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Dwadashi (also Dvādaśi, Dwadasi or Dhuvadasi) (Sanskrit for Twelve) is the twelfth lunar day (Tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) fortnight, or Paksha, of every lunar month in the Hindu calendar.
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Dwadashi is especially suitable for the worship of the sacred Tulasi tree (Tulasi stava of srishti khanda of Padma Purana), much like Ekadashi is especially suitable for the worship of Vishnu. In fact, the Ekadashi fast is a three-day fast, starting on Dashami and concluding on Dwadashi. The saint poet Annamacharya died on Phalguna Bahula (Krishna) Dwadasi (12th day after full moon) in the year Dhundhubhi, on 4 April 1503 after living for 95 years.
Dwadashi Tithis have various other religious observances throughout the year. Kurma Dwadashi is dedicated to the worship of Kurma, the second Avatar of Vishnu. Govinda Dwadashi or Narasimha Dwadashi, which falls in the month of Phalguna celebrates the Narasimha Avatar of Vishnu, before Holi. Rama Lakshmana Dwadashi is important for begetting a son, who is considered as important, to Moksha or salvation; in Hinduism. King Dasharatha had observed the Rama Lakshmana Dwadashi to beget God Rama as his son. Jagannath Temple of Puri has special celebrations on this Dwadashi for Utkala Brahmins.Govatsa Dwadashi is the first day of celebrations on Diwali, on which cows are worshiped as symbolic to mothers; nourishing mankind, and being the chief means of livelihood and religious sanctity in rural India. As also this day is celebrated, as; Sripada Vallabha Aradhana Utsav of Sripada Sri Vallabha, at Pithapuram Datta Mahasamsthan in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Avatar, is a concept within Hinduism that in Sanskrit literally means "descent". It signifies the material appearance or incarnation of a deity on Earth. The relative verb to "alight, to make one's appearance" is sometimes used to refer to any guru or revered human being.
Hanuman Jayanti is a Hindu religious festival that celebrates the birth of Hindu God Hanuman, who is immensely venerated throughout India and Nepal. This festival is celebrated on different days in different parts of India. In most states of India, the festival is observed either in Chaitra or In Karnataka, Hanuman Jayanti is observed on Shukla Paksha Trayodashi during Margashirsha month. The day is popularly known as Hanuman Vratamor in Vaishakha, while in a few states like Kerala and Tamil Nadu, it is celebrated in Dhanu.
Ēkādaśī ("Eleventh"), also spelled as Ēkādaśi, is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of each of the two lunar phases which occur in an vedic calendar month - the Shukla Pakṣa and the Kṛṣṇa Pakṣa It is according to the Vedic medical texts of Ayurveda and is mentioned in detail in many original treatises such as Charaka Samhita and Susruta Samhita.
Shayani Ekadashi, also known as Maha-ekadashi, is the eleventh lunar day (Ekadashi) of the bright fortnight of the Hindu month of Ashadha. This holy day is of special significance to Vaishnavas, followers of the Hindu protector God, Lord Vishnu.
The Dashavatara are the ten primary avatars of Vishnu, a principal Hindu god. Vishnu is said to descend in the form of an avatar to restore cosmic order. The word Dashavatara derives from daśa, meaning 'ten', and avatar, roughly equivalent to 'incarnation'.
Vaikunta Ekadashi is a special Ekādaśī. It coincides with Mokṣadā Ekādaśī or Putrada Ekādaśī. It is observed on the 11th lunar day of the waxing lunar fortnight of the solar month of Dhanu. This falls between 16 December and 13 January in the English calendar.
Kartika Purnima is a Hindu, Sikh and Jain cultural festival, celebrated on the Purnima day or the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November–December). It is also known as Tripuri Purnima and Tripurari Purnima. It is sometimes called Deva-Diwali or Deva-Deepawali, the festival of lights of the gods. Karthika Deepam is a related festival celebrated in South India and Sri Lanka on a different date. Kartik Puja is also related with the baby-birth among the Bengalis who believe worshipping Kartik for three consecutive years will bless them with a male child.
The Sri Sita Ramachandraswamy temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Rama, a prominent avatar of the god Vishnu. It is located on the banks of the Godavari River in the town of Bhadrachalam in east Telangana, India. Often simply referred to as Bhadrachalam or Bhadradri, the temple is considered one of the Divya Kshetrams of Godavari and is also revered as Dakshina Ayodhya.
Ashtami is the eighth day (Tithi) of Hindu lunar calendar.
Tulsi Vivah is a Hindu festival in which a ceremonial marriage of the Tulsi with god Shaligram or Amla branch is held. The Tulsi wedding signifies the end of the monsoon and the beginning of the wedding season in Hinduism.
Rama Navami is a Hindu spring festival that celebrates the birthday of Shree Rama, the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu. Rama is particularly important in the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism. The festival celebrates the descent of Vishnu as the Rama avatar, through his birth to King Dasharatha and Queen Kausalya in Ayodhya. The festival is a part of the spring (Vasanta) Navratri, and falls on the ninth day of the bright half of Chaitra, the first month in the Hindu calendar. This typically occurs in the Gregorian months of March or April every year. Rama Navami is an optional government holiday in India.
Here is a list of glossary of Culture of India in alphabetical order:
Amalaka Ekadashi or Amalaki Ekadashi is a Hindu holy day, celebrated on the 11th day (Ekadashi) of the waxing moon, in the lunar month of Phalgun (February–March). It is a celebration of the amalaka or amla tree, known as the Indian gooseberry.
Putrada Ekadashi is a Hindu holy day, which falls on the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) of the fortnight of the waxing moon in the Hindu month of Pausha (December–January). This day is also known as Pausha Putrada Ekadashi, to differentiate it from the other Putrada Ekadashi in Shravana (July–August), which is also called Shravana Putrada Ekadashi. Couples fast on this day and worship the god Vishnu for a good son. This day is especially observed by Vaishnavas, followers of Vishnu. A son is considered entirely important in Hindu society as he takes care of the parents in their old age in life and by offering shraddha ensures well-being of his parents in the after-life. While each ekadashi is prescribed for certain goals, the goal of having sons is so great that two Putrada ekadashis are devoted to it. Rest of the goals do not enjoy this privilege.
Shravana Putrada Ekadashi, also known as Pavitropana Ekadashi and Pavitra Ekadashi, is a Hindu holy day, which falls on the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) of the fortnight of the waxing moon in the Hindu month of Shravana which in the Gregorian calendar falls in July or August.
Mokshada Ekadashi is a Hindu holy day, which falls on the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) of the fortnight of the waxing moon in the Hindu month of Margashirsha (Agrahayana), corresponding to November–December. Hindus, particularly Vaishnavas observe a 24-hour fast in honour of the god Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu.
Varuthini Ekadashi, also known Baruthani Ekadashi, is a Hindu holy day, which falls on the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) of the fortnight of the waning moon in the Hindu month of Chaitra or Vaishakha. By both schemes, Varuthini Ekadashi falls on the same day in April or May. Like all ekadashis, the God Vishnu, especially his fifth avatar Vamana, is worshipped.
Tulsi, Tulasi or Vrinda is a sacred plant in Hindu belief. Hindus regard it as an earthly manifestation of the goddess Tulsi; she is regarded as the avatar of Lakshmi, and thus the consort of the god Vishnu. In the story, she married Jalandhara. The offering of its leaves is recommended in ritualistic worship of Vishnu and his avatars like Krishna and Vithoba.
Ivory Carved Dashavtar is a miniature Hindu shrine displaying the incarnations of Lord Vishnu intricately carved in ivory. Magnificently carved, this small ivory shrine depicts the 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu, and is on display in the National Museum. This carved ivory shrine was made in the late 18th century.
Govatsa Dwadashi is a Hindu cultural and religious festival which marks the beginning of Diwali celebrations especially in the Indian state of Maharashtra, where it is known as Vasu Baras. In Gujarat, it is celebrated as Vagh Baras and as Sripada Vallabha Aradhana Utsav of Sripada Sri Vallabha, at Pithapuram Datta Mahasamsthan in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In Hinduism cows are considered very sacred and equivalent to mothers for providing nourishment to mankind.