Duffel

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Duffel
Duffel, monumentaal pand1 foto1 2007-08-25 11.29.JPG
Duffel Town Hall
Flag of Duffel.svg
Blason ville be Duffel.svg
Belgium location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Duffel
Location in Belgium
Location of Duffel in the province of Antwerp
DuffelLocatie.png
Coordinates: 51°06′N04°31′E / 51.100°N 4.517°E / 51.100; 4.517 Coordinates: 51°06′N04°31′E / 51.100°N 4.517°E / 51.100; 4.517
CountryBelgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Antwerp
Arrondissement Mechelen
Government
  MayorSofie Joosen (NVA)
  Governing party/ies NVA
Area
  Total22.71 km2 (8.77 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total17,385
  Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Postal codes
2570
Area codes 015, 03
Website www.duffel.be

Duffel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɵfəl] ) is a municipality in the Belgian province of Antwerp.

Contents

The municipality comprises only the town of Duffel proper. On 1 January 2020, Duffel had a total population of 17,664. The total area is 22.71 km² which gives a population density of 778 inhabitants per km².

The area is namegiver to a certain type of coarse woolen cloth manufactured in this area from the 11th century, mainly used to make blankets, outdoor (army) coats and tot bags. Duffel again became a household name during and after World War II, in the meaning of a certain coat, designed with toggle-and-tow fastening and large hood. [2]

The etymology of Duffel is from "dubro" and "locus", from the Gaulish dubrum, dubron – "water".

In 1836, the Duffel railway station opened on the Brussels-North to Antwerp railway line. [3]

Duffel cloth

The town gives its name to a certain type of heavy woolen cloth generally used to make blankets, overcoats, especially for the armed forces, and a certain type of luggage bag. [4] In the middle ages, an important part of the region's industry was the manufacturing of so called Flemish laken (a broadcloth), the cloth produced in Duffel was a thicker variation. Skills and know-how of the manufacturing process have been brought to England by Flemish emigrants from the 1500s. [5] The name for the cloth was so well known, that a certain type of overcoat made from the 19th century on from cloth manufactured in England, got the name Duffel coat. [6] [7]

Notable natives

Climate

Climate data for Duffel (1991−2020 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)6.7
(44.1)
7.7
(45.9)
11.2
(52.2)
15.5
(59.9)
19.0
(66.2)
21.8
(71.2)
23.9
(75.0)
23.7
(74.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.4
(59.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.1
(44.8)
15.2
(59.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.0
(39.2)
4.4
(39.9)
7.1
(44.8)
10.3
(50.5)
14.1
(57.4)
17.0
(62.6)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.4
(59.7)
11.5
(52.7)
7.4
(45.3)
4.5
(40.1)
11.1
(52.0)
Average low °C (°F)1.3
(34.3)
1.1
(34.0)
2.9
(37.2)
5.3
(41.5)
9.2
(48.6)
12.2
(54.0)
14.3
(57.7)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
7.5
(45.5)
4.3
(39.7)
1.9
(35.4)
7.0
(44.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)68.0
(2.68)
60.3
(2.37)
54.1
(2.13)
40.8
(1.61)
55.4
(2.18)
72.6
(2.86)
76.3
(3.00)
81.6
(3.21)
69.3
(2.73)
64.4
(2.54)
74.3
(2.93)
84.2
(3.31)
801.3
(31.55)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)11.911.110.48.59.59.810.210.19.610.612.113.4127.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 617713418821821822321016311766511,726
Source: Royal Meteorological Institute [8]

See also

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References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "History of the Duffel Coat" . Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  3. "L. 25 : Brussel-Noord - Antwerpen". Belgische Spoorlijnen. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  4. "Duffel". Online Etymology Dictionary . Retrieved April 27, 2011.
  5. Jarvis, Joanne (January 2009). "Braintree is reborn". Essex Life. Archant.
  6. "The History of the Duffel Coat" . Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  7. "Duffel Coat History" . Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  8. "Luchttemperatuur en neerslag Referentieperiode: 1991-2020" (PDF) (in Dutch). Royal Meteorological Institute . Retrieved August 10, 2022.