Dudley Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby

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The Earl of Harrowby

PC JP DL
DFS Ryder 3rd Earl of Harrowby, Lock & Whitfield.jpg
President of the Board of Trade
In office
4 April 1878 21 April 1880
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Beaconsfield
Preceded by Sir Charles Adderley
Succeeded by Joseph Chamberlain
Personal details
Born(1831-01-16)16 January 1831
Brighton, England
Died26 March 1900(1900-03-26) (aged 69)
Sandon Hall, Staffordshire, England
NationalityBritish
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)
Lady Mary Cecil(m. 1861)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Dudley Francis Stuart Ryder, 3rd Earl of Harrowby, PC , JP , DL (16 January 1831 26 March 1900), known as Viscount Sandon from 1847 to 1882, was a British peer and politician.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Contents

Life

He was the second son and eventual heir of Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby, and Lady Frances Stuart, fourth daughter of John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute. He was born at Brighton on 16 January 1831. He was educated at Harrow and the university of Oxford, where he matriculated from Christ Church on 31 May 1849, graduated B.A. in 1853, and proceeded M.A. in 1878. [1]

Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby British politician

Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby KG, PC, FRS, styled Viscount Sandon between 1809 and 1847, was a British politician. He held office under Lord Palmerston as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1855 and as Lord Privy Seal between 1855 and 1858.

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute British politician

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute PC, FRS, styled Lord Mount Stuart until 1792 and known as The Earl of Bute between 1792 and 1794, was a British nobleman, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1766 to 1776.

Brighton Seaside resort town on the south coast of England

Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England that is part of the City of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.

On leaving the university, Viscount Sandon, as he was styled during his father's lifetime, made a tour in the East with Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, visiting Syria and the Lebanon (see Carnavon's Recollections of the Druses of the Lebanon, London, 1860, 8vo). On his return to England, he did garrison duty as captain in the 2nd Staffordshire militia regiment, during the Crimean war and Indian mutiny. [1]

Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon British politician and a leading member of the Conservative Party

Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon,, known as Lord Porchester from 1833 to 1849, was a British politician and a leading member of the Conservative Party. He was twice Secretary of State for the Colonies and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

Syria Country in Western Asia

Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turkemens. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunnis make up the largest religious group in Syria.

Lebanon Country in Western Asia

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

Political career

The Earl of Harrowby caricatured by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in 1885. The Earl of Harrowby Vanity Fair 1885-11-28.jpg
The Earl of Harrowby caricatured by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in 1885.

Harrowby was Member of Parliament (MP) for Lichfield from 1856 to 1859 and for Liverpool from 1868 until he succeeded to the peerage in 1882. He gained experience of affairs as private secretary to Henry Labouchere at the colonial office. [1]

Lichfield (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Lichfield is a constituency in Staffordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 recreation by Michael Fabricant, a Conservative.

Liverpool was a Borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.

He was a member of the select committees on the Hudson's Bay Company (1857) and the Euphrates Valley (1871–72), and continued throughout life to devote much time and attention to the study of imperial and colonial questions. [1] He was Vice-President of the Committee on Education from 1874 to 1878, and President of the Board of Trade (with a seat in the cabinet) from 1878 to 1880 in Benjamin Disraeli's second administration and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1874. Between 1885 and 1886, he served as Lord Privy Seal in Lord Salisbury's first government. [1]

Hudsons Bay Company Canadian retail business group

The Hudson's Bay Company is a Canadian retail business group. A fur trading business for much of its existence, HBC now owns and operates retail stores in Canada, the United States, and parts of Europe, including Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany. The company's namesake business division is Hudson's Bay, commonly referred to as The Bay. Other divisions include Galeria Kaufhof, Home Outfitters, Lord & Taylor and Saks Fifth Avenue. HBC's head office is currently located in Brampton, Ontario. The company is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol "HBC".

President of the Board of Trade head of the Board of Trade, a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom

The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade. This is a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century, that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions. The current holder is Liam Fox, the Secretary of State for International Trade.

Benjamin Disraeli British Conservative Prime Minister

Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield,, was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach. Disraeli is remembered for his influential voice in world affairs, his political battles with the Liberal Party leader William Ewart Gladstone, and his one-nation conservatism or "Tory democracy". He made the Conservatives the party most identified with the glory and power of the British Empire. He is the only British prime minister to have been of Jewish birth. He was also a novelist, publishing works of fiction even as prime minister.

Apart from his career in national politics he was also Chairman of the Staffordshire county council and a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for that county.

Staffordshire County of England

Staffordshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It borders with Cheshire to the northwest, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the southeast, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire to the west.

He died at Sandon Hall, Staffordshire, on 26 March 1900. [1]

Family

Lord Harrowby married Lady Mary Cecil, daughter of Brownlow Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Exeter, in 1861. The marriage was childless. Harrowby died in March 1900, aged 69, and was succeeded by his younger brother, Henry. Lady Harrowby died in July 1917.

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Harrowby may refer to:

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rigg 1901.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Rigg, James McMullen (1901). "Ryder, Dudley Francis Stuart". Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Waterpark
Lord Alfred Paget
Member of Parliament for Lichfield
1856–1859
With: Lord Alfred Paget
Succeeded by
Lord Alfred Paget
Hon. Augustus Anson
Preceded by
Thomas Berry Horsfall
Samuel Robert Graves
Member of Parliament for Liverpool
18681882
With: Samuel Robert Graves 1868–1873
William Rathbone 1868–1880
John Torr 1873–1880
Edward Whitley1880–1882
John Ramsay 1880
Lord Claud Hamilton 1880
Succeeded by
Edward Whitley
Lord Claud Hamilton
Samuel Smith
Political offices
Preceded by
William Edward Forster
Vice-President of the Committee on Education
1874–1878
Succeeded by
Lord George Hamilton
Preceded by
Sir Charles Adderley
President of the Board of Trade
1878–1880
Succeeded by
Joseph Chamberlain
Preceded by
The Earl of Rosebery
Lord Privy Seal
1885–1886
Succeeded by
William Ewart Gladstone
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Dudley Ryder
Earl of Harrowby
1882–1900
Succeeded by
Henry Ryder