Dunapentele (before 1951)
Neustadt an der Donau(in German)
Пантелија / Pantelija(in Serbian)
|Dunaújváros Megyei Jogú Város|
Városháza Square with typical concrete block of flats called Panelház
|• Mayor||Tamás Pintér (Rajta Újváros Egyesület)|
|• Total||52.66 km2 (20.33 sq mi)|
|Elevation||97 m (318 ft)|
|• Rank||21st in Hungary|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||(+36) 25|
Dunaújváros (pronounced [ˈdunɒuːjvaːroʃ] ; German : Neustadt an der Donau; Serbian : Пантелија/Pantelija) is an industrial city in Fejér County, Central Hungary. Situated 43 miles (70 kilometres) south of Budapest on the Danube, the city is best known for its steelworks, which is the largest in the country. It was built in the 1950s on the site of the former village of Dunapentele and was originally given the name of Sztálinváros before acquiring its current name in 1961.
Dunaújváros is located in the Transdanubian part of the Great Hungarian Plain (called Mezőföld), 70 kilometres (43 miles) south of Budapest on the Danube, Highway 6, Motorways M6, M8 and the electrified Budapest-Pusztaszabolcs-Dunaújváros-Paks railway.
The city replaced the village of Dunapentele ("Pantaleon up on the Danube"), named after Saint Pantaleon.The construction of this new industrial city started in 1949 and the original village was renamed Sztálinváros ("Stalin City") in 1951. After the Hungarian revolution of 1956 the new government renamed the city the neutral Dunaújváros in 1961, which means "Danube New City" (New City on the Danube).
This section needs expansionwith: information on Intercisa, and pre Ottoman period. You can help by adding to it.(January 2013)
Dunaújváros is one of the newest cities in the country. It was built in the 1950s during the industrialization of the country under Socialist rule, as a new city next to an already existing village, Dunapentele.
Dunapentele was not built on until the 1950s. The construction started on the Danube's right bank. The area has been inhabited since ancient times. When Western Hungary was a Roman province under the name Pannonia, a military camp and a town called Intercisa stood in this place, at the border of the province. The Hungarians conquered the area in the early 10th century. The village of Pentele, named after the medieval Greek saint, Pantaleon, was founded shortly after.
Between 1541 and 1688 the village was under Ottoman rule, and during the 150-year war it was completely destroyed. During the freedom fight led by Prince Ferenc II Rákóczi of Transylvania, the place was deserted again. In the 18th century the village began to prosper. In 1830 the village was given the right to hold markets days twice a week. In 1831 there was a cholera epidemic and which caused a small scale peasants revolt. In 1833 Pentele was granted town status (oppidum) by Ferdinand V. The citizens took part in the freedom fight in 1848–49.
After the Second World War the new, Communist government started a major industrialisation programme, in support of its rearmament efforts. In 1949 Dunaújváros was chosen as the site of the largest iron and steel works in the country. Originally they were to be built close to Mohács, but the Hungarian-Yugoslavian relations worsened, and this new site was chosen, farther away from the Yugoslav border. The city was designed to have 25,000 residents.
The construction of the city began on May 2, 1950 near Dunapentele. Within one year more than 1,000 housing units were built and construction on the factory complex began. The city officially took the name of Joseph Stalin on April 4, 1952; its name was Sztálinváros 'Stalin City' as a parallel to Stalingrad in the USSR.
The metal works (formerly called: Dunai Vasmű, now ISD DUNAFERR) were opened in 1954. The city had a population of 27,772 at this time; 85% of them lived in nice, comfortable apartments, while about 4,200 people still lived in uncomfortable barracks which originally provided "homes" for the construction workers.
In the middle of the 1950s, public transport was organized, with buses carrying 24,000 passengers each day. During the 1950s many cultural and sports facilities were built, the Endre Ságvári Primary School being the largest school in Central Europe in the 1960s. The official and obligatory architectural style and art movement of the communist system was socialist realism. Per definition the style's meaning was communist, its form was national, and its preferred mode of representation was the allegory. There are several public statues and reliefs in the town, which represent the allegoric union of workers, peasants and intellectuals, surrounded by traditional folk motifs. Thanks to the inspiration of Bauhaus the buildings and monuments of this era (1949–56), like the forge, the cinema, the theatre, the hospital and the city's schools where characterized by a structural functionalism, but the ideological function resulted in classicist decorations, like columns, tympanums and arcades, because of which the informal name of the style became ‘Stalin’s Baroque’.
In 1956, the construction was hindered by an earthquake and a flood, and in October by the start of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. During the revolution the city used its historical name Dunapentele again. The Rákóczi radio station, which was created by the revolutionaries, broadcast from Dunapentele (in fact from a bus that was constantly moving around in the city so that it couldn't be located.) Even though the citizens of Dunapentele tried to defend their city, the Soviet army occupied the city on November 7, 1956. The city came under martial law and soviet tanks were stationed throughout the city.
After the revolution the city was still the "trademark city" of socialism in Hungary, and was presented as such to foreign visitors. Among the visitors were Yuri Gagarin and the Indonesian president Sukarno. The city also provided a scenic backdrop to popular movies.
In 1960, the ten-year-old city already had 31,000 residents who celebrated its anniversary.
On November 26, 1961 the city's name was changed to Dunaújváros (Duna|új|város meaning Danube-new-city; "New City upon Danube". See also Tiszaújváros) as a consequence of Stalin's death (1953) and the Hungarian Revolution (1956).
In 1990 it became a city with county rights—as one of the then four, (now five) cities in the country that have this status but are not county capitals—in accordance with a new law that granted this status to all cities with a population over 50,000. Even though the population of Dunaújváros has been under 50,000 since 2008, it has kept its status as a city with county rights (along with Hódmezővásárhely, which is in a similar situation).
The ISD DUNAFERR (formerly: Dunai Vasmű) factory complex is still is an important enterprise in the Hungarian steel industry, and a major employer (as of 2020, it has 4,500 employees) in the area.
Today, Dunaújváros is home to many new infrastructures (Pentele Bridge, direct M6-M8 highway link between Budapest and Dunaújváros), the new South Korean Hankook factory, Europe's biggest tire factory of Hankook, and Hamburger Hungaria, one of the largest containerboard manufacturers in Europe. This and other projects make Dunaújváros a new Hungarian boomtown.
Thanks to its formal political and economic importance, the communist urban design,the socialist realist architecture and its unique atmosphere the town is the considerable memento of communism. Many of the half-century old buildings have received the protection of historic monuments, and the town is in the focus of growing touristic interest.
In 2001 Dunaújváros had 55,309 residents (92.5% Hungarian, 0.6% Romani, 0.6% German, 6.3% other).Religions: 38.9% Roman Catholic, 8.3% Calvinist, 2% Lutheran, 37.8% Atheist, 0.2% other, 12.8% no answer.
The current mayor of Dunaújváros is Pintér Tamás (Jobbik).
The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 15 members (1 Mayor, 10 Individual constituencies MEPs and 4 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances:
|Party||Seats||Current Municipal Assembly|
|Come on Újváros!||11||M|
The most popular sport is ice hockey, and the city is home to the Steel Bulls. The second most popular sport in the town is football. The town has one team playing in the top level league, the Nemzeti Bajnokság I, the Dunaújváros PASE. However the most well-known team is the defunct Dunaújváros FC which also won the 1999-2000 Nemzeti Bajnokság I season. The women's water polo team of Dunaújvárosi FVE won the 2018 edition of the LEN Trophy.
Dunaújváros is twinned with:
Esztergom is a city in northern Hungary, 46 kilometres northwest of the capital Budapest. It lies in Komárom-Esztergom county, on the right bank of the river Danube, which forms the border with Slovakia there.
Tiszaújváros is an industrial town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 35 km (22 mi) south-east of Miskolc, near the river Tisza.
German Hungarians are the German-speaking minority of Hungary, sometimes called Danube Swabians, , many of whom call themselves "Shwoveh". There are 131,951 German speakers in Hungary. Danube Swabian is a collective term for a number of German ethnic groups who lived in the former Kingdom of Hungary.
The Serbs in Hungary are recognized as an ethnic minority, numbering 7,210 people or 0.1% of the total population. The number of Serbs in Hungary has drastically diminished; in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries large Serb communities existed throughout Hungary, notably in Buda, Baja, Szentendre and Szeged. The Serb community in the territory of present-day Hungary has its origin in migrations from the territory of medieval Serbian states during and after the Ottoman conquest of these states. Matthias Corvinus and his successors are known to have welcomed Serbs from the other side of the Danube, giving the exiled military commanders fiefdoms to rule and defend from the Ottomans. After the dissolution of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1918 and after new borders were defined by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, only a small fraction of ethnic Serbs remained within the borders of post-Trianon Hungary.
Nagykovácsi is a small town in the Pilisvörösvári kistérség district of Hungary situated some 15 km (9 mi) north-west of the centre of Budapest, in a valley, at an altitude of 340 metres. It is located next to the second district of Budapest. According to the 2011 census, its population was given as 7095, though this figure does not include the many people who own a property there as a second residence. The town is known for its scenic setting in surrounding hills and forests, and some of the nearby forests have been designated conservation areas—Budai Tájvédelmi Körzet —in order to protect several rare species of flora growing there. Its location has contributed to the town's development in recent years. The American International School of Budapest chose Nagykovácsi as the site for its new campus in 2000.
Nagyszénás is a large village in Békés County, in the Southern Great Plain region of south-east Hungary.
Szatymaz is a village in Csongrád county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. The village lies 12 kilometers northwest of Szeged, neighboring Lake Fehér, a part of Kiskunság National Park. Szatymaz is accessible via the M5-Motorway, and by rail via Szeged-Budapest train lines, including the Intercity trains which pass through the village.
Röszke is a village in Csongrád county, in the Southern Great Plain region of southern Hungary. The nearest town is Szeged 15 kilometres (9.3 mi).
Aszaló is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary. In 2013, it had 1,860 inhabitants.
Onga is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Hungary. 10 km to Miskolc.
Romani people in Hungary are Hungarian citizens of Romani descent. According to the 2011 census, they compose 3.18% of the total population, which alone makes them the largest minority in the country, although various estimations have put the number of Romani people as high as 7% of the total population.
Hungary has provided registered partnerships to same-sex couples since 1 July 2009. This institution offers nearly all the benefits of marriage. Unregistered cohabitation for same-sex couples was recognised and placed on equal footing with the unregistered cohabitation of different-sex couples in 1996. However, same-sex marriage is prohibited by the 2011 Constitution of Hungary, which took effect in January 2012.
The population of Budapest was 1,735,041 on 1 January 2013. According to the 2011 census, the Budapest metropolitan area was home to 2,530,167 people and the Budapest commuter area had 3.3 million inhabitants. The Hungarian capital is the largest in the Pannonian Basin and the ninth largest in the European Union. Budapest is also the primate city of Hungary and some neighbouring territories.
The Turks in Hungary, also referred to as Turkish Hungarians and Hungarian Turks, refers to ethnic Turks living in Hungary. The Turkish people first began to migrate predominately from Anatolia during the Ottoman rule of Hungary (1541-1699). A second wave of Ottoman-Turkish migration occurred in the late 19th century when relations between the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire improved; most of these immigrants settled in Budapest. Moreover, there has also been a recent migration of Turks from the Republic of Turkey, as well as other post-Ottoman states.
Corpus separatum, a Latin term meaning "separated body", refers to the status of the City of Fiume while given a special legal and political status different from its environment under the rule of the Kingdom of Hungary. Formally known as City of Fiume and its District, it was instituted by Empress Maria Theresa in 1779, determining the semi-autonomous status of Fiume within the Habsburg Monarchy until the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918.
Sajóvámos is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in northeastern Hungary.
Boldog is a municipality in the Hatvan kistérség of Heves County, Northern Hungary Region. It is situated between the rivers Zagyva and Galga and is located 9 km from Hatvan.
Márton Vas is a Hungarian former professional ice hockey defenceman. He was a member of the Hungarian national team His brother, János Vas, is also a professional ice hockey player and member of the Hungarian national team.
Óváros or Pentele is the central district of Dunaújváros in Hungary. Ráctemplom, a Roman Catholic church is located here. Rácdomb Petőfi Sándor, Attila Streets, Sasberc, Óváros központ, Street Molnár Farkas, Isle of Szalk, and territory near Danube belong here. Latter includes Felső-fok, Street Magyar, the ex-barracks of the Soviets, and Őrhegy. Buildings here save the history of Pentele. Fences shows some parts of the national culture.
Ice Hockey Stadium of Dunaújváros is located in Friendship District, Eszperanto Street, at the Sport Center Complex of Dunaújváros City, Hungary. Dunaújváros is 75 kilometers from Budapest near the Danube river.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dunaújváros .|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dunaújváros .|