E2 Series Shinkansen

Last updated

E2 series
Series-E2-1000-J70.jpg
An E2 series approaching Omiya Station in February 2021
In service22 March 1997;24 years ago (1997-03-22) – Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed19952010
Entered serviceMarch 1997
Scrapped2013
Number built502 vehicles (53 sets)
Number in service240 vehicles (24 sets) (as of 1 April 2019)
Number preserved2 vehicles
Number scrapped262 vehicles (29 sets)
Successor E5 Series Shinkansen, H5 Series Shinkansen, E7 Series Shinkansen, W7 Series Shinkansen
Formation8/10 cars per trainset
Capacity10-car J sets: 815 (51 Green + 764 Standard)
8-car N sets: 630 (51 Green + 579 Standard)
Operator(s) JR East
Depot(s)Sendai
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen
Joetsu Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in) (end cars),
25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Doors2 per side
Maximum speed275 km/h (170 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 260 km/h (160 mph) (Hokuriku Shinkansen)
Traction system(AC) MT205 (24 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 8-car train, 32 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 10-car train)
Power output7.2 MW (9,700 hp) (for 8-car train), 9.6 MW (12,900 hp) (for 10-car train)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC
Multiple working 400/E3 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The E2 series (E2系, E2-kei) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on the Tohoku Shinkansen high-speed lines in Japan since 1997. They are formed in 8- and 10-car sets. The 8-car sets were used on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and the 10-car sets are on Tohoku Shinkansen services. The 10-car sets can be coupled to E3 series Komachi sets using couplers hidden behind retracting nose doors.

Contents

They operate at a maximum speed of 275 km/h (170 mph) on the Tohoku Shinkansen.

A total of 502 vehicles (14 8-car "N" sets and 39 10-car "J" sets) were built between 1997 and 2010, [1] with the first withdrawals commencing in late 2013. [2]

Operations

Tohoku Shinkansen

Past operations

Nagano/Hokuriku Shinkansen

  • Asama (1 October 1997 - 31 March 2017) [3]

Joetsu Shinkansen

Variants

8-car "N" sets

8-car set N11 on an Asama service in June 2002 N11 Asama 514 Tokyo 20020601.jpg
8-car set N11 on an Asama service in June 2002

The fleet of thirteen "N" sets was constructed for the new Asama services on the newly constructed Nagano Shinkansen (present-day Hokuriku Shinkansen) to Nagano from 1 October 1997, and are classified simply "E2 series". Units N2 onwards were delivered from March 1997 to September 1997. These sets are compatible with both the 50 Hz supply used by JR East and the 60 Hz supply used west of Karuizawa on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and are limited to a maximum speed of 260 km/h. Tohoku Shinkansen set J1 was transferred to Nagano depot in October 2002 and renumbered as set N21.

The fleet of "N" sets underwent a programme of life-extension refurbishment from fiscal 2013. [4]

Withdrawals of E2 series "N" sets commenced in April 2014, with the withdrawal of sets N4 and N12. The remaining E2 series sets were removed from regularly scheduled Hokuriku Shinkansen Asama services from 25 December 2015, with the last E2 series Asama run taking place on 31 March 2017.

Formation

Car No.12345678
DesignationT1cM2M1M2M1kM2M1sT2c
NumberingE223E226-100E225E226-200E225-400E226-300E215E224
Seating capacity5510085100751005164

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS205 scissors-type pantographs. [1]

Fleet list

As of 1 October 2017, the fleet was as follows: [5]

Set numberManufacturerDate delivered [6] Date withdrawnRemarks
N1 6 June 19959 July 2014 [7] Pre-series set S6
N2 Kawasaki HI 25 March 19971 September 2014 [7]  
N3 Hitachi 16 April 19971 December 2014 [8]  
N4Kawasaki HI25 April 199723 April 2014 [7]  
N5 Nippon Sharyo 14 May 19971 June 2017 
N6Hitachi29 May 199717 June 2014 [7]  
N7Nippon Sharyo13 June 199725 January 2016 [9]  
N8Kawasaki HI27 June 199726 May 2014 [7]  
N9Hitachi11 July 199726 September 2014 [7]  
N10Nippon Sharyo25 July 199717 February 2016 [9]  
N11Hitachi8 August 19971 August 2014 [7]  
N12 Tokyu Car 25 August 19972 April 2014 [7]  
N13Kawasaki HI5 September 199711 May 2017 
N21-14 April 19956 January 2015 [8] Pre-series set S7, later J1

E2' series 10-car "J" sets

8-car set J6 in original livery on an Asama service in February 1998 E2 J6 Asama Karuizawa 19980218.jpg
8-car set J6 in original livery on an Asama service in February 1998
10-car J set in revised livery in September 2008 SeriesE2 Type0-in Utsunomiya Station.jpg
10-car J set in revised livery in September 2008

The initial fleet of six "J" sets was constructed as eight-car trains for the start of the new Akita shinkansen services starting in March 1997, and ran in conjunction with E3 series Akita Shinkansen units on Tōhoku Shinkansen Yamabiko / Komachi services between Tokyo and Morioka. These sets are classified E2', and are equipped with retractable nose-end couplers at the Morioka end. Units J2 onwards were delivered from December 1996 to March 1997.

As with the Nagano Shinkansen N units, these sets are also compatible with both 50 Hz and 60 Hz (25 kV) power supplies, and were also used on Nagano Shinkansen Asama services before they were lengthened to ten cars. A further four J sets were delivered in October/November 1998 to augment the fleet to coincide with the introduction E2 series stock on four return Asahi services between Tokyo and Niigata on the Jōetsu Shinkansen from the start of the revised timetable in December 1998. From September 2002, the fleet of J sets (except J1) was augmented from 8 to 10 cars with the addition of newly built intermediate cars for use on Hayate services to Hachinohe commencing in December 2002. The red stripe on these lengthened sets was also changed to magenta, and the original "wind" bodyside logo was changed to the new Hayate logo.

Withdrawals of E2 series "J" sets commenced in October 2013, with the withdrawal of sets J2 and J3. The last remaining original "J" sets were withdrawn before the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2019.

View showing new-build car 7 (E225-100) next to original car 6 (E226-300) in July 2008 SeriesE2 Type1000-Type0.jpg
View showing new-build car 7 (E225-100) next to original car 6 (E226-300) in July 2008
Pantograph installation on an E2 series J set in July 2008 SeriesE2 Type0-Pantagraph.jpg
Pantograph installation on an E2 series J set in July 2008

Formation

Car No.12345678910
DesignationT1cM2M1M2M1kM2M1M2M1sT2c
NumberingE223E226-100E225E226-200E225-400E226-300E225-100E226-400E215E224-100
Seating capacity551008510075100851005164

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS205 scissors-type pantographs. [1]

Fleet list

Set numberManufacturerDate delivered [6] Date lengthened to 10 carsDate withdrawn
J1-14 April 1995(Pre-series set S7, renumbered N21 from October 2002)-
J2 Hitachi 20 December 199619 December 20022 October 2013 [2]
J3Hitachi24 January 199724 December 200230 October 2013 [2]
J4 Kawasaki HI 12 February 199719 September 20028 February 2016
J5 Nippon Sharyo 3 March 199729 October 200212 June 2014 [7]
J6Nippon Sharyo17 March 19973 November 20022 May 2014 [7]
J7Nippon Sharyo5 October 199816 November 200221 August 2017
J8Hitachi20 October 199824 September 200231 May 2018
J9Nippon Sharyo23 November 199814 September 20028 April 2016
J10Kawasaki HI17 December 199814 October 200214 February 2017
J11Nippon Sharyo6 September 199921 November 20029 January 2019
J12 Tokyu Car 17 September 199929 September 200223 August 2019
J13Hitachi5 October 19994 October 200227 April 2018
J14Kawasaki HI19 October 199919 October 20027 November 2018
J15Tokyu Car5 November 199924 October 200217 May 2019

E2-1000 series 10-car "J" sets

E2-1000 series set J64 on Hayate service at Iwate-Numakunai Station in March 2007 E2-1000 series on Hayate service at Iwate-Numakunai Station.jpg
E2-1000 series set J64 on Hayate service at Iwate-Numakunai Station in March 2007

The prototype E2-1000 series train (unit J51) was delivered as an 8-car to Sendai depot in late December 2000, and entered revenue-earning service in November 2001 after extensive testing. Units J52 onwards were delivered as 10-car units from July 2002, entering service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from December 2002. These trains replaced life-expired 200 series trains and augment JR East's fleet for use on new Hayate services following the opening of the Tōhoku Shinkansen extension to Hachinohe in December 2002.

The E2-1000 series incorporates a number of design improvements compared with the earlier batches, the most noticeable of which is the change from small windows for each seating bay to wide windows similar to the E4 series trains. A new single-arm pantograph design is used with an aerofoil-shaped mounting that eliminates the need for pantograph shrouds. The pre-series set, J51, was equipped with automatic couplers at both ends, but sets J52 onwards have couplers at the northern end only, as on the earlier E2' trains. Unlike the earlier J sets, these units are only compatible with the 50 Hz power supply of the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen routes. The flush-fitting plug doors of the earlier N and J sets were replaced by conventional sliding doors on these units. While J51 was delivered in the same livery as earlier E2 series trains, units J52 onward were delivered from new in the Hayate livery with a magenta waistline stripe in place of the previous red and a new "apple" logo in place of the "wind" logo on the original batch of J and N units.

Withdrawals of E2-1000 series sets commenced in March 2019, beginning with set J51.

Formation

Car No.12345678910
DesignationT1cM2M1M2M1kM2M1M2M1sT2c
NumberingE223-1000E226-1100E225-1000E226-1200E225-1400E226-1300E225-1100E226-1400E215-1000E224-1100
Seating capacity541008510075100851005164

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS207 single-arm pantographs. Car 1 of set No. J51 is numbered E223-1101. [1]

Fleet list

Set numberManufacturerDate delivered [6] Date withdrawn
J51 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI/Nippon Sharyo/Tokyu Car 13 January 200114 March 2019
J52 Hitachi 17 July 2002 
J53 Kawasaki HI 5 August 2002 
J54Kawasaki HI8 March 2003 
J55Hitachi7 November 2002 
J56Hitachi23 November 2002 
J57 Nippon Sharyo 4 October 2003 
J58 Tokyu Car 11 September 2003 
J59Tokyu Car21 October 2003 
J60Kawasaki HI24 December 2003 
J61Nippon Sharyo17 January 2004 
J62Kawasaki HI2 February 2004 
J63Tokyu Car8 December 2003 
J64Hitachi11 June 2003 
J65Kawasaki HI10 March 2004 
J66Nippon Sharyo6 April 2005 
J67Hitachi7 June 2005 
J68Hitachi10 July 2005 
J69Kawasaki HI5 December 2005 
J70Hitachi19 February 2010 
J71Nippon Sharyo11 March 2010 
J72Hitachi12 April 2010 
J73Kawasaki HI10 May 2010 
J74Kawasaki HI7 June 2010 
J75Nippon Sharyo27 September 2010 

Pre-series units

The pre-series E2' series unit S7 (renumbered as J1 and later as N21) was delivered in April 1995, with S6 (now numbered as N1) delivered in June of the same year. Visually, these two units differed from subsequent production standard units in having large pantograph shields resembling the original 300 series design. These were later changed to the current low-profile design.

Interior

Seating is 2+3 in standard class with a seat pitch of 960 mm (38 in), and 2+2 in green class with a seat pitch of 1,160 mm (46 in).

Test-running

An E2-1000 series train (J56) broke the Japanese rail speed record for a production train (i.e. not a dedicated test train) in April 2003 when it reached a speed of 362 km/h (225 mph) during a series of late-night high-speed test runs between Urasa and Niigata on the Joetsu Shinkansen.

Exports

China ordered a number of 250 km/h trains based on the E2-1000 series design, renamed it as CRH2, becoming the second Shinkansen train exported after the 700T for Taiwan. These CRH2 trains consist of a total of 60 sets; the first three sets (2001-2003) were built in Japan, the next six sets were delivered in complete knock down (CKD) form and assembled by CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock, the remaining 51 sets were built by Sifang through technology transfer from Japan. The first train arrived at the port of Qingdao on 8 March 2006.

Subsequent orders included 50 additional trains and a new order for 140 trains placed in 2009 with the Sino-Japanese joint venture.

Withdrawals

Withdrawals of E2 series sets commenced in October 2013, with the withdrawal of sets J2 and J3.

Preserved examples

Car E223-23 [10] of former set J10 was moved from Sendai Depot to Sanwa Tekki Corporation in Utsunomiya, Tochigi, in February 2017, where it is to be preserved. [11]

Car E224-127 of former set J14 was moved from Sendai Depot to The Hirosawa City in Chikusei, Ibaraki, in November 2018, where it is to be preserved.

See also

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References

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  3. 北陸新幹線「E2系」今月引退…五輪輸送で活躍 [Hokuriku Shinkansen E2 series to be withdrawn this month - Played an active role in transportation during the Olympics]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 21 March 2017. Archived from the original on 21 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
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  11. 新幹線車両、真夜中の陸上輸送 宇都宮の事業所が買い取り、一般公開へ [Shinkansen car bought by Utsunomiya company and moved by road late at night]. Shimotsuke Original Online News (in Japanese). Japan: Shimotsuke Shimbun. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 25 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.