Dunajec

Last updated
Dunajec
Dunajec from Trzy Korony.jpg
Dunajec viewed from Trzy Korony
Location
Country Poland, Slovakia
Physical characteristics
Mouth  
  location
Vistula
  coordinates
50°14′35″N20°43′42″E / 50.2431°N 20.7283°E / 50.2431; 20.7283 Coordinates: 50°14′35″N20°43′42″E / 50.2431°N 20.7283°E / 50.2431; 20.7283
Length249 km (155 mi)
Basin size6,796 km2 (2,624 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average85.5 m3/s (3,020 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression VistulaBaltic Sea

The Dunajec (Polish pronunciation:  [duˈnajɛt͡s] ); Goral dialects: Dónajec) is a river running through northeastern Slovakia and southern Poland. It is also regarded as the main river of the Goral Lands. It is a right tributary of the Vistula River. It begins in Nowy Targ at the junction of two short mountain rivers, Czarny Dunajec and Biały Dunajec (Black and White Dunajec). Dunajec forms the border between Poland and Slovakia for 17 kilometers [1] in the Pieniny Środkowe (Slovak: Centrálne Pieniny) range, east of the Czorsztyn reservoir.

Contents

Geography

The Dunajec is 249 kilometers long, including its source river Czarny Dunajec, [1] which makes it Poland's thirteenth longest river. It has a basin area of 6,796 square kilometres (4,838 in Poland, and 1,958 in Slovakia). [1] On the Slovak/Polish border, it flows through the Zamagurie region, with attractions such as the Dunajec River Gorge, the Trzy Korony massif with a 500 metres (1,600 ft) precipice, Červený Kláštor, and two Pieniny castles in Czorsztyn and Niedzica.

Below the two source streams Dunajec flows through a broad valley called Nowotarska Basin. It then supplies the waters of the dam in Niedzica (Jezioro Czorsztyńskie Lake) and the dam in Sromowce Wyżne (Sromowce Wyżne reservoir). Flowing through the central part of the Pieniny range, it creates a picturesque turn at the Polish Slovak border between Sromowce Wyżne and Szczawnica, where it flows by Kotuńka rock which differentiates the area from the over parts of the river. Further down it turns to the north into the Western Beskid Mountains, and Sądecka Basin (where it merges with its own largest tributary, the Poprad river). It flows across an open valley of the Beskid Foothills and falls down across Rożnów Foothills (with two more dams: the Jezioro Rożnowskie Lake, and Jezioro Czchowskie Lake) and finally, it leads into the Sandomierz Basin and the valley of Vistula Lowlands. Dunajec flows into the Vistula River in the vicinity of Opatowiec.

Towns and townships

Dunajec in the Pieniny Srodkowe range (Slovak: Centralne Pieniny) forming a 27 km border between Poland and Slovakia Pieniny-map2.png
Dunajec in the Pieniny Środkowe range (Slovak: Centrálne Pieniny) forming a 27 km border between Poland and Slovakia

The Dunajec flows through or near these locations in Poland and north Slovakia:

See also

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Niedzica Place in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland

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Lake Czorsztyn Body of water

Lake Czorsztyn is a man-made reservoir on the Dunajec river, southern Poland, between the Pieniny and the Gorce Mountains. It exists due to a dam in the village of Niedzica.

Lake Rożnów Body of water

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Beskid Sądecki

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Orava-Nowy Targ Basin Geography of Poland and Slovakia

The Orava-Nowy Targ Basin is the northern, lowest part of the Podhale-Magura Area, between the Western Beskids in the north and the Spisko-Gubałowski Highlands in the south.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2017, Statistics Poland, p. 85-86