Eugène Michel Antoniadi
Eugène Michel Antoniadi
|Died||February 10, 1944 73) (aged|
|Known for||Maps of Mars and Mercury|
|La planète Mars, 1659-1929|
Eugène Michel Antoniadi (1 March 1870 – 10 February 1944) was a Greek astronomer.
Antoniadi was born in Istanbul but spent most of his adult life in France, after being invited there by Camille Flammarion.
He became a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society on 10 February 1899, and in 1890 he became one of the founding members of the British Astronomical Association (BAA). In 1892, he joined the BAA’s Mars Section and became that section's Director in 1896.
He became a member of the Société astronomique de France (SAF) in 1891.
Flammarion hired Antoniadi to work as an assistant astronomer in his private observatory in Juvisy-sur-Orge in 1893.Antoniadi worked there for nine years. In 1902, he resigned from both the Juvisy observatory and from SAF.
Antoniadi rejoined SAF in 1909. That same year, Henri Deslandres, Director of the Meudon Observeratory, provided him with access to the Grande Lunette (83-cm Great Refractor)
He became a highly reputed observer of Mars, and at first supported the notion of Martian canals, but after using the 83 centimeter telescope at Meudon Observatory during the 1909 opposition of Mars, he came to the conclusion that canals were an optical illusion. He also observed Venus and Mercury.
He made the first map of Mercury, but his maps were flawed by his incorrect assumption that Mercury had synchronous rotation with the Sun.The first standard nomenclature for Martian albedo features was introduced by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) when they adopted 128 names from the 1929 map of Antoniadi named La Planète Mars.
He is also famed for creating the Antoniadi scale of seeing, which is commonly used by amateur astronomers. He was also a strong chess player. His best result was equal first with Frank Marshall in a tournament in Paris in 1907, a point ahead of Savielly Tartakower.
He died in Paris, aged 73.
His full name was Eugène Michel Antoniadi (Greek : Ευγένιος Μιχαήλ Αντωνιάδη, Evgénios Michaíl Antoniádi), however he was also known as Eugenios Antoniadis. His name is also sometimes given as Eugène Michael Antoniadi or even (incorrectly) as Eugène Marie Antoniadi.
Antoniadi was a prolific writer of articles and books (the Astrophysics Data System lists nearly 230 that he authored or co-authored).The subjects included astronomy, history, and architecture. He frequently wrote articles for L'Astronomie of the Société astronomique de France, Astronomische Nachrichten , and the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , among others.
Notable works include: