Dunbartonshire

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Coordinates: 55°58′N4°32′W / 55.96°N 4.53°W / 55.96; -4.53

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Dumbarton
Siorrachd Dhùn Breatann
Dunbartonshire-Scotland.svg
Country Scotland
County town Dumbarton
Area
  Total241 sq mi (624 km2)
 Ranked 29th of 34
Chapman code
DNB

Dunbartonshire (Scottish Gaelic : Siorrachd Dhùn Breatann [1] ) or the County of Dumbarton is a historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the west central Lowlands of Scotland lying to the north of the River Clyde. Dunbartonshire borders Perthshire to the north, Stirlingshire to the east, Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire to the south, and Argyllshire to the west. The boundaries with Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire are split in two owing to the existence of an exclave around Cumbernauld (see below).

The area had previously been part of the historic district of Lennox, which was a duchy in the Peerage of Scotland related to the Duke of Lennox.

Name

Looking across the River Clyde towards Dumbarton Castle Scotland Dumbarton Castle bordercropped.jpg
Looking across the River Clyde towards Dumbarton Castle

The town name "Dumbarton" comes from the Scottish Gaelic Dùn Breatainn meaning "fort of the Britons". [2] Historically, the spelling of the county town and the county were not standardised. By the 18th century the names "County of Dunbarton" and "County of Dumbarton" were used interchangeably. [3] The n in "Dunbarton" represents the etymology Dùn "fort"; the "m" in "Dumbarton" reflects a pronunciation with assimilation of /n/ to the labial /m/ , due to the influence of the neighbouring labial /b/ sound. [4]

Different county bodies used the two spellings: the Dunbarton County Constabulary were formed in 1857 by the Commissioners of Supply for the County of Dunbarton. [5]

Dumbartonshire County Council, set up under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, adopted the spelling "Dunbartonshire" by 1914, a fact recognised by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947. [6] [7]

The correct spelling remains a source of contention. Current practice uses Dumbarton for the town and Dunbarton for the former county and subsequent local authority areas.

History

County Buildings, Dumbarton The County Buildings, Dumbarton (geograph 2747910).jpg
County Buildings, Dumbarton

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 established a uniform system of county councils in Scotland and realigned the boundaries of many of Scotland's counties. Subsequently, Dunbarton County Council was created in 1890. Queen Elizabeth II, accompanied by Duke of Edinburgh, visited the area to open the new county buildings in Dumbarton on 28 June 1965. [8]

The administrative arm, but not the placename of county used for "local government" purposes was dis-established in 1975 by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, when the Administrative Section became part of the large Council of Strathclyde Region.

Strathclyde was divided into nineteen districts, with the area being divided between Dumbarton, Bearsden and Milngavie, Clydebank, Cumbernauld and Kilsyth and Strathkelvin Districts, the latter also containing a small part of the former Lanarkshire.

The regional identity, the "place-name" was retained for some major functions such as fire service and police at the next reorganisation of local government in 1996.

The county then was administered by three new unitary councils:

Cumbernauld was not included in either of the new Dunbartonshire councils, instead being placed in the North Lanarkshire area.

Geography

Loch Lomond as seen from the summit of the island of Inchcailloch to Torrinch, Creinch, Inchmurrin and Ben Bowie Lomond islands.jpg
Loch Lomond as seen from the summit of the island of Inchcailloch to Torrinch, Creinch, Inchmurrin and Ben Bowie

The northern half of the county is sparsely populated and dominated by Loch Lomond, which it shares with Stirlingshire, and the Trossachs (now a national park). There are many islands in the loch which form part of the county, the most notable being Island I Vow, Tarbet Isle, Inchlonaig, Inchconnachan, Inchmoan, Inchtavannach, Fraoch Eilean, Inchgalbraith, Torrinch, Creinch, Inchmurrin and Aber Isle. The much smaller Geal Loch, Lochan Beinn Damhain, Lochan Strath Dubh-uisge and Loch Sloy can also be found here. The area is also home to Ben Vorlich, the highest point of Dunbartonshire at 943 m (3,094 ft) and the 229th tallest mountain in Scotland.

Ben Vorlich, the tallest mountain in Dunbartonshire Ben Vorlich from Ben Vane.jpg
Ben Vorlich, the tallest mountain in Dunbartonshire

South-western Dunbartonshire has a long coastline along Loch Long, culminating in the Rosneath peninsula which is separated from the main body of the county by Gare Loch. Both of these lead into the Firth of Clyde which forms the southern border. The area east of the river Leven is dominated geographically by the Kilpatrick Hills which also contains a number of small lochs and reservoirs. In the far south-east the county encompasses a portion of the Greater Glasgow conurbation.

Duncolm, tallest peak in the Kilpatrick Hills Duncolm.jpg
Duncolm, tallest peak in the Kilpatrick Hills

The Cumbernauld exclave is largely flat and heavily urbanised.

Boundaries and the Cumbernauld exclave

The county retained a large exclave situated five miles (eight kilometres) east of the main part of the county despite the boundary changes in the 1890s elsewhere in Scotland, consisting of the civil parishes of Kirkintilloch and Cumbernauld, between Stirlingshire and Lanarkshire. This area had originally been part of Stirlingshire, but had been annexed to Dunbarton in the reign of David II at the request of Malcolm Fleming, Earl of Wigtown, the owner of the land, who was also Sheriff of Dumbarton. [9]

The exclave was dealt with in 19th century legislation as greater administrative duties were given to the counties.

The Police (Scotland) Act 1857 established police forces throughout Scotland. A section of the act allowed for the parishes to be transferred to the jurisdiction of either Stirlingshire or Lanarkshire Constabulary on resolution of two-thirds of the Commissioners of Supply for the County of Dumbarton. [10]

Similar provisions allowing for the transfer of the area for all purposes were included in the County General Assessment (Scotland) Act 1868. [11] No such resolution was made, and the two parishes remained in Dunbartonshire.

The Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Act 1878 provided that for the purposes of that act all detached parts of counties should be placed in the county by which they were surrounded, or with which they had the longest boundary. [12] Accordingly, Cumbernauld and Kirkintilloch came under the control of the Stirlingshire Road Board. It was originally anticipated that the area would be transferred to Stirlingshire for all other purposes by the boundary commissioners proposed by the Local Government Bill of 1889 [13] However, a clause was inserted in the bill that stated "the parishes of Cumbernauld and Kirkintilloch, including the burghs and police burghs situate therein, shall for the purposes of this Act, be considered as forming part of the county of Dumbarton". The clause was vigorously opposed by the Stirlingshire Commissioners of Supply as they had incurred considerable expense in maintaining the roads of the two parishes. The Act as passed provided that the Dunbartonshire County Council was to financially compensate Stirlingshire on the transfer of road powers. [14]

Transport

The Firth of Clyde at Kilcreggan, with PS Waverley approaching across Loch Long Firth of Clyde at Kilcreggan, with Waverley passing Loch Long.jpg
The Firth of Clyde at Kilcreggan, with PS Waverley approaching across Loch Long

The West Highland Line runs through the county connecting Glasgow to Oban and Fort William and is popular with tourist due to its scenic view of the Highlands. The North Clyde line serves the towns of the Vale of Leven, and many suburban and commuter lines serve those parts of Dunbartonshire that form part of the Glasgow conurbation. Two lines run west-east through the Cumbernauld exclave, linking this area to Glasgow and Falkirk.

Various ferries criss-cross Loch Lomond, linking some of the towns along its banks. The Rosneath peninsula is connected by a ferry from Kilcreggan to Gourock in Renfrewshire.

Settlements

Towns

Villages and hamlets

Glasgow conurbation

  1. Small part in Stirlingshire
  2. Partly in Renfrewshire
  3. Mostly in Stirlingshire

Cumbernauld exclave

Civil Parishes

Dumbartonshire Civil Parish map c. 1854 Boundaries are outlined in red DUMBARTONSHIRE Civil Parish map.jpg
Dumbartonshire Civil Parish map c. 1854 Boundaries are outlined in red

Military Connections

During the rise of the Volunteer Force, the military in Dunbartonshire was widely expanded. See: Militia and Volunteer of Dunbartonshire.

Related Research Articles

West Dunbartonshire Council area of Scotland

West Dunbartonshire is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland. The area lies to the west of the City of Glasgow and contains many of Glasgow's commuter towns and villages. West Dunbartonshire also borders Argyll and Bute, East Dunbartonshire, Renfrewshire and Stirling.

East Dunbartonshire Council area of Scotland

East Dunbartonshire is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the north-west of Glasgow and contains many of the affluent areas to the north of the city, including Bearsden, Milngavie, Balmore and Torrance, as well as many of the city's commuter towns and villages. East Dunbartonshire also shares borders with North Lanarkshire, Stirling and West Dunbartonshire. The council area covers parts of the historic counties of Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire.

North Lanarkshire Council area of Scotland

North Lanarkshire is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the northeast of the City of Glasgow and contains many of Glasgow's suburbs and commuter towns and villages. It also borders East Dunbartonshire, Falkirk, Stirling, South Lanarkshire and West Lothian. The council covers parts of the traditional counties of Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire.

Stirlingshire Historic county in Scotland

Stirlingshire or the County of Stirling, Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Sruighlea) is a historic county and registration county of Scotland. Its county town is Stirling.

Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 United Kingdom legislation

The Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which created the current local government structure of 32 unitary authorities covering the whole of Scotland.

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth (district)

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth was formerly (1975–96) one of nineteen local government districts in the Strathclyde region of Scotland.

Strathkelvin is the strath of the River Kelvin in west central Scotland, close to the city of Glasgow. The name Strathkelvin was formerly (1975–96) used for one of nineteen local government districts in the Strathclyde region of Scotland.

East Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

East Dunbartonshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The seat is possibly best known for formerly being the constituency of Jo Swinson, the former Leader of the Liberal Democrats who was defeated at the 2019 general election. The current MP for the constituency is the Scottish National Party's Amy Callaghan.

Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 2005 general election, replacing Cumbernauld and Kilsyth and part of Strathkelvin and Bearsden.

West Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2005 onwards

West Dunbartonshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election and covers the same area as the county of West Dunbartonshire.

The Lennox Region of Scotland

The Lennox is a region of Scotland centred on The Vale of Leven, including its great loch: Loch Lomond.

Dunbartonshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950.

Condorrat Human settlement in Scotland

Condorrat is a former village in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. Like Luggiebank, Castlecary and Dullatur, it predates the new town of Cumbernauld, but unlike those Condorrat was officially included in the designated new town area. Since then it has officially been part of Cumbernauld although it retains some of its own distinctive character. Dalshannon Farm and cottages were located in the area west of the original town and farm, and north of the Luggie. So also was a corn mill called Wood Mill. Road signs show they are is now in the western part of Condorrat towards Mollinsburn.

Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 United Kingdom legislation

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which was passed on 26 August 1889. The main effect of the Act was to establish elected county councils in Scotland. In this it followed the pattern introduced in England and Wales by the Local Government Act 1888.

Rosneath Human settlement in Scotland

Rosneath is a village in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It sits on the western shore of the Gare Loch, 2 miles northwest of the tip of the Rosneath Peninsula. It is about 2.4 miles by road from the village of Kilcreggan, which is sited on the southern shore of the peninsula, on the Firth of Clyde.

Dalmuir Human settlement in Scotland

Dalmuir is an area nine miles north-west of Glasgow, Scotland, on the western side of Clydebank, and part of West Dunbartonshire Council Area. The name is a lowland Scots derivation of the Gaelic meaning Big Field. The area was originally two separate villages with Dalmuir Shore joining with Clydebank in 1886 and Dalmuir Village in 1906, during a period of rapid industrialization and expansion. Dalmuir is bounded by the village of Old Kilpatrick to the west, the Mountblow and Parkhall housing schemes to the north, and the Clydebank town centre area to the east. To the south is the River Clyde.

New Kilpatrick

New Kilpatrick, is an ecclesiastical Parish and former Civil Parish in Dunbartonshire. It was formed in 1649 from the eastern half of the parish of Kilpatrick, the western half forming Old Kilpatrick. New Kilpatrick is also a disused name for the town of Bearsden.

The Caledonian and Dumbartonshire Junction Railway (C&DJR) was a Scottish railway opened in 1850 between Bowling and Balloch via Dumbarton. The company had intended to build to Glasgow but it could not raise the money.

Clydebank was a local government district in the Strathclyde region of Scotland from 1975 to 1996, lying immediately to the north-west of the regional capital Glasgow.

Dumbarton (district) Former local government district in Scotland

Dumbarton was a local government district in the Strathclyde region of Scotland from 1975 to 1996, lying to the north-west of the regional capital Glasgow.

References

  1. "Dunbartonshire". www.ainmean-aite.scot. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  2. "Visions of Britain".
  3. See for instance Crown Lands - Forfeited Estates Act, 1784 (1784 c. 57) and Manning of the Navy Act, 1795 (1795 c. 29)
  4. Millar, Robert McColl; Trask, Larry (2015). "3.2 Assimilation and dissimilation". Trask's Historical Linguistics (3rd ed.). Routledge. ISBN   978-1-317-54176-9.
  5. Edinburgh Gazette, Issue 6736, published 15 September 1857
  6. Edinburgh Gazette, Issue 12743, published 24 November 1914
  7. Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 (1947 c. 43)
  8. "Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth visited Dumbarton: archive photos and video". Dumbarton and Vale of Leven Reporter. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  9. Cumbernauld, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846)(British History Online)
  10. Police (Scotland) Act 1857 (C.72) s.70
  11. 1868 (C.82) s.6
  12. Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Act 1878 C.51, S.40
  13. "Local Government (Scotland) Bill No.179 (HL Deb 06 August 1889 vol 339 cc447-531)". Hansard, Lords Sitting. 6 August 1889. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
  14. Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 1889 (c. 50) s.40

Bibliography