Dunsborough, Western Australia

Last updated

Dunsborough
Western Australia
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dunsborough
Coordinates 33°37′0″S115°6′0″E / 33.61667°S 115.10000°E / -33.61667; 115.10000 Coordinates: 33°37′0″S115°6′0″E / 33.61667°S 115.10000°E / -33.61667; 115.10000
Population5,320 (2016 census) [1]
Established1879
Postcode(s) 6281
Elevation10 m (33 ft)
Location
LGA(s) City of Busselton
State electorate(s) Vasse
Federal Division(s) Forrest

Dunsborough is a coastal town in the South West of Western Australia, 254 kilometres (158 mi) south of Perth on the shores of Geographe Bay.

Contents

Dunsborough is a popular tourist destination for Western Australians; in 1999 it was voted the state's best tourist destination and in 2013 awarded the Top Tourism Award for Population Under 5,000. The town's location in the Margaret River Wine Region provides easy access to many wineries and breweries. The town is a favoured destination for annual school leavers in Western Australia, the other frequent choice being Rottnest Island.

History

Indigenous prehistory

The South West region of Australia, within which Dunsborough sits, is recognised as being one of the oldest continually occupied human habitats anywhere on Earth, with archaeology dating back approximately 40,000 years. [2] Dunsborough itself shares in this history, with multiple sites of Aboriginal importance in and around the town.

Prior to European colonisation, several distinct tribes inhabited the land and utilised the waters around Dunsborough. Those living on the coast were called Wardandi (sea people), and their language recorded as Burron Wongi. [3] These Indigenous peoples referred to Dunsborough by the name of Quedjinup, which means "Place of Women". The name Quedjinup is retained for the district immediately to the south of Dunsborough, encompassing the Dunsborough Lakes and Biddle's Common housing developments which form part of the greater Dunsborough development zone.

Important local Aboriginal Heritage sites include:

European settlement

The modern town is named after the nearby Dunn Bay, which was named after Captain Richard Dalling Dunn under whom Governor James Stirling had served in the Hibernia and the Armide in 1810–11. Land for a townsite was set aside here in the late 1830s, and there is a recorded whale fishery at "Dunsbro" in 1850. When Dunsborough first appeared on a map in 1839 it was spelt "Dunnsbro" but the extra "n" seems to have disappeared by 1850, and the spelling of "bro" was amended to "borough" when the name was gazetted in 1879. [4]

In 1860, the Seymour family who worked for the Castle Rock Whaling Company built the Seymour Homestead. It would later be moved to Millbrook Farm in Yallingup. [5] In the 1920s the family built Seymour's Cottages, which were among the first holiday houses in the area; they were also relocated toMillbrook Farm. [6] A general store was opened in 1925 and the town's first bakery was established in 1930. [7] By the 1950s, Dunsborough's population consisted of about forty families; 1957 saw the opening of the Old Dunsborough Hall and Dunsborough Primary School opened in 1963. [8] [9] Surfing became popular in the 1960s and wine tourism in the nearby Margaret River was emerging by the mid-1980s. [10] The population of the town began to significantly increase from the late 1970s onwards. [7] [8] [11]

Tourism

Dunsborough's beaches, restaurants, cafes, and boutique shops attract tourists. The town is also near Meelup Regional Park (including Meelup Beach), Cape Naturaliste and its lighthouse (which are in the Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park and part of the Cape to Cape Track), Ngari Capes Marine Park (containing the dive wreck of HMAS Swan, and the Margaret River Wine Region. [10] [12] [13]

Transport

Caves Road and Cape Naturaliste Road are major roads in the area, linked by a roundabout. [14] Dunsborough is serviced by Busseltons public bus service route 815 run by Swan Transit South West (TransBusselton). [15] South West Coach Lines and Transwa coach services also run service to Dunsborough for connections to other south west towns and Perth. [16] [17]

Education

Dunsborough is served by one government school, Dunsborough Primary School, and two private schools, Our Lady of the Cape Primary School and Cornerstone Christian College (a primary school campus in Quedjinup). [9] [18] [19]

Events

Related Research Articles

Margaret River, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Margaret River is a town in the South West of Western Australia, located in the valley of the eponymous Margaret River, 277 kilometres (172 mi) south of Perth, the state capital. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Augusta-Margaret River.

Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park is a national park in the South West region of Western Australia, 267 km (166 mi) south of Perth. It is named after the two locations at either end of the park which have lighthouses, Cape Leeuwin and Cape Naturaliste. It is located in the Augusta-Margaret River and Busselton council areas, and is claimed to have the highest visiting numbers of any national park in Western Australia. The park received 2.33 million visitors through 2008–2009.

Busselton City in Western Australia

Busselton is a city in the South West region of the Australian state of Western Australia. As of the 2016 census, Busselton had a population of 25,329. Founded in 1832 by the Bussell family, Busselton is 220 km (140 mi) south-west of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Busselton was voted Western Australia's top tourist town in 1995, 1996, and 2005.

Busselton Margaret River Airport

Busselton Margaret River Airport, formerly known as Busselton Regional Airport and alternatively known as Busselton-Margaret River Regional Airport, is located in the Busselton suburb of Yalyalup, 6.5 km (4.0 mi) from the Busselton town centre. Busselton is a major regional centre in the South West of Western Australia, about 220 km (140 mi) south of Perth and in the heart of the Margaret River wine region.

Geographe Bay

Geographe Bay is in the south-west of Western Australia around 220 km southwest of Perth.

Cape Naturaliste Western Australia

Cape Naturaliste is a headland in the south western region of Western Australia at the western edge of the Geographe Bay. It is the northernmost point of the Leeuwin-Naturaliste Ridge which was named after the cape. Also the Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park, Cape Naturaliste Lighthouse and the Cape to Cape hiking track were named after this location.

Bussell Highway

Bussell Highway is a generally north–south highway in the South West of Western Australia. The highway links the city of Bunbury with the town of Augusta and is approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) in length. The highway is signed State Route 10, except in Busselton where the construction of the Busselton Bypass in 2000 resulted in this stretch being changed to Alternate State Route 10 with the Bypass signed State Route 10.

City of Busselton Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Busselton is a local government area in the South West region of Western Australia, approximately 230 km (140 mi) south of Perth, the state capital. The city covers an area of 1,455 km2 (562 sq mi) and had a population of 36,686 as at the 2016 Census. It contains two large towns, Busselton and Dunsborough, and a number of smaller towns. The city office is located on Southern Drive, Busselton.

Vasse, Western Australia Suburb of Busselton, Western Australia

Vasse is a suburb of the city of Busselton in the South West region of Western Australia, 10 kilometres (6 mi) west of Busselton and 240 kilometres (149 mi) southwest of Perth. Its local government area is the City of Busselton. At the 2016 census, Vasse had a population of 2,479.

Yallingup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Yallingup is a town in the South West region of Western Australia, 256 kilometres (159 mi) south of Perth. Yallingup is a popular tourist destination because of its beaches and limestone caves, and proximity to Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park.

Quindalup Town in Western Australia

Quindalup is a small town in the South West region of Western Australia. It is situated along Caves Road between Busselton and Dunsborough on Geographe Bay. At the 2016 census, Quindalup had a population of 1,336.

Surfing locations in the Capes region of South West Western Australia

Most surf breaks in the Capes region – from Cape Naturaliste to Cape Leeuwin – within the larger area known as the South West region of Western Australia tend to have the name Margaret River attached, despite the wide geographic range of locations where the breaks are located.

Ngari Capes Marine Park Protected area in Western Australia

The Ngari Capes Marine Park is a marine protected area on the lower south west coast of Western Australia, located approximately 250 kilometres (160 mi) south of Perth. The 123,790-hectare (305,900-acre) marine park was gazetted on 12 June 2012 and the park's western and southern boundaries are the limit of coastal waters of Western Australia, abutting the South-west Corner Marine Park located within the Australian Commonwealth exclusive economic zone.

Caves Road is a 111-kilometre-long (69 mi) scenic route in the South West region of Western Australia. It connects western Busselton with Augusta, running along or to the west of the Leeuwin-Naturaliste ridge, and is an alternative route to Bussell Highway. Caves Road is also a major component of the route from Cape Naturaliste to Cape Leeuwin, in what is known as the state's Capes Region.

The Wardandi are an indigenous Noongar people of Western Australia.

Sugarloaf Rock, Western Australia

Sugarloaf Rock, also known as Sugarloaf Rocks and Sugar Loaf Rock, is a large, natural granite island in the Indian Ocean just off the coast situated approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Cape Naturaliste in the South West region of Western Australia.

Wilyabrup, Western Australia Locality in Western Australia

Wilyabrup is a locality in the Margaret River wine region, in the local government area of the City of Busselton. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 180. It has the highest concetration of premium wine producers in the region. It contains the Wilyabrup Sea Cliffs, which are used for rock-climbing and abseiling, along with Quinninup Falls, which are on the Cape to Cape Track.

Yalyalup, Western Australia Suburb of Busselton, Western Australia

Yalyalup is a suburb of the Western Australian city of Busselton. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 2,486.

Meelup Regional Park regional park in Western Australia, Australia

The Meelup Regional Park is a coastal regional park near the Western Australian town of Dunsborough in the state's South West region. It contains 11.5 kilometres (7.1 mi) of coastline between Dunsborough and Bunker Bay. It features Meelup Beach and Eagle Bay, with other points of interest being Gannett Rock, Rocky Point, Castle Bay, Curtis Bay, and Point Piquet. It is an A-class reserve managed by the local government area of the City of Busselton in partnership with the Meelup Regional Park Management Committee.

Eagle Bay, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Eagle Bay is a small town near Dunsborough, in the local government area of the City of Busselton. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 76. It is known for its luxury holiday homes, with an occupancy rate on the night of the 2016 census of about 16%.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Dunsborough (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 17 August 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Hanran-Smith, Genevieve. "Cape to Cape and Lower Blackwood area" (PDF). Department of Environment and Conservation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  3. "An Aboriginal Heritage Survey For The Proposed Landscape Enhancements To Dugalup Brook, Dunsborough Foreshore And Seymour Park, Dunsborough, Western Australia" (PDF). Shire of Busselton. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  4. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – D" . Retrieved 8 June 2007.
  5. "Seymour Homestead site". Heritage Council of Western Australia . Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  6. "Seymour's cottages site". Heritage Council of Western Australia . Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  7. 1 2 "Dunsborough". The Sydney-Morning Herald . 8 February 2004. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  8. 1 2 "Dunsborough". Municipal Heritage Inventory (PDF). City of Busselton. 2013. pp. 204–207. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  9. 1 2 "Our History". Dunsborough Primary School. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  10. 1 2 "Things To Do In Dunsborough". Your Margaret River Region. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  11. "Local Planning Policy No. 3C: Old Dunsborough Special Character Area" (PDF). City of Busselton. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  12. "Ngari Capes Marine Park Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Department of Fisheries. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  13. "Walking Trails". Meelup Park. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  14. Jurewicz, Jade (29 November 2013). "Dunsborough roundabouts officially open". Busselton-Dunsborough Mail. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  15. "Busselton Timetable" (PDF). Public Transport Authority . Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  16. "Stop Locations". South West Coach Lines. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  17. "SW1 Timetable" (PDF). Transwa. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  18. "Our Lady of the Cape | Dunsborough". Our Lady of the Cape Primary School. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  19. "Cornerstone Christian College". Association of Independent Schools of Western Australia. Retrieved 2 November 2019.

Further reading