Dyckman House

Last updated
Dyckman House
NYC Landmark  No. 0309
Dyckman House Bwy cloudy jeh crop.jpg
USA New York City location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dyckman House
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dyckman House
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Dyckman House
Location4881 Broadway, Inwood, Manhattan,
New York City [1]
Nearest cityNew York City
Coordinates 40°52′2.5″N73°55′23″W / 40.867361°N 73.92306°W / 40.867361; -73.92306 Coordinates: 40°52′2.5″N73°55′23″W / 40.867361°N 73.92306°W / 40.867361; -73.92306
Builtc.1785 [2]
Architectural style Dutch Colonial
NRHP reference No. 67000014 [3]
NYCL No.0309
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 24, 1967 [3]
Designated NHLDecember 24, 1967 [1]
Designated NYCLJuly 12, 1967

The Dyckman House, now the Dyckman Farmhouse Museum, is the oldest remaining farmhouse on Manhattan island, a vestige of New York City's rural past. The Dutch Colonial-style farmhouse was built by William Dyckman, c.1785, [2] and was originally part of over 250 acres (100 ha) of farmland owned by the family. [4] It is now located in a small park at the corner of Broadway and 204th Street in Inwood, Manhattan. [1]


History and description

Dyckman was the grandson of Jan Dyckman, who came to the area from Westphalia in 1661. [5] William Dyckman, who inherited the family estate, [4] built the current house to replace the family house located on the Harlem River near the present West 210th Street, which he had built in 1748, and which was destroyed in the American Revolutionary War. [4]

Historic American Buildings Survey photo from 1934 Dyckman House HABS.jpg
Historic American Buildings Survey photo from 1934

The current two-story house is constructed of fieldstone, brick and white clapboard, and features a gambrel roof and spring eaves. The porches are typical of the Dutch Colonial style, but were added in 1825. The house's interior has parlors and an indoor winter kitchen in the basement, thus serving as a heating for the first floor. The rooms have floors of varying-width chestnut wood. [2] [5] [6] [7] The house's outdoor smokehouse-summer kitchen, in a small building to the south, may predate the house itself. [4] [5] The back of the house holds a short hedges that resemble a maze.

The house stayed in the family for several generations until they sold it in 1868, after which it served as a rental property for several decades. [8] By the beginning of the 20th century, the house was in disrepair and in danger of being demolished, and in 1915, the Dyckman family bought it back . [5]

In 1915-16, two sisters of the Dyckman family, Mary Alice Dyckman Dean (Mrs Bashford Dean) and Fannie Fredericka Dyckman Welch, [8] began a restoration of the farmhouse under the supervision of architect Alexander M. Welch, Fannie's husband. [2] In 1916, they transferred ownership of the house to the City of New York, which opened it as a museum of Dutch and Colonial life, featuring the original Dyckman family furnishings. [6]

The farmhouse which is not only the oldest remaining in Manhattan, but the only one in the Dutch Colonial style, [2] and the only 18th-century farmhouse in the borough as well [6] has been a New York City Landmark and a National Historic Landmark since 1967. [1] [9] [10]

In 2003, the house underwent a major restoration, after which it re-opened to the public in the fall of 2005. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York) Large cemetery in New York City

Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and a designated National Historic Landmark. Located south of Woodlawn Heights, Bronx, New York City, it has the character of a rural cemetery. Woodlawn Cemetery opened during the Civil War in 1863, in what was then southern Westchester County, in an area that was annexed to New York City in 1874. It is notable in part as the final resting place of some well known figures.

Robert Joseph Vila is an American home improvement television show host known for This Old House (1979–1989), Bob Vila's Home Again (1990–2005), and Bob Vila (2005–2007).

Church of the Intercession (Manhattan) United States historic place

The Church of the Intercession is an Episcopal congregation located at 550 West 155th Street, at Broadway, on the border of the Harlem and Washington Heights neighborhoods of Manhattan, New York City, on the grounds of Trinity Church Cemetery. The congregation was founded in 1846, and the current sanctuary, built in 1912-15, was designed by Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue in the Gothic Revival style. From 1906-1976, it was a chapel of Trinity Church.

Fieldston, Bronx Neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City

Fieldston is a privately owned affluent neighborhood in the Riverdale section of the northwestern part of the New York City borough of the Bronx. It is bounded by Manhattan College Parkway to the south, Henry Hudson Parkway to the west, 250th Street to the north, and Broadway to the east. It is noted for its rural atmosphere, large houses and abundance of trees. The majority of the neighborhood is included in the Fieldston Historic District, designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2006.

Morris–Jumel Mansion United States historic place

The Morris–Jumel Mansion or Morris House (also known as the Roger and Mary Philipse Morris House, "Mount Morris" and Morris–Jumel Mansion Museum is a Federal style museum home in northern Manhattan with mid-eighteenth century roots. It was built in 1765 by Roger Morris, a British military officer, and served as a headquarters for both sides in the American Revolution.

Whitehall Street Street in Manhattan, New York

Whitehall Street is a street in the South Ferry/Financial District neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City, near the southern tip of Manhattan Island. The street begins at Bowling Green to the north, where it is a continuation of the southern end of Broadway. Whitehall Street stretches four blocks to the southern end of FDR Drive, adjacent to the Staten Island Ferry's Whitehall Terminal, on landfill beyond the site of Peter Stuyvesant's 17th-century house.

Queens County Farm Museum United States historic place

The Queens County Farm Museum, also known as Queens Farm, is a historic farm located on 47 acres (190,000 m2) of the neighborhoods of Floral Park and Glen Oaks in Queens, New York City. The farm occupies the city's largest remaining tract of undisturbed farmland, and is still a working farm today. The site features restored farm buildings from three different centuries, a greenhouse, planting fields, livestock, and various examples of vintage farm equipment. Queens Farm practices sustainable agriculture and has a four-season growing program.

Dyckman Street Street in Manhattan

Dyckman Street, occasionally called West 200th Street, is a street in the Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It is commonly considered to be a crosstown street because it runs from the Hudson River to the Harlem River and intersects Broadway. However, in its true geographical orientation, Dyckman Street runs roughly from north-northwest to south-southeast, and the majority of the street that lies southeast of Broadway runs closer to a north-south direction than east-west.

Andrew Carnegie Mansion United States historic place

The Andrew Carnegie Mansion is a historic house located at 2 East 91st Street at Fifth Avenue in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City, New York. Andrew Carnegie moved into his newly completed mansion in late 1902 and lived there until his death in 1919; his wife, Louise, continued to live there until her death in 1946. The building is now the Cooper-Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, part of the Smithsonian Institution. The surrounding area, part of the larger Upper East Side neighborhood, has come to be called Carnegie Hill. The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1966.

Hamilton Fish House United States historic place

The Hamilton Fish House, also known as the Stuyvesant Fish House and Nicholas and Elizabeth Stuyvesant Fish House, is where Hamilton Fish (1808–93), future Governor and Senator of New York, was born and resided from 1808 to 1838. It is located at 21 Stuyvesant Street, a diagonal street within the Manhattan street grid, between East 9th Street and East 10th Street in the East Village neighborhood of New York City. It is owned by Cooper Union and used as a residence for the college's president.

King Manor United States historic place

King Manor, also known as the Rufus King House, is a historic house at 150th Street and Jamaica Avenue in Jamaica, Queens, New York City. It was the home of Rufus King, a signatory of the United States Constitution, New York state senator, and ambassador to Great Britain immediately after the American Revolution. Descendants of King's family lived in the house until 1896 when Rufus' granddaughter Cornelia King died and the house was sold to the Village of Jamaica. When Jamaica, along with the western half of Queens became part of the City of Greater New York, the house and the property were turned over to the New York City Parks Department which re-designated the land as "Rufus King Park."

John Street Methodist Church United States historic place

The John Street United Methodist Church – also known as Old John Street Methodist Episcopal Church – located at 44 John Street between Nassau and William Streets in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City was built in 1841 in the Georgian style, with the design attributed to William Hurry and/or Philip Embury. The congregation is the oldest Methodist congregation in North America, founded on October 12, 1766 as the Wesleyan Society in America.

Alexander McMillan Welch American architect

Alexander McMillan Welch (1869–1943) was an American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition, who led the New York City firm of Welch, Smith & Provot, in partnership with Bowen B. Smith and George Provot.

Admirals House (Governors Island) United States historic place

The Admiral's House is a historic building located in the Nolan Park area of Governors Island in New York Harbor. It was originally designed by Martin E. Thompson in the Greek Revival style, and completed in 1843. The Admiral's House is both on the National Register of Historic Places and a New York City designated landmark.

Church Missions House United States historic place

Church Missions House is a historic building and registered landmark in New York City on Park Avenue South on the corner of East 22nd Street, in an area once known as "Charity Row". The Church Missions House building was built between 1892 and 1894 for the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Episcopal Church. The building was sold in 1963 to the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies, which occupied the building until 2015.

Flatbush Reformed Dutch Church Complex United States historic place

The Flatbush Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, also known as the Flatbush Reformed Church, is a historic Dutch Reformed church – now a member of the Reformed Church in America – at 890 Flatbush Avenue in the Flatbush neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City. The church complex consists of the church, cemetery, parsonage and church house.

Benjamin N. Duke House United States historic place

The Benjamin N. Duke House, also called the Duke–Semans Mansion and the Benjamin N. and Sarah Duke House, is a landmarked mansion located at 1009 Fifth Avenue at East 82nd Street in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City. It was built in 1899-1901 and was designed by the firm of Welch, Smith & Provot in the Beaux-Arts style.

Stephen Van Rensselaer House United States historic place

The Stephen Van Rensselaer House at 149 Mulberry Street between Grand and Hester Streets in the Little Italy neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, was built c.1816 in the Federal style by Stephen Van Rensselaer III. It was originally located on the northwest corner of Mulberry and Grand, but in 1841 was moved down the block to its current location. The two-story dormered house is typical of Federal-style row houses which were common at the time in Manhattan below 14th Street.

Seaman-Drake Arch

The Seaman-Drake Arch, also known as the Inwood Arch, is a remnant of a hilltop estate built in 1855 in the Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City by the Seaman family. Located at 5065 Broadway at West 216th Street, the arch was built from Inwood marble quarried nearby. It is 35 feet (10.67 m) tall, 20 feet (6.10 m) deep, and 40 feet (12.19 m) wide, and was once the gateway to the estate.

Exchange Place (Manhattan) Street in Manhattan, New York

Exchange Place is a street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City. The street runs five blocks between Trinity Place in the west and Hanover Street in the east.



  1. 1 2 3 4 "Dyckman House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-11.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009). Postal, Matthew A. (ed.). Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 214. ISBN   978-0-470-28963-1.
  3. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Dyckman House Museum" on the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation website
  5. 1 2 3 4 Kuhn, Jonathan. "Dyckman House" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 387. ISBN   978-0-300-11465-2.
  6. 1 2 3 White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 575. ISBN   978-0-19538-386-7.
  7. Federal Writers' Project (1939). "New York City Guide". New York: Random House. p. 304. ISBN   978-1-60354-055-1. (Reprinted by Scholarly Press, 1976; often referred to as WPA Guide to New York City.)
  8. 1 2 Historical plaque located near the house. Accessed: May 30, 2014
  9. ""Dyckman House", by Patricia Heintzelman" (pdf). National Park Service. 1975-10-14. National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination
  10. "Dyckman House--Accompanying Photos, exterior and interior, from 1967 and 1975" (pdf). National Park Service. September 1978. National Register of Historic Places Inventory
  11. Dyckman Farmhouse on the Cultural Landscape Foundation website
  12. Vila, Bob (1996). "Bob Vila's Guide to Historic Homes of America". A&E Network.