|Born||April 6, 1895|
Wapakoneta, Ohio, United States
|Died||January 4, 1960 64) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
|Occupation||Screenwriter, film director|
Dudley Nichols (April 6, 1895 – January 4, 1960) was an American screenwriter and film director. He was the first person to decline an Academy Award, as part of a boycott to gain recognition for the Screen Writers Guild; he would later accept his Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1938.
Dudley Nichols was born April 6, 1895, in Wapakoneta, Ohio.He studied at the University of Michigan where he was active member of the Sigma chapter of Theta Xi fraternity.
After working as a reporter for the New York World , Nichols moved to Hollywood in 1929 and became one of the most highly regarded screenwriters of the 1930s and 1940s. He collaborated on many films over many years with director John Ford, and was also noted for his work with George Cukor, Howard Hawks, Fritz Lang and Jean Renoir.
Nichols wrote or co-wrote the screenplays for films including Bringing Up Baby (1938), Stagecoach (1939), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943), Scarlet Street (1945), And Then There Were None (1945), The Bells of St. Mary's (1945), Pinky (1949) and The Tin Star (1957).
Nichols initially declined the Academy Award he received for The Informer , due to a dispute between the Screen Writers Guild, of which he was a founder, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.He collected the award at the 1938 Oscar ceremony. He served as president of the Screen Writers Guild in 1937 and 1938.
He also co-wrote the documentary The Battle of Midway , which won the 1942 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Nichols produced and directed three films— Government Girl (1943), Sister Kenny (1946) and Mourning Becomes Electra (1947)—for which he also wrote the screenplay.
In 1954 he received the Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement from the Writers Guild of America.
He died in Hollywood of cancer in 1960 and was interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.
|1930||Men Without Women|
|1930||On the Level|
|1930||One Mad Kiss|
|1930||A Devil with Women|
|1931||Not Exactly Gentlemen|
|1931||A Connecticut Yankee|
|1931||The Black Camel|
|1932||She Wanted a Millionaire|
|1932||While Paris Sleeps|
|1932||This Sporting Age|
|1933||The Man Who Dared|
|1934||You Can't Buy Everything|
|1934||Ever Since Eve|
|1934||The Lost Patrol|
|1934||Hold That Girl|
|1934||Call It Luck|
|1935||Life Begins at 40|
|1935||The Informer||Academy Award, Best Writing, Screenplay (not accepted until 1938)|
|1935||Steamboat Round the Bend|
|1935||The Three Musketeers|
|1936||Mary of Scotland|
|1937||The Plough and the Stars|
|1937||The Toast of New York|
|1938||Bringing Up Baby|
|1939||The 400 Million|
|1940||The Long Voyage Home||Academy Award nominee|
|1942||The Battle of Midway|
|1943||Air Force||Academy Award nominee|
|1943||This Land Is Mine|
|1943||For Whom the Bell Tolls|
|1944||Government Girl||Also producer and director|
|1944||It Happened Tomorrow|
|1945||And Then There Were None|
|1945||The Bells of St. Mary's|
|1946||Sister Kenny||Also producer and director|
|1947||Mourning Becomes Electra||Also producer and director|
|1952||Return of the Texan|
|1952||The Big Sky|
|1956||Run for the Sun|
|1957||The Tin Star||Academy Award nominee|
|1960||Heller in Pink Tights|
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