|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
3 April 1998 to 2 April 2004
|Born||7 November 1941|
Sivasagar, Assam, India
|Died||10 April 2019 (aged 77)|
|Political party||Communist Party of India|
Drupad Borgohain (7 November 1941 – 10 April 2019)was an Indian politician. He was a veteran leader of the left-wing in the Assam state. As of 2014 he was the secretary of the Assam State Council of the Communist Party of India (CPI), a position he held since 1987. As of 2010 he served as president of Assam state council of All India Kisan Sabha (peasants' movement).
Assam is a state in India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi). The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.
The Communist Party of India (CPI) is the oldest communist party in India. There are different views on exactly when it was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by the CPI is 26 December 1925. The Communist Party of India (Marxist), which separated from the CPI in 1964 following an ideological rift between China and the Soviet Union, continues to claim having been founded in 1925.
All India Kisan Sabha(AIKS) is the peasant or farmers' wing of the Communist Party of India. The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, who had formed in 1929 the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights.
Drupad Borgohain was born on 7 November 1941 (anniversary of the October Revolution).He lived in Maduri village, Sivasagar district. He was the son of Manik Chandra Borgohain and Rupeswari Borgohain. He studied at Nazira High School and Sivasagar College. He obtained a B.A. (Hons.) degree. A teacher by profession, he worked at the Maduri Middle Vernacular School during 1960–1961. He went on to teach at the Chakimukh Middle English School between October 1961 and January 1963, and then at Nazira Higher Secondary Multi Purpose School from 1 February 1963 until 31 December 1982.
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd on 7 November 1917.
Sivasagar district, formerly known as Sibsagar, is one of the 32 districts of Assam state in Northeast India. Sivasagar city is the administrative headquarters of this district. This historic place is also known for its rich biodiversity. The districts covers an area of 2668 square kilometers. The district comprises two sub-divisions – Sivasagar and Nazira. The district of Sivasagar lies between 26.45°N and 27.15°N latitudes and 94.25°E and 95.25°E longitudes. The district is bounded by the Brahmaputra River to the north, Nagaland to the south, the Charaideo district to the east and the Jhanji River to the west. The Sivasagar district has acquired its distinct identity due to the co-existence of different races, tribes, languages and cultures.
He became a CPI party member in April 1963. He was active in the All India Youth Federation between 1965 and 1978, being elected to its National Council. He served as Joint Secretary of the Assam State Council of AIYF between 1965 and 1968, then becoming the president of the Assam State Council.
All India Youth Federation is the youth wing of Communist Party of India.
Borgohain resigned from his teaching job to become a political whole-timer in 1982.He stood as the CPI candidate in the Nazira seat in the 1983 Assam Legislative Assembly election. He finished in second place with 2,460 votes (18.83% of the votes in the constituency), being defeated by Hiteswar Saikia of the Indian National Congress.
Hiteswar Saikia was the chief minister of Assam for two terms, first from February 28, 1983 to December 23, 1985 and then from June 30, 1991 to April 22, 1996.
The Indian National Congress(
Borgohain was a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) between April 1998 and April 2004.He stood as a candidate in the Jorhat Lok Sabha seat in the 2004 general election. Borgohain finished in second place with 172,332 votes (25.84% of the votes in the constituency).
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Membership of Rajya Sabha is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of 250 members and current laws have provision for 245 members. Most of the members of the House are indirectly elected by the members of States and union territories of India state and territorial legislatures using single transferable votes, while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered terms lasting six years, with a third of the members up for election every two years.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses: the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. The President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers.
Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 14 Lok Sabha constituencies in Assam state in north-eastern India.
Borgohain contested the 2006 Assam Legislative Assembly election. He won the Nazira seat, defeating the Congress Party candidate Hemoprova Saikia a Handloom and Textiles Minister of the state government.Borgohain obtained 37,623 votes (44.62%).
Nazira is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of Assam, it is a north east state of India. Nazira is also part of Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency.<ref>ASSAM ELECTIONS 2016 RESULTS
Dr. Hemo Prova Saikia was member of Assam Legislative Assembly. Saikia was elected to the Assam Legislative Assembly in 2001 and 2006 from Nazira constituency. She was a minister of Handloom and Textiles in Tarun Gogoi government. She was defected by Drupad Borgohain of Communist Party of India. She was also chairman of Assam Tourism Development Corporation. She was the wife of former Chief Minister of Assam, Hiteswar Saikia and her son Debabrata Saikia is current Leader of Opposition in the Assam Legislative Assembly.
Borgohain again contested the Jorhat seat in the 2009 general election. He finished in third place with 74,185 votes (9.72%).He obtained 22.21% of the votes in the Nazira assembly segment, but merely 3.8% of the votes in the Jorhat assembly segment. Borgohain lost the Nazira assembly seat in the 2011 election. He finished in second place with 18,700 votes (22.58), being defeated by Debabrata Saikia of the Congress Party.
CPI launched Borgohain as its candidate in the Jorhat seat in the 2014 Lok Sabha election.His candidature received support from the Communist Party of India.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation is a communist political party in India.
The Revolutionary Communist Party of India is a small political party in India. The party was founded as the Communist League by Saumyendranath Tagore in 1934, breaking away from the Communist Party of India (CPI). RCPI led armed uprisings after the independence of India, but later shifted to parliamentary politics. The party is active in the West Bengal and Assam. The party was represented in the West Bengal Second United Front Cabinet (1969) as well as in various state government during the Left Front rule in the state (1977–2011). In Assam the party won four Legislative Assembly seats in 1978, but its political influence has since declined.
India is a federation with a parliamentary system governed under the Constitution of India, which defines the power distribution between the union, or central, government and the states.
Nagapattinam is a Lok Sabha constituency in Tamil Nadu. The seat is reserved for scheduled castes. Dalit agricultural workers form a large part of the electorate in the constituency. The constituency is noted for being an historically communist stronghold, having elected Communist Party of India parliamentary representative six times.
Manikchak is an assembly constituency in Malda district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Krishnanagar Dakshin is an assembly constituency in Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Chaturanan Mishra was an Indian politician and trade unionist. Mishra, who was born in Nahar, Madhubani District, was a key leader of the Communist Party of India in Bihar, and served as the Agriculture Minister of India in the United Front government.
Elections in the state of Bihar, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Bihar creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India.
The All People's Party or Sarbadal was a political party in Assam, northeast India. The party was founded in Dibrugarh by Ahom elites on May 8, 1945. It united different groups that sought to challenge the Indian National Congress in elections. The All India Muslim League, the Tribal League and the Ahom Sabha took part in the founding of the party. The party sought to mobilise the Kachari, Muttock and Deuri communities, to compete against caste Hindus for political influence. To a large extent, the party represented tea garden labourers. During its initial period, the party demanded that the British colonial government should create a separate Ahom constituency. The party cooperated with the Muslim League, being united in their opposition against the Congress party.
Meghraj Tawar is an Indian politician. He is a leader of the Communist Party of India (CPI). As of 2010 he was the Udaipur District Secretary of the party. A former member of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, Tawar is a prominent profile of the party amongst the local Adivasi community.
Nurul Huda was an Indian politician, former Member of Parliament and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Assam. A leader of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), Nurul Huda belonged to the Central Committee of the party.
Thammineni Veerabhadram is an Indian politician, belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist). As of 2011 he was a Central Committee member of the party.
T.J. Chandrachoodan is an Indian politician. He was elected general secretary of the Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) in 2008.
Mahmara is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of Assam Legislative Assembly. Mahmara forms part of the Jorhat Lok Sabha constituency.
The Left Front is an alliance of political parties in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was formed in January 1977, the founding parties being the Communist Party of India (Marxist), All India Forward Bloc, the Revolutionary Socialist Party, the Marxist Forward Bloc, the Revolutionary Communist Party of India and the Biplabi Bangla Congress. Other parties joined in later years, most notably the Communist Party of India.
Elections in the Republic of India in 2018 included by-elections to the Lok Sabha, elections to the Rajya Sabha, elections to legislative assemblies of eight states and numerous other by-elections to state legislative assemblies, councils and local bodies.
The elections in India in 2019 that include general election, by-elections to the Lok Sabha, elections to the Rajya Sabha, elections to six state legislative assemblies and numerous other by-elections to the state legislative assemblies, councils and local bodies.