Dujiangyan City

Last updated

Dujiangyan

都江堰市
Puzhao Temple in Dujiangyan.jpg
Puzhao Temple in Dujiangyan
China Sichuan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dujiangyan
Location in Sichuan Province
Coordinates(Dujiangyan Government): 30°59′17″N103°38′49″E / 30.988°N 103.647°E / 30.988; 103.647 Coordinates: 30°59′17″N103°38′49″E / 30.988°N 103.647°E / 30.988; 103.647
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Sub-provincial city Chengdu
Municipal seatGuankou (灌口街道)
Area
  Total1,208 km2 (466 sq mi)
Population
 (2010) [1]
  Total657,996
  Density545/km2 (1,410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
6118XX
Chengdu district map
Website www.djy.gov.cn
Dujiangyan
Chinese 都江堰
Postal Tukiangyen
Kwanhsien (until 1988)
Guanxian
Traditional Chinese 灌縣
Simplified Chinese 灌县
Postal Kwanhsien

Dujiangyan (Chinese :都江堰; pinyin :Dūjiāngyàn) is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. Its north-west region forms a border with southern Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. It has an area of 1,208 km2 (466 sq mi) and had a population of 600,000 in 2003. [2]

Contents

Dujiangyan was formerly a county named Guanxian or Guan County (灌县; '"irrigation" county'). The county became a county-level city in 1988 and was renamed after the Dujiangyan Irrigation System, in the city's northwest, famous for providing Chengdu with water for over two millennia, since around 250 BC.

History

Around 250 BC during the Warring States period, Li Bing, a governor of Shu (present Sichuan Province) in the Qin state with his son directed the construction of Dujiangyan. Li Bing gave up the old ways of dam building, which were simply directed at flood control, employing a new method of channeling and dividing the water of the Min River. He accomplished this by separating the project into two main parts: the headwork and the irrigation system. The whole system has functioned for 2,000 years, preventing floods and providing substantial irrigation and facilitating shipping and wood drifting. It has contributed greatly to the richness of Chengdu Plain with its reputation as "The Land of Abundance".[ citation needed ]

On 12 May 2008, the city was the closest to the epicenter of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake and the city suffered severe damage. Xinjian Primary School, Juyuan Middle School, and Xiang'e Middle School collapsed in the earthquake. [3] [4] [5]

Climate

Dujiangyan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with cool, dry winters and hot, very wet summers.

Administrative divisions

Dujiangyan has 17 towns and two townships:

Transport

Xuanhua Gate of Dujiangyan on 2018 Chinese New Year Xuanhua Gate at Guanxian (20180216093639).jpg
Xuanhua Gate of Dujiangyan on 2018 Chinese New Year

Sister cities

See also

Notes

  1. 我市2010年第六次全国人口普查数据公报 (in Chinese). Government of Chengdu. 13 May 2011. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  2. (in Chinese) Profile of Dujiangyan City Archived 17 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine .
  3. "Chinese Are Left to Ask Why Schools Crumbled." The New York Times .
  4. "Provincial authority outlines school collapse reasons." China.org.
  5. "Overwhelmed by death, Sichuan disinfects." Reuters India.
  6. 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

Related Research Articles

Cili County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Cili is a county in Hunan Province, China under administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhangjiajie. Located in the north of Hunan and the east of Zhangjiajie, Cili County is bordered to the southeast by Taoyuan County, to the south and the southwest by Yongding District, to the west and the northwest by Sangzhi County, to the north and northeast by Shimen County. Cili is also the home of the Tujia people. The County has an area of 3,492 square kilometres (1,348 sq mi) with 703,452 of registered population and roughly 613,000 permanent population. It is divided into 25 township-level divisions, its county seat is Lingyang Town (零阳镇).

Jiangyong County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Jiangyong County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Yongzhou prefecture-level City.

Pengzhou County-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Pengzhou, formerly Peng County or Pengxian, is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. There is an expressway that connects Pengzhou to Chengdu. It is bordered by the prefecture-level divisions of Deyang to the northeast and the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture to the north.

Pingchang County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Pingchang County is a county in the northeast of Sichuan province. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Bazhong. Its area is 2,229 km2 (861 sq mi). The population is 930,000.

Garzê County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Garzê County is one of the 18 subdivisions of the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, in northwestern Sichuan province, China. The Yalong River passes just south of the town Garzê, also known as Ganzi, the capital town of the county, which has some 16,920 inhabitants (2010), many of them ethnic Tibetans, and is famous for its Tibetan lamasery. Historically, it is part of the Tibetan cultural region of Kham and now defunct province of Xikang. It lies on the northern section of the Sichuan-Tibet Highway.

Longquanyi District District in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Longquanyi District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, covering parts of the southeastern suburbs. The population is over half a million. It borders the prefecture-level city of Ziyang to the southeast. Longquanyi has been designated as a high-tech development district, with investment mainly focused in the urban areas.

Wenjiang District District in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Wenjiang District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, covering part of the western suburbs. It is bordered by Qingyang District to the east, Shuangliu County to the southeast, Chongzhou to the southwest, Dujiangyan to the northwest, and Pi County to the east.

Wenchuan County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Wenchuan County is a county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Mianzhu County-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Mianzhu is a county-level city of Deyang, Sichuan province in Southwest China.

Qingchuan County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Qingchuan County is a county in the northeast of Sichuan province, China, bordering the provinces of Gansu to the north and Shaanxi to the northeast. It is the westernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Guangyuan. It has an area of 3269 square kilometers and a population of 248,000, including Han Chinese as well as Hui people.

Shifang County-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Shifang, formerly Shifang County, is a county-level city in Sichuan, China under the municipal administration of Deyang. It is located directly about 50 kilometers (31 mi) from Chengdu. It had an area of 863 km2 (333 sq mi) and a population of 430,000 in 2004. Shifang has a history stretching back over two thousand years. It suffered heavy damage during the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. The city was also the scene of a large-scale environmental protest against a copper smelting plant in July 2012.

Mao County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Mao County or Maoxian is a county in Ngawa Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China.

Anyi County County in Jiangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Anyi is a county of Jiangxi Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nanchang, the provincial capital.

Xiaojin County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Xiaojin County, also known as Tsanlha from its Tibetan name, is a county in the northwest of Sichuan Province, China. It is the southernmost county-level division of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.

Heishui County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Heishui County is a county in the north of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. The county has an area of 1,682 square miles (4,356 km2) and its average elevation is 11,627 feet (3,544 m). As of 2016, the county has a population of 61,744.

Xinlong County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Xinlong County is a county in the west of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Xintian County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Xintian County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yongzhou.

Shuangfeng County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Shuangfeng County is a county in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Loudi prefecture-level City.

Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway railway line

The Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, higher-speed rail line in Sichuan Province, connecting the provincial capital, Chengdu with the satellite city of Dujiangyan. The line is 65 kilometres (40 mi) in length with 15 stations. China Railways CRH1 train set on the line reach a maximum speed of 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) and make the full-trip in 30 minutes, before 2018. The line was built in 18 months and entered into operation on May 12, 2010. The railway is built to withstand an 8.0-magnitude earthquake. The Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway has two branch lines: Pengzhou Branch line is 21.2 kilometres (13.2 mi) in length with 6 stations, and Lidui Branch line is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) in length with 3 stations. In 2019, China Railways CRH6A-A (Tianfu) train sets on the line started to operate up to 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph).

Pidu District District in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Pidu District formerly known as Pi County or Pixian is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Southwest China. It was approved from the former Pi County by the State Council on November 24, 2016.

References