Drammen

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Drammen kommune

Strømsø-Bragernes
Union brygge.jpg
Drammensentral.jpg
Borsen og Skutebrygga.jpg
Drammensbrua sett fra Kloptjernveien.JPG
Drammen komm.svg
Coat of arms
Norway Counties Viken Position.svg
Viken within
Norway
Nickname(s): 
Elvebyen, The River City
NO 3005 Drammen.svg
Drammen within Viken
Coordinates: 59°44′16″N10°12′18″E / 59.73778°N 10.20500°E / 59.73778; 10.20500 Coordinates: 59°44′16″N10°12′18″E / 59.73778°N 10.20500°E / 59.73778; 10.20500
Country Norway
County Viken
District Buskerud
Administrative centreDrammen
Government
  Mayor (2019)Monica Myrvold Berg (Ap)
Area
  Total137 km2 (53 sq mi)
  Land135 km2 (52 sq mi)
Area rank366 in Norway
Population
 (30 September 2020)
  Total101,738 Increase2.svg
  Rank6 in Norway
  Change (10 years)
9.7%
Demonym(s) Drammenser [1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3005
Official language form Bokmål [2]
Website www.drammen.kommune.no

Drammen is a city and municipality in Viken, Norway. The port and river city of Drammen is centrally located in the eastern and most populated part of Norway. Drammen municipality also includes smaller towns and villages such as Konnerud, Svelvik, Mjøndalen and Skoger.

Contents

Location

Drammen is located west of the Oslofjord and is situated approximately 44 km South-west of Oslo. There are more than 68,000 inhabitants in the municipality, but the city is the regional capital of an area with more than 150,000 inhabitants. Drammen and the surrounding communities are growing more than ever before. The city makes good use of the river and inland waterway called Drammensfjord, both for recreation, activities and housing. No city in the country has received as many awards for environmental and urban development as Drammen: 6 national and 2 international prizes since 2003. [3] [4]

Name and coat of arms

The Old Norse form of the city's name was Drafn, and this was originally the name of the inner part of Drammensfjord. The fjord is, however, probably named after the river Drammenselva (Norse Drǫfn), and this again is derived from drǫfn f 'wave'. [5] The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 17 November 1960. The arms are blue with a gray/silver column on top of a foundation of rocks. A key and a Viking sword are crossed in the middle forming an x. It is based upon the old seal dating from 1723 for Bragernes, one of the central parts of Drammen. The motto for Bragernes (in Latin) was In Fide Et Justitia Fortitudo (English: in faith and justice is strength), and the items in the seal are referring to this: key = faith, sword = justice, column on rocks = strength. [6]

Governance

On January 1, 2020, the municipalities of Svelvik, Nedre Eiker and Drammen merged to form «The New Drammen Municipality». The new municipality, which is now called Drammen, is located in Viken County and is Norway’s seventh largest with over 100,000 residents. The main seat of the Greater Municipality is located in the city of Drammen. Drammen city has 69.000 inhabitans, but serves as a regional centre for an area with a population of about 160.000. The city is the country’s record champion in environment and urban development, 21 prices since 2003 with 16 national and 5 international.

Districts

After the merger of the municipalities Drammen, Nedre Eiker and Svelvik in 2020, the municipality was then divided into ten municipal regions:

[7]

Map of the urban area of Drammen Tettsted Drammen 2005.jpg
Map of the urban area of Drammen
Map of Drammensfjorden Drammensfjorden.jpg
Map of Drammensfjorden

History

Rock carvings at Åskollen and Austad are 6000 to 7000 years old, and are the first signs of human activity in the area. The largest rock carving at Åskollen depicts a moose.

Drammen originally consisted of three small seaports: Bragernes (on the northern side of the Drammenselva river) and Strømsø and Tangen (both on the southern side of the river). For trade purposes, small seaports were placed under market towns. Despite their geographical proximity, Bragernes was placed under Christiania and Strømsø under Tønsberg. For this reason, cooperation between the adjacent seaport towns was almost impossible.

In 1662, a merger was proposed to unite Strømsø and Bragernes to form a market town with the name Frederiksstrøm. The proposal was rejected by Frederick III of Denmark. Bragernes received limited market town rights in 1715, and merged with Strømsø to gain status as a single city on 19 June 1811. [8]

Its geographical location made the city favorable for seafaring, shipbuilding, log driving, timber trade. During the 19th century, paper and pulp industries were developed. Large parts of the city were ruined in the great fire of 12–13 July 1866, [9] which led to the reconstruction of the city centre, including the characteristic town square and Bragernes church. The Drammen Line (Drammenbanen ) opened in 1872 providing rail service between Drammen and Oslo. [10] [11]

In 1909, Drammen got the first trolleybus system in Scandinavia, the Drammen trolleybus. The lines ran until 1967. For many years the centre of Drammen suffered from heavy traffic. In 1970, Drammen Bridge with two lanes on European route E18 was built (expanded to four lanes in 2006) and in 1999 the opening of the Bragernes tunnel (Bragernestunnelen) diverted additional traffic away from the centre of the city. [12]

In recent years, the city centre has seen the introduction of new housing, shopping facilities, restaurants, cafes and bars, as well as a public pathway along the Drammenselva river. [13]

In 2011, Drammen observed its 200th anniversary with many citywide jubilee celebrations. [14] Drammen's district heating system was upgraded to use water-sourced heat pumps, drawing on local fjord water, to support population growth in the city. [15]

Geography

Drammen is one of the larger cities in Norway, and lies about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the capital of Norway, Oslo. The city centre lies at the end of a valley, on both sides of the Drammenselva river, and where the river meets the Drammensfjord. The Holmen island in Drammen is also the main harbor for car and fruit import in Norway.

As of 1 January 2007, the population of the urban area of Drammen is 93,006. Drammen is the sixth largest urban area of Norway and occupies territory in five municipalities: Drammen (with about 61% of the population), Nedre Eiker (23%), Øvre Eiker (8%), Lier (5%), and Røyken (3%). [16]

The Øvre Sund area, situated along Drammenselva, will be regulated by the municipality in order to restore this area's character. The buildings there are from the 18th and 19th century, and contribute, as well as the river and the brewery, to give the city a special identity. [17] In 2008 Drammen won the prestigious prize for the best city development in Europe. [18]

Climate

Drammen has a humid continental climate (Dfb). The Drammen-Berskog weather station has been operating since 2004. An earlier weather station named Drammen-Marienlyst (3 m) operated from 1966-2003. The all-time high 35 °C (95 °F) was recorded August 3th 1982, and is a tie with the national high for the month. The all-time low −28 °C (−18 °F) was recorded in January 1987.

Climate data for Drammen 1991-2020 (8 m, avg high/low 2010–2019, extremes 1966-2020 includes earlier station)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)13.8
(56.8)
14.6
(58.3)
21.7
(71.1)
24.3
(75.7)
30.5
(86.9)
34
(93)
33.8
(92.8)
35
(95)
28.5
(83.3)
23.2
(73.8)
17.4
(63.3)
14.1
(57.4)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F)−1.6
(29.1)
0.8
(33.4)
6.8
(44.2)
12.4
(54.3)
17.7
(63.9)
21.4
(70.5)
24.1
(75.4)
21.7
(71.1)
17.5
(63.5)
10.6
(51.1)
4.2
(39.6)
0.4
(32.7)
11.3
(52.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.3
(26.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.3
(34.3)
6.1
(43.0)
11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
18
(64)
16.4
(61.5)
11.9
(53.4)
5.8
(42.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F)−7.6
(18.3)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.9
(26.8)
1.1
(34.0)
6.4
(43.5)
10.5
(50.9)
13.1
(55.6)
11.6
(52.9)
8.4
(47.1)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.6
(36.6)
Record low °C (°F)−28
(−18)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
−3
(27)
1.4
(34.5)
5.2
(41.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
−9.2
(15.4)
−17.2
(1.0)
−24
(−11)
−28
(−18)
Average precipitation mm (inches)59.4
(2.34)
45.7
(1.80)
43.2
(1.70)
46.4
(1.83)
64.9
(2.56)
73.3
(2.89)
72.4
(2.85)
89.3
(3.52)
78.1
(3.07)
89.1
(3.51)
82.7
(3.26)
64.1
(2.52)
808.6
(31.85)
Source 1: eklima.no (extremes) = eklima> [19]
Source 2: yr.no (mean, precipitaiton) [20]

Demographics

3,322 persons were Polish immigrants as of 2020, or were Norwegian-born with both parents having a background as Polish immigrants.

Minorities (1st and 2nd generation) by country of origin in 2020 [21]
AncestryNumber
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 3,322
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 2,677
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 1,629
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 1,317
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 1,230
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 1,140
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 1,041
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 1,013
Flag of India.svg  India 951
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 899
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 871
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia & Herzegovina 816
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 669
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 646
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 639

Attractions

Aass Brewery Aass.JPG
Aass Brewery
Ovre sund bridge Ovre sund bru i den bla timen.jpg
Øvre sund bridge
Drammens museum Drammens museum.jpg
Drammens museum
Drammen Theater Drammens teater.jpg
Drammen Theater

Aass Brewery

Aass Brewery is the oldest surviving brewery in Norway, and has won acclaim for both its beer and its well-conserved building. Founded in 1834, the brewery's primary products are soft drinks, beer and aquavit. [22]

Bridges

Drammen Museum

The Drammen Museum of Art and Cultural History includes Marienlyst, a manor house from ca. 1770, museum building from 1930 with the museum's administration, permanent exhibitions and collections, and Lyche pavilion from 1990 with the gallery, temporary exhibitions and museum café, Halling yard, with 5 old buildings, the oldest from 1760s. The museum also includes the two largest preserved like farms in Drammen, Gulskogen Manor and Austad farm. [26]

Drammen Spiral

The Drammen Spiral is a road tunnel that allows access to the Skansen Ridge, 180 m (591 ft) above the town. It opened in 1961 on the site of a former quarry. [27]

Drammen Theater

Drammen Theater in Bragernes was built in 1869 and was designed by architect Emil Victor Langlet. The theater was the first modern theater in the country. It was designed in a complex Renaissance style with symmetrical facades and round arched windows. After Drammen Theater suffered total destruction by fire in December 1993, a new theater was rebuilt on the model of the original house. It was finished during February 1997. [28]

Drammensbadet

Drammensbadet is a public swimming and training facility located in Marienlyst, Drammen. It was one of the largest in Norway when it opened 1 September 2008. They have five indoor and four outdoor pools. [29]

Bragernes Torg (town square)

Bragernes Torg is the largest town square in Norway and one of the largest in the Nordics [30] [ circular reference ]

Sport clubs

Bandy field Brakeroyabanen1.jpg
Bandy field

Notable residents

Public service & business

Betzy Kjelsberg, 1935 33512 Betzy Kjelsberg.jpg
Betzy Kjelsberg, 1935
Thorbjorn Jagland, 2016 Thorbjorn Jagland (30366602783) (cropped).jpg
Thorbjørn Jagland, 2016

The Arts

Peter Nicolai Arbo, 1874 Arbopeternicolai.jpg
Peter Nicolai Arbo, 1874
Katharina Nuttall, 2010 Katharina Nuttall video'-shoot.JPG
Katharina Nuttall, 2010

Sport

Ole Einar Bjoerndalen, 2007 Bjoerndalen cutout.JPG
Ole Einar Bjoerndalen, 2007

Twin towns – sister cities

Drammen is twinned with: [38]

Related Research Articles

Buskerud Former county (fylke) of Norway

Buskerud is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold. The region extends from the Oslofjord and Drammensfjorden in the southeast to Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration was in modern times located in Drammen. Buskerud was merged with Akershus and Østfold into the newly created Viken County on 1 January 2020.

Modum Municipality in Viken, Norway

Modum is a municipality in Buskerud in Viken county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vikersund. The municipality of Modum was established on 1 January 1838.

Nedre Eiker Municipality in Buskerud, Norway

Nedre Eiker was a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Eiker. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Mjøndalen. The old municipality of Eiker was divided into Nedre Eiker and Øvre Eiker (upper) on 1 July 1885.

Svelvik Place

Svelvik[ˈsvæ̀ɽviːk] is a town in Drammen municipality, Viken county. It is also a former municipality, which was a part of former Vestfold county.

Hokksund

Hokksund is a town in the municipality of Øvre Eiker in the county of Buskerud, Norway.

Krokstadelva

Krokstadelva is a town in Drammen municipality, part of the Viken county in Norway. It is situated north of the Drammenselva river and opposite Mjøndalen.

Konnerud Suburb in Buskerud, Norway

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European route E134 Road in trans-European E-road network

European highway E 134 is a European highway that crosses Norway starting at Haugesund Airport, Karmøy near the city of Haugesund on the west coast, heading over Haukeli, passing the city of Drammen, and ending in Vassum on the east side of the Oslofjord Tunnel.

Åskollen

Åskollen is a part of the borough of Tangen-Åskollen in the city of Drammen, Norway. Tangen-Åskollen is one of the eight districts in Drammen and had 6,123 inhabitants (2002). Tangen-Åskollen is located south-east of the city centre. Before 1964 Åskollen was a part of Skoger municipality.

Christopher Knudsen

Christopher Knudsen was a Norwegian priest and politician for the Conservative Party. He was Minister of Education and Church Affairs from 1905 to 1906.

Skotselv Village in Østlandet, Norway

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Drammensfjord

Drammensfjord is a fjord in Norway that connects to Ytre Oslofjord on the west side. It stretches to the north and northeast. The Drammenselva river discharges into the head of the fjord. The municipality and city of Drammen which is named after the fjord is also found there.

Drammenselva

Drammenselva is a river in Buskerud county, southeastern Norway.

Strømsgodset

Strømsgodset is a former municipality in Vestfold county, Norway, today a part of the city of Drammen.

Steinberg, Norway

Steinberg is a small village in Nedre Eiker municipality in Buskerud county, Norway.

Mjøndalen Place

Mjøndalen is a built up area in Drammen municipality in Viken county, Norway. It is situated south of the Drammenselva River opposite of Krokstadelva.

Vestfossen

Vestfossen is a village in the municipality of Øvre Eiker in the county of Buskerud, Norway. Vestfossen is a former industrial city with traditions dating back to the 16th century. As of 2008 Vestfossen had a population of 2,867 according to Statistics Norway.

Ypsilon (bridge)

The Ypsilon Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over Drammenselva in Drammen, located in Viken in Norway.

Drammen FK Football club

Drammen Fotballklubb was a Norwegian association football club from Drammen, founded in 2008. It last played in the 2016 3. divisjon. The club dissolved after the 2016 season.

Southern Buskerud Police District is one of 27 police districts in Norway, covering the southern part of Buskerud and northern Vestfold. The district is headquartered in Drammen and consists of two police stations, at Drammen and Kongsberg, and eight sheriff's offices. The district is led by Chief of Police Johan Brekke. Specifically the police district covers the municipalities of Drammen, Kongsberg, Øvre Eiker, Nedre Eiker, Lier, Røyken, Hurum, Flesberg, Rollag in Buskerud and Svelvik and Sande in Vestfold. As of 2011 the district had 455 employees. The police district was created in 2003 as a merger between the former Drammen Police District and Kongsberg Police District.

References

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  19. http://sharki.oslo.dnmi.no/portal/page?_pageid=73,39035,73_39113:73_39117&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL ]
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  28. "Drammen Teater".
  29. "Velkommen til Drammensbadet".
  30. "Bragernes torg".
  31. IMDb Database retrieved 18 March 2021
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  34. IMDb Database retrieved 22 March 2021
  35. IMDb Database retrieved 17 March 2021
  36. IMDb Database retrieved 21 March 2021
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Bibliography