyers Naudé
Local municipality
Map of the Eastern Cape with Dr Beyers Naude highlighted (2016).svg
Location of the municipality within the Eastern Cape
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Seat Graaff-Reinet
Wards 14
Government [1]
  Type Municipal council
  Mayor Deon de Vos (ANC)
  Speaker Thembisa Nonnnes (ANC)
Area [2]
  Total 28,653 km2 (11,063 sq mi)
Population (2011) [2]
  Total 79,291
  Density 2.8/km2 (7.2/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011) [2]
   Black African 23.6%
   Coloured 66.9%
   Indian/Asian 0.4
   White 8.7
First languages (2011) [2]
   Afrikaans 80.3%
   Xhosa 14.8%
   English 3.2%
  Other 1.7%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code EC101

Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality is a new local municipality that was established by merging the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans local municipalities in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. The decision to merge the municipalities was taken by the Municipal Demarcation Board in 2015 but only took effect after municipal elections on 3 August 2016. The new municipality is named after the Afrikaner cleric and anti-apartheid activist Beyers Naudé. [3] Its seat is in Graaff-Reinet.

In South Africa, a local municipality or Category B municipality is a type of municipality that serves as the third, and most local, tier of local government. Each district municipality is divided into a number of local municipalities, and responsibility for municipal affairs is divided between the district and local municipalities. There are 226 local municipalities in South Africa.

Camdeboo Local Municipality Former local municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Camdeboo Local Municipality was an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. After municipal elections on 3 August 2016 it was merged into the larger Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality.

Ikwezi Local Municipality Former local municipality in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Ikwezi Local Municipality was an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Ikwezi is an isiXhosa name that means "morning star". After municipal elections on 3 August 2016 it was merged into the larger Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality.

Contents

Geography and people

The new municipality covers an area of 28,653 square kilometres (11,063 sq mi) at the western end of the Eastern Cape province, from the Sneeuberge in the north to the Baviaanskloof in the south. It is a sparsely populated area, with a population of 79,291 giving a density of only 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.3/sq mi). [2]

Sneeuberge

The Sneeuberge or Sneeuberg mountain range was historically known as “Sneeuwbergen”, meaning ‘snow mountains’ in Afrikaans and refers to a significant portion of Southern Africa’s Great Escarpment in the Cradock, Murraysburg, Richmond, Graaff-Reinet, Nieu-Bethesda and Middelburg districts of the Great Karoo, most of which are in the Eastern Cape Province.

80.3% of residents of the municipality speak Afrikaans as their home language, while 14.8% speak Xhosa and 3.2% speak English. 66.9% described themselves as "Coloured", 23.6% as "Black African", and 8.7% as "White". [2]

Afrikaans West Germanic language, spoken in South Africa and Namibia

Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland spoken by the mainly Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch, and was previously referred to as "Cape Dutch" or "kitchen Dutch". However, it is also variously described as a creole or as a partially creolised language. The term is ultimately derived from Dutch Afrikaans-Hollands meaning "African Dutch".

Xhosa language language

Xhosa is an Nguni Bantu language with click consonants and is one of the official languages of South Africa. It is also an official language of Zimbabwe. "Xhosa is spoken as a first language by 8.2 million people and by 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape Province. Total number of users in all countries is 19.2 million (Ethnologue)". Like most other Bantu languages, Xhosa is a tonal language; the same sequence of consonants and vowels can have different meanings, depending on intonation. Xhosa has two tones: high and low.

English language West Germanic language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.

The principal town in the municipal area is Graaff-Reinet, with a population of approximately 35,000. Other towns include Willowmore, Aberdeen, Jansenville, Steytlerville and Klipplaat.

Willowmore Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Willowmore is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Aberdeen, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Aberdeen is a small town in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. With its numerous examples of Victorian architecture, it is one of the architectural conservation areas of the Karoo.

Jansenville Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Jansenville is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Government and politics

The municipal council consists of 27 members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. 14 councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in 14 wards, while the remaining 13 are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a narrow majority of 14 seats on the council.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

First-past-the-post voting voting system in which voters select one candidate, and the candidate who receives more votes than any other candidate wins

A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practiced in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.

Ward (South Africa) subdivision of municipality in South Africa

In South Africa, wards are geopolitical subdivisions of municipalities used for electoral purposes. Each metropolitan and local municipality is delimited by the Municipal Demarcation Board into half as many wards as there are seats on the municipal council. Each ward then elects one councillor directly, and the remaining councillors are elected from party lists so that the overall party balance is proportional to the proportion of votes received by each party.

The following table shows the results of the election. [4] [5]

PartyVotesSeats
WardListTotal%WardListTotal
African National Congress 12,56112,60725,16851.18614
Democratic Alliance 11,50411,46622,97046.66713
Economic Freedom Fighters 3994598581.7000
Service Delivery Organisation 1151772920.6000
Independent 14-140.0000
Total24,59324,70949,302100.0141327
Spoilt votes396359755

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References

  1. http://www.rnews.co.za/article/10523/protest-delays-inauguration-at-new-ecape-municipality
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sum of the statistics from Census 2011 for Camdeboo, Ikwezi, and Baviaans.
  3. Mngxitama-Diko, Avuyile (6 June 2016). "EC municipality to be named after Naudé". The Herald. Port Elizabeth. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  4. "Results Summary – All Ballots: Camdeboo" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  5. "Seat Calculation Detail: Camdeboo" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 August 2016.