Dunhua

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Dunhua

敦化市 · 돈화시
DunHua.JPG
Dunhua in 2013
China Jilin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dunhua
Location in Jilin province
Coordinates: 43°22′N128°14′E / 43.367°N 128.233°E / 43.367; 128.233 Coordinates: 43°22′N128°14′E / 43.367°N 128.233°E / 43.367; 128.233
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Prefecture Yanbian
Seat Minzhu Subdistrict
Area
[1]
   County-level city 11,957.0 km2 (4,616.6 sq mi)
  Urban
116.00 km2 (44.79 sq mi)
Elevation
505 m (1,657 ft)
Population
 (2017) [1]
   County-level city 481,000
  Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
   Urban
201,900
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
133700
Area code(s) 0433
Dunhua
Chinese
Chinese Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
South Korean name
Hangul

Dunhua is a county-level city of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in southeastern Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It has more than 480,000 inhabitants (as of 2002) and was the capital of Balhae between 742−756, known at the time as "Junggyeong". During the Qing Dynasty it was called Áodōng (敖东) in Chinese and Odoli in Manchu.[ citation needed ]

Contents

Geography and climate

Dunhua is situated amongst the Changbai Mountains, its administrative area spanning 42°42′−44°30′ N latitude and 127°28′−129°13′ E longitude, reaching a maximal north–south extent of 200 km (124 mi) and east–west width of 142 km (88 mi). Its total area of 11,957 km2 (4,617 sq mi) makes it, by area, the largest county-level city of the province.

Dunhua has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very cold winters, and short, but warm, humid summers. Spring and autumn constitute very short transitions with some, but usually not heavy, rainfall. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −16.6 °C (2.1 °F) in January to 20.1 °C (68.2 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 3.28 °C (37.9 °F) and a total precipitation of 632 mm (24.9 in), more than 60% of which falls from June through August.

Climate data for Dunhua (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
12.7
(54.9)
16.7
(62.1)
29.0
(84.2)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
36.4
(97.5)
33.3
(91.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.3
(82.9)
18.9
(66.0)
8.4
(47.1)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F)−9.5
(14.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
2.0
(35.6)
12.2
(54.0)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
24.6
(76.3)
19.5
(67.1)
12.0
(53.6)
1.4
(34.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
9.8
(49.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.6
(2.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.3
(41.5)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.1
(68.2)
19.1
(66.4)
12.6
(54.7)
4.7
(40.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−13.0
(8.6)
3.3
(37.9)
Average low °C (°F)−22.8
(−9.0)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−10.7
(12.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.3
(41.5)
11.3
(52.3)
15.6
(60.1)
14.5
(58.1)
6.6
(43.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−2.6
(27.4)
Record low °C (°F)−35.9
(−32.6)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−13.7
(7.3)
−9.6
(14.7)
1.4
(34.5)
7.4
(45.3)
3.0
(37.4)
−6
(21)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−35.9
(−32.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)4.8
(0.19)
4.8
(0.19)
11.9
(0.47)
29.0
(1.14)
59.7
(2.35)
116.1
(4.57)
151.8
(5.98)
138.0
(5.43)
65.4
(2.57)
28.8
(1.13)
14.8
(0.58)
6.6
(0.26)
631.7
(24.86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)5.35.67.310.112.616.216.215.411.28.58.06.6123.0
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions

Dunhua has four subdistricts, 11 towns, and five townships. [2]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

Sister cities

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References

  1. 1 2 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. 延边朝鲜族自治州-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). xzqh.org. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
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