Duncan MacIntyre (New Zealand politician)

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Duncan MacIntyre

Duncan MacIntyre Greg Tate (crop).jpg
8th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
In office
4 March 1981 15 March 1984
Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
Preceded by Brian Talboys
Succeeded by Jim McLay
Constituency East Cape
Personal details
Born10 November 1915
Hastings, New Zealand
Died8 June 2001(2001-06-08) (aged 85)
Waipukurau, New Zealand
Political party National
Relations Hamish MacIntyre (son)

Brigadier Duncan MacIntyre CMG DSO OBE ED PC (10 November 1915 8 June 2001) was a New Zealand politician of the National Party. He served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1981 to 1984 under Prime Minister Robert Muldoon.

Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country. In some countries, it is a senior rank above colonel, equivalent to a brigadier general, typically commanding a brigade of several thousand soldiers. In other countries, it is a non-commissioned rank.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Efficiency Decoration

The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters TD for recipients serving in the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom or ED for those serving in the Auxiliary Military Forces, was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time officers after twenty years of service as an efficient and thoroughly capable officer. The decoration superseded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and the Territorial Decoration.

Contents

Early life

MacIntyre was born at Hastings on 10 November 1915. [1] He received his education at Christ's College, Christchurch. He was a farmer from 1933 to 1939, when he joined the New Zealand Army. [2]

Hastings, New Zealand City in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand

Hastings is a New Zealand city and is one of the two major urban areas in Hawke's Bay, on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The population of Hastings is 70,600, with 45,000 living in the contiguous city and Flaxmere, 13,950 in Havelock North, 2,210 in Clive, and the remainder in the peri-urban area around the city. Hastings is about 18 kilometres inland of the coastal city of Napier. These two neighbouring cities are often called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities". The combined population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 134,500 people, which makes it the sixth-largest urban area in New Zealand, closely following Tauranga (141,600).

Christs College, Christchurch independent, Anglican, secondary, day and boarding school for boys, located in the central city of Christchurch, New Zealand

Christ's College, Christchurch is an independent, Anglican, secondary, day and boarding school for boys, located in the city centre of Christchurch, New Zealand.

New Zealand Army land component of the New Zealand Defence Force

The New Zealand Army is the land component of the New Zealand Defence Force and comprises around 4,500 Regular Force personnel, 2,000 Territorial Force personnel and 500 civilians. Formerly the New Zealand Military Forces, the current name was adopted by the New Zealand Army Act 1950. The New Zealand Army traces its history from settler militia raised in 1845.

World War Two

MacIntyre served in World War II in Australia, the Middle East, and Italy, and commanded the Māori Battalion. [2] He was awarded the D.S.O. [3] After the war, he was commander for troops in Japan. [4] MacIntyre commanded the Divisional Cavalry Regiment from 1945 to 1946. [5]

Māori Battalion an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Army that served during the Second World War

The 28th (Māori) Battalion, more commonly known as the Māori Battalion, was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Army that served during the Second World War. It was formed following pressure on the Labour government by some Māori Members of Parliament (MPs) and Māori organisations throughout the country which wanted a full Māori unit to be raised for service overseas. The Māori Battalion followed in the footsteps of the Māori Pioneer Battalion that served during the First World War with success, and was wanted by Māori to raise their profile, and to serve alongside their Pākehā compatriots as subjects of the British Empire. It also gave a generation of people with a well-noted military ancestry a chance to test their own warrior skills.

Divisional Cavalry Regiment (New Zealand) former armoured cavalry regiment of the 2nd New Zealand Division

The Divisional Cavalry Regiment, was an armoured cavalry regiment of the 2nd New Zealand Division during the Second World War and was New Zealand's first armoured unit. It served as a reconnaissance force for the 2nd New Zealand Division. Formed on 29 September 1939, the regiment embarked for Egypt on 4 January 1940. It fought with the division, as part of the 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force, in Greece, Crete, North Africa and Italy. The regiment formed part of J Force, New Zealand's contribution to the occupation of Japan at the end of the war.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateParty
1960 1963 33rd Hastings National
1963 1966 34th Hastings National
1966 1969 35th Hastings National
1969 1972 36th Hastings National
1975 1978 38th Bay of Plenty National
1978 1981 39th East Cape National
1981 1984 40th East Cape National

MacIntyre represented the Hastings electorate in Parliament from 1960 to 1972, when he was defeated. [3] With Robert Muldoon and Peter Gordon he was one of the three Young Turks of the National Party who entered Parliament in 1960. [4]

Hastings was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand from 1946 to 1996. The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament. The Hastings electorate was a typical bellwether electorate, frequently changing between the two main parties.

1960 New Zealand general election

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Robert Muldoon 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Robert David Muldoon, also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.

In 1961 he was one of ten National MPs to vote with the Opposition and remove capital punishment for murder from the Crimes Bill that the Second National Government had introduced. In 1971 and 1972 MacIntyre was Administrator of Tokelau.

Capital punishment in New Zealand first appeared in a codified form when New Zealand became a British colony in 1840, and it was first employed in 1842. Capital punishment was last used in 1957, abolished for murder in 1961, and abolished for all crimes, including treason, in 1989. During the period that it was in effect, 85 people were executed.

Second National Government of New Zealand

The Second National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1960 to 1972. It was a conservative government which sought mainly to preserve the economic prosperity and general stability of the early 1960s. It was one of New Zealand's longest-serving governments.

Administrator of Tokelau

The Administrator of Tokelau is an official of the New Zealand Government, responsible for supervising the government of the dependent territory of Tokelau.

He then represented the Bay of Plenty electorate in Parliament from 1975 to 1978, and the East Cape electorate from 1978 to 1984, when he retired. [3] His son, Hamish MacIntyre, was elected to Parliament in 1990.

Bay of Plenty (New Zealand electorate) electorate in New Zealand

Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.

1975 New Zealand general election

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.

East Cape is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1993.

He served under three Prime Ministers (Holyoake, Marshall, and Muldoon) as Cabinet Minister. He was Minister of Lands (1966–1972), Minister of Forests (1966–1972), Minister of Māori Affairs (1969–1972 and 1975–1978), Minister of Island Territories (1969–1972), Minister of Island Affairs (1972), Minister for the Environment (1972), Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries (1975–1977), Minister of Agriculture (1977–1984), and Minister of Fisheries (1978–1984). [6] He was made a Privy Councillor in 1980. [3] [7]

In September 1980 MacIntyre gave a Marginal Land Boards loan to his daughter and son-in-law raising questions around Conflict of interest. A public inquiry later concluded that MacIntyre had not acted willfully improperly. Nonetheless, several public resignations of National Party officeholders followed in MacIntyre's East Cape electorate causing serious damage to MacIntyre's reputation. [8]

Later life

By 1982, MacIntyre had a serious heart problem. [4] He died at Waipukurau on 8 June 2001. [1] Ngāti Kahungunu held him in such high regard for his conduct as Māori Affairs Minister that his body was at their Porangahau Marae for one night before the funeral. He was survived by his second wife, daughters and a son. [4]

Notes

  1. 1 2 Potter, Tony (10 June 2001). "MacIntyre left one battle field for another". Sunday Star Times. p. 4.
  2. 1 2 Gustafson 1986, p. 329.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Wilson 1985, p. 215.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Obituary: Duncan MacIntyre". The New Zealand Herald . 16 June 2001. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  5. "Duncan MacIntyre". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  6. Wilson 1985, pp. 90–94.
  7. New Zealand Parliamentary Debates, Vols. 370-381 (1970-1972).
  8. Gustafson 1986, pp. 142-3.

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Ralph Hanan
Minister of Māori Affairs
1969–1972
1975–1978
Succeeded by
Matiu Rata
Preceded by
Matiu Rata
Succeeded by
Ben Couch
New office Minister for the Environment
1972
Succeeded by
Joe Walding
Preceded by
Brian Talboys
Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
1981–1984
Succeeded by
Jim McLay
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Ted Keating
Member of Parliament for Hastings
1960–1972
Succeeded by
Richard Mayson
Preceded by
Percy Allen
Member of Parliament for Bay of Plenty
1975–1978
Vacant
Constituency abolished, recreated in 1996
Title next held by
Tony Ryall
New constituency Member of Parliament for East Cape
1978–1984
Succeeded by
Anne Fraser