Drupad Borgohain

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Drupad Borgohain
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 April 1998 to 2 April 2004
Constituency Assam
Personal details
Born(1941-11-07)7 November 1941
Sivasagar, Assam, India
Died10 April 2019 (aged 77)
NationalityIndian
Political party Communist Party of India
Residence Sivasagar
Education Sivasagar College
OccupationPolitician

Drupad Borgohain (7 November 1941 – 10 April 2019) [1] was an Indian politician. [2] He was a veteran leader of the left-wing in the Assam state. [3] [4] As of 2014 he was the secretary of the Assam State Council of the Communist Party of India (CPI), a position he held since 1987. [2] [5] As of 2010 he served as president of Assam state council of All India Kisan Sabha (peasants' movement). [6]

Assam State in northeast India

Assam is a state in India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi). The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

Communist Party of India Indian political party, established 1925

The Communist Party of India (CPI) is the oldest communist party in India. There are different views on exactly when it was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by the CPI is 26 December 1925. The Communist Party of India (Marxist), which separated from the CPI in 1964 following an ideological rift between China and the Soviet Union, continues to claim having been founded in 1925.

All India Kisan Sabha(AIKS) is the peasant or farmers' wing of the Communist Party of India. The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, who had formed in 1929 the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights.

Contents

Early Life

Drupad Borgohain was born on 7 November 1941 (anniversary of the October Revolution). [2] [7] He lived in Maduri village, Sivasagar district. [8] He was the son of Manik Chandra Borgohain and Rupeswari Borgohain. He studied at Nazira High School and Sivasagar College. He obtained a B.A. (Hons.) degree. A teacher by profession, he worked at the Maduri Middle Vernacular School during 1960–1961. He went on to teach at the Chakimukh Middle English School between October 1961 and January 1963, and then at Nazira Higher Secondary Multi Purpose School from 1 February 1963 until 31 December 1982.

October Revolution Bolshevik uprising during the Russian Revolution of 1917

The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd on 7 November 1917.

Sivasagar district District of Assam in India

Sivasagar district, formerly known as Sibsagar, is one of the 32 districts of Assam state in Northeast India. Sivasagar city is the administrative headquarters of this district. This historic place is also known for its rich biodiversity. The districts covers an area of 2668 square kilometers. The district comprises two sub-divisions – Sivasagar and Nazira. The district of Sivasagar lies between 26.45°N and 27.15°N latitudes and 94.25°E and 95.25°E longitudes. The district is bounded by the Brahmaputra River to the north, Nagaland to the south, the Charaideo district to the east and the Jhanji River to the west. The Sivasagar district has acquired its distinct identity due to the co-existence of different races, tribes, languages and cultures.

Youth movement

He became a CPI party member in April 1963. He was active in the All India Youth Federation between 1965 and 1978, being elected to its National Council. He served as Joint Secretary of the Assam State Council of AIYF between 1965 and 1968, then becoming the president of the Assam State Council. [2]

All India Youth Federation is the youth wing of Communist Party of India.

Party whole-timer

Borgohain resigned from his teaching job to become a political whole-timer in 1982. [2] He stood as the CPI candidate in the Nazira seat in the 1983 Assam Legislative Assembly election. He finished in second place with 2,460 votes (18.83% of the votes in the constituency), being defeated by Hiteswar Saikia of the Indian National Congress. [9]

Hiteswar Saikia was the chief minister of Assam for two terms, first from February 28, 1983 to December 23, 1985 and then from June 30, 1991 to April 22, 1996.

Indian National Congress Major political party in India

The Indian National Congress(pronunciation ) is a broadly based political party in India. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th century, and especially after 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became the principal leader of the Indian independence movement. Congress led India to independence from Great Britain, and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the British Empire.

Parliamentarian and State Legislator

Borgohain was a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) between April 1998 and April 2004. [10] He stood as a candidate in the Jorhat Lok Sabha seat in the 2004 general election. Borgohain finished in second place with 172,332 votes (25.84% of the votes in the constituency). [11]

Rajya Sabha Upper house of the Parliament of India

The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Membership of Rajya Sabha is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of 250 members and current laws have provision for 245 members. Most of the members of the House are indirectly elected by the members of States and union territories of India state and territorial legislatures using single transferable votes, while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered terms lasting six years, with a third of the members up for election every two years.

Parliament of India National bicameral legislature

The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses: the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. The President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers.

Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 14 Lok Sabha constituencies in Assam state in north-eastern India.

Borgohain contested the 2006 Assam Legislative Assembly election. He won the Nazira seat, defeating the Congress Party candidate Hemoprova Saikia a Handloom and Textiles Minister of the state government. [12] Borgohain obtained 37,623 votes (44.62%). [13]

Nazira is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of Assam, it is a north east state of India. Nazira is also part of Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency.<ref>ASSAM ELECTIONS 2016 RESULTS

Dr. Hemo Prova Saikia was member of Assam Legislative Assembly. Saikia was elected to the Assam Legislative Assembly in 2001 and 2006 from Nazira constituency. She was a minister of Handloom and Textiles in Tarun Gogoi government. She was defected by Drupad Borgohain of Communist Party of India. She was also chairman of Assam Tourism Development Corporation. She was the wife of former Chief Minister of Assam, Hiteswar Saikia and her son Debabrata Saikia is current Leader of Opposition in the Assam Legislative Assembly.

Borgohain again contested the Jorhat seat in the 2009 general election. He finished in third place with 74,185 votes (9.72%). [14] He obtained 22.21% of the votes in the Nazira assembly segment, but merely 3.8% of the votes in the Jorhat assembly segment. [15] Borgohain lost the Nazira assembly seat in the 2011 election. He finished in second place with 18,700 votes (22.58), being defeated by Debabrata Saikia of the Congress Party. [16]

2014 election

CPI launched Borgohain as its candidate in the Jorhat seat in the 2014 Lok Sabha election. [3] [4] His candidature received support from the Communist Party of India. [17]

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References

  1. Veteran Communist Leader Drupad Borgohain Dies. He Was 78
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 India. Parliament. Rajya Sabha (1998). Who's who. Rajya Sabha Secretariat. p. 70.
  3. 1 2 The Statesman. 16th LS polls: Mounting challenges for Assam sitting MPs
  4. 1 2 NetIndia123. Jorhat: Handique eyeing 7th term in quadrangular fight
  5. The Sentinel. Assam should be declared as a Tribal State : Drupad Borgohain
  6. New Age Weekly. Assam AIKS Conference Call For More Struggles
  7. Linda K. Fuller (1 January 2004). National Days/national Ways: Historical, Political, and Religious Celebrations Around the World. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 300. ISBN   978-0-275-97270-7.
  8. Election Commission of India. Members of Rajya Sabha
  9. Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1983 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ASSAM
  10. Communist Party of India, Maharashtra State Council. CPI Rajyasabha Members from 1952 to upto date.
  11. Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 2004 TO THE 14th LOK SABHA – VOLUME I (NATIONAL AND STATE ABSTRACTS & DETAILED RESULTS)
  12. Frontline. Coalition concerns
  13. Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2006 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ASSAM
  14. Election Commission of India. General Elections, 2009 (15th LOK SABHA) – 25 – CONSTITUENCY WISE DETAILED RESULTS Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  15. Election Commission of India. GENERAL ELECTIONS – INDIA, 2009 – Details for Assembly Segments of Parliamentary Constituencies
  16. Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2011 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ASSAM
  17. The Telegraph. Assam options open: Yechury