in A Strange Adventure (1932)
Dwight Iliff Fry
February 22, 1899
Salina, Kansas, U.S.
|Died||November 7, 1943 44) (aged|
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)|
|Spouse(s)||Laura Mae Bullivant (1928-43)|
Dwight Iliff Frye (born Fry; February 22, 1899 – November 7, 1943) was an American character actor of stage and screen. He is best known for his portrayals of neurotic, murderous villains in several classic Universal horror films, such as Renfield in Dracula (1931) and Fritz in Frankenstein (1931).
This section needs additional citations for verification . (July 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Frye was born in Salina, Kansas and studied for a career in music and first appeared as a concert pianist.In the 1920s, he made his name as a stage actor, often in comedies. In 1924, he played the Son in a production of Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author .
While he had a few minor comedic roles in silent pictures, with the coming of sound Frye soon became known for playing villains. Nicknamed "The Man with the Thousand-Watt Stare" and "The Man of a Thousand Deaths", he specialized in the portrayal of mentally unbalanced characters, including his signature role, the madman Renfield in Tod Browning's 1931 version of Dracula .
Later that same year, he played the hunchbacked assistant Fritz in Frankenstein . Also in 1931, Frye portrayed Wilmer Cook (the "gunsel") in the first film version of Dashiell Hammett's The Maltese Falcon . He had a featured role in the horror film The Vampire Bat (1933) in which he played Herman, a half-wit suspected of being a killer. He had memorable roles in The Invisible Man (1933) as a reporter, and in The Crime of Dr. Crespi (1935).
In Bride of Frankenstein (1935), he played Karl. The part was originally much more substantive; many of Frye's additional scenes were part of a subplot but were cut to shorten the running time and appease the censors. One of the deleted scenes was that of Karl killing a Burgomaster, portrayed by E. E. Clive. Nothing remains of these scenes except still photographs included in a Universal Studios DVD release of the film. He played similar characters in The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942) and Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943); another appearance in Son of Frankenstein (1939) was deleted prior to release. Also in the 1930s, he appeared in two films starring James Cagney: The Doorway to Hell (1930), as a hit man, and Something to Sing About (1937), as a fussy hairdresser.
During the early 1940s, Frye alternated between film roles and appearing on stage in a variety of productions ranging from comedies to musicals, as well as appearing in a stage version of Dracula. During World War II, he made a contribution to the war effort by working nights as a tool designer for Lockheed Aircraft.
On November 7, 1943, Frye died of a heart attack at the age of 44 while travelling by bus in Hollywood, a few days before he was scheduled to begin filming the biopic Wilson . He is interred in Glendale's Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale.
American rock band Alice Cooper wrote and recorded a tribute track to Dwight Frye entitled "The Ballad of Dwight Fry" (intentionally dropping the last "e") that was included on their 1971 LP Love It to Death .
On stage, this song would be portrayed with Cooper in a straitjacket trying to escape, and finally breaking free at the end of the song to strangle the nurse with the ties.
Devil Doll's 1990 album, Eliogabalus, features the photographed likeness of Dwight Frye in one of its booths.
|1926||Exit Smiling||Balcony Heckler||Uncredited|
|1927||Upstream||Theatre Audience Spectator||Uncredited|
|1928||The Night Bird||Party Guest||Uncredited|
|1930||The Doorway to Hell||Gangster|
|Man to Man||Vint Glade|
|1931||Dracula||R. M. Renfield|
|The Maltese Falcon||Wilmer Cook|
|The Black Camel||Jessup, the butler||Uncredited|
|1932||Attorney for the Defense||James Wallace|
|By Whose Hand?||Chick|
|The Western Code||Dick Loomis|
|A Strange Adventure||Robert Wayne|
|1933||The Vampire Bat||Herman Gleib|
|The Circus Queen Murder||Flandrin|
|The Invisible Man||Reporter||Uncredited|
|1935||Bride of Frankenstein||Karl|
|Atlantic Adventure||Spike Jonas|
|The Crime of Dr. Crespi||Dr. Thomas|
|The Great Impersonation||Roger Unthank||Uncredited|
|Alibi for Murder||McBride|
|Beware of Ladies||Swanson|
|Great Guy||Minor Role||Uncredited|
|1937||Sea Devils||SS Paradise Radio Operator||Uncredited|
|The Man Who Found Himself||Hysterical Patient|
|The Road Back||Small Man at Rally||Uncredited|
|Renfrew of the Royal Mounted||Desk Clerk||Uncredited|
|Something to Sing About||Mr. Easton|
|Danger Patrol||Man on Telephone||Uncredited|
|1938||Who Killed Gail Preston?||Mr. Owen|
|Sinners in Paradise||Marshall||Uncredited|
|Fast Company||Sidney Z. Wheeler|
|The Night Hawk||John Colley|
|Adventure in Sahara||Gravet - 'The Jackal'||Uncredited|
|1939||Son of Frankenstein||Villager||Unconfirmed|
|The Man in the Iron Mask||Fouquet's Valet||Uncredited|
|Mickey the Kid||Henchman Bruno||Uncredited|
|1940||I Take This Woman||Gus||(scenes deleted)|
|Drums of Fu Manchu||Prof. Anderson||Serial, [Ch.5]|
|Gangs of Chicago||Pinky|
|Phantom Raiders||Eddie Anders|
|The Son of Monte Cristo||Pavlov's Secretary||Uncredited|
|1941||The People vs. Dr. Kildare||Jury Foreman||Uncredited|
|Flying Blind||Leo Qualen|
|The Blonde from Singapore||Barber||Uncredited|
|The Devil Pays Off||Radio Operator||Uncredited|
|1942||Sleepytime Gal||Second Mug||Uncredited|
|The Ghost of Frankenstein||Villager||Uncredited|
|Danger in the Pacific||Desk Clerk||Uncredited|
|1943||Dead Men Walk||Zolarr|
|Submarine Alert||Haldine - Fifth Columnist||Uncredited|
|Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man||Rudi|
|Hangmen Also Die!||Hostage||Uncredited|
|Dangerous Blondes||Hoodlum||Uncredited, (final film role)|
Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó, known professionally as Bela Lugosi, was a Hungarian-American actor best remembered for portraying Count Dracula in the 1931 film and for his roles in other horror films.
William Henry Pratt, better known by his stage name Boris Karloff, was an English actor who was primarily known for his roles in horror films. He portrayed Frankenstein's monster in Frankenstein (1931), Bride of Frankenstein (1935) and Son of Frankenstein (1939). He also appeared as Imhotep in The Mummy (1932).
Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein is a 1948 American horror comedy film directed by Charles Barton and starring the comedy team of Abbott and Costello.
Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code science-fiction horror film from Universal Pictures. It is about a scientist and his assistant who dig up corpses to build a man animated by electricity. The project goes awry when Frankenstein's assistant accidentally gives the creature an abnormal, murderer's brain. The film was directed by James Whale, and adapted from the play by Peggy Webling, which in turn was based on Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. The created "monster" is portrayed by Boris Karloff in the film. A hit with both audiences and critics, the film was followed by multiple sequels and has become one of the most famous horror films in history.
Creighton Tull Chaney, known by his stage name Lon Chaney Jr., was an American actor known for playing Larry Talbot in the film The Wolf Man (1941) and its various crossovers, Count Alucard in Son of Dracula, Frankenstein's monster in The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942), the Mummy in three pictures, and various other roles in many Universal horror films. He also portrayed Lennie Small in Of Mice and Men (1939) and supporting parts in dozens of mainstream movies. Originally referenced in films as Creighton Chaney, he was later credited as "Lon Chaney, Jr." in 1935, and after Man Made Monster (1941), beginning as early as The Wolf Man later that same year, he was almost always billed under his more famous father's name as Lon Chaney. Chaney had English, French, and Irish ancestry, and his career in movies and television spanned four decades, from 1931 to 1971.
Peter Wilton Cushing, OBE was an English actor best known for his roles in the Hammer Productions horror films of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, as well as his performance as Grand Moff Tarkin in Star Wars (1977). Spanning over six decades, his acting career included appearances in more than 100 films, as well as many television, stage and radio roles. Born in Kenley, Surrey, Cushing made his stage debut in 1935 and spent three years at a repertory theatre before moving to Hollywood to pursue a film career.
Frankenstein's monster, often erroneously referred to as "Frankenstein", is a fictional character who first appeared in Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Shelley's title thus compares the monster's creator, Victor Frankenstein, to the mythological character Prometheus, who fashioned humans out of clay and gave them fire.
R. M. Renfield is a fictional character that appears in Bram Stoker's 1897 Gothic horror novel Dracula.
Dracula is a 1931 American pre-Code vampire-horror film directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula. Produced by Universal, the screenplay is based on the 1924 stage play Dracula by Hamilton Deane and John L. Balderston, which in turn is adapted from the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker.
Igor, or sometimes Ygor, is a stock character lab assistant to many types of Gothic villains, such as Count Dracula or Dr. Victor Frankenstein, familiar from many horror movies and horror movie parodies. Although Dr. Frankenstein had a hunchbacked assistant in the film Frankenstein (1931), his name was Fritz. In the original Mary Shelley novel, Frankenstein has no lab assistant nor an association with a character named Igor.
Vampire films have been a staple since the era of silent films, so much so that the depiction of vampires in popular culture is strongly based upon their depiction in films throughout the years. The most popular cinematic adaptation of vampire fiction has been from Bram Stoker's Dracula, with over 170 versions to date. Running a distant second are adaptations of "Carmilla" by Sheridan Le Fanu. By 2005, Dracula had been the subject of more films than any other fictional character, save for Sherlock Holmes.
Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man is a 1943 American horror film produced by Universal Studios starring Lon Chaney, Jr. as the Wolf Man and Bela Lugosi as Frankenstein's monster. This was the first of a series of "ensemble" monster films combining characters from several film series. This film, therefore, is both the fifth in the series of films based upon Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, directly after The Ghost of Frankenstein, and a sequel to The Wolf Man.
The House of Frankenstein is a 1944 American monster crossover horror film starring Boris Karloff and Lon Chaney Jr., directed by Erle C. Kenton, written by Curt Siodmak, and produced by Universal Studios as a sequel to Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man and Son of Dracula the previous year. The cast includes a mad scientist (Karloff), the Wolf Man (Chaney), Count Dracula, a hunchback, and Frankenstein's monster. This "monster rally" approach would continue in the following film, House of Dracula, as well as the 1948 comedy Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein.
House of Dracula is a 1945 American monster crossover horror film released by Universal Pictures. It was a direct sequel to House of Frankenstein, and continued the theme of combining Universal's three most popular monsters: Frankenstein's monster, Count Dracula, and the Wolf Man. The film, which was the seventh Universal film to feature Frankenstein's monster, as well as the fourth with Count Dracula and the Wolf Man, was a commercial success, but was one of the last Universal movies featuring Frankenstein's monster, vampires, and werewolves, with the exception of the comedy Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948), in which all three appear.
Edward Van Sloan was an American film character actor best remembered for his roles in the Universal Studios horror films such as Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), and The Mummy (1932). He died in 1964 in California, at age 81.
Universal Classic Monsters is a name given to the horror, fantasy, thriller and science fiction films made by Universal Pictures during the decades of the 1920s through the 1950s. They were the first shared universe in the entire movie industry in Hollywood and around the world. They began with The Hunchback of Notre Dame and The Phantom of the Opera, both silent films starring Lon Chaney. Universal continued with talkies including monster franchises Dracula, Frankenstein, The Mummy, The Invisible Man, The Wolf Man and Creature from the Black Lagoon. The films often featured Bela Lugosi, Boris Karloff and Lon Chaney Jr.
John "Jack" Seward, M.D. is a fictional character appearing in Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula.
Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, and the famous character of Frankenstein's monster, have influenced popular culture for at least a century. The work has inspired numerous films, television programs, video games and derivative works. The character of the monster remains one of the most recognized icons in horror fiction.
The character of Count Dracula from the 1897 novel Dracula by Bram Stoker, has remained popular over the years, and many films have used the Count as a villain, while others have named him in their titles, such as Dracula's Daughter, The Brides of Dracula, and Dracula's Dog. Dracula has enjoyed enormous popularity since its publication and has spawned an extraordinary vampire subculture in the second half of the 20th century. More than 200 films have been made that feature Count Dracula, a number second only to Sherlock Holmes. At the center of this subculture is the legend of Transylvania, which has become almost synonymous with vampires.
Dracula is a stage play written by Hamilton Deane in 1924, then revised by John L. Balderston in 1927. It was the first authorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula. After touring in England, the original version of the play appeared at London's Little Theatre in July 1927, where it was seen by the American producer Horace Liveright. Liveright asked Balderston to revise the play for a Broadway production that opened at the Fulton Theatre in October 1927. This production starred Bela Lugosi in his first major English-speaking role.